Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

歴史暦:古今東西 11/29 今日の出來事

An earthquake at Antioch on the Orontes and Seleukia Pieria causes 4,870 deaths.

An earthquake in Syria near Aleppo leads to the deaths of tens of thousands of people. It should have been killed in the region 130,000.

King Chlothar I dies at Compiègne. The Merovingian dynasty is continued by his four sons, Charibert I, Guntram, Sigebert I and Chilperic I, who divide the Frankish Kingdom.

0618/1129:China[唐]「淺水原之戰」發生The Tang dynasty scores a decisive victory over their rival Xue Rengao at the Battle of Qianshuiyuan.

The Battle of Qianshuiyuan (浅水原之战), northwest of present-day Changwu, Shaanxi, was fought in 618 between the Tang and the Qin. The battle ended in the victory of the Tang, whose armed forces were led by the future emperor Li Shimin.





0903/1129:Abbasid Caliphate vs Qarmatians「Battle of Hama」The Abbasid army under Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Katib deals a crushing defeat to the Qarmatians at the Battle of Hama.

The Abbasids were victorious, resulting in the capture and execution of the Qarmatian leadership. This weakened the Qarmatian presence in northern Syria, which was finally eradicated after the suppression of another revolt in 906.

0939/1129:イングランド「Edmund I」卽位
Edmund I is crowned King of England a month after the death of his half-brother Æthelstan.


Song Shenzong promulgated farmland water law.

i francescani sono sostituiti da papa Onorio III nel toro Salet annuere accettò dopo la seconda versione delle regole dell'ordine da parte di Francesco d'Assisi.

The Franciscans are replaced by Pope Honorius III in the bull Salet annuere accepted after the second version of the rules of the order by Francis of Assisi.

Franz von Assisi vor Honorius III.

Dans la cathédrale de Reims, le roi de France Louis IX oint et couronné.


1314/1129:Philippe IV 126814、崩去

fils de Philippe III le Hardi et de sa première épouse Isabelle d'Aragon, est roi de France de 1285 à 1314, onzième roi de la dynastie des Capétiens directs.
Devenu roi à l'âge de dix-sept ans, à la mort de son père en octobre 1285, Philippe le Bel est considéré comme un roi important par les historiens.




The Korean king Yi Seong-gye, founder of the Joseon dynasty, moves the capital from Kaesŏng to Hanyang, today known as Seoul.



1501/1129:Francesco di Giorgio Martini 143901、死去

un architetto, teorico dell'architettura, pittore, ingegnere, scultore, medaglista italiano.
イタリア初期ルネサンスの萬能人(彫刻・繪畫・建築・軍事技術者)、特に理論的才能に恵まれてゐた。Leonard da Vinci 145219 の先輩格。

Plan d'architecture anthropomorphique

La Rocca de Mondavio

Madonna col Bambino e un angelo, 1471

1516/1129:Giovanni Bellini 143316、死去

un pittore italiano tra i più celebri del Rinascimento, noto anche con il nome Giambellino.
この人も Leonard da Vinci 145219 の同時代人。

Pietà (1465-1470 circa)

Madonna greca (1460-1470 circa)


Un an après la bataille de Marignano, le roi de France François Ier et les Confédérés concluent un traité de paix, la «direction éternelle».

1530/1129:Thomas Wolsey 147530、死去

sometimes spelled Woolsey or Wulcy) was an English churchman, statesman and a cardinal of the Catholic Church.
When Henry VIII became King of England in 1509, Wolsey became the King's almoner. Wolsey's affairs prospered, and by 1514 he had become the controlling figure in virtually all matters of state and extremely powerful within the Church, as Archbishop of York, a cleric in England junior only to the Archbishop of Canterbury. His appointment in 1515 as a cardinal by Pope Leo X gave him precedence over all other English clerics.

1515年、Richard Fox の後任としてヘンリ八世時代の大法官となり、イギリスを牛耳るやいになる。


1543/1129:Hans Holbein der Jüngere 149743、死去

a German and Swiss artist and printmaker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style. He is best known as one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th century. He also produced religious art, satire and Reformation propaganda, and made a significant contribution to the history of book design.


Holbein travelled to England in 1526 in search of work, with a recommendation from Desiderius Erasmus 146636. He was welcomed into the humanist circle of Thomas More 147835, where he quickly built a high reputation. After returning to Basel for four years, he resumed his career in England in 1532.

Portrait of Erasmus of Rotterdam, 1523.

Portrait of Sir Thomas More, 1527.
This time he worked under the patronage of Anne Boleyn and Thomas Cromwell. By 1535, he was King's Painter to King Henry VIII.(年30ポンドの契約でイングランド王ヘンリ八世の宮廷画家となった) In this role, he produced not only portraits and festive decorations but designs for jewellery, plate and other precious objects. His portraits of the royal family and nobles are a record of the court in the years when Henry was asserting his supremacy over the English church.

 Holbein's portrait of Anne of Cleves

ヘンリは生涯に六度結婚、Anne との結婚は四度目のものだが、その婚儀の時に、ホルバインは見合用の肖像畫を描いた。それは本人とはあまり似てない(とヘンリは思った)。そして、その結婚生活はわずか半年しか續かなかった。そのとばっちりがホルバインにかかった。不興の王はホルバインを宮廷画家の職を奪ひ、そのうへ追放處分を言ひ渡した。殺されないだけマシと云ひたいところだが、死因はペストだったといふが殺されたも同然にロンドンで死去した。

1612/1129:ポルトガルvsイギリス東インド會社「Battle of Swally」
 takes place, which loosens the Portuguese Empire's hold on India.

A small Portuguese fleet attacks four galleons of the British East India Company under Captain Thomas Best in the Indian Ocean. The two-day naval battle of Suvali begins.


「Sakaii TadaKiyo」a daimyō (feudal lord) in Kōzuke 上野 Province, and a high-ranking government advisor and official in the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan.

1643/1129:Claudio Monteverdi 156743、死去

un compositore italiano.

La sua attività di compositore segnò il passaggio dalla musica rinascimentale alla musica barocca. Fu uno dei principali innovatori che accompagnarono l'evoluzione del linguaggio musicale (su questo processo stilistico vedi anche Retorica musicale), insieme al "principe dei musici", Carlo Gesualdo. Monteverdi scrisse una delle prime opere teatrali in cui fosse sviluppabile una trama drammatica, ovvero un melodramma, L'Orfeo, ed ebbe la fortuna di godere del proprio successo mentre era ancora in vita.


"Ancient and modern compilation of books," the first draft completed. The book edited by Chen Menglei, Yongzheng once again revised, renamed the "ancient and modern book integration."


Natchez Indians massacre 138 Frenchmen, 35 French women, and 56 children at Fort Rosalie, near the site of modern-day Natchez, Mississippi.


安藤昌益「AnDou ShouEki」

1776/1129:American Revolutionary War「Battle of Fort Cumberland」
 comes to an end with the arrival of British reinforcements.

1780/1129:Maria-Thérèsia 171780、崩去

eine Fürstin aus dem Hause Habsburg. Die von 1740 bis zu ihrem Tod regierende Erzherzogin von Österreich und Königin u. a. von Ungarn (mit Kroatien) und Böhmen zählte zu den prägenden Monarchen der Ära des aufgeklärten Absolutismus.


The crew of the British slave ship Zong murders 133 Africans by dumping them into the sea to claim insurance.

Le roi de France Louis XVI publie un édit de tolérance en faveur des huguenots.

1793/1129:Antoine Barnave 176193、刑死(ギロチン)

un politicien français, et, avec Honoré Mirabeau, l'un des orateurs les plus influents du début de la Révolution française.
Il est le plus remarquable pour la correspondance avec Marie-Antoinette dans une tentative pour établir une monarchie constitutionnelle et pour être l'un des membres fondateurs des Feuillants


1797/1129:Gaetano Donizetti 179448、誕生

un compositore italiano, tra i più celebri operisti dell'Ottocento.

1803/1129:Gottfried Semper 180379、誕生

deutscher Architekt und Kunsttheoretiker in der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Er gilt als Vertreter des Historismus, insbesondere der Neorenaissance, und Mitbegründer der modernen Theaterarchitektur
ドレスデンの歌劇場(Smper Oper)などの設計で著名

1803/1129:Christian Doppler 180353、誕生

österreichischer Mathematiker und Physiker. Bekannt ist Doppler durch den nach ihm benannten Doppler-Effekt.

Doppler Effect:the observed frequency of a wave depends on the relative speed of the source and the observer. He used this concept to explain the color of binary stars.

The Times is made in London as the world's first daily newspaper with the fast press invented by Friedrich Koenig.
This marks a milestone in the history of printing technology, allowing the production of 1100 copies per hour, ushering in the era of mass-produced sheets.


un daimyo de Hikone 彦根, membre du clan Ii 井伊, qui a occupé le poste de tairō 大老 au Japon. Il est resté tairō du 23 avril 1858 jusqu'à sa mort.


Under Ii Naosuke’s guidance, the Tokugawa shogunate navigated past a particularly difficult conflict over the succession to the ailing and childless Tokugawa Iesada. Ii Naosuke managed to coerce the Tokugawa Shogunate to the last brief resurgence of its power and position in Japanese society before the start of the Meiji period. Ii was assassinated in the Sakuradamon incident by a group of 17 Mito 水戸 and 1 Satsuma 薩摩 samurai on March 24, 1860

November Uprising: An armed rebellion against Russia's rule in Poland begins.

In Warsaw, based on the example of the French July Revolution, the November Uprising in Poland begins against Russian rule. The Russian troops and Grand Duke Konstantin are surprised to withdraw from Poland.

1832/1129:Louisa May Alcott 183286、誕生

an American novelist and poet best known as the author of the novel Little Women (1868) and its sequels Little Men (1871) and Jo's Boys (1886)

Raised by her transcendentalist parents, Abigail May and Amos Bronson Alcott in New England, she also grew up among many of the well-known intellectuals of the day such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Henry David Thoreau.

Published in 1868, Little Women is set in the Alcott family home, Hillside, later called the Wayside, in Concord, Massachusetts and is loosely based on Alcott's childhood experiences with her three sisters. The novel was very well received and is still a popular children's novel today, filmed several times.


Cixi (慈禧), impératrice douairière de Chine de 1861 à 1908(+ 1908年)
a Chinese empress dowager and regent who effectively controlled the Chinese government in the late Qing dynasty for 47 years from 1861 until her death in 1908.


The British Consulate in Shanghai, Bariful, and Shanghai Taotomiya Muguok agreed that the charter of the Shanghai Charter should be announced to establish the first concession for foreign countries in China.

The Sonderbund is defeated by the joint forces of other Swiss cantons under General Guillaume-Henri Dufour.

1847/1129:USA、新入民vs先住民「Whitman massacre」
 Missionaries Dr. Marcus Whitman, his wife Narcissa, and 15 others are killed by Cayuse and Umatilla Indians, causing the Cayuse War.

During the Whitman massacre, the doctor and missionary Marcus Whitman and his wife Narcissa are murdered along with 15 other white settlers by Indians of the tribes Cayuse and Umatilla near the present Walla Walla in the Oregon area.

1849/1129:John Ambrose Fleming 184945、誕生

English electrical engineer and physicist, is known for inventing the first thermionic valve or vacuum tube.
He also established the left hand rule (for electric motors).

The treaty(Punctation of Olmütz)is signed in Olomouc. Prussia capitulates to Austria, which will take over the leadership of the German Confederation.

Preußen schließt mit dem Kaisertum Österreich und Russland die Olmützer Punktation. Darin muss es seine Unionspolitik aufgeben und verzichtet auf den Führungsanspruch in Deutschland und auf die Kleindeutsche Lösung.

1861/1129:Nikolay Dobrolyubov 183661、死去

русский литературный критик рубежа 1850-х и 1860-х годов, поэт, публицист, революционный демократ. Самые известные псевдонимы -бов и Н. Лайбов, полным настоящим именем не подписывался.


オブローモフ主義とは何か? Чтотакоеобломовщина? , 1859年』
『闇の王国の中の一条の光 Луч света в Темном Царстве, 1860年』
『その日はいつ来るか? Когда же придет настоящий день? ,1860年』
『うちのめされた人々 Забитые люди, 1861年

1864/1129:アメリカ、新入者vs先住民「Sand Creek Massacre」American Indian Wars: Sand Creek massacre: Colorado volunteers led by Colonel John Chivington massacre at least 150 Cheyenne and Arapaho noncombatants inside Colorado Territory.

The killing of at least 400 Cheyenne and Arapaho, under the protection of the US government, by troops of the Colorado militia under John M. Chivington, enters the history of the United States as a Sand Creek massacre.

Une délégation de chefs Cheyennes, Kiowas et Arapahos à Denver, 
Colorado le 28 septembre 1864.

American Civil War: Battle of Spring Hill:
A Confederate advance into Tennessee misses an opportunity to crush the Union Army. General John Bell Hood is angered, which leads to the Battle of Franklin.

The adopted nationality law in Hungary leads to conflicts with the Croatian minority, because it means that all Hungarians form a united and indivisible nation. The Croats see the Hungarian-Croatian balance touched.

American Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.


Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph for the first time.

The Meiji Constitution goes into effect in Japan, and the first Diet convenes.


Zhang Zhidong, governor of Huguang of the Qing dynasty, invited the Emperor Guangxu to set up his predecessor, the Self-improvement School of Wuhan University.

The Italian doctor Scipione Riva-Rocci designs a sphygmomanometer, a device for measuring blood pressure.



「Mitsukuri Akiyoshi」明治時代の日本の洋学者、法学者、官僚。男爵、法学博士。


1898/1129:Clive Staples Lewis 189363、誕生

a British novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist.
He is best known for his works of fiction, especially The Screwtape Letters, The Chronicles of Narnia, and The Space Trilogy, and for his non-fiction Christian apologetics, such as Mere Christianity, Miracles, and The Problem of Pain.

Vincenzo Lancia e il suo amico Claudio Fogolin fondano la casa automobilistica Lancia a Torino.



Japanese actress and director.
She had a career lasting over 50 years with more than 250 credited films, and was best known for her roles in collaboration with director Kenji Mizoguchi over 15 films between 1940 and 1954.

In the Romanian theater of war, the Central Powers begin the attack on the capital Bucharest.

1924/1129:Gicomo Puccini 185824、死去

un compositore italiano, considerato uno dei massimi operisti della storia.


1925/1129:Ivan Morris 192576、誕生

a British author and teacher in the field of Japanese Studies.
He was a friend of Yukio Mishima; he wrote The Nobility of Failure partly to place the circumstances surrounding Mishima's death in historical context. The book is dedicated to Mishima's memory.

U.S. Admiral Richard Byrd leads the first expedition to fly over the South Pole.

On his first Antarctic expedition, the US Admiral Richard E. Byrd manages the first overflight of the South Pole.



Die Deutschlandhalle in Berlin wird in Anwesenheit von Adolf Hitler eingeweiht.



The second session of the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ), held to determine the post-war ordering of the country, concludes in Jajce (present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina).

 Albania is liberated by the Partisans.

With the evacuation of the city of Shkodra by the Wehrmacht, all Albania is liberated from the German occupiers. The 29th of November has been Albanian national holiday ever since.1944: With the evacuation of the city of Shkodra by the Wehrmacht, all Albania is liberated from the German occupiers. The 29th of November has been Albanian national holiday ever since.
ソ連軍 によりアルバニアの全土解放。アルバニア、イタリアからの独立を宣言。同日、アルバニア共産党を中心にした社会主義臨時政府が設立。

The Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia is declared.

1946/1129:ドイツ『Allgemeine Zeitung』創刊
In Mainz wird mit französischer Lizenz die Allgemeine Zeitung gegründet. Aus ihrer Redaktion wechselt ein Teil der Crew im Jahr 1949 zur Gründung der Frankfurter Allgemeinen Zeitung.

The Allgemeine Zeitung is founded in Mainz with a French license. From their editorial staff, part of the crew changed in 1949 to found the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.

Partition Plan: The United Nations General Assembly approves a plan for the partition of Palestine.

First Indochina War: French forces carry out a massacre at Mỹ Trạch, Vietnam.


People's Liberation Army forces surrounded by the Republic of China stationed in Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province, the outbreak of the Battle of Pingjin.


Korean War: North Korean and Chinese troops force United Nations forces to retreat from North Korea.

Korean War: U.S. President-elect Dwight Eisenhower fulfills a campaign promise by traveling to Korea to find out what can be done to end the conflict.

1961/1129:USA「Project Mercury」
: Mercury-Atlas 5 Mission: Enos, a chimpanzee, is launched into space. The spacecraft orbits the Earth twice and splashes down off the coast of Puerto Rico.

U.S. President Lyndon Johnson establishes the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 831 crashes shortly after takeoff from Montreal-Dorval International Airport, killing all 118 people on board.




a Japanese war photographer.




Ulrike Meinhof wird als Mitglied der Rote Armee Fraktion zu acht Jahren Freiheitsstrafe verurteilt.

Ulrike Meinhof is sentenced to eight years imprisonment as a member of the Red Army Faction.

Only one day after the declaration of independence of East Timor from Portugal, Indonesia invades the East Timorese exclave Oecussi-Ambeno.


1981/1129:Natalie Wood 193881、死去

(Natalia Nikolaevna Zakharenko, dite), actrice américaine
an American film and television actress. She was known for her screen roles in Miracle on 34th Street, Splendor in the Grass, Rebel Without a Cause, The Searchers, and West Side Story.


Chile and Argentina sign a treaty of friendship and peace in the Vatican City to unify in the Beagle conflict.


1986/1129:Cary Grant 190486、死去

a British-American actor, known as one of classic Hollywood's definitive leading men. He began a career in Hollywood in the early 1930s, and became known for his transatlantic accent, debonair demeanor, and light-hearted approach to acting and sense of comic timing.

The Surinamese military attacks the village of Moiwana during the Suriname Guerrilla War, killing at least 39 civilians, mostly women and children.

Korean Air Flight 858 explodes over the Thai–Burmese border, killing 115.


1992/1129:Jean Dieudonné 190686、死去

un mathématicien français.



2001/1129:George Harrison 194301、死去

an English guitarist, singer-songwriter, and producer who achieved international fame as the lead guitarist of the Beatles.




Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

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