Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World
1541年の今日?完成した MichelAngelo の『最後の審判


歴史暦:古今東西 10/23 今日の出來事



Romulus Augustulus is proclaimed Western Roman Emperor.

最後の西ロウマ帝國の皇帝となる Romulus Augustule が即位。


During the Siege of Mecca, the Kaaba catches fire and is burned down.



Empress Irene is deposed and banished to Lesbos. Conspirators place Nikephoros, the minister of finance, on the Byzantine throne.

She was Byzantine empress consort by marriage to Leo IV, Byzantine regent during the minority of her son Constantine VI from 780 until 790, and finally ruling Byzantine (Eastern Roman) empress from 797 to 802. She is best known for ending Iconoclasm.


1005/1031:日本の陰陽師 安倍清明092105、死去



Gli affreschi della Cappella Sistina, completati da Michelangelo dopo quattro anni di lavoro, vengono inaugurati da Papa Giulio II.


Martin Luthers "95 Thesen" sollen als Disputationsgrundlage über den Ablasshandel dienen; sie leiten die Reformation ein.

Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.



Michelangelo finisce il suo murale di L'ultimo giudizio nella Cappella Sistina.



Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.

la Bibliothèque universitaire de Leyde ouvre ses portes douze ans après son achèvement.


First performance of Ben Jonson's comedy Bartholomew Fair by the Lady Elizabeth's Men company at the Hope Theatre in London.


Miguel de Cervantes dedica la segunda parte de su Don Quijote al conde de Lemos , Pedro Fernández de Castro y Andrade.


épuisés par la faim, qui a fait plus de 20 000 morts dans la ville, les huguenots se rendent au cardinal de Richelieu et au maire de La Rochelle est envoyé en exil.


1632/1031:オランダの画家 Johannes Vermeer 163275、誕生

a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life. Vermeer was a moderately successful provincial genre painter in his lifetime. He evidently was not wealthy, leaving his wife and children in debt at his death, perhaps because he produced relatively few paintings.


1730/1031:江戸の治水家 中甚兵衛163930、死去


Di notte, Giacomo Casanova sfugge alle camere di comando del Palazzo Ducale di Venezia, dove è stato imprigionato per "insulti alla santa religione".

At night, Giacomo Casanova escapes from the lead chambers of the Doge's Palace in Venice, where he was imprisoned for "insults to the holy religion".

Exécution des Girondins.
In Paris, 21 Girondists are executed by the guillotine after a show trial in front of the Revolutionary Tribunal a week before.


1795/1031:イギリスの詩人 John Keats 179521、誕生

Thou, silent form, dost tease us out of thought
As doth eternity: Cold Pastoral!
When old age shall this generation waste,
Thou shalt remain, in midst of other woe
Than ours, a friend to man, to whom thou say'st,
"Beauty is truth, truth beauty," — that is all
Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know.
≫ 年古りて この時代の人々を滅ぼす時にも、汝は我等と異なる悲しみのなかに 人間の友としてとどまり、言うのだ「美は真であり、真は美である」と。これこそは君等がこの世界で知り、また知るべきすべてのことである。

{今や、美は眞ではなく(むしろ偽りであり)、眞は美ではなく(美醜に拘らず)であることは殘念であるが、今や人間は「眞善美」などについては見向きもしなくなってしまってゐる。ねえ、そこの鏡に映る自分にウットリしてゐる人よ ―― 

1806/1031:浮世絵 美人画 喜多川歌麿175306、死去



Napoléon Bonaparte l'emporte après la Bataille des Nations près de Leipzig avec les restes de son armée dans la bataille de Hanau contre l'armée austro-bavaroise, qui veut le reloger en France.

1815/1031:ドイツの数学者 Karl Weierstrass 181597、誕生

Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstraß
deutscher Mathematiker, der sich vor allem um die logisch fundierte Aufarbeitung der Analysis verdient gemacht hat.

Das Lutherdenkmal in Wittenberg, ein Werk von Johann Gottfried Schadow und Karl Friedrich Schinkel, wird enthüllt.


Emperor Agustín de Iturbide attempts to dissolve the Congress of the Mexican Empire.


1840/1031:ドイツの殺人者 Franz Müller 184064、誕生

, tailleur et meurtrier allemand
ein in London ansässiger Schneider deutscher Herkunft, der im November 1864 für den sogenannten „Eisenbahn-Mord“ (es war die erste Mordtat im Abteil eines Zuges auf englischem Boden) gehängt wurde.
a German tailor who was hanged for the murder of Thomas Briggs, the first killing on a British train. The case caught the imagination of the public due to increasing safety fears about rail travel at the time, and the pursuit of Müller across the Atlantic Ocean to New York by Scotland Yard.

Revolution von 1848/49 im Kaisertum Österreich: Mit dem Einmarsch kaiserlicher Truppen endet die Wiener Oktoberrevolution.



At the Carltheater in Vienna, the posse with song Tannhäuser by Johann Nestroy (lyrics) and Karl Binder (music) is premiered. It is a parody of the eponymous opera by Richard Wagner.


la Convention de Londres entre l’Espagne, la France et le Royaume-Uni assure de trouver une réponse au règlement des dettes du Mexique.


American Civil War: Citing failing health, Union General Winfield Scott resigns as Commander of the United States Army.


1863/1031:ニュウジイランド「Maori Wars」
 resume as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron begin their Invasion of the Waikato.


Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.


1874/1031:China & Japan
The Qing Dynasty and Japan entered into the "Taiwan Treaty".


A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 deaths.


In Stockholm, there is a major fire in the scrap mill Eldkvarn in the district Kungsholmen. 

The destruction by the fire makes room for the 1911 beginning of the construction of the city hall Stockholm stadshus in this place.


1883/1031:フランスの女流画家 Marie Laurencin 188356、誕生

マリ ロランサン, peintre, graveuse, illustratrice et poétesse française
artiste-peintre figurative française, mais aussi un graveur et une illustratrice, étroitement associée à la naissance de l'art moderne.
Décoratrice de ballets néoclassiques ambitionnant, à l'instar de son admirateur Max Jacob, une transgression des genres artistiques, elle a été également une épistolière à la fantaisie déconcertante et a composé des poèmes en vers libres, indissociables1, dans le cours de son processus de création, de l'expression picturale des scènes fantasmatiques qu'elle représente.
Marie Laurencin a fait de son style, qualifié de « nymphisme », un dépassement tant du fauvisme que du cubisme.



1886/1031:イタリア、「Ponte Dom Luís I」架橋
A ponte do arco Ponte Dom Luís I, sobre o rio Douro, perto do Porto, é inaugurada pelo rei português Ludwig I.

The arch bridge Ponte Dom Luís I over the river Douro near Porto is inaugurated by the Portuguese king Ludwig I.




Tchang Kaï-chek (蔣介石), militaire et homme politique chinois, président de la République de 1928 à 1931, de 1943 à 1949 et de 1950 à 1975

The Short Stories The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes by Arthur Conan Doyle appear in the UK.



1903/1031:イギリスの経済学者 Joan Violet Robinson 190383、誕生

British economist well known for her wide-ranging contributions to economic theory. She was a central figure in what became known as Post Keynesian economics.

1913/1031:USA「Lincoln Highway」
 the first automobile highway across United States.



The Indianapolis Streetcar Strike and subsequent riot begins.





Battle of Beersheba:The "last successful cavalry charge in history".

les forces britanniques triomphent sur la coalition germano-turcque à bataille de Beer-Sheva.



1918/1031:オウストリの画家 Egon Schiele 189018、死去

, peintre et dessinateur autrichien
in österreichischer Maler des Expressionismus. Neben Gustav Klimt und Oskar Kokoschka zählt er zu den bedeutendsten bildenden Künstlern der Wiener Moderne.



Mutter mit zwei Kindern (Die Mutter), Belvedere, Wien, 1915–17


Mère avec deux enfants (1915)


Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

The Austro-Hungarian monarchy ends when Hungary leaves the country.

During the Astern Revolution, Hungarian Prime Minister István Tisza is shot dead in his Budapest villa by invading marauding soldiers.

écrasés en Palestine par les troupes du général britannique Edmund Allenby, les Ottomans signent l'armistice.


1922/1031:Norodom Sihanouk 192212、誕生

(នរោត្តម សីហនុ), roi du Cambodge de 1941 à 1955 puis de 1993 à 2004, et chef d’État de 1960 à 1970.

Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy


1924/1031:ミラノで「World Savings Day
 is announced in Milan, Italy by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks).




1925/1031:Mikhaïl Frounze 188525、死去

(Михайл Васильевич Фрунзе), dirigeant bolchévique russe



1926/1031:箱抜けの魔術師 Harry Houdini 187426、死去

an Austro-Hungarian-born American stage magician and stunt performer, noted for his sensational escape acts.



Last issue of the independent Italian newspaper Il Mondo, thereafter suppressed by the Mussolini regime


1937/1031:日本の漫画家 つげ義春1937--、誕生


1938/1031:USA「Great Depression」
In an effort to restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.


1939/1031:オウストリの心理学者 Otto Rank 188439、死去

, psychologue et auteur autrichien

1940/1031:WWⅡ「The Battle of Britain」ends
The United Kingdom prevents a possible German invasion.


1941/1031:USA「Mount Rushmore
 is completed after 14 years of work.



The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 U.S. Navy sailors. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII.


1943/1031:Max Reinhardt 187343、死去

(Max Goldmann, dit), metteur en scène et réalisateur allemand

1943/1031:World War II
An F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception by a United States Navy or Marine Corps aircraft.


1944/1031:フランスの殺人鬼「Docteur Petiot」
, tueur en série français, est arrêté.


The USA ignites the first hydrogen bomb Ivy Mike on the Eniwetok Atoll.



1956/1031:エジプト「Suez Crisis」
The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.


1959/1031:前衛演劇、Ionesco's Grotesque The Nashörner
a play about opportunism against fanatical ideologies, is premiered at the Düsseldorfer Schauspielhaus.


In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin's body is removed from Vladimir Lenin's Tomb.

Тело Иосифа Сталина вывезено из Мавзолея Ленина во время советской десталинизации в Москве и погребено у стены Кремля.


at the Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now Pepsi Coliseum) in Indianapolis kills 74 people and injures another 400 during an ice skating show. A faulty propane tank connection in a concession stand is blamed.




1968/1031:Vietnam War「October surprise」
Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President Lyndon Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1.




1973/1031:アイルランド「Mountjoy Prison helicopter escape」
 Three Provisional Irish Republican Army members escape from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin aboard a hijacked helicopter that landed in the exercise yard.


1976/1031:Japan「VHS TapeRecorder」新発売


Western Airlines Flight 2605 crashes on landing in Mexico City, killing 73 people.


1984/1031:インドの首相 Indira Gandhi 191784、暗殺

Two bodyguards assassinate India's Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

(इन्दिरा प्रियदर्शिनी गान्धी), femme politique indienne, Première ministre de l'Inde de 1966 à 1977 puis de 1980 à 1984.
an Indian stateswoman and central figure of the Indian National Congress.
Gandhi belonged to the Nehru–Gandhi family and was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Indian prime minister. Despite her surname Gandhi, she is not related to the family of Mahatma Gandhi.


She served as Prime Minister from January 1966 to March 1977 and again from January 1980 until her assassination in October 1984, making her the second longest-serving Indian prime minister after her father.

1990/1031:日本の文藝家 幸田文190490、死去



le Vatican réhabilite officiellement Galilée 360 ans après son procès.

Pope John Paul II, in presenting the final report of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences on Galileo Galilei, emphasizes that it is a duty of the theologians "to keep up to date with the scientific results in order to consider whether they reflect them in their reflection or have to reformulate their teaching ". On 2 November, Galileo will be formally rehabilitated.
{ルターの告發の日と偶然重なったのは ―― 偶然じゃなかったのかな。

1993/1031:イタリアの映画監督 Federico Fellini 192093、死去

, metteur en scène italien
un regista, sceneggiatore, fumettista e scrittore italiano. Considerato uno dei più grandi registi della storia del cinema, vincitore di quattro premi Oscar al miglior film straniero, per la sua attività da cineasta gli è stato conferito nel 1993 l'Oscar alla carriera. Vincitore due volte del Festival di Mosca (1963 e 1987), ha inoltre ricevuto la Palma d'oro al Festival di Cannes nel 1960 e il Leone d'oro alla carriera alla Mostra del Cinema di Venezia nel 1985.

1996/1031:フランスの映画監督 Marcel Carné 190696、死去

, cinéaste français, membre de l'Académie des beaux-arts
En 1936, grâce à l'aide de Feyder, il réussit à réaliser son premier film, Jenny et c'est à cette époque qu'il fait la connaissance de Jacques Prévert, le scénariste qui contribue à établir sa réputation. Le tandem Carné-Prévert montre lors de leur premier film, Drôle de drame, une entente remarquable qui ne cesse de se renforcer.

Marcel Carné et Jacques Prévert ont fait de nombreux films ensemble : le premier comme metteur en scène, le second comme dialoguiste et scénariste. Ces films ont été les plus grands succès de la carrière de Carné. Beaucoup se sont interrogés sur la paternité à attribuer à chacun sur ces projets.

TAM Transportes Aéreos Regionais Flight 402 crashes in São Paulo, Brazil, killing 99 people.


1997/1031:電子設計家 Sidney Darlington 190697、死去

an electrical engineer and inventor of a transistor configuration in 1953, the Darlington pair.
He advanced the state of network theory, developing the insertion-loss synthesis approach, and invented chirp radar, bombsights, and gun and rocket guidance.

1998/1031:イラク「Disarmament crisis」begins
 Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.


Yachtsman Jesse Martin returns to Melbourne after 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop and unassisted.


EgyptAir Flight 990 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean near Nantucket, killing all 217 people on board.


2000/1031:ロシア「Soyuz TM-31」launches,
carrying the first resident crew to the International Space Station. The ISS has been crewed continuously since then.


Singapore Airlines Flight 006 crashes on takeoff from Taipei, killing 83.

le vol 006 de Singapore Airlines s’écrase en atterrissant sur l’aéroport de Taïpei, entraînant le décès de 83 passages et faisant 71 blessés.

les ateliers de haute-couture d'Yves Saint Laurent ferment définitivement leurs portes, après 40 années d'existence.


Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, marking an end to Mahathir's 22 years in power.

après vingt-deux ans au pouvoir, Mahathir ibn Mohamad renonce à sa fonction de Premier ministre de Malaisie ; lui succède le jour même son vice-Premier ministre, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.

La Convention des Nations unies contre la corruption est adoptée.


In the presidential elections in Ukraine, there is a head-to-head race between Viktor Yanukovych and Victor Yushchenko, which requires a runoff election on 21 November.


La population mondiale est estimée par l'ONU à 7 milliards en ce jour.

The global population of humans reaches seven billion. This day is now recognized by the United Nations as Seven Billion Day.



Metrojet Flight 9268 is bombed over the northern Sinai Peninsula, killing all 224 people on board.


follow us in feedly  

Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World