Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

≫ 過去に向かう”遠いまなざし”というのがある。人間だけに見られる表情である。


歴史暦:古今東西 11/05 今日の出來事


Lý Anh Tông is enthroned as emperor of Vietnam at the age of two, beginning a 37-year reign.


In Constance, the Great Western Council is opened to overcome the Great Schism.



1494/1105:Hans Sachs 149876、誕生

ein Nürnberger Schuhmacher, Spruchdichter, Meistersinger und Dramatiker.

Publication of the Catholicon, written in 1464 by Jehan Lagadeuc in Tréguier; this is the first Breton dictionary as well as the first French dictionary.

Catholicon (from Greek Καθολικόν, meaning "universal") is a 15th-century Breton-French-Latin dictionary. It is the first Breton dictionary and also the first French dictionary. It contains six thousand entries and was compiled in 1464 by the Breton priest Jehan Lagadeuc. It was printed in 1499 in Tréguier. A manuscript of the dictionary is preserved in the national library in Paris identified as Latin 7656.



In the Mughal Empire, the forces of Akbar and his guardian Bairam Khan defeat the army of Hemu at Panipat in the Second Battle of Panipat, who had taken power as a usurper in Delhi.






1605/1105:イギリス「Gunpowder Plot」失敗
In London, the Conspiracy of the Powder, by which the Catholic officer Guy Fawkes planned to blow up the Parliament of England and kill the Protestant King James I is discovered and ended in failure.



1615/1105:Ibrahim of the Ottoman Empire 161548、誕生

was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1640 until 1648. He was born in Constantinople the son of Ahmed I by Valide Kösem Sultan, an ethnic Greek originally named Anastasia.
He was later called Deli İbrahim(Ibrahim the Mad)by 20th-century historians due to his reputed mental condition.


「Dazai ShunDai」江戸時代中頃の儒學者、經世家。



The landing of William of Orange at Brixham is the prelude to the Glorious Revolution against James II in England.


Brixham, England c. 1895

1757/1105:七年戰爭「Battle of Rossbach」
Seven Years' War: Frederick the Great defeats the allied armies of France and the Holy Roman Empire.


Im Siebenjährigen Krieg schlägt Preußen unter Friedrich dem Großen die Franzosen unter Charles de Rohan, prince de Soubise und die Reichsexekutionsarmee in der Schlacht bei Roßbach.

1768/1105:Indian & GB「Treaty of Fort Stanwix」
, the purpose of which is to adjust the boundary line between Indian lands and white settlements set forth in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 in the Thirteen Colonies.



French-American forces under Colonel LaBalme are defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle.








Victoire des maréchaux Murat et Lannes à Amstetten (Autriche) contre les troupes austro-russes du prince Bagration et du maréchal Davout contre le général Meerveldt à Steyer (Autriche).


Salvadoran priest José Matías Delgado, rings the bells of La Merced church in San Salvador, calling for insurrection and launching the 1811 Independence Movement.


Greek War of Independence: The French Morea expedition to recapture Morea  ends when the last Ottoman forces depart the peninsula.


1831/1105:USA、奴隷指導者 Nat Turner への死刑宣告
Nat Turner, American slave leader, is tried, convicted, and sentenced to death in Virginia.


1850/1105:Ella Wheeler Wilcox 185019、誕生

an American author and poet.
Her best-known work was Poems of Passion. Her most enduring work was "Solitude", which contains the lines "Laugh, and the world laughs with you; weep, and you weep alone".
Her autobiography, The Worlds and I, was published in 1918, a year before her death.

1854/1105:Paul Sabatier 185441、誕生

un chimiste français. Il est co-récipiendaire (avec Victor Grignard) du prix Nobel de chimie en 1912 « pour sa méthode d'hydrogénation des composés organiques en présence de métaux finement divisés, ce qui a permis de faire progresser considérablement la chimie organique dans les dernières années».

1854/1105:クリミア戦争「Battle of Inkerman」
The trapped Russians attempt a retreat from the city of Sevastopol, besieged in the Crimean War, which is prevented by the British and the French at the Battle of Inkerman.


1855/1105:Léon Teisserenc de Bort 185513、誕生

un météorologue français qui développa l'observation et l'étude de l'atmosphère par l'utilisation de ballons instrumentés. Il fut aussi le découvreur de la stratosphère. Des cratères sur la Lune et sur Mars portent son nom.

1862/1105:American Civil War
Abraham Lincoln removes George McClellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac.


1862/1105:American Indian Wars
In Minnesota, 303 Dakota warriors are found guilty of rape and murder of whites and are sentenced to hang. 38 are ultimately executed and the others reprieved.





Women's suffrage in the United States: In defiance of the law, suffragist Susan B. Anthony votes for the first time, and is later fined $100.


1879/1105:James Clerk Maxwell 183179、死去

a Scottish scientist in the field of mathematical physics.
His most notable achievement was to formulate the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation, bringing together for the first time electricity, magnetism, and light as manifestations of the same phenomenon.
Maxwell's equations for electromagnetism have been called the "second great unification in physics" after the first one realised by Isaac Newton.



Die sozialdemokratische Satirezeitschrift Der Wahre Jacob erscheint mit ihrer Erstausgabe in Hamburg.



At the Battle of Sheikh during the Mahdi uprising in Sudan, an army of mahdists destroys a British-Egyptian army under William Hicks.


Der Ort Finschhafen auf Neuguinea wird als Verwaltungszentrum der deutschen Kolonie Kaiser-Wilhelms-Land gegründet.

The town of Finschhafen in New Guinea is founded as the administrative center of the German colony Kaiser-Wilhelms-Land.


江戸から明治への過渡期に、盟友の橋本雅邦183508とともに、お傭ひ外國人の Ernest Fenollosa 185308 との出會ひと指導により、日本畫の刷新をおこなって橋渡しの役をはたした。






1892/1105:John Burdon Sanderson Haldane 189264、誕生

a British, later Indian, scientist known for his work in the study of physiology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and in mathematics, where he made innovative contributions to the fields of statistics and biostatistics.

彼の『Possible worlds』1940 にある「宇宙は我々が想像する以上に奇妙などころか、想像できる以上に奇妙なのだ」があるが、これは今日「Haldane's law」と呼ばれるやうになった。

1893/1105:Raymond Loewy 189386、誕生

un designer industriel et graphiste français devenu franco-américain après sa naturalisation.

1934、ペンシルバニア鉄道の電気機関車GG1を風洞実験の後、流線型にリデザインする。この流線型デザインは力学的な形態の論理により設計され、以後、自動車など速度を要求される対象に必須の条件として採用されることになった。そして、新時代の「速度、進歩、現代性」などのシンボル表現として、さまざまな分野に採用されるやうになった。このような Stream Line は当時の ArtDeco スタイル装飾にもマッチした。

彼が1940頃に発見したといふ、消費者心理に潜む「新しいものの誘惑と未知のものへの怖れ」との臨界点、Most Advanced Yet Acceptable(先進的ではあるがぎりぎり受け入れられる)、略して「MAYA段階」と名付けられた。



1895/1105:Walter Gieseking 189556、誕生

, pianiste de concert franco-allemand

George Selden is granted the first U.S. patent for an automobile.


Die Symphonische Dichtung Till Eulenspiegels lustige Streiche für Orchester, op. 28 von Richard Strauss wird im Gürzenich zu Köln mit dem Städtischen Gürzenich-Orchester unter Leitung von Franz Wüllner uraufgeführt.


Filipinos on Negros Island revolt against Spanish rule and establish the short-lived Republic of Negros.







Italy annexed the Ottoman Empire's North African provinces of Tripolitania and Kyrenaika in the Italian-Turkish War.


1913/1105:Vivien Leigh 191367、誕生

(Vivian Mary Hartley, dite), an English stage and film actress.
She won two Academy Awards for Best Actress, for her iconic performances as Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind (1939) and Blanche DuBois in the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), a role she had also played on stage in London's West End in 1949. She also won a Tony Award for her work in the Broadway musical version of Tovarich (1963).

King Otto of Bavaria is deposed by his cousin, Prince Regent Ludwig, who assumes the title Ludwig III.

Ludwig III. is proclaimed king of Bavaria after a constitutional amendment. The country has two kings temporarily, because his mentally ill predecessor Otto I of Bavaria also remains nominally ruler until his death.

1914/1105:August Weismann 183414、死去

ein deutscher Arzt, Histologe und Zoologe. Ernst Mayr stuft ihn als den bedeutendsten Evolutionstheoretiker des 19. Jahrhunderts nach Charles Darwin ein. Er gilt als Begründer des Neodarwinismus

France and the British Empire declare war on the Ottoman Empire.

la France et le Royaume-Uni déclarent la guerre à l'Empire ottoman.

The Kingdom of Poland is proclaimed by the Act of 5th November of the emperors of Germany and Austria-Hungary.


1916/1105:USA「Everett massacre」
 takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between the Industrial Workers of the World organizers and local police.


1917/1105:Esotonia「October Revolution」
In Tallinn, Estonia, Communist leader Jaan Anvelt leads revolutionaries in overthrowing the Provisional Government .

(As Estonia and Russia are still using the Julian calendar, subsequent period references show an October 23 date)






Feng Yuxiang(a direct warlord of the Republic of China)expelled Emperor Aixinjueluo Pu Yi(the late Qing emperor)from the Forbidden City.

1925/1105:二十世紀最初の SuperSpy、ソ連祕密警察により處刑
Secret agent Sidney Reilly, the first "super-spy" of the 20th century, is executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the Soviet Union.



Der Arzt Werner Forßmann veröffentlicht sein Werk Über die Sondierung des rechten Herzens, in dem er über die ersten Herzkatheterversuche berichtet.

The physician Werner Forßmann publishes his book About the Probing of the Right Heart, in which he reports on the first cardiac catheterization attempts.

1930/1105:Christiaan Eijkman 185830、死去

a Dutch physician and professor of physiology whose demonstration that beriberi is caused by poor diet led to the discovery of antineuritic vitamins (thiamine).




The company Parker Brothers acquires the rights to the board game Monopoly by Charles Darrow.



Adolf Hitler legt in einem mehrstündigen Monolog den wichtigsten Vertretern der deutschen Wehrmacht die Grundzüge seiner auf gewaltsame Expansion ausgerichteten Außenpolitik dar. Die Hoßbach-Niederschrift, eine von Oberst Friedrich Hoßbach ohne Auftrag angefertigte Niederschrift über die „Besprechung“, dient der Anklagevertretung in den Nürnberger Prozessen später als Beweismittel.

In a monologue several hours long, Adolf Hitler outlines to the most important representatives of the German Wehrmacht the fundamentals of his foreign policy aimed at forcible expansion. The Hoßbach transcript, a transcript of the "meeting" made by Colonel Friedrich Hoßbach without commission, serves as the prosecution's representative in the Nuremberg trials later as evidence.

1938/1105:ドイツ「Reichsautobahn」Berlin–München wird fertiggestellt.



The British armed merchant cruiser, HMS Jervis Bay, is sunk by the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer.


Franklin Roosevelt is the first and only President of the United States to be elected to a third term.











1950/1105:Korean War「Battle of Pakchon」
British and Australian forces from the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade successfully halted the advancing Chinese 117th Division during the Battle of Pakchon.



1955/1105:Maurice Utrillo 188355、死去

un peintre français de l'École de Paris.
Il est le fils de l'artiste peintre Suzanne Valadon (de son vrai nom Marie Clémentine Valadon) et d'un père inconnu. Ce n'est probablement pas le fils du peintre catalan Miguel Utrillo, un des amants de Suzanne Valadon, qui l'a néanmoins reconnu en 1891 et lui a donné son nom.


Die im Zweiten Weltkrieg vollständig zerstörte Wiener Staatsoper wird mit Beethovens Oper Fidelio wiedereröffnet.

After being destroyed in World War II, the rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens with a performance of Beethoven's Fidelio.

1956/1105:Arthur Art Tatum 190956、死去

an American jazz pianist.
Tatum is widely considered one of the greatest jazz pianists of all time. His performances were hailed for their technical proficiency and creativity, which set a new standard for jazz piano virtuosity.


British and French paratroopers land at Gamil airport and build a base to air support Egypt's invasion of the Suez Crisis.


1964/1105:USA、NASA Mariner 3 spacecraft launches
 with the Mars destination, but due to launch issues it must remain in Earth orbit.








1976/1105:Emil Hans Willi Hennig 191376、死去

ein deutscher Biologe. Er gilt als Begründer der phylogenetischen Systematik, die heute auch unter dem Namen Kladistik bekannt ist.


1982/1105:Jacques Tati 190876、死去

un réalisateur, acteur et scénariste français.

1983/1105:Byford Dolphin diving bell accident
 kills five and leaves one severely injured.


↑Byford Dolphin diving bell↓


1989/1105:Vladimir Horowitz 190389、死去

Владимир Самойлович Горовиц, Vladimir Samoylovich Gorovits;
a Ukrainian-born American classical pianist and composer.
He was acclaimed for his virtuoso technique, his tone color, and the excitement engendered by his playing.

1990/1105:Meir Kahane 193290、演説中に射殺

Founder of the far-right Kach movement, is shot dead after a speech at a New York City hotel.


Rabbi Meir Kahane, an American-Israeli Orthodox rabbi, ultra-nationalist politician, teacher, and writer, whose work became either the direct or the indirect foundation of most modern Jewish militant and far right-wing political groups

1995/1105:Ernest Gellner 192595、死去

a British-Czech philosopher and social anthropologist described by The Daily Telegraph, when he died, as one of the world's most vigorous intellectuals, and by The Independent as a "one-man crusader for critical rationalism"

彼の『民族とナショナリズム』は、産業社会の勃興と国民形成の関連性を指摘し、ベネディクト・アンダソン『想像の共同体』やエリック・ホブズボム編『伝統の創造』とともに Nationalism 研究における近代主義的アプロウチとして代表的な著作として著名。

André Dallaire attempts to assassinate Prime Minister Jean Chrétien of Canada. He is thwarted when the Prime Minister's wife locks the door.


Pakistani President Farooq Leghari dismisses the government of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and dissolves the National Assembly of Pakistan.


2005/1105:John Fowles 192605、死去

, romancier britannique auteur de Sarah et le lieutenant français porté avec succès à l'écran sous le titre La Maîtresse du lieutenant français
an English novelist of international stature, critically positioned between modernism and postmodernism.

Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq, and his co-defendants Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, are sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for their roles in the 1982 massacre of 148 Shi'a Muslims.


2007/1105:PRChina first lunar satellite, Chang'e 1
, goes into orbit around the Moon.


2007/1105:Internet、GoogleAndroid mobile」 operating system is unveiled.


U.S. Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan murders 13 and wounds 32 at Fort Hood, Texas in the deadliest mass shooting at a U.S. military installation.


2010/1105:Japan vs PRChina「尖閣諸島問題」、



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Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World