Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World
今日が命日の 横山大觀186858 の1928『秩父禮法春暁』

歴史暦:古今東西 02/26 今日の出來事

-747/0226:Epoch (origin) of Ptolemy's Nabonassar Era.

According to the Greek scientist Claudius Ptolemy, the reign of the Babylonian king Nabû-naṣir begins under Assyrian supremacy. The Babylonian mathematics is coined by the Nabonassar era and on sky charts recorded on clay tablets can be arranged according to their temporal order.

Ptolemy=Claudius Ptolemaeus 008368

en Perse, exécution du prophète Mani pour cause d'hérésie : le Manichéisme se pose en concurrent du culte officiel, le mazdéisme.

0364/0226:ロウマ皇帝に、Valentinian I
 is proclaimed by the troops as Roman Emperor nine days after the death of Jovian.


皇帝 Jovianus が歸軍中にガス中毒(暗殺説あり)死、そこで白羽の矢が立ったのが、戰爭に實務經驗の豐富な43歳の Valentianus 將軍であった。
jovianus の死から十日後に皇帝即位。/0328には、弟の Flavius Iulius Valens 032878 を共同皇帝につけ、兄弟は、兄が西方(イタリア・イリュリクム・ヒスパニア・ガリア・ブリタンニア・アフリカ)を統治し、弟は東方(バルカン半島東半分・ギリシア・アエギュプトス・シリア・小アジア・ペルシア)を統治することにきめた。




HaruSumi no YoshiSada」Un maître au début de l'ère Heian

Assassination in Utrecht of duke Godefroy III the Hunchback, duke of Lower Lotharingie: beginning of the division of Lower Lotharingie between the local "dynasties".


1233/0226:蒙金戰爭(Mongol–Jin War)1211~34=金朝滅亡。
Mongol–Jin War: The Mongols capture Kaifeng, the capital of the Jin dynasty, after besieging it for months.

Bataille de Bénévent entre Charles d'Anjou et Manfred de Hohenstaufen.

Battle of Benevento: An army led by Charles, Count of Anjou, defeats a combined German and Sicilian force led by Manfred, King of Sicily. Manfred is killed in the battle and Pope Clement IV invests Charles as king of Sicily and Naples.

An earthquake in Portugal causes tens of thousands of deaths and destroys a large part of Lisbon and other cities.

1548/0226:フィレンチェの Lorenzino de Médicis 151448、死去

Lorenzo (Lorenzino) di Pierfrancesco de' Medici è stato un politico, scrittore e drammaturgo italiano, esponente della famiglia Medici.

Belonging to the Popolano branch of the famous dynasty, he has gone down in history especially as the murderer of his cousin, Duke Alessandro de 'Medici.
On the evening of January 6, 1537 Lorenzino lured Alessandro to his apartments with the promise of a night of passion, and left him alone pretending that he was going to fetch a woman who had already agreed to meet him.
According to most historians, the woman was Caterina Soderini, wife of Leonardo Ginori, but others think it was Laudomia, Lorenzino’s sister. In the meantime, Alessandro fell asleep and, having previously sent away his men, he was completely defenceless when Lorenzino came back with his servant Piero di Giovannabate, a.k.a. Scoronconcolo. The two men assaulted the duke with swords and daggers, and Alessandro was killed even though he reacted ferociously and fought with all his might.

Ritratto immaginario di Lorenzino de' Medici nell'opera Lorenzaccio di Alfred de Musset


1564/0226:イギリス劇作者 Christopher Marlowe 156493、誕生

an English playwright, poet and translator of the Elizabethan era. Marlowe was the foremost Elizabethan tragedian of his day.
He greatly influenced William Shakespeare, who was born in the same year as Marlowe and who rose to become the pre-eminent Elizabethan playwright after Marlowe's mysterious early death. Marlowe's plays are known for the use of blank verse and their overreaching protagonists.

1614/0226:戰國大名 最上義光154614、死去

Mogami Yoshiaki was a daimyō of the Yamagata Domain in Dewa Province, in the late Sengoku and early Edo periods.

In 1600, he battled Uesugi Kagekatsu 上杉景勝155623, an enemy of Tokugawa's, alongside Date Masamune 伊達政宗156736 (his nephew), another lord of the far north.
He aided in Date's siege of Shiroishi 白石, and was then attacked in his own home castle of Hataya.
Later that year, Mogami and Date supported Ieyasu 徳川家康154316 at the famous battle of Sekigahara 關ヶ原, after which Mogami's domain was expanded to 520,000 石(koku) in return for his loyal service. This made the Yamagata domain the fifth largest in Japan at the time, excluding the land held by Tokugawa.


Galileo Galilei is formally banned by the Roman Catholic Church from teaching or defending the view that the earth orbits the sun.



1715/0226:フランス啓蒙思想家 Claude-Adrien Helvétius 171571、誕生

un philosophe, franc-maçon et poète français.
Avec Paul-Henri Thiry, baron d'Holbach 172389 lequel il avait un ami proche, il est considéré comme un représentant du matérialisme à l'époque des Lumières.

After tightening it and reducing it to four acts, Pierre Augustin is granted Caron de Beaumarchais's La Précaution inutile ou le Barbier de Séville (The Unforgiving Caution or The Barber of Seville), which failed on 23 February a triumphant success.

1789/0226:イギリスの競走馬 Eclipse (horse) 176589、死去

an undefeated 18th-century British Thoroughbred racehorse who won 18 races, including 11 King's Plates. After retiring from racing he became a very successful sire and today appears in the pedigree of most modern Thoroughbreds.

彼は格言にもなった「Eclipse first, the rest nowhere.」

Division de la France en 83 départements.

The first Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen burns down.

Réorganisation des corps d'infanterie français.

1802/0226:フランスの大作家 Victor Hugo 180285、誕生

un poète, dramaturge, prosateur et dessinateur romantique français
Il est considéré comme l’un des plus importants écrivains de langue française. Il est aussi une personnalité politique et un intellectuel engagé qui a joué un rôle majeur dans l’histoire du XIXe siècle.

1808/0226:フランスの大諷刺家 Honoré Daumier 180879、誕生

un graveur, caricaturiste, peintre et sculpteur français, dont les œuvres commentaient la vie sociale et politique en France au XIXe siècle.
Dessinateur prolifique, auteur de plus de quatre mille lithographies, il est surtout connu pour ses caricatures d'hommes politiques et ses satires du comportement de ses compatriotes. Il a changé la perception que nous avons sur l'art de la caricature politique.

1806/0226:フランスの皇帝 L'empereur Napoléon Ier
 confie la construction d'un arc de triomphe à Paris. Pour l'Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel est l'Arc de Constantin à Rome parrain.

Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel

Napoléon Ier s’évade de l'île d'Elbe, à bord de l'Inconstant.


The map of Elba in The Rise and Fall of Napoleon, 1814 cartoon by Johann Michael Voltz

In the Treaty of Fontainebleau (1814/0411), the Allies exiled him to Elba, an island of 12,000 inhabitants in the Mediterranean, 20 km off the Tuscan coast. They gave him sovereignty over the island and allowed him to retain the title of Emperor. Napoleon attempted suicide with a pill he had carried after nearly being captured by the Russians during the retreat from Moscow. Its potency had weakened with age, however, and he survived to be exiled while his wife and son took refuge in Austria.
In the first few months on Elba he created a small navy and army, developed the iron mines, oversaw the construction of new roads, issued decrees on modern agricultural methods, and overhauled the island's legal and educational system.
A few months into his exile, Napoleon learned that his ex-wife Josephine had died in France. He was devastated by the news, locking himself in his room and refusing to leave for two days.

この際だから、Napoléon Bonaparte 176921 Quotes 語録を紹介しておく ――
Le mot impossible n'est pas français. 不可能といふ語はフランス語にはない。

Soldats, songez que du haut de ces monuments quarante siècles vous contemplent. From the heights of these pyramids, forty centuries look down on us. 兵士の諸君(ピラミッドをゆびさして)四千年の高みから歴史が我等を見下ろしてゐる。
Le temps est le grand art de l'homme. 時代とは、人間の偉大な藝術品である。

≫ 愚人は過去を、賢人は現在を、狂人は未来を語る。

≫ ヨウロパではもうすることがない。大きな仕事は東洋でしかできない。東洋でこそ、莫大な富と名聲を得られるだらう。
≫ 中國が目覺める時、世界は震撼するだらう。

From the sublime to the ridiculous is but a step. 莊嚴さから滑稽まではわづか一歩の差でしかない。

≫ 私はたしかに野心家だった。だが、その野心はかつてなく偉大で氣高い野心であった。
≫ 偉大さが輝きを放つのは、回想か想像においての時のみ。
≫ 最大の危機は、勝利のその時である。

≫ フランス人ほど統治しやすい國民はない。
≫ フランスが危機に教はれるとき、ジャンヌダルクのやうな英雄が出てくるのはすこしも不思議ではない。
≫ 私に六萬の兵が加はれば、十六萬に相当する兵力とならう。
≫ 國民をあまやかしては優れた統治者とは言へない。
≫ 人間はその制服どほりの人間になる。
≫ There are only two forces that unite men — fear and interest. 人心を一つにする、二つの力がある、恐怖と利益と。


Simón Bolívar=Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios 178330 {スペイン系の人名はやたらと長い。

1821/0226:フランス思想家 Joseph de Maistre 175321、死去

un homme politique, philosophe, magistrat, historien et écrivain savoyard, sujet du royaume de Sardaigne
Il est l'un des pères de la philosophie contre-révolutionnaire, membre éminent de la franc-maçonnerie, et incliné vers l'ésotérisme.



the water gushes at the artesian well of Grenelle in Paris dug during six years by Louis-Georges Mulot, under the direction of François Arago.


1846/0226:USA西部の男 Buffalo Bill 184617、誕生

William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody was an American scout, bison hunter, and showman.
Buffalo Bill started working at the age of eleven, after his father's death, and became a rider for the Pony Express at age 14. During the American Civil War, he served the Union from 1863 to the end of the war in 1865. Later he served as a civilian scout for the US Army during the Indian Wars, receiving the Medal of Honor in 1872.

Royal Navy troop transport Birkenhead sinks off South Africa. Only 193 of the 643 people survive on board. 



1852/0226:菜食主義者 John Harvey Kellogg 185243、誕生

an American medical doctor, nutritionist, inventor, health activist, and businessman.
Kellogg was a major leader in progressive health reform, particularly in the second phase of the Clean living movement.[1] He wrote extensively on science and health. His approach to "biologic living" combined scientific knowledge with Adventist beliefs, promoting health reform, temperance and sexual abstinence.

1857/0226:フランス心理學者 Émile Coué 185726、誕生

Émile Coué de La Châtaigneraie est un psychologue et pharmacien français, auteur d’une méthode de guérison et de développement personnel (la méthode Coué) fondée sur l’autosuggestion. Il explora au sein de la psychologie moderne des voies originales et nouvelles et fut un précurseur de la psychologie comportementale et de la pensée positive, et un expérimentateur de l'effet placebo.


1866/0226:日本の學僧 河口慧海186645、誕生

un moine bouddhiste japonais célèbre pour ses quatre voyages au Népal (en 1899, 1903, 1905 and 1913), et ses deux voyages au Tibet (4 juillet 1900 - 15 juin 1902, 1913-1915). Il est le premier Japonais à avoir séjourné dans ces deux pays

1869/0226:レニンの妻 Nadejda Kroupskaïa 186939、誕生

российская революционерка, советский государственный партийный, общественный и культурный деятель, организатор и главный идеолог советского образования и коммунистического воспитания молодежи.
Russian revolutionary, Soviet state party, public and cultural figure, organizer and chief ideologist of Soviet education and communist education of youth.
and the wife of Vladimir Lenin from 1898 until his death in 1924. She served as the Soviet Union's Deputy Minister of Education from 1929 until her death in 1939.

Adolphe Thiers, chef du pouvoir exécutif, signe avec Bismarck à Versailles les préliminaires du traité de paix franco-allemand.

普佛戰爭=Guerre franco-allemande de 1870、Deutsch-Französischer Krieg 


1873/0226:日本の歌人 與謝野鐵幹187335、誕生

Yosano Tekkan、un écrivain et poète japonais. 歌人

1873/0226:日本の俳人 河東碧梧桐187337、誕生

Kawahigashi Hekigotō、un essayiste et poète japonais de haiku. 俳人

1876/0226:Japan and Korea sign
 a treaty granting Japanese citizens extraterritoriality rights, opening three ports to Japanese trade, and ending Korea's status as a tributary state of Qing dynasty China.

1885/0226:The Berlin Conference on Africa
 affirms the Congo Free State as a private property of the Congo and thus Leopold II of Belgium and regulates the colonization of Africa. The Niger and Congo rivers will be opened for shipping and the ban on the slave trade will be set internationally.


1896/0226:ソ連の政事家 Andreï Jdanov 189648、誕生

a Soviet politician. After World War II, he was thought to be the successor-in-waiting to Joseph Stalin, but Zhdanov died before Stalin.
He played a part in the Stalin regime and criticized avant-garde art (so-called "Zidarnov criticism")

1900/0226:日本の政事家 品川彌次郎184300、死去

Shinagawa Yajirō was a Chōshū Domain samurai, who became Home Minister in early Meiji period Japan.



Thomas Manns Gesellschaftsroman Buddenbrooks wird in zwei Bänden vom S. Fischer Verlag veröffentlicht.

Public performance of two leaders of the Boxer Rebellion, Chi-Hsui and Hsu Cheng-you.

1902/0226:フランス文藝家 Vercors 190291、誕生

Jean Bruller est un illustrateur et écrivain français.
Il adopte le pseudonyme littéraire Vercors en 1941 pendant la Résistance. Par la suite, il garde son nom pour son travail d'artiste et le nom de Vercors comme nom d'écrivain.
Son œuvre la plus célèbre est Le Silence de la mer, publiée clandestinement en 1942.

1903/0226:USA発明家 Richard Jordan Gatling 181803、死去

an American inventor best known for his invention of the Gatling gun, considered to be the first successful machine gun, though it is not a true machine gun by modern definitions.

Patent drawing for R. J. Gatling's "battery gun", 9 May 1865

Kinemacolor, the first successful color motion picture process, is first shown to the general public at the Palace Theatre in London.

1911/0226:日本の美術家 岡本太郎191196、誕生

Okamoto Tarō. On lui doit la citation « L'art, c'est l'explosion » (芸術は爆発だ, geijutsu wa bakuhatsu da).{藝術は爆發ではない、と思ふ。


The Original Dixieland Jass Band records jazz music for the first time on the record for the Victor Talking Machine Company

1918/0226:SF作家 Theodore Sturgeon 191685、誕生

an American writer, primarily of fantasy, science fiction and horror. He was also a critic. He wrote approximately 400 reviews and more than 200 stories.


In 1951, Sturgeon coined what is now known as Sturgeon's Law: "Ninety percent of [science fiction] is crud, but then, ninety percent of everything is crud." This was originally known as Sturgeon's Revelation; Sturgeon has said that "Sturgeon's Law" was originally "Nothing is always absolutely so."
However, the former statement is now widely referred to as Sturgeon's Law. He is also known for his dedication to a credo of critical thinking that challenged all normative assumptions: "Ask the next question." He represented this credo by the symbol of a Q with an arrow through it, an example of which he wore around his neck and used as part of his signature in the last 15 years of his life.

President Woodrow Wilson signs an act of Congress establishing the Grand Canyon National Park.

1921/0226:經濟學者 Carl Menger 184021、死去

ein österreichischer Ökonom.
Er gilt als Schulhaupt der Österreichischen Schule der Nationalökonomie und Begründer der österreichischen Grenznutzenschule und revolutionierte die Wert- und Preistheorie.
Die auf seinem Œuvre basierende Wirtschaftstheorie wurde später von Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk, Friedrich von Wieser (im technischen und sozialen Bereich), Ludwig von Mises und Friedrich August von Hayek systematisch erweitert.

In München beginnt der Hochverratsprozess gegen Adolf Hitler und Erich Ludendorff wegen des fehlgeschlagenen Hitler-Ludendorff-Putsches.

In Munich begins the high treason trial of Adolf Hitler and Erich Ludendorff because of the failed Hitler-Ludendorff coup.

President Calvin Coolidge signs an executive order establishing the 96,000 acre Grand Teton National Park in Wyoming.

Trotz des auf Grund des Versailler Vertrags geltenden Verbots befiehlt Adolf Hitler seinem Luftfahrtminister Hermann Göring den Aufbau einer Luftstreitkraft für das Deutsche Reich.

Adolf Hitler orders the Luftwaffe to be re-formed, violating the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles.

1935/0226:イギリス、Rader 開發
Robert Watson-Watt carries out a demonstration near Daventry which leads directly to the development of radar in the United Kingdom.

Robert Watson-Watt and Arnold Wilkins make their first field trial with radar based on their report Detecting and locating aircraft by radio near Daventry.


In the February 26 Incident, young Japanese military officers attempt to stage a coup against the government.

だが、 ……



その少年は昭和が始まった同じ年に生まれ、この事件のあった昭和十一年の冬には學習院初等部の五年生となってゐた。おばあさまの手で大事に育てられた脆弱兒で、青白く痩せてゐたため「靑白」とか「蝋燭」とか(大都會のブルジョワ子弟たちにしては言語センスがよくないね)アダナされて、クラスメイトのイジメにあってゐた。口うるさいおばあさまの愛玩物である彼は、その影響を受けて日本の文藝や演藝に慣れしたしんで、そのおかげもあってか、敗戰後、『假面の告白』といふ自傳的小説でその文學的才能を開花させ、流行作家となり、やがて、それまでそんな氣配はまったくなかったのに、肉体強化とともに『英靈の聲』が聞こえるやうになり、殊に、二二六事件の關係者の怨念怨嗟の聲のお筆先となったりして、魂魄と轉生を信ずるやうになり、寫眞や映畫の主人公を演じてゐるうちに、現實感がモウロウとしてきたのか、コスチュウムプレイのやうな軍服姿で自死していった ―― この三島由起夫といふ筆名で世に知れ渡った平岡公威少年のことを、この大雪のなかの軍事騷動の現場に立たせてみたら、と閃いたのであった。
多分、實際にはこの脆弱で從順であった少年のキミタケはおとなしく急ぎ歸っていっただらうが、私のキミタケ少年は、學友に誘はれて、叛亂現場を冒險しに行く。そして、軍服姿のりりしさで猛々しく緊張したお兄さんたちの活動ぶりを間近に見て、今までになかった種類のコウフンを覺える。 ……
かうして、わが『昭和』三部作の第三作目となる、敗戰から敗戰後の昭和日本を描く『道化と仮面』のために造形していったのであった。ちなみに、道化とは、敗戰後に情死する高場亂183191を象徴させてゐます。敗戦直後、キミタケ青年は文學同人と一緒に太宰を訪ねて行き、その席で「私はあなたが嫌ひです」と云ひ放って太宰を鼻じまらせたといふ有名な逸話があります。それをどうアレンジして物語組み込んでいったか、もう忘れてしまったけれど ……
もうずっとずっと昔のことだ。おもはず L’histore est ma histoire してしまった。






Hitler weiht das erste Volkswagen Werk in Wolfsburg (Niedersachsen) ein.

Marschall Rommels Deutsches Afrikakorps tritt im italienischen Libyen in Aktion.

Nachdem Josef Römer unter Folter dessen Namen preisgegeben hat, wird der Widerstandskämpfer Nikolaus Christoph von Halem unter dem Verdacht verhaftet, ein Attentat auf Adolf Hitler geplant zu haben.

After Josef Römer gave his name under torture, the resistance fighter Nikolaus Christoph von Halem is arrested on suspicion of having planned an assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler.

Winston Churchill, Prime Minister, announces that Britain has manufactured its atomic bomb and will test in the Australian desert.

1958/0226:日本の日本画家 横山大觀186858、死去

Yokoyama Taikan ou Yokayama, de son vrai nom Hidemaro, est un peintre japonais des XIXe – XXe siècles
Il y enseigne avec son condisciple et ami Hishida Shunsō. En 1898, il quitte l'Académie en même temps que Okakura. Il participe à la création d'une nouvelle association, Nihon-Bijutsu-In, dont il prend la direction en 1914 après la mort de Okura. Contrairement à son ami Hishida, il connait une longue carrière fructueuse. Il reçoit la médaille de la culture et il est promu membre de l'Académie des Arts de la maison impériale ainsi que de l'Académie des Beaux-Art




The painting Hell's Fall of the Damned by Peter Paul Rubens in the Alte Pinakothek in Munich commits an acid attack.

A New York-bound Alitalia airliner crashes into a cemetery in Shannon, Ireland, shortly after takeoff, killing 34 of the 52 persons on board.

1966/0226:イタリア画家 Gino Severini 188366、死去

un pittore italiano.
an Italian painter and a leading member of the Futurist movement. For much of his life he divided his time between Paris and Rome. He was associated with neo-classicism and the "return to order" in the decade after the First World War.

1911, La Danseuse Obsedante

1911, Le Boulevard,

The ROK Capital Division of the South Korean Army massacres 380 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam.

{またもベトナムでの虐殺事件、もう何度目だ。アメリカ人はベトナムへまるで人殺し、若者に虐殺の味を教へるためのやうに戰爭してゐた感じがしてくる。ソンミ村、タイヴィン、タイピン村、ハミ、フォンイフォンニャット、 …… アメリカ軍のみならず、ベトナム戦争に參加した各國の軍隊が虐殺を愉しんだ。「愉しんだ」と云ふしかない。

1966/0226:USA「Apollo program」
 Launch of AS-201, the first flight of the Saturn IB rocket

Three days later than planned, NASA's unmanned Apollo spacecraft will make its first pilot test flight, the AS-201 mission.

1969/0226:ドイツ思想家 Karl Jaspers 188369、死去

ein deutscher Psychiater und Philosoph von internationaler Bedeutung.
Als Arzt hat Jaspers grundlegend zur wissenschaftlichen Entwicklung der Psychiatrie beigetragen.
Er gilt auch als herausragender Vertreter der Existenzphilosophie, die er vom Existentialismus Jean-Paul Sartres strikt unterschied. Sein philosophisches Werk wirkt insbesondere in den Bereichen der Religionsphilosophie, Geschichtsphilosophie und der Interkulturellen Philosophie nach.



Le film Z, un thriller politique réalisé par Costa Gavras, est d'abord joué en France.

1971/0226:フランスの喜劇役者 Fernandel 190371、死去

(Fernand Joseph Désiré Contandin), acteur français

U.N. Secretary-General U Thant signs United Nations proclamation of the vernal equinox as Earth Day.

The bibliographic collector Bibliotheca Bodmeriana in Cologny is created by the Swiss book collector Martin Bodmer.

1973/0226:Vietnam War:
 Vietnamese Peace Guarantee International Conference in Paris.


Egypt and Israel establish full diplomatic relations.

1982/0226:日本の映画監督 衣笠貞之助189671、死去

Kinugasa Teinosuke、un réalisateur et scénariste japonais,
Il remporta le Grand Prix au festival de Cannes 1954 pour La Porte de l'enfer (Jigokumon).


1985/0226:オランダ經濟學者 Tjalling Koopmans 191085、死去

a Dutch American mathematician and economist.
Koopmans showed that on the basis of certain efficiency criteria, it is possible to make important deductions concerning optimum price systems.

Corazon Aquino is proclaimed president of the Philippines after the departure in exile of Ferdinand Marcos.

1987/0226:Iran–Contra affair:
 The Tower Commission rebukes President Ronald Reagan for not controlling his national security staff.

Tim Berners-Lee introduces WorldWideWeb, the first web browser developed by him at CERN near Geneva.
To avoid confusion with the World Wide Web, he renames the program later in Nexus.

1991/0226:During the Second Gulf War,
 allied aircraft bombard the convoy of Iraqi forces withdrawing from Kuwait on the night of February 27th. Among the casualties are numerous civilians. The road from Kuwait to Basra later receives the name Highway of Death.


1992/0226:Nagorno-Karabakh War:
 Khojaly Massacre: Armenian armed forces open fire on Azeri civilians at a military post outside the town of Khojaly leaving hundreds dead.

1993/0226:USA、1993 World Trade Center bombing:
 In New York City, a truck bomb parked below the North Tower of the World Trade Center explodes, killing six and injuring over a thousand.


The UK's oldest investment banking institute, Barings Bank, collapses after a rogue securities broker Nick Leeson loses $1.4 billion by speculating on the Singapore International Monetary Exchange using futures contracts.

Eruption of Hecla volcano in Iceland.


Destruction par les talibans des Bouddhas de Bâmiyân en Afghanistan.



an Asian elephant that served with the Chinese Expeditionary Force during the Second Sino-Japanese War and later relocated to Taiwan with the Kuomintang forces. Lin Wang lived out most of his life in the Taipei Zoo and unquestionably was the most popular and famous animal in Taiwan. Many adults and children alike affectionately called the bull elephant "Grandpa Lin Wang."


The Darfur conflict begins.

The War in Darfur is a major armed conflict in the Darfur region of Sudan, that began in February 2003 when the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebel groups began fighting the government of Sudan, which they accused of oppressing Darfur's non-Arab population.

The New York Philharmonic performs in Pyongyang, North Korea; this is the first event of its kind to take place in North Korea.

A train derails in Burlington, Ontario, Canada killing at least three people and injuring 45.

2013/0226:フランスのオルガニスト Marie-Claire Alain 192613、死去

une organiste concertiste française,

une éclipse solaire est observable en Amérique du Sud et en Afrique.


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