Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World


歴史暦:古今東西 11/30 今日の出來事

Jonathan Swift 166745
Mark Twain 183510
Oscar Wilde 185400



「Fujihara no Hidehira」the 3rd ruler of Northern Fujiwara 藤原 in Mutsu 陸奥 Province, Japan, the grandson of Fujiwara no Kiyohira 藤原清衡


During the Genpei War 源平合戰, he controlled his territory independently of the central government; however, he was the official imperial governor for Mutsu Province as of 1181. He offered shelter to the young Minamoto no Yoshitsune 九条良經116906, who had escaped from Kyoto. For many years, Hidehira was Yoshitsune's benefactor and protector, and it was from Hidehira's territory that Yoshitsune joined his brother at the start of the Genpei War.


「Hōjō Sanetoki」the founder of the Kanazawa Bunko (金澤文庫 Kanazawa Library).
He was a member of the Kanezawa branch of the Hōjō clan.
As his talent was discovered by his uncle Hōjō Yasutoki 北条泰時118342, Sanetoki was given important posts by four Shikken 執権: Yasutoki 泰時, Tsunetoki 經時, Tokiyori 時頼 and Tokimune 時宗.
He began his career as the head of Kosamurai-dokoro 小侍所 in 1234 and then became Hikitsukeshu 引付衆 in 1252 and Hyojoshu 評定衆 in 1253.
Due to illness, he resigned from all posts and took a rest at his residence at Kanezawa, Yokohama.



「Amako Tunehisa」a powerful warlord who gained the hegemony in Chūgoku 中國 region, Japan starting as a vassal of the Rokkaku 六角 clan.
He ruled the domains of Inaba 因幡, Hōki 伯耆, Izumo 出雲, Iwami 石見, Oki 隠岐, Harima 播磨, Mimasaka 美作, Bizen 備前, Bitchū 備中, Bingo 豐後, and Aki 安藝.


1554/1130:Philip Sidney 155486、誕生

an English poet, courtier, scholar, and soldier, who is remembered as one of the most prominent figures of the Elizabethan age.


1602/1130:Otto von Guericke 160286、誕生

ein deutscher Politiker, Jurist, Physiker und Erfinder. Bekannt ist er vor allem für seine Experimente zum Luftdruck mit den Magdeburger Halbkugeln.



Galileo Galilei osserva la luna per la prima volta con il suo telescopio e traccia disegni di montagne, crateri e oceani.
Galileo Galilei observes the moon for the first time with his telescope and makes drawings of mountains, craters and oceans.



In the two-day naval battle of Suvali, four galleons of the British East India Company resist a small Portuguese fleet off the coast of Gujarat in India.
This heralds the end of the Portuguese naval rule in the western Indian Ocean since the Battle of Diu on 3 February 1509.


「奢安之亂」She-An Rebellion, was a Yi uprising that occurred in Sichuan and Guizhou in late fall of 1621. As a consequence of the taxes imposed by the Ming dynasty, the aboriginal chieftains She Chongming and An Bangyan rose up in revolt. The rebellion lasted almost eight years and was eventually suppressed in the summer of 1629.

1647/1130:Bonaventura Cavalieri 159847、死去

un matematico italiano.

1616、ピサで Galileo Galilei 156442 の弟子のベネデット・カステリと出会ひ、数学に興味を持つ。ミラノやパルマ修道院で勤務しながら数学の研究を続け、1626にはボロニャ大学の数学教授となった。
Johannes Kepler 157130 の『ぶどう酒樽の測定 (Nova stereometria doliorum vinariorum) 』とともに彼が1635年に發表した『不可分者による連続体の新幾何学(Geometria indivisibilibus continuorum nova quadam ratione promota) 』は近代的な求積法の魁となった。そのなかに「カヴァリエリの原理」の紹介がある。


1654/1130:John Selden 158454、死去

an English jurist and a scholar of England's ancient laws and constitution and scholar of Jewish law.
He was known as a polymath showing true intellectual depth and breadth; John Milton hailed Selden in 1644 as "the chief of learned men reputed in this land."


1667/1130:Jonathan Swift 166745、誕生

an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.

In Hamburg wird die weltweit erste Feuerversicherung, die Hamburger Feuerkasse gegründet.

The world's first fire insurance, the Hamburg Fire Fund, is founded in Hamburg.

1700/1130:バルト海で「Bataille de Narva」
Pierre le Grand tente de ravir cette place forte aux Suédois, mais perd la bataille de Narva en 1700, les Russes reprennent la ville, le 9 août 1704. La ville fait partie désormais d'un dispositif de forteresses qui vont de Cronstadt à Saint-Pétersbourg, afin de défendre la Baltique et la capitale des incursions étrangères.

Narva は、エストニアの都市で、かつては「バルト海の真珠」と呼ばれたほどの港町であった。十八世紀前半の「大北方戦争」の主戦場となり、二十世紀の第二次世界大戦でも破壞され、その長い歴史を持った街並みの大半が失はれた。現代のナルヴァの人口は約六万五千人で、タリン、タルトゥに次ぐエストニア第三目の規模の都市。

View of Narva in the 1750s

La Forteresse de Narva et le pont vers la Russie

During the Great Northern War, King Charles XII of Sweden beats Russian Tsar Peter I at the Battle of Narva.

1705/1130:Catherine of Braganza 163805、崩去

Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1662 to 1685, by marriage to King Charles II. She also served as regent of Portugal during the absence of her brother in 1701 and 1704-05, after her return to Portugal as widow


By betrayal, the Dzungars succeed in invading Tibetan Lhasa and devastating the city. The Tibetans ask China's Emperor Kangxi for help against the tribe.


King Charles XII of Sweden dies during a siege of the fortress of Fredriksten in Norway.


1761/1130:John Dollond 170661、死去

an English optician, known for his successful optics business and his patenting and commercialization of achromatic doublets.



1782/1130:American Revolutionary War「Treaty of Paris」
In Paris, representatives from the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign preliminary peace articles (later formalized as the 1783 Treaty of Paris).


The Grand Duchy of Tuscany, under Pietro Leopoldo I, becomes the first modern state to abolish the death penalty (later commemorated as Cities for Life Day).




弟子に、司馬江漢174718、大槻玄澤175727 など。

1803/1130:スペイン「Balmis Expedition」starts
 in Spain with the aim of vaccinating millions against smallpox in Spanish America and Philippines. In New Orleans, Spanish representatives officially transfer the Louisiana Territory to a French representative. Just 20 days later, France transfers the same land to the United States as the Louisiana Purchase.


1808/1130:ナポレオン戰爭「Bataille de Somosierra」
La bataille de Somosierra a durant la guerre d'Espagne. Une armée espagnole en large infériorité numérique, en position défensive dans les gorges de Somosierra dans la sierra de Guadarrama au nord de Madrid, est battue.
Cette victoire permet à Napoléon de prendre Madrid.



La capitulation de Madrid Huile sur toile de Antoine-Jean Gros.

1825/1130:William Adolphe Bouguereau 182505、誕生

un peintre français représentatif de la peinture académique,


1828/1130:Gustav Zeuner 182807、誕生

ein deutscher Ingenieur.

1835/1130:Mark Twain 183510、誕生

Samuel Langhorne Clemens better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. Among his novels are The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885), the latter often called "The Great American Novel".

1838/1130:メキシコ、In the cake war,
Mexico declares war on France after the attack of the French fleet on Veracruz.


1846/1130:Friedrich List 178946、死去(拳銃自殺)

einer der bedeutendsten deutschen Wirtschaftstheoretiker des 19. Jahrhunderts sowie Unternehmer, Diplomat und Eisenbahn-Pionier.
ドイツ歴史学派の先駆者。「National System」または後に「National Innovation System」と呼ばれることになるいくつかの理論を工夫した。


Das Kaisertum Österreich schafft den diskriminierenden Judeneid in Rechtsstreitigkeiten zwischen Juden und Christen ab.

The Empire of Austria abolishes the discriminatory oath of Jews in legal disputes between Jews and Christians.

1853/1130:Crimean War「Battle of Sinop」
The Imperial Russian Navy destroys the Ottoman fleet at Sinop, a sea port in northern Turkey.

クリミア戦争: シノプの海戦。オスマン帝国の軍港シノプをロシア黒海艦隊が奇襲。これ機にイギリス・フランスがクリミア戦争への介入を決意。ロシア海軍オスマン帝国の軍港スィノプを急襲、オスマン艦隊を撃沈し港湾を破壊した、クリミア戦争の海戦。



Ferdinand de Lesseps receives from the Egyptian viceroy Muhammad Said the concession for the construction and operation of the Suez Canal for 99 years for the still to be founded Compagnie universale du canal maritime de Suez.






1863/1130:Andrés Bonifacio 186397、誕生

a Filipino revolutionary leader and the president of the Tagalog Republic. He is often called "The Father of the Philippine Revolution". He was one of the founders and later Supremo (Supreme Leader) of the Kataas-taasan, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan or more commonly known as "Katipunan", a movement which sought the independence of the Philippines from Spanish colonial rule and started the Philippine Revolution

1864/1130:American Civil War「Battle of Franklin」
The Confederate Army of Tennessee suffers heavy losses in an attack on the Union Army of the Ohio in the Battle of Franklin.


The first-ever international football match takes place at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow, between Scotland and England.


1874/1130:Winston Churchill 187465、誕生

a British statesman, army officer, and writer.
He served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. As a Member of Parliament (MP), he represented five constituencies over the course of his career.
As Prime Minister, Churchill led Britain to victory during the Second World War. He led the Conservative Party for fifteen years from 1940 to 1955.

1874/1130:Lucy Maud Montgomery 187442、誕生

a Canadian author best known for a series of novels beginning in 1908 with Anne of Green Gables.



the pen-name of Hasegawa Manjirō 長谷川萬次郎, a Japanese social critic, and journalist in the Taishō and Shōwa periods Japan. He was one of the most important and widely read supporters of liberalism and democracy in inter-war Japan.


Narushima Ryūhoku (成島柳北) was a Japanese author and scholar.
He was born in Asakusa 淺草, and his given name was Korehiro (惟弘). The Narushima family were okujusha (奥儒者), or Confucian tutors to the Tokugawa shoguns, who were also involved in editing『Tokugawa jikki (德川實紀)』and other historical annals, including 『Nochikagami (後鑑)』. Ryuhoku participated in these editing projects as a young man.








1900/1130:Oscar Wilde 185400、死去(客死)

an Irish poet and playwright.
After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. He is best remembered for his epigrams and plays, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, as well as the circumstances of his imprisonment and early death.


1901/1130:Edward John Eyre 181501、死去

an English land explorer of the Australian continent, colonial administrator, and a controversial Governor of Jamaica.




{奇しき偶然と私は思ったのだが、向井と同年同月同日に生まれたもう一人の日本の洋画家はパリに行き、パリの街並みばかりを描いたのであった ―― 


un peintre japonais figuratif qui a essentiellement travaillé en France. On lui doit de nombreuses vues de Paris, rues, places et boutiques.


1901/1130:イギリス人、模型の Meccano を大成功させる
Frank Hornby receives a patent in Great Britain for the metal construction kit invented by him. The toy becomes a success under the name of Meccano.



1906/1130:John Dickson Carr 190677、誕生

an American author of detective stories, who also published using the pseudonyms Carter Dickson, Carr Dickson and Roger Fairbairn.




Première projection du film L'Âge d'or de Luis Buñuel et Salvador Dalí au Studio 28, rue Montmartre à Paris. À l'initiative du préfet de police Jean Chiappe, la censure exige la coupe des scènes « anti-religieuses ».



Il écrit des romans autobiographiques et des récits comme Gōku 業苦(1928) et Tojō 途上, conçus selon la forme romanesque japonaise du shishōsetsu (« roman 'je' »).


The LNER Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman becomes the first steam locomotive to be authenticated as reaching 100 mph.


In London, the Crystal Palace is destroyed by fire.

The London Crystal Palace, a glass exhibition building dating from 1851, is destroyed by fire.


1937/1130:Ridley Scott 1937--、誕生

an English film director and producer.
Following his commercial breakthrough with the science-fiction horror film Alien (1979), his best known works include the neo-noir dystopian science fiction film Blade Runner (1982), historical drama and Best Picture Oscar winner Gladiator (2000), and science fiction film The Martian (2015).


Winter War: Soviet forces cross the Finnish border in several places and bomb Helsinki and several other Finnish cities, starting the war.

With the attack on Finland by Soviet troops, the Winter War begins, which will last until March 13, 1940, when about 127,000 Soviet soldiers and 25,000 Finns fall victim.

In Brazil, the Serra dos Órgãos National Park is founded in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Its rock formations at the end of the Precambrian are reminiscent of organ pipes or the fingers of one hand.





Japanese government announces recognition of Wang Ching-wei regime.

1942/1130:WWⅡ、日米太平洋戰爭「Battle of Tassafaronga」
A smaller squadron of Japanese destroyers defeats a U.S. cruiser force.

The naval battle at Tassafaronga between the USA and Japan during the Second World War ends with a victory for the Japanese.

Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin agreed to conduct the Overlord to France and Anvil military operations in June 1944 at the Tehran Conference in World War II.


In the Allied Control Council, the Soviet Union accepts the establishment of three air corridors between Berlin and the western zones of occupation in Germany for Allied aircraft.


1947/1130:Ernst Lubitsch 189247、死去

ein deutsch-US-amerikanischer Filmregisseur und Schauspieler.
Nachdem er in Deutschland erste Erfolge als Regisseur hatte, wechselte er in den 1920er Jahren nach Hollywood. Dort machte er sich vor allem einen Namen als Regisseur von kultivierten und eleganten „Salonkomödien“ – deren besonderen Charme beschrieben Filmkritiker später als den Lubitsch Touch.


1947年11月30日、ベティ・グレイブル主演のミュジカル『あのアミン毛皮の貴婦人』準備中に心臓発作で倒れ、死亡。その時、ルビッチ邸に居候してゐた Billy Wilder 190602 によれば、性交渉した後、掻いた汗を流しに浴室に入り、そこで倒れたと。


Civil War in Mandatory Palestine begins, leading up to the creation of the state of Israel.







People's Republic of China literary and art circles to carry out "rectification learning movement."

Edward Mutesa II, the kabaka (king) of Buganda is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda.


1954/1130:Wilhelm Furtwängler 188654、死去

ein deutscher Dirigent und Komponist. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Dirigenten des 20. Jahrhunderts.


In Sylacauga, Alabama, United States, the Hodges meteorite crashes through a roof and hits a woman taking an afternoon nap; this is the only documented case in the Western Hemisphere of a human being hit by a rock from space.


French Equatorial Africa is dissolved. The four countries, the Republic of Congo, Gabon, Chad and the Central African Republic, will become independent in 1960.



élection de U Thant à la fonction de secrétaire général des Nations unies.


Barbados becomes independent from the United Kingdom.



The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen becomes independent from the United Kingdom.


Pro-Soviet communists in the Philippines establish Malayang Pagkakaisang Kabataan Pilipino as its new youth wing.

South Yemen renamed the country to Yemen People's Democratic Republic and declared a socialist state.


Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning American troop withdrawals from Vietnam because troop levels are now down to 27,000.


1975/1130:Jazz、Keith Jarrett's album The Cologne Concert
is released.


The Tachikawa base in Tokyo used by the US military is fully refunded.


1979/1130:Rock、Pink Floyd's album The Wall
is released in the UK. It will become the best-selling double album of all time.


1981/1130:USA & USSR、核ミサイル減少を協議
Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe. (The meetings end inconclusively on December 17.)


1982/1130:Pop、Michael Jackson's album, Thriller
 is released worldwide. It will become the best-selling record album in history.

release of the album Thriller of Michael Jackson. It's the best-selling album of all time, with sales estimated at 65 million copies worldwide.



1992/1130:Jorge Donn 194792、死去

L'origine de son nom de famille viendrait du fleuve russe le Don car sa maman arrivée enfant en Argentine répétait inlassablement ce mot sans pouvoir donner le nom de famille (lu dans les mémoires de Maurice Bejart).

Après des études à l'école de ballet du Teatro Colón, il rejoint le Ballet du xxe siècle dirigé par Maurice Béjart en 1963. Il en devient bientôt l'un des principaux solistes et crée les rôles titres de la Neuvième symphonie (1964), de Roméo et Juliette (1966), de la Messe pour le temps présent (1967), de Nijinsky, clown de Dieu (1971), de Notre Faust (1975), du Boléro (1979), etc.

Il a incarné un personnage inspiré de Rudolf Noureev dans le film Les Uns et les Autres de Claude Lelouch où il exécutait le Boléro de Ravel.
He died of AIDS on 30 November 1992 in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Netherlands, the law that allows the world's first euthanasia (revised burial law) is established.


1994/1130:Guy Debord 193194、死去(拳銃自殺)

un écrivain, essayiste, cinéaste, poète1 et révolutionnaire français.
Il se considère avant tout comme un stratège. C'est lui qui a conceptualisé la notion sociopolitique de spectacle, développée dans son œuvre la plus connue, La Société du spectacle (1967).
Debord a été l'un des fondateurs de l'Internationale lettriste de 1952 à 1957, puis de l'Internationale situationniste de 1957 à 1972, dont il a dirigé la revue française.
パリ生まれ。フランスの思想家、映画作家。アンテルナシオナル・レトリスト、後にアンテルナシオナル・シチュアシオニスト (IS) のグルプ創立メンバ。




Exxon and Mobil sign a US$73.7 billion agreement to merge, thus creating ExxonMobil, the world's largest company.


1999/1130:USA、Globalism vs Anti-Globalism
In Seattle, United States, demonstrations against a World Trade Organization meeting by anti-globalization protesters catch police unprepared and force the cancellation of opening ceremonies.


2006/1130:Mt.Mayon 噴火
More than 300 people are killed in a Mayon volcanic Mayon volcanic eruption triggered by the typhoon Durian.





An Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane belonging to Aéro-Service, crashes into houses near Maya-Maya Airport during a thunderstorm, killing at least 32 people.



Better known by the Japanese pronunciation of his name, Go Seigen, was a Chinese-born Japanese master of the game of go 碁.
He is considered by many players to have been the greatest go player in the 20th century.





a Japanese manga author and historian, best known for his series GeGeGe no Kitarō (ゲゲゲの鬼太郎, literally "spooky Kitarō") – originally titled Hakaba Kitarō (墓場鬼太郎, literally "Kitarō of the Graveyard") – Kappa no Sanpei, and Akuma-kun.


début de la Conférence de Paris de 2015 sur le climat.


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Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World