Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

歴史暦:古今東西 10/29 今日の出來事


Cyrus the Great (founder of Persian Empire) entered capital of Babylon and allowed the Jews to return to their land.



Constantine the Great enters Rome after his victory at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, stages a grand adventus in the city, and is met with popular jubilation. Maxentius' body is fished out of the Tiber and beheaded.


Valentinian III(Western Roman Emperor)marries Licinia Eudoxia(daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor in Constantinople unifying the two branches of the House of Theodosius).



Byzantine troops occupy Antioch, Syria.



Conradin is executed along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily.




Premier procès en sorcellerie à Paris. Jugée par le Parlement, Jeanne de Brigue sera brûlée vive.

First trial for witchcraft in Paris leading to the death of three people.


Charles the Bold defeats Liège.



La conspiration de Meaux déclenche la deuxième guerre de religion (1567~8).

The surprise of Meaux (La surprise de Meaux) was a conspiracy organised in 1567 by Louis I de Bourbon(prince de Condé)to capture Charles IX and the rest of the French royal family. It failed, and sparked the Second War of Religion.


Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded on the orders of the English King James I on the basis of a 15-year-old death sentence, as he returns, contrary to his promise not loaded with gold treasures from his last trip.

1618/1029:Sir Walter Raleigh 155418、刑死(斬首)

English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England.
新世界發見の時代、最初のイングランド植民地を築いてQueen Elizabeth I 153303 の寵臣となったが、女王歿後、掌を返すやうに不運が彼を襲った。


Raleigh was beheaded in the Old Palace Yard at the Palace of Westminster on 29 October 1618. "Let us dispatch", he said to his executioner. "At this hour my ague comes upon me. I would not have my enemies think I quaked from fear." After he was allowed to see the axe that would be used to behead him, he mused: "This is a sharp Medicine, but it is a Physician for all diseases and miseries." According to biographers, Raleigh's last words (as he lay ready for the axe to fall) were: "Strike, man, strike!"


1656/1029:イギリスの天文観測者 Edmond Halley 165642、誕生

an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist who is best known for computing the orbit of Halley's Comet.

1658/1029:Dutch vs Swede「Second Northern War」
Naval forces of the Dutch Republic defeat the Swedes in the Battle of the Sound.


1665/1029:ポルトガル軍「Battle of Ambuila」コンゴ王國に勝利
Portuguese forces defeat the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitate King António I of Kongo, also known as Nvita a Nkanga.

In the Battle of Ambuila, the Portuguese triumph over the troops of the Kingdom of Congo, thus sealing its defeat and colonization.

Leibniz makes the first use of the long s (∫) as a symbol of the integral in calculus.


1706/1029:Swedish-Polish vs Saxon-Russian「Great Northern War」
 Swedish-Polish troops suffered a defeat at the Battle of Kalisch against a Saxon-Russian force.



1709/1029:スペイン繼承戰爭(War of the Spanish Succession)
Britain secured in the First Barrier Treaty the United Netherlands future ownership of a number of permanent places in the Spanish Netherlands for protection against France.


Expulsion des religieuses de Port-Royal des Champs.


1744/1029:石門心學の開祖 石田梅岩168544、逝去



1783/1029:フランスの百科全書 Jean le Rond D'Alembert 171783、死去

un mathématicien, physicien, philosophe et encyclopédiste français.

Die Oper Don Giovanni von Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wird in Prag uraufgeführt.

Création du Don Giovanni de Mozart sur un livret de Da Ponte au théâtre des États (alors théâtre Nostitz) de Prague.

1792/1029:USA「Mount Hood (Oregon)」
 is named after Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood by Lt. William Broughton who sighted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.




1831/1029:アメリカの古生物学者 Othniel Charles Marsh 183199、誕生

an American paleontologist 古生物学者.
Marsh was one of the preeminent scientists in the field; the discovery or description of dozens of new species and theories on the origins of birds are among his legacies.



18 countries meet in Geneva and agree to form the International Red Cross.


1863/1029:American Civil War「Battle of Wauhatchie」
 Forces under Union General Ulysses Grant repel a Confederate attack led by General James Longstreet. Union forces thus open a supply line into Chattanooga, Tennessee.


1879/1029:ドイツの政事家 Franz von Papen 187969、誕生

姓名全部は「Franz Joseph Hermann Michael Maria von Papen, Erbsälzer zu Werl und Neuwerk」, homme politique allemand, chancelier du Reich en 1932 et ambassadeur sous le régime nazi

ワイマル共和政末期の1932年にシュライヒャに擁立されてヒンデンブルク大統領の大統領内閣の首相を務めたが、パペン内閣は半年ほどでシュライヒャに見限られて瓦解した。その後、国家社会主義ドイツ労働者党の党首 Adolf Hitler 188945 に接近し、ナチの権力掌握に大きな役割をはたした。1933年のヒトラ内閣成立の時には、ヒトラに次ぐ副首相となった。

1882/1029:フランスの劇作家 Jean Giraudoux 188244、誕生

「ジャン ジロドゥ」romancier et dramaturge français
Il est aujourd'hui surtout connu pour son théâtre qui compte des pièces célèbres comme Amphitryon 38 (1928), La guerre de Troie n'aura pas lieu (1935), Électre (1937), Ondine (1939), ou encore La Folle de Chaillot jouée en 1945 après sa mort.


Convention of Constantinople is signed guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.


1897/1029:ドイツナチの宣傳相 Joseph Goebbels 189745、誕生

einer der einflussreichsten Politiker während der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus und einer der engsten Vertrauten Adolf Hitlers.
プロパガンダの天才」「小さなドクトル」と称され、Adolf Hitler 188945 の国家社会主義ドイツ労働者党(ナチス)の政権下でのドイツの体制維持に辣腕を揮った。第三代宣伝全国指導者、初代国民啓蒙宣伝大臣を務めた。


≫ 現代的な方法のみが我らを勝利に導く
≫ 革命には二つの方法がある。機関銃を持つ者には勝てないと敵が認めるまで、敵を掃射し続けるのが一つ。これは安易な方法。もう一つは精神革命による国家の改造。この方法なら敵を破壊することなく味方に組み入れることができる。最高の勝利は敵の殲滅ではなく、敵に勝者たる我々の賛歌を歌わせることなのだ。

In Amherst, Massachusetts nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.


Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of U.S. President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.


1914/1029:WWⅠ、フランドルでの「Battle of Ypres」始まる
Début de la première bataille d'Ypres, bataille qui marquera, avec la bataille de l'Yser, la fin de ce que l'on nomma la course à la mer.

Pour les opérations de 1914 de l'armée française, la bataille de l'Yser et la bataille d'Ypres font partie de la première bataille des Flandres.

1906/1029:アメリカのSF作家 Fredric Brown 190672、誕生

an American science fiction and mystery writer.
He is known for his use of humor and for his mastery of the "short short" form —stories of 1 to 3 pages, often with ingenious plotting devices and surprise endings.

1910/1029:イギリスの論理学者 Alfred Jules Ayer 191089、誕生

a British philosopher known for his promotion of logical positivism, particularly in his books Language, Truth, and Logic (1936) and The Problem of Knowledge (1956).

Language, Truth, and Logic『言語・真理・論理』は、論理的経験論の中心学説についての必須文献となっている。この本は二十世紀の分析哲学の古典とみなされ、世界中の哲学講座で広く読まれている。


1911/1029:ピュリツァ賞 Joseph Pulitzer 184711、死去

a newspaper publisher of the St. Louis Post Dispatch and the New York World. Pulitzer introduced the techniques of yellow journalism (a type of journalism that presents little or no legitimate well-researched news) to the newspapers he acquired in the 1880s.

Today, he is best known for establishing the Pulitzer Prizes, which were established in 1917 by money he bequeathed to Columbia University to recognize artistic and journalistic achievements in the United States.


The German High Seas Fleet is incapacitated when sailors mutiny on the night of the 29th-30th, an action which would trigger the German Revolution of 1918–19.


The separation of the South Slavic countries from Austria-Hungary represents the first step towards the founding of Yugoslavia.


il Re d'Italia Victor Emmanuel III chiede a Mussolini di formare un nuovo governo.

King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy appoints Benito Mussolini as Prime Minister.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk proclaims the Republic of Turkey and relocates its capital to Ankara.

Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.

1924/1029:Frances Hodgson Burnett 184924、死去

a British-American novelist and playwright. She is best known for the three children's novels Little Lord Fauntleroy (published in 1885–1886), A Little Princess
(1905), and The Secret Garden (1911).


The New York Stock Exchange crashes in what will be called the Crash of '29 or "Black Tuesday", ending the Great Bull Market of the 1920s and beginning the Great Depression.

Fünf Tage nach den ersten Kurseinbrüchen bricht am Schwarzen Dienstag an der New Yorker Börse Panik aus, die die Kurse noch weiter abstürzen lässt. Die Weltwirtschaftskrise beginnt.

José Antonio Primo de Rivera funda el movimiento antiliberal y nacionalista Falange Española en España.


1935/1029:日本の法曹家で推理作家 濱尾四郎189635、死去


1936/1029:日本のミスユニバース優勝者 児島明子1936--、誕生




160 representatives of the Belarusian literary and scientific elite are shot dead by the NKVD.


In the Kaunas Ghetto over 10,000 Jews are shot by German occupiers at the Ninth Fort, a massacre known as the "Great Action".


In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews.


The Soviet Red Army enters Hungary


1945/1029:日本の映画監督 小栗康平1945--、誕生

この人の『泥の河』1981 はいい映画だった。主人公の少年二人がよかった。

Sortie de La Belle et la Bête, film fantastique réalisé par Jean Cocteau.

La belle et la bête: Il fut une fois par Jean Cocteau, une adaptation poétique du conte de fées La Belle et la Bête de Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont, est créée en France.

1948/1029:イスラエル、IDFによる「Safsaf massacre」
Israeli soldiers capture the Palestinian village of Safsaf in the Galilee; after, between 52 and 64 villagers are massacred by the IDF.


1949/1029:神祕思想家 Georges Ivanovich Gurdjieff 186635、死去

an influential early 20th-century mystic, philosopher, spiritual teacher, and composer of Armenian and Greek descent,

Gurdjieff taught that most humans do not possess a unified mind-emotion-body consciousness and thus live their lives in a state of hypnotic "waking sleep," but that it is possible to transcend to a higher state of consciousness and achieve full human potential.





Triumphant return of the independence leader Son Ngoc Thanh in Cambodia.


1956/1029:日本の映画監督 周防正行1956--、誕生

『ファンシイダンス』1989 と『シコふんじゃった。』1992 は(日本文化の禪宗と相撲とが茶化されてゐて)おもしろかった。


1956/1029:スヱズ危機、Suez Crisis begins
 Israeli forces invade the Sinai Peninsula and push Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal.

conformément aux accords de Sèvres, l'armée israélienne envahit la bande de Gaza et le Sinaï, et atteint rapidement la zone du canal de Suez.

Israel's prime minister David Ben-Gurion and five of his ministers are injured when Moshe Dwek throws a grenade into Israel's Knesset.




In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later takes the name Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight.


Syria exits from the United Arab Republic.


1962/1029:USA「Cuban Crisis」
The naval blockade against Cuba is lifted by the United States at the request of United Nations Secretary-General U Thant. ?


The United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar is renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.


1967/1029:フランスの映画監督 Julien Duvivier 189667、死去

un réalisateur français. Il a marqué le cinéma français de la période 1930-1960. Parmi ses films les plus originaux, figurent notamment Pépé le Moko, Panique et Voici le temps des assassins


Montreal's World Fair, Expo 67, closes with over 50 million visitors.


The first-ever computer-to-computer link is established on ARPANET, the precursor to the Internet.

At the University of California, Los Angeles, the first message is sent via two distant computers, and thus the Internet is born.



The three surviving perpetrators of the Munich massacre are released from prison in exchange for the hostages of hijacked Lufthansa Flight 615.




Demonstration flight of a secretly modified C-130 for an Iran hostage crisis rescue attempt ends in crash landing at Eglin Air Force Base's Duke Field, Florida leading to cancellation of Operation Credible Sport.


Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multi-party election in Liberia.


The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.


The Gothenburg discothèque fire in Sweden kills 63 and injures 200.


1998/1029:ホンデュラスに「Hurricane Mitch」
the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, makes landfall in Honduras.


1999/1029:インド「Orissa cyclone」
 ravages part of the state of Orissa, on the east coast of India: more than 10000 deaths.


Ho Chi Minh City ITC fire, a fire destroys a luxurious department store where 1500 people are shopping. Over 60 people die and over 100 are unaccounted for. It is the deadliest disaster in Vietnam during peacetime.


The Arabic-language news network Al Jazeera broadcasts an excerpt from a 2004 Osama bin Laden video in which the terrorist leader first admits direct responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks and references the 2004 U.S. presidential election.


2010/1029:ポケモン創造者 首藤剛志 184910、死去

Takeshi Shudo , scénariste japonais, créateur des Pokémon.

2012/1029:USA「Hurricane Sandy」
 hits the east coast of the United States, killing 148 directly and 138 indirectly, while leaving nearly $70 billion in damages and causing major power outages.


China announces the end of One-child policy after 35 years.


今日、十月二十九日はドイツナチスゲッペルスが生まれ、二十世紀屈指の神祕思想家と折紙が付いたグルジエフが死んだ日だ。それと、これもこの日に生まれたイギリスの哲學者で、人間と機械とを對比させた Alfred Jules Ayer 191089 も加へて、
その手懸かりとして(どうせ手懸かりだけしか書かないのだが)、ゲオルギイ・グルジエフが引用した東洋の小咄から始めよう ―― 端折って引用すると、

 …… ついに魔術師はいいことを思いついた。彼は羊を催眠にかけ、羊たちに暗示した。第一に、おまえたちは不死身であり、皮をはがれてもだいじょうぶ。それは健康によいことで、気持ちいいぐらいだ。第二に、魔術師は良き主人であり、羊たちが大好きだ。羊たちのためなら何でもする。第三に、何が起こるにせよ、それは今日のことではないので、心配はいらない。さらに魔術師は、おまえたちは羊ではないのだと暗示をかけた。何匹かには、おまえたちはライオンなのだと言った。何匹かには、おまえたちはタカなのだといった。何匹かには、おまえたちは人間だと言った。何匹かには、おまえたちは魔術師だといった。このすべてを終えた後、魔術師はもう、羊のことで気をもんだり、心配したりすることがなくなった。羊たちはもはや逃げようとせず、魔術師が彼らの肉と皮を必要とする日が来るのをおとなしく待つようになった。 …… 




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Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World