Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World


歴史暦:古今東西 09/03 今日の出來事

≫ 虹の立つ所に市を立てる風習が古代日本にあった。虹は天地を結ぶ交通路であった。

私は「歴史の天使*物語の戰士」(Engel der Geschichte 歴史の天使は Walter Benjamin 189240 に由來する語であり、物語の戰士はそれに合はせて私が造語したもの)、「硝子玉演戲者 Glasperlenspieler(Hermann Hesse 187762 の小説に由來)」などを引用しました。


0301/0903:San Marino「世界最古で最小の(今もつづく)共和國」
San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world's oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.



King Wamba of the Visigoths puts down a revolt by Hilderic, governor of Nîmes (France) and rival for the throne.


0719/0903:壬申の亂 天武天皇の功臣 忌部子人??0719、死去


0863/0903:Byzantine vs Arab「Battle Lalakan」
Major Byzantine victory at the Battle of Lalakaon against an Arab raid.


0931/0903:天皇 059宇多086731、崩御



Richard I of England (Richard "the Lionheart") is crowned at Westminster.


At the Battle of Ain Jalut in Palestine, the Mamluks defeat the Mongols marking their first decisive defeat and the point of maximum expansion of the Mongol Empire.


1499/0903:アンリ二世の寵人 Diane de Poitiers 149966、誕生

comtesse de Saint-Vallier, duchesse de Valentinois, demeure pendant plus de vingt ans la favorite d'Henri II, roi de France.




1643/0903:三十年戦争「Bataille de Carthagène」


1650/0903:03イギリス内亂「Battle of Dunbar」
 English Parliamentarian forces led by Oliver Cromwell defeat an army loyal to King Charles II of England and led by David Leslie, Lord Newark.


1651/0903:イギリス内亂「Battle of Worcester」
 Charles II of England is defeated in the last main battle of the war.


1658/0903:イギリス 政事指導者 Thomas Cromwell 148540、死去

an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland.

His son, Richard Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of England.

A murder attempt is made on rei José I de Portugal, when he returns without a guard from a shepherd's hour to his mistress.



In Portugal and his possessions, the Jesuit Order is forbidden, because in the previous year he was involved in an assassination attempt against rei José I de Portugal. All the Jesuits must leave the country in October.


1777/0903:American Revolutionary War:
During the Battle of Cooch's Bridge, the Flag of the United States is flown in battle for the first time.


1783/0903:American Revolutionary War:
The war ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris by the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain.



l'Assemblée constituante vote la Constitution qui institue en France une monarchie constitutionnelle.

フランス革命: 憲法制定國民議會が『1791年憲法』を制定。

1792/0903:Marie-Louise de Savoie-Carignan 174992、革命市民により慘殺

une princesse de la Maison de Savoie née à Turin le 8 septembre 1749 et morte à Paris le 3 septembre 1792.


Le Dictionnaire historique des rues de Paris de Jacques Hillairet donne une version sensiblement différente de la mort de la princesse de Lamballe ; en voici un bref extrait : « Un perruquier du nom de Charlat, tambour des volontaires, lui ôta son bonnet du bout de sa pique et la blessa légèrement, tandis qu'un autre égorgeur lui jetait une bûche dans les reins. La princesse tomba et fut criblée de coups. On lui ôta ses vêtements ; elle resta ainsi près de deux heures exposée, nue, à la risée lubrique de la foule. On la traîna ensuite jusqu'à la borne située à l'angle des rues du Roi-de-Sicile et des Ballets, sur laquelle on appuya sa tête qu'un nommé Grison scia avec son couteau et mit au bout de sa pique. Le perruquier Charlat lui ouvrit la poitrine, lui arracha le cœur qu'il plaça au bout de son sabre, tandis que suivirent d'autres mutilations obscènes et sanguinaires ».




1798/0903:Spain vs Britain
The week long battle of St. George's Caye begins between Spain and Britain off the coast of Belize.


William Wordsworth composes the sonnet Composed upon Westminster Bridge.


In the Pigeon Roost Massacre in Indiana, 24 settlers are killed.


Frederick Douglass(future abolitionist)escapes from slavery.


First ascent of the Großvenediger(Grand Venerator), the 4th highest mountain in Austria, by a group led by Josef Schwab.



1843/0903:明治維新自由民権運動家 大井憲太郎184322、誕生


1855/0903:American Indian Wars:
In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under US General William Harney avenge the Grattan massacre by attacking a Sioux village and killing 100 men, women & children.


1856/0903:USA 建築家 Louis Henry Sullivan 185624、誕生

an American architect, and has been called the "father of skyscrapers" and "father of modernism"

1856/0903(安政03/0805):Japan & USA
Townsend Harris established the first US consulate in Japan at Yuzenji temple in Shimoda.


1860/0903:Germany「Karlsruhe congress」
 convened on the initiative of Friedrich August Kekule, Charles Adolphe Wurtz and Karl Weltzien, is the first international conference on chemistry in the world.


1861/0903:American Civil War:
Confederate General Leonidas Polk invades neutral Kentucky, prompting the state legislature to ask for Union assistance.


1862/0903:江戸時代の囲碁名人 本因坊秀策182962、死去





1869/0903:生化学の先驅者 Fritz Pregl 186930、誕生

ein slowenisch-österreichischer Physiologe und Chemiker. 1923 erhielt er den Nobelpreis für Chemie.

1870/0903:Franco-Prussian War「Siege of Metz」begins,
 resulting in a decisive Prussian victory on October 23.


1875/0903:ポルシェ創業 Ferdinand Porsche 187551、誕生

ein österreichischer, tschechoslowakischer und deutscher Automobilkonstrukteur und Gründer der Firma Porsche in Stuttgart.


Judge Isaac Parker hanged his first six outlaws.


Over 640 die when the crowded pleasure boat "Princess Alice" collides with the Bywell Castle in the River Thames.


1879/0903:Siege of the British Residency in Kabul:
 British envoy Sir Louis Cavagnari & 72 men of the Guides are massacred by Afghan troops while defending the British Residency in Kabul.
Their heroism & loyalty became famous and revered throughout the British Empire.


1883/0903:ロシアの作家 Ivan Tourgueniev 181883、死去

un écrivain, romancier, nouvelliste et dramaturge russe

≫ Sache vouloir et tu seras libre, et pourras commander.

1896/0903:日本の上方落語家 四代目桂米團治189651、誕生



1900/0903:江戸前の落語名人 六代目三遊亭圓生190079、誕生


{先日の Ingrid Bergman 191582 につづいて圓生も誕生と死亡の日付が同じだ。それじゃ、(私が一番よく聽いた落語家のうちの一人だし)今日九月三日は「三遊亭圓生の日」といふことにしよう。

{つづきは、死んだ年の1979年のところで ――

1903/0903:明治維新の先導者 津田眞道182903、死去

藩藉を脱して苦學、番所調所に雇用され、1862には西周182997とオランダへ留学(そこでライデンの Freemasonry に入會してゐる)、四年後歸國。日本で初めて西洋法學を紹介。

『明六社』を、福澤諭吉183501 森有禮184789 西周182997 中村正直183291 加藤弘之183616 西村茂樹182802 らと結成。

1910/0903:Maurice Papon 191007、誕生

un haut fonctionnaire et un homme politique français.
Il a été condamné en 1998 pour complicité de crimes contre l'humanité concernant des actes — l'organisation de la déportation vers les camps de la mort des Juifs de la région — commis quand il était secrétaire général de la préfecture de Gironde, entre 1942 et 1944, sous l'Occupation allemande.


1913/0903:『シェーン』 Alan Ladd 191364、誕生

an American actor and film and television producer. Ladd found success in film in the 1940s and early 1950s, particularly in Westerns such as Shane (1953)

Last Scene、`Shane`の一番いいところ、といふか


French composer Albéric Magnard is killed defending his estate against invading German soldiers.


1914/0903:WWⅠ「Battle of Grand Couronné」
 a German assault against French positions on high ground near the city of Nancy.


 Leefe Robinson destroys the German airship Schütte-Lanz SL 11 over Cuffley, north of London; the first German airship to be shot down on British soil.


Im Ersten Weltkrieg marschieren deutsche Truppen an der Ostfront in Riga ein.


1926/0903:ギリシア 女優 Irène Papas 1923--、誕生

a retired Greek actress and occasional singer, who has starred in over 70 films in a career spanning more than 50 years. She became famous in Greece, and then an international star of feature films such as The Guns of Navarone and Zorba the Greek. She was a powerful presence as a Greek heroine in films including The Trojan Women, Iphigenia, and played the eponymous parts in Antigone (1961) and Electra.


Alexander Fleming découvre la pénicilline.


Der erste Reichsparteitag der NSDAP in Nürnberg endet. Nach der Machtübernahme sind sie als große Propagandaveranstaltungen der Staatsführung um Adolf Hitler inszeniert.

The first Reichsparteitag of the NSDAP in Nuremberg ends. After the takeover of power, they were staged as large propaganda events of the state leadership around Adolf Hitler.

Yevgeniy Abalakov is the first man to reach the highest point in the Soviet Union, Communism Peak (now called Ismoil Somoni Peak and situated in Tajikistan) .



1936/0903:Spanish Civil War「March on Madrid」
Republican militia try to stop the march on Madrid of the nationalists in the Spanish Civil War at Talavera de la Reina.
The battle of Talavera de la Reina ends with a defeat of the Republicans, and a little later introduces the siege of Madrid.


1936/0903:Japan vs China「北海事件」

# 尼港事件 - 南京事件 (1927年) - 漢口事件 - 済南事件 - 中山水兵射殺事件 - 成都事件



France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia declare war on Germany after the invasion of Poland, forming the Allies.


1939/0903:WWⅡ: Nazis「Bromberger Blutsonntag」
 an unresolved massacre of Germans in the Polish corridor is still unresolved. This led to massive retaliatory campaigns by the National Socialists in the Polish campaign.


1939/0903:WWⅡ「Battle of the Atlantic」begin
The United Kingdom and France begin a naval blockade of Germany that lasts until the end of the war. 


Karl Fritzsch, deputy camp commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp, experiments with the use of Zyklon B in the gassing of Soviet POWs.


In response to news of its coming liquidation, Dov Lopatyn leads an uprising in the Ghetto of Lakhva (Belarus).


The Allied invasion of Italy begins on the same day that U.S. General Dwight Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign the Armistice of Cassibile aboard the Royal Navy battleship HMS Nelson off Malta.


Anne Frank & her family are placed on the last transport train from the Westerbork transit camp to the Auschwitz concentration camp, arriving three days later.


General Yamashita Yoshinobu signed a surrender document.


新聞記者Wバーチェットが原爆が投下された広島市を取材し「No more Hiroshima」と打電して惨状を世界に報告。
Newspaper reporter W Burchett interviewed Hiroshima City where the atomic bomb was dropped and hit "No more Hiroshima" to report the devastation to the world.


A three-day celebration begins in China, following the Victory over Japan Day on September 2.


Typhoon "Jane" landed in Japan, causing major damage mainly in the Kinki district.


1953/0903:日本の思想家 折口信夫188753、逝去

私にとっては日本随一の思想(思考&空想)家、日本文化についてまさに、Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World を實踐してみせた稀有の人。學師とするに足る人(實際に弟子にはなりたいとは私は思はないが)


1954/0903:PRChina vs RChina「金門島危機」
The People's Liberation Army begins shelling the Republic of China-controlled islands of Quemoy, starting the First Taiwan Strait Crisis.


1964/0903:USA「Wilderness Act」
In California, the John Muir Wilderness and Ansel Adams Wilderness, are established as protected areas under the Wilderness Act. The mountainous landscape of the Sierra Nevada will thus remain a wilderness without human intervention.
In Wyoming, the Bridger Wilderness is protected as a Wilderness Area.


Ein Oberlauf des San Joaquin River in der Ansel Adams Wilderness


1971/0903:Qatar「Independent state」


1976/0903:USA、NASAViking program」
The American Viking 2 spacecraft lands at Utopia Planitia on Mars.


1977/0903:Japan プロ野球
Oh Sadaharu hit the 756th home run, and surpassed Hank Aaron's record, making it the world's best record.


1979/0903:日本の落語名人 六代目三遊亭圓生190079、逝去





1984/0903:Japan 炎上

Burned 330 pieces of movie film that had been stored as a fire in the collection room of the film center attached to the National Museum of Modern Art.

1987/0903:In a coup d'état in Burundi,
President Jean-Baptiste Bagaza is deposed by Major Pierre Buyoya.


1991/0903:USA 映画監督 Frank Capra 189791、死去

an Italian-American film director, producer and writer who became the creative force behind some of the major award-winning films of the 1930s and 1940s.


1994/0903:Sino-Soviet split:
Russia & PRChina agree to de-target their nuclear weapons against each other.


1997/0903:Airplane Crash
Vietnam Airlines Flight 815 (Tupolev Tu-134) crashes on approach into Phnom Penh airport, killing 64.


2001/0903:In Belfast,
Protestant loyalists begin a picket of Holy Cross, a Catholic primary school for girls. For the next 11 weeks, riot police escort the schoolchildren and their parents through hundreds of protesters, some of whom hurl missiles and abuse. The protest sparks fierce rioting and grabs world headlines.




2012/0903:韓国「統一協会」教祖 文鮮明192012、死去



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Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World