Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World


歴史暦:古今東西 11/11 今日の出來事


At Carnuntum, Emperor emeritus Diocletian confers with Galerius, Augustus of the East, and Maximianus, the recently returned former Augustus of the West, in an attempt to end the civil wars of the Tetrarchy.

la Conférence impériale de Carnuntum réunit Dioclétien, Maximien Hercule et Galère dans le but de restaurer l'ordre dans l'Empire romain.

0397/1111:Sanctus Martinus Turonensis 031697、死去

Bishop Martin of Tours, who died on 8 November, is buried.


0683/1111:Yazid Ibn Muawiyah Ibn Abu Sufyan 064783、死去

ウマイヤ朝の第二代カリフ(0680~83 在位)。

Henry I of England marries Matilda of Scotland(the daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland and a direct descendant of the Saxon king Edmund Ironside).




1215/1111:キリスト教義「Bread & Wine ⇨ Body & Blood」
The Fourth Lateran Council meets, defining the doctrine of transubstantiation, the process by which bread and wine are, by that doctrine, said to transform into the body and blood of Christ.


With the end of standing at the Ugra, the Mongol rule over Russia ends.



1500/1111:第二次イタリア戰爭「Treaty of Granada」
Louis XII of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon agree to divide the Kingdom of Naples between them.

As for the southern front of the peninsula, after the military failure of Charles VIII's enterprise in 1495, the new king of France on 11 November 1500 concluded the secret treaty of Granada for the separation of southern Italy with Ferdinand Catholic.

1572/1111:天文、發見「カシオペヤ座の超新星SN 1572」
Tycho Brahe entdeckt im Sternbild Kassiopeia einen „neuen Stern“, der sich später als die Supernova (SN1572) herausstellte.




1620/1111:NewWorld「Mayflower Compact」
 is signed in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod.

The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony. It was written by the male passengers of the Mayflower, consisting of separatist Congregationalists who called themselves "Saints", and adventurers and tradesmen, most of whom were referred to by the Separatists as "Strangers". Later both groups were referred to as Pilgrims or Pilgrim Fathers. The Separatists were fleeing from religious persecution by King James of England.


Journée des dupes au château de Versailles.

La journée des Dupes désigne les événements des dimanche 10 et lundi 11 novembre 1630 au cours desquels le jeune roi de France Louis XIII, âgé de 29 ans, réitère contre toute attente sa confiance à son ministre Richelieu, élimine ses adversaires politiques et contraint la reine-mère Marie de Médicis à l'exil.

On the Journée des Dupes, the religious party in France under Queen Mother Maria de 'Medici and Jean -Baptiste Gaston de Bourbon, duc d'Orleans by King Louis XIII. disempowered. Cardinal Richelieu, who is at the pinnacle of his power with this success, proceeds mercilessly against his opponents in the state, thus preparing the heyday of absolutism.

Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery.

The British English term buggery is very close in meaning to the term sodomy, often used interchangeably in law and popular speech. It may also be a specific common law offence encompassing both sodomy and bestiality.


1673/1111:ウクライナで「2nd Battle of Khotyn」
 in Ukraine: Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski defeat the Ottoman army.
In this battle, rockets made by Kazimierz Siemienowicz are successfully used.



Gottfried Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = ƒ(x).

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz formulates for the first time in an essay on inverse tangents one of his fundamental theorems using the modern integral sign.


Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking "Thief-Taker General" (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London.



1729/1111:Louis-Antoine de Bougainville 172911、誕生

un officier de marine, navigateur et explorateur français.
Il a mené en tant que capitaine, de 1766 à 1769, le premier tour du monde officiel français1. Les bougainvilliers et leurs fleurs les bougainvillées (arbustes du genre Bougainvillea, devenus de nos jours très communs en France et en Europe) ont été nommés en son honneur à la suite de spécimens collectés au Brésil par le botaniste Philibert Commerson lors de cette circumnavigation autour du monde.



1743/1111:Carl Peter Thunberg 174328、誕生

a Swedish naturalist and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus(リンネ).
He has been called "the father of South African botany", "pioneer of Occidental Medicine in Japan" and the "Japanese Linnaeus".


Riots break out in Lhasa after the murder of the Tibetan regent.


1751/1111:Julien Offray de La Mettrie 170951、死去

un médecin et philosophe matérialiste et empiriste français.
Médecin libertin, il défendit un matérialisme radical, et refonda, après René Descartes, le mécanisme.

37歳の時の『人間機械論』は、René Descartes 159650 の動物機械説を人間にも適用して機械論的な生命観を提唱し、靈魂の存在を否定した。その著作で「足は歩く筋肉であり、脳髄は考える筋肉である」とした。

1778/1111:American Revolutionary War「Cherry Valley massacre」
Loyalists and Seneca Indian forces attack a fort and village in eastern New York, killing more than forty civilians and soldiers.


Seneca war chief Cornplanter

The coronation ceremony of Emperor Leopold II of the Holy Roman Empire



1805/1111:Napoleonic Wars「Battle of Dürenstein」
8000 French troops attempt to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.

Dürenstein (modern Dürnstein) is located in the Wachau valley, on the river Danube, 73 kilometers upstream from Vienna, Austria. The river makes a crescent-shaped curve between Dürnstein and nearby Krems an der Donau, and the battle was fought in the flood plain between the river and the mountains.


1813/1111:War of 1812「Battle of Crysler's Farm」
British and Canadian forces defeat a larger American force, causing the Americans to abandon their Saint Lawrence campaign.



1821/1111:Fyodor Dostoyevsky 182181、誕生

русский писатель, мыслитель, философ и публицист.


1831/1111:Nat Turner 180031、刑死(絞首刑)

In Jerusalem, Virginia, Nat Turner is hanged after inciting a violent slave uprising.

Nut Turner:an enslaved African American who led a rebellion of slaves and free blacks in Southampton County, Virginia on August 21, 1831. The rebels went from plantation to plantation, gathering horses and guns, freeing other slaves along the way, and recruiting other blacks who wanted to join their revolt.

Turner hid successfully for two months. When found, he was tried, convicted, sentenced to death, and hanged.

Voortrekker found the Boer state Natalia in the east of South Africa because they want to be independent from England.


1852/1111:Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf 185225、誕生

bei Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkriegs 1914 Chef des Generalstabes für die gesamte bewaffnete Macht Österreich-Ungarns, seit 1916 Feldmarschall. Conrad, der zuvor mehrmals vergeblich Präventivkriege der Monarchie gegen Italien und Serbien vorgeschlagen hatte, spielte eine wichtige Rolle in der Julikrise, die zum Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkrieges führte.


1855/1111:Søren Aabye Kierkegaard 181355、死去

Søren Kierkegaard, écrivain, théologien et philosophe danois
ein dänischer Philosoph, Essayist, Theologe und religiöser Schriftsteller.








At the Ansei 安政 Edo 江戸 earthquake 地震 in Japan at Edo (Tokyo) more than 6000 people die.



1863/1111:Paul Signac 186335、誕生

「ポル シニャク」un artiste peintre paysagiste français, proche du mouvement libertaire, qui donna naissance au pointillisme, avec le peintre Seurat. Il a aussi mis au point la technique du divisionnisme

1864/1111:American Civil War、
General William Tecumseh Sherman begins burning Atlanta to the ground in preparation for his march to the sea.


1865/1111:ブウタン&イギリス東インド會社「Treaty of Sinchula」
 is signed whereby Bhutan cedes the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.


1866/1111:Antoine Meillet 186636、誕生

「アントワヌ メイエ」
le principal linguiste français des premières décennies du XXe siècle.
Il est aussi un fin philologue auquel aucun détail n'échappe.

1869/1111:Gaetano Bresci 186901、誕生

un anarchico italiano, autore dell'omicidio del re d'Italia Umberto I.
Il monarca era già scampato a due attentati, eseguiti dagli anarchici Giovanni Passannante e Pietro Acciarito.
an Italian anarchist who assassinated King Umberto I of Italy on 29 July 1900. Bresci was the first European regicide offender not to be executed, as capital punishment in Italy had been abolished since 1889.

1869/1111:オウストラリア「Victorian Aboriginal Protection Act」
 is enacted in Australia, giving the government control of indigenous people's wages, their terms of employment, where they could live, and of their children, effectively leading to the Stolen Generations.




Emperor Wilhelm I enacts the law on the formation of a Reich war treasure from the French contributions, which demanded the peace of Frankfurt the loser of the German-French war.


1880/1111:Ned Kelly 185480、刑死(絞首刑)

an Australian bushranger, outlaw, gang leader and convicted police murderer. Recognised as the last and most famous of the bushrangers, he is best-known for wearing a suit of bulletproof armour during his final shootout with the police.

{Nut Turner につづき Ned Kelly 。同じ日に「ストレンジフルウツ」に吊された「極句惡人」にたいし、アメリカ人もオウストラリア人もきはめて同情的であった。英雄視した。
権力に反抗したその生涯は幾度も小説で物語られ、映画化された。「ケリのように勇敢に(as game as Ned Kelly)」は、オウストラリアでは一般的な表現となっている。

1883/1111:Ernest Ansermet 188369、誕生

「エルネスト アンセルメ」un musicologue et chef d'orchestre suisse.

1884/1111:Alfred Edmund Brehm 182984、死去

ein deutscher Zoologe und Schriftsteller. Sein Name wurde durch den Buchtitel Brehms Tierleben zu einem Synonym für populärwissenschaftliche zoologische Literatur.


1885/1111:George Patton 188545、誕生

a senior officer of the United States Army who commanded the U.S. Seventh Army in the Mediterranean and European theaters of World War II, but is best known for his leadership of the U.S. Third Army in France and Germany following the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.

Heinrich Hertz succeeds in an experiment in the transmission of electromagnetic waves from a transmitter to a receiver.


1887/1111:USA、シカゴ「黒い金曜日」"Black Friday",
the day when four anarchist militants are executed in Chicago, following the Haymarket Square riots.

August Spies, Albert Parsons, Adolph Fischer and George Engel are executed as a result of the Haymarket affair.

The Haymarket affair (also known as the Haymarket massacre or Haymarket riot) was the aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration on Tuesday May 4, 1886, at Haymarket Square in Chicago. It began as a peaceful rally in support of workers striking for an eight-hour day and in reaction to the killing of several workers the previous day by the police.





Ernest Monnington Bowden beantragt in Großbritannien Patentschutz für den von ihm erfundenen Seilzug. Das Patent wird ihm am 25. September 1897 gewährt.
Ernest Monnington Bowden applies for patent protection for the cable he invented. The patent is granted to him on September 25, 1897.

1898/1111:René Clair 189881、誕生

(René Lucien Chomette, dit),
un réalisateur, scénariste et écrivain français.




Many cities in the Midwestern United States break their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through.


The Statutes of the Czechoslovak National Committee, which was to prepare the independence of Czechoslovakia realized two years later, are approved.


1917/1111:ハワイの女王、Lydia Liliuokalan 183817、死去

the first queen and last monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii, ruling from January 29, 1891 until the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii on January 17, 1893.


1918/1111:World War I「ドイツが降伏して終結
Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car in the forest of Compiègne.

Der Waffenstillstand von Compiègne – auf deutscher Seite im Auftrag der neuen Regierung von Erzberger unterzeichnet;beendet die Kampfhandlungen im Ersten Weltkrieg.
Signature de l'armistice de 1918 et fin de la Première Guerre mondiale.


Kaiser Karl I. erklärt seinen Verzicht auf jeden Anteil an den Staatsgeschäften im österreichischen Teil der Donaumonarchie.

l'empereur d'Autriche Charles Ier signe sa renonciation au trône, scellant ainsi la fin des plus de 600 ans de règne des Habsbourg sur l'Autriche.
Emperor Charles I of Austria relinquishes power.

Józef Piłsudski assumes supreme military power in Poland - symbolic first day of Polish independence.

The German troops in Warsaw are disarmed by Poland. The Regency Council and the Government of Lublin put all state power in the hands of Józef Piłsudski. This ends the era of the Reigning Kingdom of Poland. Poland becomes an independent republic.
ユゼフ ピウスツキがワルシャワへ戻り、軍の統帥権を掌握。ポウランド第二共和国がロシア帝国から事実上の独立。

The Industrial Workers of the World attack an Armistice Day parade in Centralia, Washington, ultimately resulting in the deaths of five people.


Latvian forces defeat the West Russian Volunteer Army at Riga in the Latvian War of Independence.


Transfert du cœur de Léon Gambetta au Panthéon de Paris.

レオン ガンベッタの心臟をパリのパンテオンに移す

The Tomb of the Unknowns is dedicated by US President Warren G. Harding at Arlington National Cemetery.


1922/1111:Kurt Vonnegut 192207、誕生

Vonnegut published 14 novels, three short story collections, five plays, and five works of non-fiction. He is most famous for his darkly satirical, best-selling novel Slaughterhouse-Five (1969).

le ministre de la Guerre André Maginot allume pour la première fois la flamme du souvenir qui symbolise la tombe du Soldat inconnu sous l'arc de triomphe de l'Étoile.


Adolf Hitler was arrested in Munich for high treason for his role in the Beer Hall Putsch.




1926/1111:The United States Numbered Highway System is established.


1928/1111:Carlos Fuentes 192812、誕生

un escritor, intelectual y diplomático mexicano, uno de los autores más destacados de su país y de las letras hispanoamericanas, autor de novelas como La región más transparente, La muerte de Artemio Cruz, Aura, Cambio de piel y Terra Nostra y de ensayos como La nueva novela hispanoamericana, Cervantes o la crítica de la lectura, El espejo enterrado, Geografía de la novela y La gran novela latinoamericana, entre otros.

Patent number US1781541 is awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator.












1940/1111:WWⅡ「Battle of Taranto」
, the Royal Navy launches the first all-aircraft ship-to-ship naval attack in history.


The German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis captures top secret British mail from the Automedon, and sends it to Japan.


France's zone libre is occupied by German forces in Case Anton.

In response to the Allied landings in Algeria in World War II, German troops also occupy Vichy France.

les maquis de l'Ain et du Haut-Jura défilent dans les rues d'Oyonnax malgré la présence toute proche des troupes d'occupation. À Grenoble, en voulant commémorer le 11 novembre 1918, 600 personnes sont arrêtées, 400 hommes seront déportés, 102 en reviendront vivants.

the maquis of Ain and Haut-Jura parade through the streets of Oyonnax despite the nearby presence of occupation troops. In Grenoble, wanting to commemorate November 11, 1918, 600 people are arrested, 400 men will be deported, 102 come back alive.

Winston Churchill attends the military parade on the Champs-Élysées alongside General de Gaulle.

Winston Churchill assiste au défilé militaire sur les Champs-Élysées aux côtés du général de Gaulle.




1958/1111:André Bazin 191858、死去

un critique français de cinéma.
Il est l'un des fondateurs des Cahiers du cinéma et a exercé une grande influence sur l'ensemble de la critique française et plus particulièrement sur les réalisateurs de la Nouvelle Vague, François Truffaut, Éric Rohmer, Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol et Jacques Rivette.

1960/1111:ベトナム「A military coup」
 against President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam is crushed.


Thirteen Italian Air Force servicemen, deployed to the Congo as a part of the UN peacekeeping force are massacred by a mob in Kindu.


Kuwait's National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait.


In Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), the white-minority government of Ian Smith unilaterally declares independence.


1966/1111:USA、NASA launches Gemini 12.


Vietnam War: In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, three American prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to "new left" antiwar activist Tom Hayden.


Yui Chunoshin, un espérantiste japonais s'immole, comme protestation contre la guerre du Viêt Nam.


Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt initiated. The goal is to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh trail, through Laos into South Vietnam.


二度目となる共和制に移行。イブラヒム ナシルが初代大統領に就任。







Vietnam War: Vietnamization: The United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.


1975/1111:オウストラリア「Australian constitutional crisis of 1975」
 Australian Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismisses the government of Gough Whitlam, appoints Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister and announces a general election to be held in early December.




1976/1111:Alexander Calder 189876、死去

an American sculptor known as the originator of the mobile, a type of moving sculpture made with delicately balanced or suspended shapes that move in response to touch or air currents. Calder’s monumental stationary sculptures are called stabiles. He also produced wire figures, which are like drawings made in space, and notably a miniature circus work that was performed by the artist.

1979/1111:Dimitri Tiomkin 189479、死去

(Дмитро́ Зино́війович Тьо́мкін),
a Ukrainian-born American film composer and conductor.

The American Film Institute ranked Tiomkin's score for High Noon #10 on their list of the greatest film scores. His scores for the following films were also nominated for the list:
The Alamo (1960)
Dial M for Murder (1954)
Duel in the Sun (1946)
Friendly Persuasion (1956)
The Guns of Navarone (1961)
Lost Horizon (1937)







1993/1111:Lisa De Leeuw 1958??、死去?

an American former pornographic actress who was active during the so-called Golden Age of Porn. She is a missing person, and one who has been widely reported to be deceased. But due to the underground nature of the adult industry during the era within which she was active, neither her true identity nor her current status can be verified.

A sculpture honoring women who served in the Vietnam War is dedicated at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.


The Codex Leicester (also known as Codex Hammer), a bound collection of sheets with scientific writings, notes, sketches and drawings by Leonardo da Vinci, will be sold by the auctioneer Christie's for $ 30.8 million to entrepreneur Bill Gates auctioned. This makes the code the most expensive handwriting ever sold in the world.









2000/1111:オウストリア「Kaprun disaster」
155 skiers & snowboarders die when a cable car catches fire in an alpine tunnel in Kaprun, Austria.

In a fire catastrophe in the tunnel of the funicular to the Kitzsteinhorn in Kaprun in Salzburg, 155 people die, including many children and adolescents.

Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they are traveling in.


2004/1111:Yasser Arafat 192904、死去

(ياسر عرفات), homme politique et ingénieur palestinien, chef d'État de la Palestine de 1996 à 2004
a Palestinian political leader. He was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) from 1969 to 2004 and President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) from 1994 to 2004

New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior is dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington.


2005/1111:Peter Drucker 190905、死去

, auteur, théoricein et économiste austro-américain
an Austr


ian-born American management consultant, educator, and author, whose writings contributed to the philosophical and practical foundations of the modern business corporation. He was also a leader in the development of management education, he invented the concept known as management by objectives and self-control, and he has been described as "the founder of modern management".

Fテイラーの『科学的管理法』や Aマズロの『欲求の五段階説』などにも多大な影響を受けてゐる。


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Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World