Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World


歴史暦:古今東西 06/11 今日の出來事

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`Les Regards purs et forts`


-1184 BC/0611:トロイア戰爭 Trojan War:
 Troy is sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes.



0173/0611:Marcomannic Wars、Marcus Aurelius、奇跡の勝利
The Roman army in Moravia is encircled by the Quadi, who have broken the peace treaty. In a violent thunderstorm emperor Marcus Aurelius defeats and subdues them in the so-called "miracle of the rain".

In 173, the Romans campaigned against the Quadi, who had broken their treaty and assisted their kin, and defeated and subdued them. During this campaign, a famous incident, the so-called "miracle of the rain", occurred, which was later depicted on the column of Marcus Aurelius and on coins. According to Cassius Dio, the legio XII Fulminata was hemmed in by a superior Quadi force and almost forced to surrender because of the heat and thirst. They were saved, however, by a sudden shower, which refreshed the Romans, while lightning struck the Quadi. Contemporaries and historians attributed it to divine intervention: Dio stated that it was called by an Egyptian magician praying to Mercury, while Christian writers such as Tertullian attributed it to a prayer by Christians.  Wikipedia En

0786/0611:A Hasanid Alid uprising in Mecca is crushed 

by the Abbasids at the Battle of Fakhkh.
Idris ibn Abdallah flees to the Maghreb, where he later founds the Idrisid dynasty.



L'empereur Junna était le cinquante-troisième empereur du Japon selon l'ordre traditionnel de la succession, et a régné de 823 à 833.

050桓武山部073706天皇の第七皇子、051平城安殿077424、052嵯峨神野078642 の異母弟。桓武天皇の後、皇位繼承は息子たち、その子らにより(といふより周圍の藤原氏の主導権爭ひに)複雜に縺れていった。淳和天皇もその犠牲者の一人であったかも知れない。



Roger of Salerno, Prince of Antioch, captures Azaz from the Seljuk Turks.






The megas doux Alexios Apokaukos (chief minister of the Byzantine Empire) is lynched by political prisoners.

Le mégaduc Alexis Apokaukos, alors qu’il inspecte une prison, est massacré à coups d'outils par les prisonniers.

Hundred Years' War: Start of the Battle of Jargeau.

この戰鬪は、Jeanne d'Arc 141231 の最初の攻撃的な戰鬪であった。オルレアンの包圍からフランス軍を救出した直後、ロワヌ川に沿った近くの地域をフランス軍は取り返した。


1488/0611:スコットランドで、Battle of Sauchieburn:
Fought between rebel Lords and James III of Scotland, resulting in the death of the King.


Henry VIII of England marries Catherine of Aragon.


1572/0611:イギリス文人 Ben Jonson 157237、誕生

an English playwright, poet, actor, and literary critic, whose artistry exerted a lasting impact upon English poetry and stage comedy.
He popularised the comedy of humours. He is best known for the satirical plays Every Man in His Humour (1598), Volpone, or The Fox (c. 1606), The Alchemist (1610) and Bartholomew Fair (1614) and for his lyric and epigrammatic poetry; he is generally regarded as the second most important English playwright during the reign of James VI and I after William Shakespeare.

https://is.gd/PaENzM The Alchemist by Ben Jonson - Free Ebook

1587/0611:日本、戰國期の吉利支丹大名 大友宗麟義鎭153087、死去

Ōtomo Sōrin, also known as Ōtomo Yoshishige (大友義鎮), was a Japanese feudal lord (daimyō) of the Ōtomo clan, one of the few to have converted to Roman Catholicism (Christianity).
The eldest son of Ōtomo Yoshiaki, he inherited the Funai Domain, on Kyūshū, Japan's southernmost main island, from his father. He is perhaps most significant for having appealed to Toyotomi Hideyoshi to intervene in Kyūshū against the Shimazu clan, thus spurring Hideyoshi's Kyūshū Campaign of 1587.





1591/0611:堺の商人で茶道家 津田宗及??1591、死去

Tsuda Sōgyū est un membre de l'influente famille de marchands de Sakai 堺 dont le nom commerçant est Tennōjiya 天王寺屋. Avec son père, Tsuda Sōtatsu 津田宗哲, il fait des Tennōjiya l'une des maisons de commerce les plus prospères de Sakai. Il réussit cela en gagnant la confiance d'Oda Nobunaga, qui est alors sur la voie du pouvoir.
Vers 1574, il devient l'un des trois marchands-maître de thé de Sakai à être responsable du chanoyu (cérémonie du thé japonaise) pour Nobunaga, une position nommée chatō (lit. « chef du thé »). Les deux autres sont Imai Sōkyū et Sen no Rikyū.

1594/0611:スペイン、Philip2 recognizes the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paved way to the stabilization of the rule of the Principalía (an elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines).


1662/0611:江戸 06將軍 徳川家宣166212、誕生

Tokugawa Ienobu was the sixth shōgun of the Tokugawa dynasty of Japan.
 He was the eldest son of Tokugawa Tsunashige, thus making him the nephew of Tokugawa Ietsuna and Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, the grandson of Tokugawa Iemitsu, the great-grandson of Tokugawa Hidetada 徳川秀忠157932, and the great-great grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu 徳川家康154316. All of Ienobu's children died young.

1742/0611:Austria Succession War「Breslau Treaty
Prussia and Austria peacefully through the conclusion of the Breslau Treaty.

オーストリア継承戦争: ブレスラウ条約の締結によってプロイセンオーストリアが講和。


1776/0611:イギリス画家 John Constable 177637、誕生

an English Romantic painter. He is known principally for his landscape paintings of Dedham Vale, the area surrounding his home — now known as "Constable Country" — which he invested with an intensity of affection.
"I should paint my own places best", he wrote to his friend John Fisher in 1821, "painting is but another word for feeling".


The Continental Congress appoints Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston to the Committee of Five to draft a declaration of independence.


Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska.




1815/0611:イギリス女流写真家 Julia M Cameron 181579、誕生

a British photographer. She became known for her portraits of celebritie
s of the time, and for photographs with Arthurian and other legendary or heroic themes.

"Annie, my first success", 29 January 1864. Cameron's first print with which she was satisfied




1837/0611:USA、Broad Street Riot
 occurs in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between Yankees and Irish.


1859/0611:Klemens von Metternich 177359、死去

Clemens Wenceslaus Nepomuk Lothar von Metternich-Winneburg zu Beilstein; war ein deutscher Diplomat und Staatsmann im Dienste Österreichs. Im Jahr 1809 wurde er Außenminister.
Seit 1813 stieg er zu einem der führenden Staatsmänner in Europa auf und spielte vor allem auf dem Wiener Kongress eine führende Rolle bei der politischen und territorialen Neuordnung Europas nach dem Sturz von Kaiser Napoleon I. im Sinne eines Gleichgewichts der Mächte.

1864/0611:ドイツ 作曲家 Richard Strauss 186449、誕生

ein deutscher Komponist, der vor allem für seine orchestrale Programmmusik (Tondichtungen), sein Liedschaffen und seine Opern bekannt wurde.
Strauss war außerdem ein bedeutender Dirigent und Theaterleiter sowie ein Kämpfer für eine Verbesserung des Urheberrechts. Er wird zu den Komponisten der Romantik gerechnet – trotz des zeitlichen Abstandes zu den anderen Künstlern der Epoche.

The Naval Battle of the Riachuelo is fought on the rivulet Riachuelo (Argentina), between the Paraguayan Navy on one side and the Brazilian Navy on the other. The Brazilian victory was crucial for the later success of the Triple Alliance (Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina) in the Paraguayan War.





Toyoda Kiichirō was a Japanese entrepreneur and the son of Toyoda Loom Works founder Sakichi Toyoda.
His decision to take Toyoda Loom Works into automobile manufacturing created what would become Toyota Motor Corporation, the largest automobile manufacturer in the world.

The Hundred Days' Reform is started by Guangxu Emperor with a plan to change social, political and educational institutions in China, but is suspended by Empress Dowager Cixi after 104 days. The failed reform though led to the abolition of the Imperial examination in 1905.


A group of Serbian officers stormed the royal palace and assassinated King Alexander Obrenović and his wife, Queen Draga.



「岡谷 - 辰野 - 塩尻」が延伸開業し、御茶ノ水から塩尻までが開通。「飯田橋 - 長野」で直通運転、開始。

1910/0611:Jacques Cousteau 191097、誕生

un officier de la Marine nationale et explorateur océanographique français.
Surnommé « le commandant Cousteau », « JYC » ou encore « le Pacha », il est connu pour avoir perfectionné avec Émile Gagnan le principe du scaphandre autonome avec l'invention du détendeur portant leur nom, pièce essentielle à la plongée sous-marine moderne.


Sir Barton wins the Belmont Stakes, becoming the first horse to win the U.S. Triple Crown.


Der deutsche Lyriker Rainer Maria Rilke lässt sich in der Schweiz


1922/0611:USA 社会学者 Erving Goffman 192282、誕生

a Canadian-American sociologist and writer, considered by some "the most influential American sociologist of the twentieth century".
In 2007 he was listed by The Times Higher Education Guide as the sixth most-cited author in the humanities and social sciences, behind Anthony Giddens, Pierre Bourdieu and Michel Foucault, and ahead of Jürgen Habermas.
His best-known contribution to social theory is his study of symbolic interaction. This took the form of dramaturgical analysis, beginning with his 1956 book, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life.
Goffman's other major works include Asylums (1961), Stigma (1963), Interaction Ritual (1967), Frame Analysis (1974), and Forms of Talk (1981). His major areas of study included the sociology of everyday life, social interaction, the social construction of self, social organization (framing) of experience, and particular elements of social life such as total institutions and stigmas.


1934/0611:ソ連 心理學者 Lev Vygotsky 189634、死去

Лев Семёнович Выготский, советский психолог.
the founder of an unfinished theory of human cultural and bio-social development commonly referred to as cultural-historical psychology, a prominent advocate for a new theory of consciousness, the "psychology of superman", and leader of the Vygotsky Circle (also referred to as "Vygotsky-Luria Circle").

Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States at Alpine, New Jersey.


1936/0611:USA SF作家 Robert Ervin Howard 190636、拳銃自殺

an American author who wrote pulp fiction in a diverse range of genres.
He is well known for his character Conan the Barbarian and is regarded as the father of the sword and sorcery subgenre.


Great Purge: The Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin executes eight army leaders.


1937/0611:Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky 189337、刑死

советский военный деятель, военачальник РККА времён Гражданской войны, военный теоретик, Маршал Советского Союза (1935).
Soviet military leader, military commander of the Red Army during the Civil War, military theorist, Marshal of the Soviet Union (1935).

The Soviet authorities accused him of treason and had him shot during the military purges of 1937–1938, but rehabilitated his reputation in the 1960s.

Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Wuhan starts.




1939/0611:F1レイサ Jackie Stewart 1939--、誕生

a British former Formula One racing driver from Scotland. Nicknamed the "Flying Scot", he competed in Formula One between 1965 and 1973, winning three World Drivers' Championships, and twice finishing as runner-up over those nine seasons.


The United States agrees to send Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.


Scientists at the University of Chicago examined the social and political influence of nuclear energy and submitted to the president 's advisory committee "Committee report on political and social issues = Frank Report".


1948/0611:USA上院、"Vandenberg Resolution"、勸告
The US Senate advised President Truman about measures to promote regional & collective defense treaties by Republican veteran Vandenberg proposal. 


1949/0611:日本 カリバリスト 佐川一政1949--、誕生

Sagawa Kazumasa est un Japonais qui s'est rendu célèbre pour avoir tué et en partie mangé une étudiante néerlandaise à Paris en juin 1981, ce qui lui valut le surnom de « Japonais cannibale ».

83 spectators are killed and at least 100 are injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collide at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, the deadliest ever accident in motorsports.


1956/0611:スリランカで、Gal Oya riots、始まる
the first reported ethnic riots that target minority Sri Lankan Tamils in the Eastern Province. The total number of deaths is reportedly 150.


Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin allegedly become the only prisoners to escape from the prison on Alcatraz Island.


1963/0611:American Civil Rights Movement:
Governor of Alabama George Wallace defiantly stands at the door of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in an attempt to block two black students, Vivian Malone and James Hood, from attending that school. Later in the day, accompanied by federalized National Guard troops, they are able to register.


Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức burns himself with gasoline in a busy Saigon intersection to protest the lack of religious freedom in South Vietnam.


John F. Kennedy addresses Americans from the Oval Office proposing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that would revolutionize American society. Proposing equal access to public facilities, end segregation in education and guarantee federal protection for voting rights.


1966/0611:日本 自稱天皇 熊澤寛道(熊澤天皇)188966、死去

Kumazawa Hiromichi, also known as the "Kumazawa emperor," was a Japanese businessman and Buddhist priest from Nagoya who publicly disputed the legitimacy of Emperor Hirohito's bloodline in the period shortly after the end of the Second World War.
He claimed to be the 19th direct descendant of Emperor Go-Kameyama.


Lloyd J. Old identified the first cell surface antigens that could differentiate among different cell types.




1979/0611:John Wayne 190779、死去

Marion Mitchell Morrison, known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed Duke, was an American actor and filmmaker.
An Academy Award-winner for True Grit (1969), Wayne was among the top box office draws for three decades.
Wayne's career took off in 1939, with John Ford's Stagecoach making him an instant star. He went on to star in 142 motion pictures altogether, including the dozens with his name above the title produced before 1939.


2015/0611:FreeJazz 旗手 Ornette Coleman 193015、死去

Randolph Denard Ornette Coleman was an American jazz saxophonist and composer.
He was one of the major innovators of the free jazz movement of the 1960s, a term he invented with the name of his 1961 album.

1959: The Shape of Jazz to Come
1960: Free Jazz
1960s–70s: Avant-garde and harmolodic funk


Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World