Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World


歴史暦:古今東西 09/23 今日の出來事





-063/0923:ロウマ初代皇帝 Augustus -06314、誕生

meglio conosciuto come Ottaviano o Augusto, è stato il primo imperatore romano.

≫ I am a man of my word.
≫ What is done well is done quickly enough.

≫ If you want rainbow, you have to deal with the rain.
≫ I'd always thought the world was a wish-granting factory.

0079/0923:ロウマ皇帝 Titus Flavius Vespasianus 000979、崩去

Vespasian was from an equestrian family that rose into the senatorial rank under the Julio–Claudian emperors.
Julio-Claudian dynasty(アウグストゥスティベリウス、カリグラ、クラウディウス、ネロ)断絶後の四皇帝内亂の時代に結末をつけ、自分の血統によるフラウィウス朝を創始。

≫ The body of a dead enemy always smells sweet.



1122/0923:叙任權鬪爭「Concordat of Worms」
Pope Callixtus II & Holy Roman Emperor Henry V agree to the Concordat of Worms to put an end to the Investiture Controversy.




1215/0923:フビライカン Kublai Khan 121594、誕生

Kublai was the fourth son of Tolui (his second son with Sorghaghtani Beki) and a grandson of Genghis Khan.
the fifth Khagan (Great Khan) of the Mongol Empire (Ikh Mongol Uls), reigning from 1260 to 1294 (although due to the division of the empire this was a nominal position). He also founded the Yuan dynasty in China as a conquest dynasty in 1271, and ruled as the first Yuan emperor until his death in 1294.
1260年5月5日在自己的弟弟旭烈兀的支持和封地属臣的拥立下,自立为大蒙古国大汗,称大蒙古国皇帝。1271年12月18日,忽必烈改国号为“大元”,建立元朝,成为元朝首任皇帝。忽必烈于1260年5月5日—1276年2月4日自立为汗期间实际统治中国北方及蒙古高原地区属于蒙古大汗的直辖领地,于1271年12月18日-1294年2月18日作为元朝皇帝统治中国,前后一共掌权34年,在皇帝位23年。 Wikipedia


1338/0923: 百年戰爭「Bataille d'Arnemuiden」
The Battle of Arnemuiden was the first naval battle of the Hundred Years' War and the first naval battle using artillery, as the English ship Christopher had three cannons and one hand gun.



1409/0923:China[明]「Battle of Kherlen」
the second significant victory over Ming dynasty China by the Mongols since 1368.


1439/0923:イタリアの多才人 Francesco di Giorgio Martini 143901、誕生

un architetto, teorico dell'architettura, pittore, ingegnere, scultore, medaglista italiano.

1490、パヴィアにゐたマルティニを Leonard da Vinci 145219 は訪問した。Mはレオナルドに大きな影響をあたへた。

Martini Uomo vitruviano DaVinci


La Rocca de Mondavio


1459/0923:薔薇戰爭「Battle of Blore Heath」
 the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses, takes place.



1568/0923:Spain vs England「Battle of San Juan de Ulúa」
Spanish naval forces rout an English fleet, under the command of John Hawkins, at the Battle of San Juan de Ulúa near Veracruz.



1569/0923:戰國時代の女領主 立花誾千代156902、誕生




1641/0923:財宝沈没 Treasure sinking
The Merchant Royal, carrying a treasure of over 100,000 pounds of gold is lost at sea off Land's End.


Die Universität Zagreb wird von Kaiser Leopold I in seiner Eigenschaft als kroatischer König gegründet.


1715/0923:蕉門十哲俳人 森川許六165615、死去



苗代の 水にちりうく 櫻かな
茶の花の 香や冬枯の 興聖寺
卯の花芦毛の馬の 夜明かな
水筋を 尋ねてみれば 柳かな
秋も早 かやにすぢかふ 天の川
餅つきや 下戸三代の ゆずり臼

1728/0923:ドイツの法律家 Christian Thomasius 165528、死去

ein deutscher Jurist und Philosoph.
Er gilt als Wegbereiter der Frühaufklärung in Deutschland.
Thomasius trug durch sein Eintreten für eine humane Strafordnung im Sinne der Aufklärung wesentlich zur Abschaffung der Hexenprozesse und der Folter bei.


1771/0923:119天皇 光格177140、誕生



1779/0923:アメリカ獨立戰爭「Battle of Flamborough Head」
John Paul Jones on board the USS Bonhomme Richard wins the Battle of Flamborough Head.


1780/0923:American Revolution「イギリスのスパイ、逮捕」
British Major John André is arrested as a spy by American soldiers exposing Benedict Arnold's change of sides.


1789/0923:アメリカ獨立の支持者 Silas Deane 173789、死去

an American merchant, politician, and diplomat, and a supporter of American independence.
Deane served as a delegate to the Continental Congress, then as the first foreign diplomat from the United States to France.


1803/0923:India、第二次イギリスマラタ戰爭「Battle of Assaye」
 between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in India.



Lewis & Clark return to St. Louis after exploring the Pacific Northwest of the United States.

Lewis & Clark 探検隊が北アメリカ大陸探検の後、出発地のセントルイスに帰還。


Tripolitsa, Greece, is captured by Greek rebels.


1823/0923:Spain vs France
After the French invasion of Spain, the city of Cádiz, which had been held by liberal revolutionaries, fell to the defeat of the Spanish Revolution.


1835/0923:イタリアの作曲家 Vincenzo Bellini 180135、死去

un compositore italiano, tra i più celebri operisti dell'Ottocento.
Le sue opere furono dieci in tutto, delle quali le più famose e rappresentate sono La sonnambula, Norma e I puritani.


The Knickerbockers Baseball Club, the first baseball team to play under the modern rules, is founded in New York.


1846/0923:天文「海王星 Neptune」發見
Astronomers Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier, John Couch Adams & Johann Gottfried Galle collaborate on the discovery of Neptune.



American businessman John Curtis manufactures and markets the first chewing gum in Bangor.


Otto von Bismarck wird im Preußischen Verfassungskonflikt zum preußischen Ministerpräsidenten bestellt.


1865/0923:フランスの画家 Suzanne Valadon 186538、誕生

une artiste peintre française.
Elle est la mère du peintre Maurice Utrillo 188355.

PuertoRico「Grito de Lares (Lares Revolt)」occurs against Spanish rule.

In the city of Lares, a revolt against the Spanish occupation of Puerto Rico breaks out with the Grito de Lares.

1870/0923:フランスの文筆家 Prosper Mérimée 180370、死去

un écrivain, historien et archéologue français.


1870/0923:フランスドイツ戰爭「Siège de Toul」
Après un canon à huit heures, les soldats français se sont rendus dans la forteresse qu'ils avaient auparavant détenues.

After a gun at eight o'clock, the French soldiers went to the fortress they had previously held.



1876/0923:幕末の儒官 安井息軒179976、逝去



1882/0923:ドイツの化学者 Friedrich Wöhler 180082、死去

ein deutscher Chemiker.



University of Allahabad is founded, it is the fourth oldest University in India.


1889/0923:イギリスの文藝家 Wilkie Collins 182489、死去

an English novelist, playwright, and short story writer. His best-known works are The Woman in White (1859), No Name (1862), Armadale (1866) and The Moonstone (1868)= This is considered the first modern English detective novel.



1890/0923:ドイツ軍人 Friedrich Wilhelm Paulus 189057、誕生

ein deutscher Heeresoffizier (ab 1943 Generalfeldmarschall) und im Zweiten Weltkrieg Oberbefehlshaber der 6. Armee während der Schlacht von Stalingrad. Paulus war von 1943 bis 1953 in sowjetischer Kriegsgefangenschaft und lebte danach bis zu seinem Tod in der DDR.




1896/0923:ノルヱイの文人 Ivar Andreas Aasen 181396、死去

a Norwegian philologist, lexicographer, playwright, and poet.
He is best known for having assembled from dialects one of the two official written versions of the Norwegian language, Nynorsk.


1896/0923:Sudan の都市が英軍に則られる
The city of Dongola in Sudan is taken by the British Corps, which was deployed to fight the Mahdi insurrection, after the previous victory in the Battle of Firket against a battle of Mahdis Muhammad Ahmad.


1897/0923:ベルギイの画家 Paul Delvaux 189794、誕生

un peintre post-impressionniste, expressionniste puis surréaliste belge.


1899/0923:フィリピンvsアメリカ「Battle of Olongapo」
American Asiatic Squadron destroys a Filipino battery.


1904/0923:フランスの硝子細工職人 Émile Gallé 184604、死去

un industriel, maître verrier, ébéniste et céramiste français. Il est fondateur et premier président de l’École de Nancy en 1901.


Engraved crystal vase by Gallé, around 1900



ファイアンス焼き : 家業を継いで製作されたもの。型を使った大量生産で日用雑器から芸術作品まで幅広く装飾的な製品を作っていた。これらの製陶事業はガレ亡き後の工房では作られなかった。

1905/0923:Norway & Sweden「Karlstad treaty」signs
 peacefully dissolving the Union between the two countries.


La première partie de la continuation du romancier français et écrivain Gaston Leroux Le Fantôme de l'Opéra est publié dans le journal Le Gaulois. La dernière partie apparaît le 8 janvier 1910.

The Phantom of the Opera(a novel by French writer Gaston Leroux)is first published as a serialization in Le Gaulois.

Le voyageur franco-péruvien Géo Chavez est le premier à traverser les Alpes dans son monoplane Blériot XI.


Roland Garros traverse d'abord la Méditerranée sur un itinéraire qui lui prend moins de huit heures de Fréjus à la Bizerta tunisienne.

Roland Garros of France becomes the first to fly in an airplane across the Mediterranean (from St. Raphael France to Bizerte, Tunisia).


1926/0923:Jazzプレイヤー John Coltrane 192667、誕生

an American jazz saxophonist and composer.
Working in the bebop and hard bop idioms early in his career, Coltrane helped pioneer the use of modes in jazz and was later at the forefront of free jazz.

1930/0923:シンガーソングライター Ray Charles 193004、誕生

an American singer-songwriter, musician, and composer.

1932/0923:サウジアラビア王国、 建國
The Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd is renamed the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


1936/0923:Japan vs China「上海日本人水兵狙撃事件」




1938/0923:Germany「Munich Agreement」
Mobilization of the Czechoslovak army in response to the Munich Agreement.


1939/0923:無意識の發見?發明? Sigmund Freud 185639、死去

ein österreichischer Neurologe, Tiefenpsychologe, Kulturtheoretiker und Religionskritiker. Er war der Begründer der Psychoanalyse und gilt als einer der einflussreichsten Denker des 20. Jahrhunderts. Seine Theorien und Methoden werden bis heute diskutiert und angewendet.

≫ The mind is like an iceberg, it floats with one-seventh of its bulk above water. {多分さうじゃない。無意識は意識と分離してゐるのではなく深く強く絡みあってゐる。意識の下に隠れてゐるのではなく、表に裏があるやうに重なってゐる、といふか一體なのだ。或時は意識となって浮かび、浮かんではまた無意識となって …… 


 Freud said
≫ We choose not randomly each other. We meet only those who already exists in our subconscious.
≫ Unexpressed emotions will never die. They are buried alive and will come forth later in uglier ways.
≫ I became aware of my destiny: to belong to the critical minority as opposed to the unquestioning majority.

≫ The madman is a dreamer awake
History is just new people making old mistakes.
≫ From error to error one discovers the entire truth.

Most people do not really want freedom, because freedom involves responsibility, and most people are frightened of responsibility.

≫ Time spent with cats is never wasted.


1939/0923:日本の洋画家 岡田三郎助186939、死去






The Japanese Army entered the northern French Indochina based on the agreement with the Vichy regime in France.


The British invaded the French West Africa but was repelled by the French army.


A gas chamber experiment was conducted for the first time in Auschwitz.


1942/0923:WWⅡ、Japan vs USA「ガダルカナル戰」
The Matanikau action on Guadalcanal begins: U.S. Marines attack Japanese units along the Matanikau River.


The Nazi puppet state known as the Italian Social Republic is founded.

In Northern Italy, the Fascist Italian Socialist Republic is proclaimed under the military protection of Germany, which, however, is recognized only by the Axis powers of the Second World War. Benito Mussolini, who was freed just a few days before, is the head of the state.

The US military government raises civilian censorship in Germany.


1950/0923:Korean War「Battle of Hill 282」
The first US friendly-fire incident on British military personnel since World War II occurs.


1952/0923:葡萄「巨峰」の制作者 大井上康189252、逝去





The newly built Europabrücke over the Rhine near Kehl on the border with France is inaugurated. It replaces the permanent bridge, which was opened to traffic in 1951.

Le pont de l'Europe de Strasbourg - Kehl est un pont routier frontalier entre l'Allemagne et la France au-dessus du Rhin.




The Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts opens in New York City.


The premiere of the film The Silence of Ingmar Bergman is scandalized for sexual representations.


1968/0923:脚本家(小津安二郎の相棒) 野田高梧189368、死去



1973/0923:ペルウの詩人 Pablo Neruda 190473、死去

The Colombian novelist Gabriel García Márquez once called Neruda "the greatest poet of the 20th century in any language." Harold Bloom included Neruda as one of the 26 writers central to the Western tradition in his book The Western Canon.


1973/0923:Argentine「ホアン ペロン」復帰
Argentine general election: Juan Perón returns to power in Argentina.


1974/0923:日本の文藝評論家 花田清輝190974、死去


1987/0923:アメリカの舞踏振付 Bob Fosse 192787、死去

an American dancer, musical theatre choreographer, director, screenwriter, film director and actor.
He won eight Tony Awards for choreography, more than anyone else, as well as one for direction. He was nominated for four Academy Awards, winning for his direction of Cabaret.


1980/0923:Pop「Bob Marley
 plays what would be his last concert in Pittsburgh.


Gulf Air Flight 771 is destroyed by a bomb, killing all 117 people on board.


1987/0923:Japan「Annular solar eclipse


1988/0923:發見「Venus of the Galgenberg」
In Venatzing (Lower Austria) the Venus of the Galgenberg is found. The more than 30,000-year-old female statuette is the oldest artefact in the world.



1994/0923:フランスの女優 Madeleine Renaud 190094、死去

une actrice française.


1994/0923:『サイコ』原作者 Robert Bloch 191794、死去

an American fiction writer, primarily of crime, horror, fantasy and science fiction.
He is best known as the writer of Psycho, the basis for the film of the same name by Alfred Hitchcock.

2000/0923:日本の映画監督 工藤栄一192900、死去


The first public version of the web browser Mozilla Firefox ("Phoenix 0.1") is released.


Over 3,000 people die in Haiti after Hurricane Jeanne produces massive flooding and mudslides.


2008/0923:Finland「Kauhajoki school shooting」
Matti Saari kills ten people before committing suicide.


Volkswagen's carbon dioxide emissions for diesel vehicles are forged in the United States.



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Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World