11/04:うたへ、歴史のレクエムを「Wander(Wonder) Vogel たちよ

Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World


歴史暦:古今東西 11/04 今日の出來事

Cette démence ! L'élégance, la science, la violence ! Arthur Rimbaud 185491

Jeder Engel ist schrecklich (Every angel is terrifying) 
 Rainer Maria Rilke 187526 


1429/1104:百年戰爭「Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War」
Joan of Arc liberates Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier.

This civil war was a conflict between two cadet branches of the French royal family — the House of Orléans (Armagnac faction) and the House of Burgundy (Burgundian faction) from 1407 to 1435.



1470/1104:Edward V 147083、誕生

King of England from his father Edward IV's death on 9 April 1483 until 26 June of the same year. He was never crowned, and his 78-day reign was dominated by the influence of his uncle and Lord Protector, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, who succeeded him as Richard III on 26 June 1483; this was confirmed by the Act entitled Titulus Regius, which denounced any further claims through his father's heirs.

Edward and his younger brother Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, were the Princes in the Tower who disappeared after being sent to heavily guarded royal lodgings in the Tower of London.


1501/1104:スペイン「王女、Catherine of Aragon
 (later Henry VIII's first wife) meets Arthur Tudor(Henry VIII's older brother)they would later marry.



1575/1104:Guido Reni 157542、誕生

un pittore e incisore italiano, fra i maggiori del Seicento

San Michele arcangelo (1635)

In Flanders, Spain captures Antwerp (after three days the city is nearly destroyed).




1592/1104:Gerard van Honthorst 159256、誕生

a Dutch Golden Age painter who became especially noted for his depiction of artificially lit scenes, eventually receiving the nickname Gherardo delle Notti ("Gerard of the nights").









The future Mary II of England marries William, Prince of Orange; they later jointly reign as William and Mary.



1737/1104:イタリア、ナポリに劇場「Teatro di San Carlo」open



Raid sur Grimrose durant la campagne du fleuve Saint-Jean.

The St.John River Campaign occurred during the French and Indian War when Colonel Robert Monckton led a force of 1150 British soldiers to destroy the Acadian settlements along the banks of the Saint John River until they reached the largest village of Sainte-Anne des Pays-Bas (present day Fredericton, New Brunswick) in February 1759.



The Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II against Spanish rule in the Viceroyalty of Peru begins.



Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarts 36. Sinfonie (Linzer Sinfonie) wird uraufgeführt.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Symphony No. 36 is performed for the first time in Linz, Austria.

The French explorer Jean-François de La Pérouse is the first European to discover one of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands and christen it - after French Finance Minister Jacques Necker - Île Necker.



1791/1104:北米インディアン戦争「Battle Wabash」インディアン大勝
The Western Confederacy of American Indians wins a major victory over the United States in the Battle of the Wabash.



1794/1104:東欧「Battle of Praga」暴動、虐殺
, east of Warsaw, Russian troops finally defeat the Kościuszko Uprising in Poland. After the battle, there will be a massacre of the civilian population. The uprising provides the occasion for the final liquidation of Poland in 1795.



1798/1104:ロシアvsオットマン「Corfu 包圍戰」
Beginning of the Russo-Ottoman siege of Corfu.



1839/1104:GB「Newport Rising」
The last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain.



1847/1104:Felix Mendelssohn 180947、死去

「Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy」
ein deutscher Komponist, Pianist und Organist. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Musiker der Romantik und setzte als Dirigent neue Standards, die das Selbstverständnis des Dirigierens bis heute maßgeblich mitprägen.

幼少期から神童として、特に音樂に才能を示した。創作だけでなく古典の研究にも打ち込み、当時すっかり忘れ去られてゐた Johann Sebastian Bach 168550 の音樂をルネサンスさせるなど、十九世紀の音樂界に多大の影響をあたへた。
二十歳の彼は、みづからの指揮監督でバッハの大曲『マタイ受難曲』をバッハの死後初めて公演した。公演は大成功で、バッハの復興とともにメンデルスゾンの名聲もヨウロパ中に轟かせた。彼はこの成功に追ひ打ちをかけるやうに十日後となるバッハの誕生日にも演奏會を開き、更なる成功を演じた。この時の聽衆のなかには、國王の Wilhelm3や哲學者の Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel 177031、文藝家の Heinrich Heine 179756 などがゐた。


Sir James Young Simpson, a Scottish physician, discovers the anaesthetic properties of chloroform.


promulgation de la constitution de la deuxième République française.

Après la Révolution de Février, l'Assemblée Nationale française adopte la Constitution de la Deuxième République, qui prévoit l'élection d'un président.

1852/1104:サルディニャ王國の首相に Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy.


1856/1104:Paul Delaroche 179756、死去

un peintre français.


ロンドン塔の若き王と王子(今日誕生した Edward V 147083 と弟)








1864/1104:American Civil War「Battle of Johnsonville」
Confederate troops bombard a Union supply base and destroy millions of dollars in material.



Camagüey, Cuba revolts against Spain during the Ten Years' War.



Not long after the conclusion of The Reader, a former editor, Norman Lockyer, decided to create a new scientific journal titled Nature, taking its name from a line by William Wordsworth: "To the solid ground of nature trusts the Mind that builds for aye".

First title page, 4 November 1869






The Maria Pia Bridge in Porto is solemnly inaugurated. The railway construction Gustave Eiffels spans the river Duero.



James Ritty, a saloon owner from Dayton, Ohio, applies for a patent for the invented cash register.




1890/1104:イギリス「City and South London Railway」
London's first deep-level tube railway opens between King William Street and Stockwell.



Drei Jahre nach dem Tod Alexander Porfirjewitsch Borodins wird seine Oper Fürst Igor in Sankt Petersburg uraufgeführt.



Sigmund Freud's early major work The Interpretation of Dreams appears - predated by the author to the year 1900.

Den Idealen der Romantik folgend, wird der deutsche Wandervogel als bürgerliche Jugendbewegung durch Karl Fischer in Steglitz bei Berlin gegründet.




Traité franco-allemand à la suite du coup de force d'Agadir.

With the Morocco-Congo Treaty ending the Second Moroccan Crisis, the German Empire recognizes France's supremacy in Morocco and receives in return New Cameroon as part of the German colonies in Africa.




1912/1104:First Balkan War「First Battle of Çatalca」begins
 - an attempt by Bulgaria to break through the last defensive line before the Turkish capital Constantinople.



1918/1104:Wilfred Owen 189318、死去

an English poet and soldier, one of the leading poets of the First World War.
His war poetry on the horrors of trenches and gas warfare was heavily influenced by his mentor Siegfried Sassoon, and stood in stark contrast both to the public perception of war at the time and to the confidently patriotic verse written by earlier war poets such as Rupert Brooke.
Among his best-known works – most of which were published posthumously – are "Dulce et Decorum est", "Insensibility", "Anthem for Doomed Youth", "Futility", "Exposure" and "Strange Meeting".


1918/1104:WWⅠ「Armistice of Villa Giusti」
 between Italy and Austria-Hungary is implemented.



Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi is assassinated in Tokyo.


Der von Ernst Röhm gegründete „NSDAP-Versammlungsschutz“ erhält den offiziellen Namen Sturmabteilung (SA).

The Saalschutz Abteilung (hall defense detachment) of the Nazi Party is renamed the Sturmabteilung (storm detachment) after a large riot in Munich.



In Egypt, British archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings.


1924/1104:Gabriel Fauré 184524、逝去

un pianiste, organiste et compositeur français.



1928/1104:Arnold Rothstein 188224、拳銃による暗殺死

a Jewish-American racketeer, businessman and gambler who became a kingpin of the Jewish mob in New York City. Rothstein was widely reputed to have organized corruption in professional athletics, including conspiring to fix the 1919 World Series.

人種や Localism に執着せず、柔軟に無國籍的な裏社界 NetWorkを構築し、「弁護士・金融プロ・暴力団」のセットを常備するシンジケイトタイプの犯罪集団を作り上げた。

この日、賭博の掛金の支拂ひをめぐるイザコザにより、マンハッタンの パアクセントラルホテルの349号室で撃たれ、二日後に病院で死亡した。


「Akiyama Yoshifuru」日本の陸軍軍人。最終階級は陸軍大將。


Benito Mussolini consegna l'obelisco Mussolini al pubblico nel Foro Mussolini vicino a Roma, avendo precedentemente tenuto una celebrazione a Roma del decimo anniversario della sequestro fascista del potere in Italia. È il più grande monolito prodotto dalle mani umane nel XX secolo.

Benito Mussolini hands over the Mussolini obelisk to the public in the Forum Mussolini near Rome, having previously held a celebration in Rome of the 10th anniversary of the Fascist seizure of power in Italy. It is the largest monolith produced by human hands in the 20th century.


U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt orders the United States Customs Service to implement the Neutrality Act of 1939, allowing cash-and-carry purchases of weapons by belligerents.


1942/1104:WWⅡ「Second Battle of El Alamein」
Disobeying a direct order by Adolf Hitler, General Field Marshal Erwin Rommel leads his forces on a five-month retreat.

Da der Druck der Alliierten in der zweiten Schlacht von El Alamein zu groß wird, zieht sich Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel aus El Alamein zurück. Er widersetzt sich damit einem ausdrücklichen Befehl Adolf Hitlers.

1946/1104:Michel Bras 1943--、誕生

un grand chef cuisinier français. Son restaurant, situé à Laguiole, a obtenu sa troisième étoile au Guide Michelin en 1999.


1944/1104:WWⅡ「Bitola Liberation Day




Signature de la Convention européenne des droits de l'Homme.


The United States government establishes the National Security Agency, or NSA.


1955/1104:Cy Young 186755、死去

an American Major League Baseball pitcher. During his 22-season baseball career (1890~1911), he pitched for five different teams.

One year after Young's death, the Cy Young Award was created to honor the previous season's best pitcher.



Soviet troops enter Hungary to end the Hungarian revolution against the Soviet Union, that started on October 23. Thousands are killed, more are wounded, and nearly a quarter million leave the country.


At the Kasakela Chimpanzee Community in Tanzania, Dr Jane Goodall observes chimpanzees creating tools, the first-ever observation in non-human animals.


The United States concludes Operation Fishbowl, its final above-ground nuclear weapons testing series, in anticipation of the 1963 Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.




The Arno River floods Florence, Italy, to a maximum depth of 6.7 m (22 ft), leaving thousands homeless and destroying millions of masterpieces of art and rare books. Also Venice was submerged on the same day at its record all-time acqua alta of 194 cm.


The United States turns control of the air base at Bình Thủy in the Mekong Delta over to South Vietnam.


1970/1104:チリの大統領に「Salvador Allende
 takes office as President of Chile, the first Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through open elections.

investidura del presidente de Chile, Salvador Allende.

The Netherlands experiences the first Car-Free Sunday caused by the 1973 oil crisis. Highways are used only by cyclists and roller skaters.


Iran hostage crisis: A mob of Iranians, mostly students, overruns the US embassy in Tehran and takes 90 hostages (53 of whom are American).








At the Alexanderplatz demonstration as the largest non-state demonstration in GDR history, around one million people gather during the peaceful revolution in East Berlin, calling for freedom of expression and assembly and a reformed GDR.


1994/1104:Sam Francis 192394、死去

an American painter and printmaker.

1995/1104:Gilles Deleuze 192595、死去

un philosophe français
Deleuze a écrit une œuvre philosophique influente et complexe, à propos de la philosophie elle-même, de la littérature, de la politique, de la psychanalyse, du cinéma et de la peinture.


Sa thèse de philosophie était centrée sur le concept de « différence » et « répétition », c'est-à-dire au rapport du même à la ressemblance, de la copie au double, et de l'effet de la répétition à l'infini par rapport à un original.
Ils créent les concepts de rhizome ou de déterritorialisation, menant une critique conjointe de la psychanalyse et du capitalisme

Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated by an extremist Israeli.



Chinese authorities arrest cyber-dissident He Depu for signing a pro-democracy letter to the 16th Communist Party Congress.

プノンペンの第六次首脳会談で、中国国務院総理の朱鎔基が ASEAN 10ヶ国とともにACFTA(中国ASEAN自由貿易協定)を締結する。



2008/1104:Michael Crichton 194208、死去

an American author, screenwriter, film director, and producer best known for his work in the science fiction, medical fiction, and thriller genres. His books have sold over 200 million copies worldwide, and some have been adapted into films.
His novels epitomize the techno-thriller genre of literature, often exploring technology and failures of human interaction with it, especially resulting in catastrophes with biotechnology.

2010/1104:Sparky Anderson、死去

a Major League Baseball player, coach and manager. He managed the National League's Cincinnati Reds to the 1975 and 1976 championships, then added a third title in 1984 with the Detroit Tigers of the American League.

Qantas Flight 32, an Airbus A380, suffers an uncontained engine failure over Indonesia shortly after taking off from Singapore, crippling the jet. The crew manage to safely return to Singapore, saving all 469 passengers and crew.


2015/1104:René Girard 192315、死去

Philosophe français, membre de l'Académie française (Fauteuil 37)
il est l’inventeur de la « théorie mimétique » qui, à partir de la découverte du caractère mimétique du désir, cherche à fonder une nouvelle anthropologie de la violence et du religieux.

Le désir mimétique
La Violence et le Sacré

≫ S’il y a un ordre normal dans les sociétés, il doit être le fruit d’une crise antérieure, il doit être la résolution de cette crise(If there is a normal order in societies, it must be the result of an earlier crisis, it must be the resolution of this crisis




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Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World