Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

今日が命日の Gustav Klimt 186218『Die Umarmung』

歴史暦:古今東西 02/06 今日の出來事

The Sasanian King Hormizd IV, against whom his army commander Bahram Chobin has already risen, is overthrown by a nobility party at the court and replaced by his son Khosrau II before Chobin has reached the capital.


King Charlemagne decrees「Divisio Regnorum」
 for the period following his death, which provides for the division of the empire under his sons Karl, Pippin and Ludwig. 

Due to the premature death of the two older brothers, the divisional plan acquires no significance, Ludwig falls to the sole heir. Ingolstadt (Ingoldes stat = "Place of Ingold") is also mentioned in the document for the first time.

0885/0206(元慶09/0118):日本天皇 060醍醐088530、誕生

L'empereur Daigo était le soixantième empereur du Japon, selon l'ordre traditionnel de la succession, et a régné de 897 à 930




醍醐天皇宸筆 白居易詩巻

Effondrement du Petit-Pont à Paris à la suite d'une crue.

0940(天慶01/1226)/0206:日本[平安朝 ]藤原純友の亂



Mariage du roi d'Aragon Jacques Ier avec Aliénor de Castille.

1160/0206(平治01/1227):日本の公卿 藤原信頼113360、死去

Fujiwara no Nobuyori was one of the chief allies of Minamoto no Yoshitomo in the Heiji Rebellion of 1159.
As a member of the Fujiwara clan, Nobuyori might have been in line to become regent, and he desired power, which he obtained for a short while following the Rebellion.
Nobuyori was known for being male attendant for sexual purpose for Emperor Go-Shirakawa which later make him placed on high post on government.



Emperor Takakura was the 80th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1168 through 1180.






Kajiwara Kagetoki was a spy for Minamoto no Yoritomo 源頼朝114799 in the Genpei War 源平合戰, and a warrior against the Taira clan 平氏. He came to be known for his greed and treachery.





Hōjō Tokimasa was the first Hōjō shikken (regent) of the Kamakura bakufu and head of the Hōjō clan. He was shikken from 1203 until his abdication in 1205.

1465/0206:イタリアの数学者 Scipione del Ferro 146526、誕生

un matematico italiano, a cui si deve il primo metodo risolutivo per le equazioni di terzo grado.(an Italian mathematician, to whom we owe the first resolutive method for the third degree equations.)
Studiò all'Università di Bologna e insegnò algebra e geometria fino alla sua morte dal 1496.

In 1543, Jerolamo Cardano and one of the disciples of Cardano, Ludovico Ferrari visited Nave in Bologna, read his step father's notes and found a general solution to the cubic equation.

1497/0206:フランドル作曲家 Johannes Ockeghem 142097、死去

オケゲム」Johannes Ockeghem (ou Jean Ockeghem) était un compositeur franco-flamand de la seconde moitié du XVe siècle, considéré comme le chef de file de la génération de compositeurs entre Guillaume Dufay et Josquin Des Prés.
Parmi les œuvres qui nous sont parvenues, on trouve 14 messes à teneur (c'est-à-dire basée sur une mélodie, le cantus firmus, qui peut être d'origine sacrée ou profane), 10 motets et 20 chansons. D’autres œuvres ont été perdues ou sont d’attribution douteuse.

1577/0206:イタリアの悲劇 Beatrice Cenci 157799、誕生

una giovane nobildonna romana giustiziata per parricidio e poi assurta al ruolo di eroina popolare.
a young Roman noblewoman executed for parricide and then assumed the role of a popular heroine.

As reportedly, father Francesco abused his wife and his sons and was in a relationship of incestuation with Beatrice
One time, father Francesco was imprisoned for another crime. Being a nobleman, he received an amnesty and was immediately released, At that time, Beatrice appealed the authorities to frequent abuse.
Father Francesco realized that her daughter accused him and brought out Beatrice and his wife Lucrezia from Rome and dwelled in a rural castle. Beatrice, Lucrezia, and the two brothers decided that they had to make their fathers dead anymore, so that all of them planned the plan.
In 1598, while my father Francesco was staying in the castle, he took drugs to his father, with the help of two servants (one later became a secret lover of Beatrice), but he did not kill him. Inevitably, the whole family stabbed his father with a hammer and killed, and the corpse pierced from the balcony. Beatrice claimed that it was an accident, but no one believed.

Her tragic life was often taken up in literature and music.

The Archdiocese of Manila was made a diocese by a papal bull with Domingo de Salazar being its first bishop.

1611/0206(萬暦38/1224):中國[明]17皇帝 崇禎帝161144、誕生

The Chongzhen Emperor (崇禎; Chóngzhēn), personal name Zhu Youjian (朱由檢; Zhū Yóujiǎn), was the 17th and last emperor of the Ming dynasty in China, reigning from 1627~1644. "Chongzhen," the era name of his reign, means "honorable and auspicious."

1612/0206:フランス思想家 Antoine Arnauld 161294、誕生

surnommé le Grand Arnauld par ses contemporains pour le distinguer des autres membres de sa famille, est un prêtre, théologien, philosophe et mathématicien français, l'un des principaux chefs de file des jansénistes.
C'est un ardent opposant aux libertins, aux protestants, à ceux favorables à la scholastique et aux jésuites.

Sur proposition de Richelieu, rédaction d'un édit royal contre les duellistes qui sont privés de noblesse ; le duel ayant entraîné mort d’homme est considéré comme crime de lèse-majesté

on the proposal of Richelieu, drafting of a royal edict against duellists who are deprived of nobility; the duel that resulted in the death of a man is considered a lèse-majesté crime

Dutch navigator Abel Tasman is the first European to discover the Fiji archipelago in the Pacific.

The claimant King Charles II of England and Scotland is declared King of Great Britain, by the Parliament of Scotland. This move was not followed by the Parliament of England nor the Parliament of Ireland.

1685/0206:Charles II of England 163085、崩去

king of England, Scotland and Ireland. He was king of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and king of England, Scotland and Ireland from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 until his death.

In December 1660, the temporary assembly was dissolved, the next day on April 23, 1661 Charles II of the Westminster Aboriginal Temple formally ceremonized the coronation ceremony and on the same day the Cromwell buried in the Westminster Abbey prior to the coronation ceremony The body was hanged for the killing of the king, and its neck was to be bleached.

James II of England and VII of Scotland becomes King upon the death of his brother Charles II.

Début de la guerre de Succession d'Espagne : l'armée française occupe le sud des Pays-Bas espagnols.

フランス軍、スペイン領の Pays-Bas(スペイン領ネデルランド)を占領。


・ …… スペインを事實上獲得したルイXIVは、オランダへの牽制としてスペイン領ネデルランド(ベルギイ)の総督であったバイエルン選帝侯マクシミリアンIIの承認を得てフランス軍を駐屯させ、スペインの貿易特權をフランスの貿易會社に握らせたうへ、イングランド王位僭称者のジェイムズ・フランシス・エドワアド・スチュアト(名前だけでイヤになるぜ)を指示するジャコバイトの支援をおこなった。これら一連の行動はイギリスを戰爭へと傾かせ、オランダに渡ったウイリアムIIIはハアグでフランスを恐れるオウストリア・オランダと對フランスの大同盟を結び、フェリペV即位に反對して、フランスとスペインに宣戰布告した。{ま、十八世紀の World War ですな。ずっとこんなふうにヨウロパは世界戰爭を繰り返してきたのであった。なにも二十世紀だけではなかった。

Tsar Peter the Great and the Danish King Frederick IV meet in Gottorp Castle during the Great Northern War, where the Czar is also interested in the Gottorfer Giant Globe known throughout Europe, which a few weeks later moved to the Kunstkammer of the Czar in Sankt Petersburg is removed.

the peace of Utrecht puts an end to the war between Spain and Portugal.

1748/0206:Illuminati 創立者 Johann A Weishaupt 174811、誕生

der Gründer des Illuminatenordens sowie Freimaurer, Autor, Hochschullehrer und Philosoph. Als Gegner der Jesuiten wurde der Aufklärer in seinen religiösen und politischen Ansichten zunehmend liberal. Er favorisierte den Deismus und den Republikanismus.
a German philosopher and founder of the Order of the Illuminati, a secret society.
un théologien et essayiste allemand. Après ses études où il suit l'enseignement des jésuites, il devint en 1775 professeur de droit canonique à l'université d'Ingolstadt (Électorat de Bavière, Saint-Empire romain germanique). Il est le fondateur de l'ordre des Illuminés de Bavière.

Signature du traité franco-américain d'amitié et de commerce.

American Revolutionary War: In Paris the Treaty of Alliance and the Treaty of Amity and Commerce are signed by the United States and France signaling official recognition of the new republic.
アメリカ独立戦争中、フランス国王ルイXVIと外交政策担当官ヴェルジェンヌがアメリカ代表Benjamin Franklin 170690と友好条約&通商条約に調印。フランスがアメリカが独立状態にあることを承認し、アメリカ独立戦争への参戦を決定。

1793/0206:イタリアの劇作者 Carlo Goldoni 170791、死去

un drammaturgo, scrittore, librettista e avvocato italiano, cittadino della Repubblica di Venezia.
Goldoni è considerato uno dei padri della commedia moderna e deve parte della sua fama anche alle opere in lingua veneta.

His works include some of Italy's most famous and best-loved plays.
Audiences have admired the plays of Goldoni for their ingenious mix of wit and honesty.
His plays offered his contemporaries images of themselves, often dramatizing the lives, values, and conflicts of the emerging middle classes.
Though he wrote in French and Italian, his plays make rich use of the Venetian language, regional vernacular, and colloquialisms. Goldoni also wrote under the pen name and title "Polisseno Fegeio, Pastor Arcade," which he claimed in his memoirs the "Arcadians of Rome" bestowed on him

1796/0206:イギリス 自然科學者 John Stevens Henslow 179661、誕生

a British priest, botanist and geologist. He is best remembered as friend and mentor to his pupil Charles Darwin 180982.

Alessandro Volta inventa la batteria elettrica in rame e zinco.

1804/0206:イギリスの思想家 Joseph Priestley 173304、死去

an English Separatist theologian, natural philosopher, chemist, innovative grammarian, multi-subject educator, and liberal political theorist who published over 150 works.
He has historically been credited with the discovery of oxygen, having isolated it in its gaseous state, although Carl Wilhelm Scheele and Antoine Lavoisier also have strong claims to the discovery.

哲学的著作では、彼は有神論・唯物論・決定論の綜合を試み、それを "audacious and original"(大胆で独創的)と称した。


1806/0206:イギリスvsフランス「Battle of San Domingo」
 British naval victory against the French in the Caribbean.

New Jersey grants the first American railroad charter to John Stevens.

Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founds Singapore.

The English East India Company establishes a trading post in Singapore.

The first 86 African American immigrants sponsored by the American Colonization Society depart New York to start a settlement in present-day Liberia.

Signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, establishing New Zealand as a British colony.


The first minstrel show in the United States, The Virginia Minstrels, opens (Bowery Amphitheatre in New York City).

1844/0206(天保14/1218):日本の政事家 井上毅184495、誕生

ein bedeutender japanischer Staatsmann, der sich insbesondere in den Bereichen der Verfassungskunde und der Bildungspolitik der Meiji-Zeit erfolgreich engagiert hatte.



1851/0206(嘉永04/010):日本の歴史家 那珂通世185108、誕生

Naka Michiyo est un éducateur et historien japonais




The largest Australian bushfires in a populous region in recorded history take place in the state of Victoria.

1862/0206:American Civil War:
 Forces under the command of Ulysses Grant and Andrew Foote give the Union its first victory of the war, capturing Fort Henry, Tennessee in the Battle of Fort Henry.


Napoléon III proclame l'Algérie « royaume arabe ».

1865/0206:イギリスの家政本作者 Isabella Beeton 183665、死去

Isabella Mary Beeton, also known as Mrs Beeton, was an English journalist, editor and writer.
Her name is particularly associated with her first book, the 1861 work Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management.

Fondation de l’Union vélocipédique française, future Fédération française de cyclisme.


German chemist Clemens Winkler discovers another chemical element called germanium when analyzing the rare mineral argyrodite. It corresponds to the Eka silicon predicted 15 years earlier by Dmitri Mendelejew.

1895/0206:USA野球選手 Babe Ruth 189548、誕生

George Herman « Babe » Ruth, an American professional baseball player whose career in Major League Baseball (MLB)
Ruth is regarded as one of the greatest sports heroes in American culture and is considered by many to be the greatest baseball player of all time. In 1936, Ruth was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame as one of its "first five" inaugural members.

1899/0206:Spanish–American War「Treaty of Paris」
 a peace treaty between the United States and Spain, is ratified by the United States Senate.

Ratification by the US Senate of the Treaty of Paris.

1903/0206:ピアニスト Claudio Arrau 190391、誕生

a Chilean pianist known for his interpretations of a vast repertoire spanning the baroque to 20th-century composers, especially Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin, Schumann, Liszt and Brahms.
He is widely considered one of the greatest pianists of the twentieth century.

{私は彼の彈く Claude Debussy 186218 の『Suite Bergamasque』、殊に最後の「Passepied」の彼のテンポが他にはないゆったりした氣に入って、よく聽きました。


・日露戰爭、1904明治37/020608~1905明治38/0905 朝鮮半島とロシア主権下の滿洲南部と日本海を主戰場として勃發、兩國はアメリカ合衆國の仲介で終戰交渉に臨み、ポウツマス條約を締結して講和した。
・講和の結果、ロシア領の南樺太は日本領となり樺太廳が設置、ロシアの中國の租借地であった關東州は日本に租借權が渡り關東都督府が設置された。⇦ 日清戰爭で日本が清國から割譲された領土のうち、遼東半島についてはロシアドイツフランスによる三國干渉で返還することになり、1898ロシアは遼東半島の一部を25年の期限で清國から租借した。ロシアはこゝに旅順軍港を築き、そこが日露戰爭の決戰場となった。


1911/0206:USA大統領 Ronald Reagan 191104、誕生

acteur et homme politique américain, 40e président des États-Unis de 1981 à 1989

1912/0206:ヒトラの情婦 Eva Braun 191245、誕生

maîtresse d'Adolf Hitler, qui l'épousa avant leur suicide commun

Naissance du mouvement « Dada » à Zurich.

British women over the age of 30 get the right to vote.

1918/0206:ウインの画家 Gustav Klimt 186218、死去

ein bedeutender österreichischer Maler und einer der bekanntesten Vertreter des Wiener Jugendstils, Präsident der Wiener Secession.

Der Kuss (1907–1908)

Death and Life

1922/0206:「Washington Naval Treaty」
 is signed in Washington, D.C., limiting the naval armaments of United States, Britain, Japan, France, and Italy.


1932/0206:フランス映画監督 François Truffaut 193284、誕生

un cinéaste français, initialement critique de cinéma de la revue les Cahiers du cinéma, puis figure majeure de la Nouvelle Vague. Réalisateur et scénariste, il a aussi été producteur et est apparu comme acteur dans divers films.

en France, émeutes du 6 février 1934 : de violents incidents opposent sur la place de la Concorde, à Paris, les ligues d’extrême droite et des anciens combattants aux forces de l’ordre : 16 morts, dont un policier, 2 300 blessés, dont 664 policiers et soldats.

Far-right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon in an attempted coup against the French Third Republic, creating a political crisis in France.


Staline succède à Molotov et devient chef du gouvernement soviétique (officiellement président du Conseil des commissaires du peuple).

Сталин преуспевает в Молотове и становится главой Советского правительства (официально президентом Совета Народных Комиссаров).

 The United Kingdom declares war on Thailand.

Exécution de Robert Brasillach au fort de Montrouge, pour intelligence avec l'ennemi.


The Broker, a Pennsylvania Railroad passenger train derails near Woodbridge Township, New Jersey. The accident kills 85 people and injures over 500 more. The wreck is one of the worst rail disasters in American history.

1952/0206:イギリス George VI 189552、崩去

George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India and the first Head of the Commonwealth.

Elizabeth II becomes queen regnant of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms upon the death of her father, George VI. At the exact moment of succession, she was in a tree house at the Treetops Hotel in Kenya.


1954/0206:ドイツの歴史家 Friedrich Meinecke 186454、死去

Er wurde „in der Zeit der Weimarer Republik und den ersten Jahren nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg in der Bundesrepublik und wohl noch mehr im westlichen Ausland als der führende Repräsentant der deutschen Geschichtswissenschaft angesehen“.
Er gilt als Begründer des Ansatzes der „Ideengeschichte“.

Today, based on the experience under the suppression of the Nazi regime, the year after the end of the war, the "German tragedy" wrote in 1946 has been widely read. In this book he saw the fundamental reasons that Hitler and the Nazi regime were allowed in the formation of a popular society ("massacre Berry Sum").


Constituent Assembly of Kashmir asks for attachment to India.

Eight Manchester United F.C. players and 15 other passengers are killed in the Munich air disaster.

Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments files the first patent for an integrated circuit.

At Cape Canaveral, Florida, the first successful test firing of a Titan intercontinental ballistic missile is accomplished.

1963/0206:USA「Boeing 727」maiden flight.

Vietnam War: The US military started spreading defoliants

gli studenti italiani occupano le facoltà di legge, scienze politiche e statistiche.

Italian students occupy the faculties of law, political science and statistics.

In testimony before a United States Senate subcommittee, Lockheed Corporation president Carl Kotchian admits that the company had paid out approximately $3 million in bribes to the office of Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka.

1978/0206:「Blizzard of 1978」
 one of the worst Nor'easters in New England history, hit the region, with sustained winds of 65 mph and snowfall of four inches an hour.

The National Resistance Army of Uganda launches an attack on a Ugandan Army installation in the central Mubende District to begin the Ugandan Bush War.

Anti-government militias seize control of most of Beirut's Muslim neighborhoods and demand the resignation of Christian President Amine Gemayel.

Michael Jordan makes his signature slam dunk from the free throw line inspiring Air Jordan and the Jumpman logo.

The Round Table Talks start in Poland, thus marking the beginning of the overthrow of communism in Eastern Europe.

1991/0206:イタリアの生物学者 Salvador Luria 191291、死去

un medico e biologo italiano naturalizzato statunitense.

La vita di Luria si può ricostruire soprattutto attraverso la sua autobiografia (titolo originale: A Slot Machine, A Broken Test Tube), pubblicata a New York nel 1984.

Iraq breaks diplomatic relations with France, the United States, the United Kingdom, Italy, Saudi Arabia and Egypt.

1994/0206:USAだんゆうJoseph Cotten 190594、死去

Joseph Cheshire Cotten Jr. was an American film, stage, radio and television actor.
He first gained worldwide fame in three Orson Welles films: Citizen Kane (1941), The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), and Journey into Fear (1943), for which Cotten was also credited with the screenplay. He went on to become one of the leading Hollywood actors of the 1940s, appearing in films such as Shadow of a Doubt (1943), Love Letters (1945), Duel in the Sun (1946), Portrait of Jennie (1948), The Third Man (1949) and Niagara (1953). One of his final films was Michael Cimino's Heaven's Gate (1980).


Près de 2700 communes dans 31 départements sont reconnues en état de catastrophe naturelle, à la suite des récentes inondations.

Nearly 2,700 municipalities in 31 departments are recognized as natural disasters, following recent floods.

1996/0206:USAでも洪水「Willamette Valley Flood」
 Floods in the Willamette Valley of Oregon, United States, causes over US$500 million in property damage throughout the Pacific Northwest.

Birgenair Flight 301 crashed off the coast of the Dominican Republic, and all 189 people inside the airplane are killed. This is the worst accident/incident involving a Boeing 757.

Opening of peace conference on Kosovo in Rambouillet, which does not lead to any agreement because of Serbian intransigence.

2000/0206:Second Chechen War:
 Russia captures Grozny, Chechnya, forcing the separatist Chechen Republic of Ichkeria government into exile.

selon l'INSEE, la France compte 61,1 millions d'habitants et le record des naissances de 2000 s'est poursuivi en 2001 avec 774 800 nouveau-nés.

2012/0206:スペインの画家 Antoni Tàpies 192312、死去

un pintor, escultor y teórico del arte español. Uno de los principales exponentes a nivel mundial del informalismo, está considerado como uno de los más destacados artistas españoles del siglo XX.

最初、シュルレアリスムの画家として出發したが、すぐに抽象表現主義に進み、美術用画材ではないものを利用した(Arte Povera)スタイルを工夫した。
1953年には MixMedia での創作を開始、後にこれが彼の最大の貢献とされてゐる。



Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

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