Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World
de La Tour - Newlyborn infant


歴史暦:古今東西 12/25 今日の出來事

Anno Domini, année de naissance conventionnelle de Jésus de Nazareth, choisie comme origine de l'Ère chrétienne.
Cette date ne correspond pas à la chronologie historique car il naquit durant le règne de César Auguste et le gouvernorat de Quirinius en Syrie (Lc 2:1, 2).



With the capitulation of the last renegade city of Chengdu, China is united under Emperor Han Guangwudi of the Han Dynasty. This is the beginning of the Eastern Han Dynasty.



A temple for Sol Invictus is dedicated in Rome by Emperor Aurelian.

Aurélien inaugura il tempio del sole sul Champ de Mars.

First documentary sign of Christmas celebration in Rome.


0438/1225:(Impero Romano)
Il Senato di Roma registra ufficialmente il codice di leggi redatto da una commissione di giuristi nominata dall'imperatore Teodosio II nel 429.

The Senate of Rome officially registers the code of laws drafted by a commission of jurists appointed by Emperor Theodosius II in 429.

Clovis I, king of the Franks, is baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.


Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptise in Kent more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons.



Victoire de Thierry II sur Clotaire II à la bataille d'Étampes.




Common name of Zhang Sui, Dharma name Jing Yin, Daisy Master, Wei Changzhou (Henan Province, Puyang City, Nanle County) people, the Tang Dynasty monks, also known as the Salmon and his party, his party Ya Pear, the Chinese also call "a male." He is a well-known astronomer in the Tang Dynasty and a feng shui scientist, who wrote it as one of the eight ancestral patriarchs.


善無畏や金剛智 Vajrabodhi 066941から新來の密教を学び「真言八祖(伝持の八祖)」の一人に數へられた。

Charlemagne est couronné empereur d'Occident par le pape Léon III.

The Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.


Emperor Leo V is assassinated in the Hagia Sophia at Constantinople and is succeeded by Michael II.

Léon V est assassiné dans l'église de Sainte-Sophie par son favori Michel II, le Bègue, qui fonde la dynastie phrygienne.

Charles le Chauve est couronné empereur d'Occident à Rome par le pape Jean VIII.

Charles the Bald is crowned emperor in Rome by Pope John VII.

Hugues Capet associe son fils Robert au trône de France.


The foundation of the Kingdom of Hungary: Hungary is established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.


Coronation of Mieszko II Lambert as king of Poland.


William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy is crowned king of England, at Westminster Abbey, London.


Coronation of Bolesław II the Generous as king of Poland.


Baldwin of Boulogne is crowned the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem.

Balduin of Boulogne becomes Balduin I first king of the Kingdom of Jerusalem founded by his brother Godfrey of Bouillon in the First Crusade.

Count Roger II of Sicily is crowned the first king of Sicily.


John IV Laskaris of the restored Eastern Roman Empire is deposed and blinded by orders of his co-ruler Michael VIII Palaiologos.


In Metz, Emperor Charles IV proclaims the last chapters of the Golden Bull, with which the coronation of the Roman-German kings and emperors is regulated and electoral privileges are enshrined.




a powerful warlord who gained the hegemony in Chūgoku 中國(日本の) region, Japan starting as a vassal of the Rokkaku 六角 clan.
He ruled the domains of Inaba 因幡, Hōki 伯耆, Izumo 出雲, Iwami 石見, Oki 隠岐, Harima 播磨, Mimasaka 美作, Bizen 備前, Bitchū 備中, Bingo 豐後, and Aki 安藝.


The carrack Santa María, commanded by Christopher Columbus, runs onto a reef off Haiti due to an improper watch.


1553/1225:チリで「Battle of Tucapel」
: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeat the Spanish conquistadors and executes the governor of Chile, Pedro de Valdivia.




Kikkawa Motoharu was the second son of Mōri Motonari 毛利元就149771, and featured prominently in all the wars of the Mōri clan.


1642/1225:Isaac Newton 164227、誕生

an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution.
His book Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica ("Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy"), first published in 1687, laid the foundations of classical mechanics.
Newton also made pathbreaking contributions to optics, and he shares credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for developing the infinitesimal calculus.

1635/1225:Samuel de Champlain 156735、誕生


Champlain est tout à la fois un grand navigateur, un cartographe, un soldat, un explorateur, un géographe, un commandant et un auteur de récits de voyage français. Il est le fondateur de la Ville de Québec.


Captain William Mynors gives its name to the Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean.


In Leipzig wird die erste Kantate von Bachs Weihnachtsoratorium uraufgeführt.


A resolution of the English Parliament bans Christmas festivities in England.


Halley's Comet is sighted by Johann Georg Palitzsch, confirming Edmund Halley's prediction of its passage. This was the first passage of a comet predicted ahead of time.

Halley's Comet predicted by Edmond Halley appears.


George Washington and the Continental Army cross the Delaware River at night to attack Hessian forces serving Great Britain at Trenton, New Jersey, the next day.

In the American Revolutionary War, General George Washington crosses the Delaware River on the night of December 26 to strike at the Hessian British regiments stationed in Trenton, New Jersey.

Dr. Ephraim McDowell performs the first ovariotomy, removing a 22-pound tumor.


1820/1225:Joseph Fouché 175920、誕生

Il est particulièrement connu pour la férocité avec laquelle, durant la Révolution, il réprima l'insurrection lyonnaise en 1793 et pour avoir été ministre de la Police sous le Directoire, le Consulat et l'Empire.
Il était un politicien qui a habilement nagé dans l'ère de la Révolution française, de la Première Cité Impériale, du Royaume de la Restauration Française. Il a servi comme ministre de la police dans le régime napoléonien et est devenu la figure principale du système avec Talelan. Après l'écrasement de Napoléon au 100e jour du ciel, il a servi comme chef du gouvernement provisoire et négocié après la guerre dans la guerre napoléonienne.

Il est un organisateur de l'organisation policière qui est devenu l'ancêtre de la police moderne, il est célèbre comme une manœuvre douteuse de monstre qui a utilisé la police secrète, en particulier, qui a survécu à l'ère de la turbulence tout en entretenant une relation subtile avec la personne puissante. J'ai été nommé Chameleon. Il y a une acclamation célèbre de Stefan Zweig.

徒刑囚ジャンヴァルジャン、フランスのモンフェルメイユにあるテナルディエの宿屋で、今は亡きファンティヌの娘コゼットを引き取る。Victor Hugo 180285『レミゼラブル』


The Great Jamaican Slave Revolt begins; up to 20% of the island's slaves mobilize in an ultimately unsuccessful fight for freedom.


1834/1225:David Friedländer 175034、誕生

ein deutsch-jüdischer Seidenfabrikant und Autor, der sich für die Emanzipation der Juden in Berlin einsetzte. Nach dem Tode Moses Mendelssohns wurde Friedländer der Wortführer und entscheidende Organisator der jüdischen Aufklärer in Berlin.

He was born as the son of a wealthy Jewish banker. I settled in Berlin. He was a friend of Moses Mendelssohn and became a thoughtful successor, working hard to liberate the Jews and gaining confidence not only from the Jewish community in Berlin but also from Christians.

1837/1225:アメリカ「Battle of Lake Okeechobee」
 American general Zachary Taylor leads 1100 troops against the Seminoles.

The Battle of Lake Okeechobee was one of the major battles of the Second Seminole War. It was fought between 800 troops of the 1st, 4th, and 6th Infantry Regiments and 132 Missouri Volunteers (under the command of Colonel Zachary Taylor), and between 380 and 480 Seminoles led by Billy Bowlegs, Abiaca, and Alligator on 25 December 1837.




Count Nogi Maresuke (乃木 希典), also known as Kiten, Count Nogi (25 December 1849 – 13 September 1912), was a Japanese general in the Imperial Japanese Army and a governor of Taiwan. He was one of the commanders during the 1894 capture of Port Arthur from China. He was a prominent figure in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–05, as commander of the forces which captured Port Arthur from the Russians.
He was a national hero in Imperial Japan as a model of feudal loyalty and self-sacrifice, ultimately to the point of suicide. In the Satsuma Rebellion, he lost a banner of the emperor in battle, for which he tried to atone with suicidal bravery in order to recapture it, until ordered to stop. In the Russo-Japanese War, he captured Port Arthur but he felt that he had lost too many of his soldiers, so requested permission to commit suicide, which the emperor refused. These two events, as well as his desire not to outlive his master (junshi), motivated his suicide on the day of the funeral of the Emperor Meiji. His example revitalized the samurai practice of seppuku ritual suicide.


1861/1225:Walter Weston 184061、誕生

an English clergyman and Anglican missionary who helped popularize recreational mountaineering in Japan at the turn of the 20th Century.

Weston went to Japan as a missionary of the Church of England's Church Missionary Society in 1888,

He began mountain climbing while expressing a strong interest in Japanese landscapes, traditions, customs and culture. He published Mountaineering and Exploration in the Japanese Alps (1896). As a writer and lecturer he continued to introduce Japan to an overseas audience


Shiga Shigetaka is the editor of the magazine『日本人 Nihonjin』, during the Meiji era, in which he takes a stand against an extreme Westernization of the country.



United States President Andrew Johnson grants an unconditional pardon to all Confederate veterans.



After the overthrow of the Tokugawa shogun in Japan in the Boshin 戊辰 war and the beginning of the Meiji restoration, a part of the navy with support of French military advisers around Jules Brunet flees to Hokkaido 北海道 and founds the Republic of Ezo 蝦夷. Enomoto Takeaki 榎本武揚183608 is elected president, making him the only president on Japanese soil to this day.


1870/1225:Helena Rubinstein 187065、誕生

, esthéticienne, femme d'affaires et philanthrope américaine d’origine austro-hongroise



1871/1225:Alexander Scriabin 187115、誕生

スクリャビン」(Александр Николаевич Скрябин), русский композитор и пианист, педагог, представитель символизма в музыке.
Le premier à utiliser la couleur dans la performance de la musique, introduisant ainsi le concept de "musique de couleur".


1900年頃から Friedrich Nietzsche 184400 の思想に心酔、とりわけ超人思想に共鳴する。その後は神智学にも傾倒し、この二つから音楽思想や作曲に影響を受ける。


Pioneers of Enka 演歌 Singer who played an active part in the Meiji and Taisho period.


1875/1225:Tom Morris 185175、誕生

a Scottish professional golfer. He is considered one of the pioneers of professional golf, and was the first young prodigy in golf history.
He won four consecutive titles in the Open Championship, an unmatched feat, and did this by the age of 21.


1876/1225:Muhammad Ali Jinnah 187648、誕生

パキスタン建國の父。a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan.
Jinnah served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947, and then as Pakistan's first Governor-General until his death.
He is revered in Pakistan as Quaid-i-Azam (Urdu: قائد اعظم‬; Great Leader) and Baba-i-Qaum (Urdu: بابائے قوم‬; Father of the Nation).
His birthday is considered as a national holiday in Pakistan.

1878/1225:Louis Chevrolet 187841、誕生

un mécanicien, pilote de course et entrepreneur automobile helvético-américain. Il fonde la marque d'automobile « Chevrolet » en 1911.




1883/1225:Maurice Utrillo 188355、誕生

un peintre français de l'École de Paris.
Il est le fils de l'artiste peintre Suzanne Valadon (de son vrai nom Marie Clémentine Valadon) et d'un père inconnu. Ce n'est probablement pas le fils du peintre catalan Miguel Utrillo, un des amants de Suzanne Valadon, qui l'a néanmoins reconnu en 1891 et lui a donné son nom.



, Japanese political scientist, American researcher, politician. Professor Emeritus of the University of Tokyo, Member of the Japan Academy.

Being the same class at the Kido Kou'iichi 木戸幸一188977 at the Gakushuin 學習院, before the war of Japan and the United States, he tried to realize a meeting between Kono'e Fumimaro 近衛文麿189145 and Franklin Roosevelt to avoid war, and issued a letter asking for Joseph Gulou 's ambassador to Japan.

戦後、駐日大使となった Edwin Oldfather Reischauer 191090 とも親しく、アメリカ学会を創設し、国際文化会館を設立した。


Dōmoto Inshō est un artiste japonais de l'école nihon-ga.
Il est décoré de l'Ordre de la Culture en 1961.


Kaneko Mitsuharu est un peintre et poète anti-militariste japonais.

John Philip Sousa composes The Stars and Stripes Forever - the secret US national anthem.




1899/1225:Humphrey Bogart 189957、誕生

an American screen and stage actor whose performances in 1940s films noir such as The Maltese Falcon, Casablanca, and The Big Sleep earned him status as a cultural icon.

A series of unofficial truces occur across the Western Front to celebrate Christmas.


1923/1225:René Girard 192315、誕生

un anthropologue et philosophe français, élu à l'Académie française en 2005.


Le désir mimétique
Le caractère mimétique du désir
Médiation externe, médiation interne
Les métamorphoses du désir









Avènement de l'empereur du Japon Hirohito.



Ueki Hitoshi was a Japanese actor, comedian, singer, and guitarist.
He won six awards for acting. His film credits stretch from 1960 to 1995.






Osanai Kaoru est un metteur en scène, dramaturge et acteur central dans le développement du théâtre japonais moderne.


Mao Zedong put forward the guerrilla war guideline of "advancing to enemy's retreat, hostile enemy at me, enemy's struggling against me, enemy retreating on my own".



Etō Jun est l'un des plus grands critiques littéraires japonais de l'après-guerre. Il était si considéré que la nouvelle de son suicide a fait la une de tous les journaux.


A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China kills 275 people.


1935/1225:Paul Bourget 185235、誕生

un écrivain et essayiste catholique français, académicien, issu d’une famille originaire d’Ardèche.


1935/1225:Donald Arthur Norman 1935--、誕生

He is best known for his books on design, especially The Design of Everyday Things. He is widely regarded for his expertise in the fields of design, usability engineering, and cognitive science


Zhang Xueliang escorted Chiang Kai-shek to leave Xi'an, the end of the Xi'an Incident.


1938/1225:Karel Čapek 189038、誕生

「チャペク」ein tschechischer Schriftsteller, Übersetzer, Journalist und Fotograf und gilt als einer der wichtigsten Autoren der tschechischen Literatur im 20. Jahrhundert.
Das Wort Roboter geht auf sein Schauspiel R.U.R. zurück.


戯曲『ロボット』は「労働」を意味するチェコ語「robota」(元々は古代教会スラブ語での「隷属」の意)から ロボット という言葉を作ったと言われるが、カレル自身は兄ヨゼフが作ったと云った。

Admiral Chester W. Nimitz arrives at Pearl Harbor to assume command of the U.S. Pacific Fleet


1941/1225:WWⅡ「Battle of Hong Kong」 ends
, beginning the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong.

After eighteen-day fighting, Governor Mark Aitchison Young hands over the British Crown Colony of Hong Kong to the Imperial Japanese Army.

Admiral Émile Muselier seizes the archipelago of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, which become the first part of France to be liberated by the Free French Forces.


Mit der Einschließung Budapests durch die Rote Armee beginnt im Zweiten Weltkrieg die bis zum 13. März andauernde Schlacht um die Stadt.








1961/1225:Otto Loewi 187361、誕生

「レヴィ」a German-born pharmacologist and psychobiologist who discovered the role of acetylcholine as an endogenous neurotransmitter.


The Soviet Union conducts its final above-ground nuclear weapon test, in anticipation of the 1963 Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.


1963/1225:Tristan Tzara 189663、誕生

(Samuel Rosenstock, dit), un écrivain, poète et essayiste de langues roumaine et française et l'un des fondateurs du mouvement Dada dont il sera par la suite le chef de file.


Tristan Tzara par Lajos Tihanyi, 1927


1968/1225:USA「Apollo program」
Apollo 8 performs the very first successful Trans-Earth injection (TEI) maneuver, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.


1968/1225:タミル「Kilvenmani massacre」
44 Dalits (untouchables) are burnt to death in Kizhavenmani village, Tamil Nadu, a retaliation for a campaign for higher wages by Dalit laborers.


1975/1225:Gaston Gallimard 188175、誕生

un éditeur français, fondateur des éditions Gallimard qui occupent une place majeure dans la vie littéraire française du XXe siècle. Il a mené également des entreprises extra-littéraires : administrateur de théâtre, patron de presse, producteur de cinéma et organisateur de concerts.




1977/1225:Charlie Chaplin 188977、死去

Charles Spencer « Charlie » Chaplin, acteur et réalisateur burlesque britannique
an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film. Chaplin became a worldwide icon through his screen persona "the Tramp" and is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry. His career spanned more than 75 years, from childhood in the Victorian era until a year before his death in 1977, and encompassed both adulation and controversy.


Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin meets in Egypt with its president Anwar Sadat.


Début de l'invasion du Cambodge par les troupes vietnamiennes.

Vietnamese troops march into Cambodia to drive Pol Pot out.

Soviet troops march into Afghanistan. They want to help the communist forces in the country during the civil war.


1983/1225:Joan Miró 189383、死去

un pintor, escultor, grabador y ceramista español, considerado uno de los máximos representantes del surrealismo.



Ōoka Shōhei est un romancier japonais, critique littéraire, et traducteur de littérature française.
Ōoka appartient à ce groupe d'écrivains d'après-guerre pour lesquels la Seconde Guerre mondiale occupe une importance considérable dans leurs œuvres.

Son roman le plus connu, Nobi 野火 (Les Feux, 1951), bien reçu par la critique, remporte le prestigieux prix Yomiuri en 1951. Tenu pour l'un des romans les plus importants de la période d'après-guerre, inspiré assez librement de sa propre expérience, Nobi explore la signification de l'existence humaine à travers la lutte pour la survie d'hommes qui, poussés par la faim, en arrivent à commettre des actes de cannibalisme. Le roman fut adapté au cinéma par Kon Ichikawa en 1959, le film sortit en France en 1961 sous le titre Les Feux dans la plaine.

Mikhaïl Gorbatchev démissionne de son poste de « président » de l'Union soviétique.

Deposed President of Romania Nicolae Ceaușescu and his wife, Elena, are condemned to death and executed after a summary trial.

1990/1225:World Wide Web、最初の稼動
he web browser WorldWideWeb, later renamed Nexus, communicates via the Internet for the first time with a web server.


Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as President of the Soviet Union (the union itself is dissolved the next day). Ukraine's referendum is finalized and Ukraine officially leaves the Soviet Union.


1995/1225:Emmanuel Levinas 190695、死去

un philosophe français d'origine lituanienne, naturalisé français en 1930.
Il a reçu dès son enfance une éducation juive traditionnelle, principalement axée sur la Torah. Plus tard, il a été introduit au Talmud par l'énigmatique « Monsieur Chouchani ». La Torah enseignée par Levinas est dérivée des leçons de Monsieur Chouchani.


1924年ストラスブール大学卒業。同大学在学中、Maurice Blanchot 19070と親交。1928年からフライブルク大学で、Edmund Husserl 185938、Martin Heidegger 188976らに師事。

1995/1225:Dean Martin 191795、死去

(Dino Paul Crocetti, dit), chanteur et comédien américain.
an American singer, actor, comedian, and film producer. One of the most popular and enduring American entertainers of the mid-20th century, Martin was nicknamed the "King of Cool" for his seemingly effortless charisma and self-assurance.



Nakamura Shin'ichirō est un écrivain japonais.
Né à Tokyo, Nakamura grandit avec ses grands-parents dans la préfecture de Shizuoka. Il étudié à l'université de Tokyo, où il fait la connaissance d'écrivains tels que Takehiko Fukunaga, Tatsuo Hori et Shūichi Katō. Il se fait connaître avec la publication d'une série de romans en cinq parties entre 1947 et 1952 qui lui vaut la réputation d'un Marcel Proust japonais. Outre ses propres romans, il écrit une biographie du poète Rai San'yō, traduit des ouvrages du français et chinois et écrit des critiques littéraires.


Khmer Samphân and Nuon Chea, heads of the Khmer Rouge, are surrendered to the Cambodian authorities by the Thai army.


2000/1225:Willard van Orman Quine 190800、死去

クワイン」an American philosopher and logician in the analytic tradition, recognized as "one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century."



Hamaguchi Yōzō was a Japanese graphic artist during the Shōwa era.
He revived the mezzitint, which is a kind of copperplate, and became a pioneer of color mezzotint technique.

UTAGE Flight 141, a Boeing 727-223, crashes at the Cotonou Airport in Benin, killing 151 people.


2005/1225:Birgit Nilsson 191805、死去

(Birgit Märta Svensson, dite), soprano suédoise
a celebrated Swedish dramatic soprano who specialized in operatic works of Wagner and Richard Strauss, though she sang the operas of many other composers, including Verdi and Puccini.
Her voice was noted for its overwhelming force, bountiful reserves of power, and the gleaming brilliance and clarity in the upper register.


2006/1225:James Brown 193306、死去

an American singer, songwriter, dancer, musician, record producer and bandleader. A progenitor of funk music and a major figure of 20th century popular music and dance, he is often referred to as the "Godfather of Soul". In a career that lasted 50 years, he influenced the development of several music genres.


An Antonov An-72 plane crashes close to the city of Shymkent, killing 27 people.


follow us in feedly  

Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World