Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World


歴史暦:古今東西 01/17 今日の出來事

China's Western Han Dynasty seven countries chaos.

# 漢王朝にたいし呉王ら七ヶ國の諸侯王が起こした反亂。漢の王家である劉氏同士の内亂でもある。A rebellion caused by the royal family of Seven countries to the Han dynasty. It is also an internal conflict between the Han's royal family, Liu clan.

Ottaviano sposa Livia, madre di Tiberio e Druso, che adotta. Ottiene il titolo di Imperator.

Octavian divorces his wife Scribonia and marries Livia Drusilla, ending the fragile peace between the Second Triumvirate and Sextus Pompey.

Livia DrusillaLivia Drusilla

0395/0117:Flavius Theodosius 034795、崩去

最後の統一ロウマ帝國の皇帝also known as Theodosius the Great, was Roman Emperor from AD 379 to AD 395. Theodosius was the last emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire. On accepting his elevation, he campaigned against Goths and other barbarians who had invaded the empire.
He failed to kill, expel, or entirely subjugate them, and after the Gothic War, they established a homeland south of the Danube, in Illyricum, within the empire's borders. He fought two destructive civil wars, in which he defeated the usurpers Magnus Maximus and Eugenius at great cost to the power of the empire.

Upon the death of Emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is permanently divided into the Eastern Roman Empire under Arcadius, and the Western Roman Empire under Honorius.


King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Menorca, and conquered the Kingdom of Majorca between his succession and 1287.

Pope Gregory XI moves the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon.


1400/0117(應永06/1221):守護大名 大内義弘135600、戦争敗死

Ōuchi Yoshihiro was a Muromachi period samurai clan head and military leader.

Die sechs Kurfürsten des Heiligen Römischen Reiches verbünden sich im Binger Kurverein, um stärkeren Einfluss auf die Reichspolitik auszuüben.

The six electors of the Holy Roman Empire join forces in the Binger Kurverein in order to exert greater influence on imperial politics.

1468/0117:アルマニア英雄 Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg 140568、死去

George Castriot (Gjergj Kastrioti), known as Skanderbeg (from Ottoman Turkish: اسکندر بگ İskender Bey), was an Albanian nobleman and military commander, who served the Ottoman Empire in 1423–43, the Republic of Venice in 1443–47, and lastly the Kingdom of Naples until his death.
After leaving Ottoman service, he led a rebellion against the Ottoman Empire in what is today Albania and Macedonia.
Skanderbeg always signed himself as Lord of Albania (Latin: Dominus Albaniae), and claimed no other titles but that in official documents.

Giovanni da Verrazzano sets sail westward from Madeira to find a sea route to the Pacific Ocean.

Il navigatore ed esploratore italiano Giovanni da Verrazzano va in cerca della Cina a nord-ovest. Ha una caravella, la Dauphine, equipaggiata con cinquanta uomini e incaricata di vivere per otto mesi.

1560/0117:スヰスの植物學者 Gaspard Bauhin 156024、誕生

est un naturaliste suisse ayant été parmi les premiers à tenter de réaliser une classification naturelle des plantes.

六千にもおよぶ古今の名称が記載された全12巻の Pinax theatri botanici, sive Index in Theophrasti Dioscoridis, Plinii et Botanicorum qui a saeculo scripserunt opera 『植物対照図表』をつくり、後世の植物学者の基礎となった。

La régente française Caterina de 'Medici assure aux Huguenots en France l'édit de la liberté de croyance de Saint-Germain-en-Laye.

France recognizes the Huguenots by the Edict of Saint-Germain.



1595/0117:フランス宗教戰爭中、フランス王、スペインに宣戰布告During the French Wars of Religion, Henry IV of France declares war on Spain.

1600/0117:スペインの戯曲家 Pedro Calderón 160081、誕生

「ペドロ カルデロン
un escritor español, caballero de la Orden de Santiago, conocido fundamentalmente por ser uno de los más insignes literatos barrocos del Siglo de Oro, en especial por su teatro.

彼は Lope de Vega 156235、Francisco de Quevedo 158045 とともに十七世紀スペインバロック演劇の代表的な劇作家であり、詩人であった。

signature du traité de Lyon.

Le traité de Lyon est un traité de paix signé à Lyon, le 17 janvier 1601, qui mit fin à la guerre franco-savoyarde (1600-01) entre Charles-Emmanuel Ier, duc de Savoie et le roi de France Henri IV.

Emperor Susenyos I of Ethiopia surprises an Oromo army at Ebenat; his army reportedly kills 12,000 Oromo at the cost of 400 of his men.

England's Long Parliament passes the "Vote of No Addresses", breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War.

Johannes Diodato becomes the first to receive an imperial privilege for the public serving of coffee and opens the first Viennese coffee house.

1706/0117:USA偉人 Benjamin Franklin 170690、誕生

a renowned polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, humorist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat.
As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity.
As an inventor, he is known for the lightning rod, bifocals, and the Franklin stove, among other inventions.
He founded many civic organizations, including Philadelphia's fire department and the University of Pennsylvania.

{アメリカ人は新世界を invent、発見&發明していった。それまでの世界とは異質な文明を作りだしていった。それがアメリカ精神の理念としての New World Order となる。

The rebellious Jacobites under Charles Edward Stuart defeat the English troops at the Battle of Falkirk in Scotland.

1751/0117:イタリアの作曲家 Tomaso Albinoni 167151、死去

Tomaso Giovanni (Zuane) Albinoni è stato un compositore e violinista italiano, appartenente alla stagione musicale del barocco.


Captain James Cook commands the first expedition to sail south of the Antarctic Circle.

1781/0117:American Revolutionary War「 Battle of Cowpens」
 Continental troops defeat British forces at the battle in South Carolina.

1784/0117(天明03/1225):日本の詩人 與謝蕪村171684、死去

Yosa Buson est un poète et un artiste-peintre japonais bunjin-ga du XVIIIe siècle (milieu de l'époque d'Edo). Il est considéré comme l'un des quatre maîtres classiques du haïku avec Bashō, Issa et Shiki.
His expression of imagination was made in paintings as well as haiku and Chinese poetry.

鳶鴉図(重要文化財) 紙本着色


Les votes sur la mort de Louis XVI ont eu lieu à la Convention nationale le 15 janvier 1793 à la suite de son procès.
La peine de mort ayant été votée le roi Louis XVI a été guillotiné le 21 janvier 1793.


1799/0117:日本の狂歌師 朱樂管江174099、死去

Akera Kankō , nom véritable, Yamazaki Gōnosuke (山崎 郷助) est un poète japonais.
Akera est avec Ōta Nampo 大田南畝174923 et Karagoromo Kisshū 唐衣橘洲174402, l'un des trois maîtres du kyōka 狂歌 (kyōka sandaika) durant l'ère Tenmei 天明(1781~89).

Le kyoka est une forme de poésie ironiquement et humoristique qui tire son effet de l'incongruité de la question traitée avec la langue utilisée.

Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a number of other patriots, is executed.

Mexican War of Independence: In the Battle of Calderón Bridge, a heavily outnumbered Spanish force of 6,000 troops defeats nearly 100,000 Mexican revolutionaries.

1813/0117:The Briton Humphry Davy discovers the arc.
The possibility of electrotechnical generation of light is thus given.

1820/0117:イギリス小説家 Anne Brontë 182049、誕生

an English novelist and poet, the youngest member of the Brontë literary family.
Like her poems, both her novels were first published under the masculine pen name of Acton Bell.
Anne's life was cut short when she died of what is now suspected to be pulmonary tuberculosis at the age of 29.

1834/0117:ドイツの進化論學者 August Weismann 183414、誕生

a German evolutionary biologist.
Ernst Mayr ranked him as the second most notable evolutionary theorist of the 19th century, after Charles Darwin. Weismann became the Director of the Zoological Institute and the first Professor of Zoology at Freiburg.

1863/0117:イギリス首相 David Lloyd George 186345、誕生

a British statesman of the Liberal Party.
As Chancellor of the Exchequer (1908–1915), Lloyd George was a key figure in the introduction of many reforms which laid the foundations of the modern welfare state. His most important role came as the highly energetic Prime Minister of the Wartime Coalition Government (1916–22), during and immediately after the First World War. He was a major player at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 that reordered Europe after the defeat of the Central Powers.

1863/0117:ロシアの演出家 Constantin Stanislavsky 186338、誕生

русский театральный режиссёр, актёр и педагог, реформатор театра. Создатель знаменитой актёрской системы, которая на протяжении 100 лет имеет огромную популярность в России и в мире. Первый Народный артист СССР (1936)


1873/0117:USA、インディアンとの「Modoc War」
A group of Modoc warriors defeats the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, part of the Modoc War.

# 1872年から翌年にかけて、オレゴン州南部とカリフォルニア州北部で、Modoc Indianの小規模な集團とアメリカ陸軍とのの領土と生活圏を巡った武装闘争。闘争とは云ひながらも、民族浄化に等しいなぶり殺しであった。


1881/0117:イギリス人類學者 Alfred Radcliffe-Brown 188155、誕生

an English social anthropologist who developed the theory of structural functionalism and coadaptation.
Field work の手法を導入した Bronisław Kasper Malinowski 188442 とともに文化人類学の確立に寄与した。
調査方法において彼が採用したのは、Émile Durkheim 185817 の社界理論をもとにした構造機能主義的なもので、分析概念としての社会関係と社会構造の概念を明確化した。

1884/0117:ドイツ鳥類學者 Hermann Schlegel 180484、死去

ein deutscher Ornithologe und Herpetologe.
シイボルトたちが日本で収集した脊椎動物も研究し、共著で『Fauna Japonica 』を執筆した。日本産のカエルの一種「シュレゲルアオガエル」は彼の名を記念したもの。

1885/0117:日本のアナキスト 大杉榮188523、誕生

Ōsugi Sakae was a radical Japanese anarchist.
He published numerous anarchist periodicals, helped translate western anarchist essays into Japanese for the first time, and created Japan's first Esperanto school in 1906.
He, Itō Noe 伊藤野枝189523, and his nephew were murdered in what became known as the Amakasu 甘粕正彦189145 incident.

A British force defeats a large Dervish army at the Battle of Abu Klea in the Sudan.

At the Battle of Abu Klea, during the Mahdi uprising in Sudan, a British army led by Herbert Stewart defeated the followers of Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad.

Lorrin Thurston, along with the Citizens' Committee of Public Safety, led the Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii and the government of Queen Liliʻuokalani.


1897/0117:フランスの大量殺人者 Marcel Petiot 189747、誕生

un médecin français qui, lors de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, fut accusé de meurtres, après la découverte à son domicile parisien des restes de vingt-sept personnes.
a French doctor and serial killer. He was convicted of multiple murders after the discovery of the remains of 23 people in the basement of his home in Paris during World War II. He is suspected of the murder of around 60 victims during his lifetime, although the true number remains unknown.

1899/0117:アメリカのギャング Al Capone 189947、誕生

Alphonse Gabriel « Al » Capone,
sometimes known by the nickname "Scarface", was an American mobster, crime boss, and businessman who attained notoriety during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit. His seven-year reign as crime boss ended when he was 33.

1899/0117:イギリス系小説家 Nevil Shute 189960、誕生

an English-Australian novelist and aeronautical engineer who spent his later years in Australia.
He used his full name in his engineering career and Nevil Shute as his pen name to protect his engineering career from any potential negative publicity in connection with his novels, which included On the Beach and A Town Like Alice.

1899/0117:USA、太平洋の Wake Island 取得
The United States takes possession of Wake Island in the Pacific Ocean.

Anton Chekhov's The Cherry Orchard receives its premiere performance at the Moscow Art Theatre.

1908/0117:USAボクシングトレイナ Cus D'Amato 190885、誕生

an American boxing manager and trainer who handled the careers of Mike Tyson, Floyd Patterson, and José Torres; all went on to become members of the International Boxing Hall of Fame.

Several successful boxing trainers, including Teddy Atlas, Kevin Rooney, and Joe Fariello, were tutored by D'Amato. He was a proponent of the peek-a-boo style of boxing, in which the fighter holds his gloves close to his cheeks and pulls his arms tight against his torso. The style was criticized by some because it was believed that an efficient attack could not be launched from it.

1911/0117:USA經濟學者 George Stigler 191191、誕生

an American economist. He received the "Nobel Prize" in economics in 1982.
He is the father of Stephen Stigler, a specialist in the history of statistics.

Captain Robert Falcon Scott reaches the South Pole, one month after Roald Amundsen.

Russia defeats Ottoman Turkey in the Battle of Sarikamish during the Caucasus Campaign of World War I.

The United States pays Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands.

Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles take place between the Red Guards and the White Guard.

1926/0117:イギリスのバレリナ Moira Shearer 192606、誕生

Moira Shearer, Lady Kennedy was an internationally renowned British ballet dancer and actress.

She achieved international success with her first film role as Victoria Page in the Powell & Pressburger ballet-themed film The Red Shoes, (1948).
Even her hair matched the titular footwear, and the role and film were so powerful that although she went on to star in other films and worked as a dancer for many decades, she is primarily known for playing "Vicky".

Popeye the Sailor Man, a cartoon character created by E. C. Segar, first appears in the Thimble Theatre comic strip.


1933/0117:USA装飾家 Louis Comfort Tiffany 184833、死去

an American artist and designer who worked in the decorative arts and is best known for his work in stained glass.
He is the American artist most associated with the Art Nouveau and Aesthetic movements.
He was affiliated with a prestigious collaborative of designers known as the Associated Artists, which included Lockwood de Forest, Candace Wheeler, and Samuel Colman.
Tiffany designed stained glass windows and lamps, glass mosaics, blown glass, ceramics, jewelry, enamels, and metalwork.
He was the first Design Director at his family company, Tiffany & Co., founded by his father Charles Lewis Tiffany.

1933/0117:イタリアの歌手 Dalida 193387、誕生

Dalida (pseudonimo di Iolanda Cristina Gigliotti; è stata una cantante e attrice francese che ha avuto il suo maggior successo dalla fine degli anni cinquanta fino ai primi anni ottanta

1935/0117:日本の連續殺人犯 大久保清193576、誕生

Ōkubo Kiyoshi was a Japanese serial killer. Between March 31, 1971 and May 10, 1971, he raped and murdered eight women, ages 16 to 21.

Arrestation de Grigori Zinoviev et Lev Kamenev.


la galerie des Beaux-arts accueille soixante-dix surréalistes venus de quatorze pays. Le décor fait sensation : sous un ciel chargé de mille deux cents sacs de charbon, le public est accueilli par une haie d’étranges mannequins, tandis que des draps en désordre se reflètent dans les eaux d’un petit étang. Salvador Dalí présente sa célèbre composition Taxi pluvieux : une femme constellée de coquilles d’escargots.

Franco-Thai War: French forces inflict a decisive defeat over the Royal Thai Navy.

1942/0117:USAボクサ Cassius Clay=Mohamed Ali 194216、誕生

an American professional boxer and activist.
He is widely regarded as one of the most significant and celebrated sports figures of the 20th century.
From early in his career, Ali was known as an inspiring, controversial, and polarizing figure both inside and outside the ring.

1944/0117:WWⅡ「Monte Cassino 戰」
Allied forces launch the first of four assaults on Monte Cassino with the intention of breaking through the Winter Line and seizing Rome, an effort that would ultimately take four months and cost 105,000 Allied casualties.

The Vistula–Oder Offensive forces German troops out of Warsaw.

Due to the advancing Red Army, the occupation under Richard Baer begins with the evacuation of the extermination camp Auschwitz-Birkenau.

The SS-Totenkopfverbände begin the evacuation of the Auschwitz concentration camp as Soviet forces close in.

Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg is taken into Soviet custody while in Hungary; he is never publicly seen again.

The UN Security Council holds its first session.

The Renville Agreement between the Netherlands and Indonesia is ratified.

1949/0117:フランスのパスツル研究所、インフルエンザウイルスを特定Les docteurs Muller et Lépine de l’institut Pasteur identifient le virus de la grippe.

Drs Muller and Lépine of the Pasteur Institute identify the influenza virus.

1950/0117:日本の哲學者 波田野精一187750、死去

Hatano Seiichi est un philosophe japonais, surtout connu pour ses travaux relatifs à la philosophie de la religion, traitant principalement des religions orientales mais aussi des pensées philosophiques occidentales dans les aspects théologiques du christianisme.


1950/0117:USA、ボストンで「Great Brink's Robbery」
 Eleven thieves steal more than $2 million from an armored car company's offices in Boston.

In Boston, an eleven-member gang robbed the money-moving company Brink's. The perpetrators capture more than $ 1.2 million in cash and checks and securities worth more than $ 1.5 million in the largest armed robbery in the US. The event is filmed in 1978 as The Big Thing in Brinks with Peter Falk in the lead role.


1955/0117:US Navy、史上初の原子力潜水艦
The first nuclear submarine Nautilus sets off for its first voyage.

1959/0117:日本の流行歌手 山口百恵1959--、誕生

Yamaguchi Momoe est une ex- chanteuse et actrice, populaire idole japonaise des années 1970.

1961/0117:コンゴの政事家 Patrice Lumumba 192561、暗殺

Former Congolese Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba is murdered in circumstances suggesting the support and complicity of the governments of Belgium and the United States.
a Congolese politician and independence leader who served as the first Prime Minister of the independent Democratic Republic of the Congo (then Republic of the Congo) from June until September 1960.
He played a significant role in the transformation of the Congo from a colony of Belgium into an independent republic. Ideologically an African nationalist and Pan-Africanist, he led the Mouvement National Congolais (MNC) party from 1958 until his death.


U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the "military–industrial complex" as well as the dangers of massive spending, especially deficit spending.

1966/0117:水爆搭載機が空中衝突し墜落「Palomares incident」
A B-52 bomber collides with a KC-135 Stratotanker over Spain, killing seven airmen, and dropping three 70-kiloton nuclear bombs near the town of Palomares and another one into the sea.



In Cambodia, the Khmer Rouge begin their guerrilla warfare against the rulers under Prince Norodom Sihanouk.

Black Panther Party members Bunchy Carter and John Huggins are killed during a meeting in Campbell Hall on the campus of UCLA.

Philippine President Marcos, promulgated himself as a president and a prime minister, issued a new Constitution. At the same time announced an indefinite extension of martial law.


Capital punishment in the United States resumes after a ten-year hiatus, as convicted murderer Gary Gilmore is executed by firing squad in Utah.

The robber Gary Gilmore is executed by a firing squad at Utah State Prison. It is the first execution in the United States after a moratorium on the execution of the death penalty for about ten years.

Révolution iranienne: Khomeiny annonce la mise en place d'un gouvernement temporaire du Conseil de la révolution islamique à Paris.


President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos lifts martial law eight years and five months after declaring it.

1982/0117:ソ連の小説家 Варлам Шаламов 190782、死去

русский прозаик и поэт 20 века. Создатель одного из наиболее известных литературных и публицистических циклов о жизни заключённых советских исправительно-трудовых лагерей в 1930-е~1950-е годы.
Russian writer and poet of the 20th century. The creator of one of the most famous literary and journalistic cycles about the life of prisoners of Soviet forced labor camps in the 1930s-1950s.


1984/0117:日本のフィクサ 児玉誉士夫191184、死去

Kodama Yoshio was a prominent figure in the rise of organized crime in Japan.
The most famous kuromaku 黒幕, or behind-the-scenes power broker, of the 20th century, he was active in Japan's political arena and criminal underworld from the 1950s to the early 1970s.

The Munich biology student Olaf Reinicke is the first to discover, at a depth of 198 meters, a coelacanth in its natural habitat.

1991/0117:イラク「Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm」
 begins early in the morning. Iraq fires eight Scud missiles into Israel in an unsuccessful bid to provoke Israeli retaliation.


During a visit to South Korea, Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II.


The ship American Star gets stranded after a storm in a bay of Fuerteventura and becomes a tourist attraction.

The 6.7 Mw Northridge earthquake shakes the Greater Los Angeles Area with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), leaving 57 people dead and more than 8,700 injured.

The Northridge earthquake shakes the San Fernando Valley in Greater Los Angeles, claiming at least 57 deaths. More than 9,000 people are injured. The earthquake also leads to the onset of coccidioidomycosis (talipes) in the following days.

The 6.9 Mw Great Hanshin earthquake shakes the southern Hyōgo Prefecture with a maximum Shindo of VII, leaving 5,502–6,434 people dead, and 251,301–310,000 displaced.

The Hanshin earthquake of magnitude MW = 6.9 with the epicenter near the Japanese city of Kobe demands more than 6,433 dead and 44,000 injured as well as major property damage. Over 300,000 people in the city, which has a population of 1.5 million, become homeless. The pillars of the under construction Akashi Kaikyo Bridge are pushed apart almost a meter.

1998/0117:USA、クリントン大統領「Lewinsky scandal
 Matt Drudge breaks the story of the Bill Clinton–Monica Lewinsky affair on his Drudge Report website.

Mount Nyiragongo erupts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, displacing an estimated 400,000 people.

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo the volcano Nyiragongo breaks out. A lava flow destroys several villages and finally flows through Goma into the Kiwu Lake. 147 people are killed, about 500,000 people become homeless.

2005/0117:中國の政事家 趙紫陽191905、死去

Zhao Ziyang was a high-ranking statesman in China.
He was the third Premier of the People's Republic of China from 1980 to 1987, Vice Chairman of the Communist Party of China from 1981 to 1982 and General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1987 to 1989. He lost power in connection with the reformative Neoauthoritarianism current and support of June 4th incident scholars.


The Doomsday Clock is set to five minutes to midnight in response to North Korea's nuclear testing.

Rioting begins between Muslim and Christian groups in Jos, Nigeria, results in at least 200 deaths.


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