Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World
東大寺 大佛殿 二月堂から


歴史暦:古今東西 08/12 今日の出來事


-030/0812:Cleopatra VII Philopator -06930、自害


{これ以上鼻が高かったら、 …… 多分、パスカルはこのクレオパトラ像を識らなかったんだらうね。

1099/0812:01Crusade: Battle of Ascalon
Crusaders under the command of Godfrey of Bouillon defeat Fatimid forces led by Al-Afdal Shahanshah. 

This is considered the last engagement of the First Crusade.地中海岸の町アスカロンの周辺での戦闘。これが第一次十字軍の最後の戦闘とされてゐる。

1121/0812:Battle of Didgori:
The Georgian army under King David IV wins a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi.


1164/0812:Battle of Harim:
Nur ad-Din Zangi defeats the Crusader armies of the County of Tripoli and the Principality of Antioch.







1323/0812:Treaty of Nöteborg
 between Sweden & Novgorod Republic, that regulates the border between the two countries for the first time.




Tatars under Emir Edigü and Khan Timur Kutlugh beat the troops of the Grand Prince Vytautas of Lithuania in the battle of the Worskla, a branch of the Dnepr. The Lithuanian defeat ended Vytautas' ambitions in the east.



Ming Yongle (永乐帝) (Zhu Di (朱棣), dit), empereur de Chine de 1402 à 1424.

1484/0812:Pope212、Sixtus IV 141484、死去





1499/0812:Battle of Zonchio、
First engagement between Venetian vs Ottoman fleets.





Tokugawa Iemitsu was the third shōgun of the Tokugawa dynasty.
He was the eldest son of Tokugawa Hidetada 徳川秀忠157932, and the grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu 徳川家康154316.
Iemitsu ruled from 1623 to 1651, and during this period he crucified Christians, expelled all Europeans from Japan and closed the borders of the country, a foreign politics policy that continued for over 200 years after its institution.



1612/0812:Giovanni Gabrieli 155412、死去

un compositore e organista italiano.


The president of Louis XIII of France's royal council is arrested, leaving Cardinal Richelieu in the role of the King's principal minister.


1648/0812:Ibrahim (the Mad) of the Ottoman Empire、暗殺死

the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1640 until 1648.
He was later called Ibrahim the Mad (Turkish: Deli İbrahim) by twentieth century historians due to his reputed mental condition.


1674/0812:フランス 画家 Philippe de Champaigne 160274、死去

un peintre et graveur classique français d'origine brabançonne.



1676/0812:北アメリカ Indian War
Praying Indian John Alderman shoots and kills Metacomet, the Wampanoag war chief, ending King Philip's War.


Indian War:1622~1890の、アメリカ合衆国での白人入植者(インディアンが呼ぶところのwhite man)によるインディアンの征服戦争の総称。最初からインディアンと入植者の小競り合ひがあったが、移住者の増加とともに列強による植民地戦争へと大規模化していった。

1687/0812:Battle of Mohács:
Charles of Lorraine defeats the Ottoman Empire.


1695/0812(康煕34/0703):中國[明]儒學者 黄宗義161095、死去

「Huáng Zōngxī」中國明末、清初の儒學者。明の滅亡に際しては反清運動に身を投ずるも、後に故郷に隠棲、學術に没頭、陽明學右派の立場から實證的、考證學の開祖となった。

1759/0812:Seven Years War: Battle of Kunersdorf



1765/0812:India:Treaty of Allahabad
The Treaty marks the political & constitutional involvement and the beginning of Company rule in India.


1774/0812:イギリスロマン派 Robert Southey 177443、誕生

an English poet of the Romantic school, one of the so-called "Lake Poets", and Poet Laureate for 30 years from 1813 until his death in 1843. Although his fame has long been eclipsed by that of his contemporaries and friends William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Southey's verse still enjoys some popularity.




Santiago de Liniers(1st Count of Buenos Aires)re-takes the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina after the first British invasion.


Siebold 179666、オランダ商館の医師として長崎の出島に來日。


1827/0812:イギリス 詩人 William Blake 175727、死去

an English poet, painter, and printmaker.
Largely unrecognised during his lifetime, Blake is now considered a seminal figure in the history of the poetry and visual arts of the Romantic Age.



Tiger, Tiger, burning bright
In the forest of the night,
What immortal hand or eye
Framed thy fearful symmetry?

In what distant deeps or skies
Burned that fire within thine eyes?
On what wings dared he aspire?
What the hand dared seize the fire?

And what shoulder, and what art,
Could twist the sinews of thy heart?
When thy heart began to beat,
What dread hand formed thy dread feet?

What the hammer, what the chain,
Knit thy strength and forged thy brain?
What the anvil? What dread grasp
Dared thy deadly terrors clasp?

When the stars threw down their spears,
And water'd heaven with their tears,
Did He smile His work to see?
Did He who made the lamb make thee?

1831/0812:ロシア 神秘主義者 Helena Blavatsky 183191、誕生

a Russian occultist, spirit medium, and author who co-founded the Theosophical Society in 1875.
She gained an international following as the leading theoretician of Theosophy, the esoteric religion that the society promoted.


French intervention forces William I of the Netherlands to abandon his attempt to suppress the Belgian Revolution.


The Morrison incident (モリソン号事件 Morison-gō Jiken) 

occurred when the American merchant ship, Morrison headed by Charles W. King, was driven away from "鎖國 sakoku" (isolationist) Japan by cannon fire. This was carried out in accordance with the Japanese Edict to Repel Foreign Vessels of 1825.

Auf dem Bonner Münsterplatz wird das von Ernst Hähnel entworfene und von Jacob Daniel Burgschmiet ausgeführte Beethoven-Denkmal feierlich enthüllt. Begleitet wird die Enthüllungsfeierlichkeit von einem mehrtägigen Fest, bei dem Franz Liszt Regie führt. Als Veranstaltungsort entsteht die erste Beethovenhalle.



1848/0812:鉄道の父 George Stephenson 178148、死去

an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer.
Renowned as the "Father of Railways", He was considered by the Victorians a great example of diligent application and thirst for improvement.
Self-help advocate Samuel Smiles particularly praised his achievements.


1849/0812:Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin 176149、死去

a Swiss-American politician, diplomat, ethnologist and linguist. He served as a Representative, Senator, United States Ambassador and was the longest-serving United States Secretary of the Treasury. In 1831, he helped found the University of the City of New York, now New York University.

His last great endeavor was founding the American Ethnological Society in 1842 and serving as its president until 1848. With his studies of the languages of Native Americans, he has been called "the father of American ethnology."

1850/0812:日本の最初期の西洋画家 山本芳翠185006、誕生



1851/0812:USA、Patent for the sewing machine
Isaac Singer is granted a patent.

Isaac Merritt Singer{昨日のデビスやンガソルとほゞ同世代で、しかもNYCの出身。彼の夢は俳優だった。そのために發明の才を利用した。別のパテントで稼いだ金で一座を結成、巡業を五年續けた。失敗だったらしい。各地で苦勞した後、NYに舞ひ戻って、他人が發明したミシンの改良を頼まれて、それを特許申請、それで財を成した。

1861/0812:USA 銃開發者 Eliphalet Remington 179361、死去

inventeur et fabricant d'armes à feu américain (E. Remington and Sons)





1866/0812:Jacinto Benavente y Martínez 186654、誕生

ハシント・ベナベンテ:un dramaturgo, director, guionista y productor de cine español, Premio Nobel de Literatura en 1922.


Asaph Hall 182907 discovered the moons of Mars, Deimos and Phobos

Color-enhanced image of Deimos, a moon of Mars,

1881/0812:USA 映画制作者 Cecil DeMille 188159、誕生

an American filmmaker.
Between 1913 and 1956, he made a total of 70 features, both silent and sound films.
He is acknowledged as a founding father of the cinema of the United States and the most commercially successful producer-director in film history.

1883/0812:人間が絶滅させた動物 Quagga
The last quagga dies at the Natura Artis Magistra, a zoo in Amsterdam, Netherlands.



1887/0812:オストリア 理論物理学 Erwin Schrödinger 188761、誕生

ein österreichischer Physiker und Wissenschaftstheoretiker.




1898/0812:The battle between America and Spain is completely ended.


1898/0812 : フランス、Arthur Rimbaud 185491 の評價が始まる
Le poète symboliste belge Georges Rodenbach 185598 publie, dans Le Figaro, un article sur Arthur Rimbaud.


1901/0812:Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiold 183201、死去

a Finnish and Swedish baron, geologist, mineralogist and Arctic explorer.





1911/0812:Jules Brunet 183811、死去

ジュウル・ブリュネ、un officier militaire français dont le point culminant de la carrière est son activité lors d’une mission d’instruction au Japon.


Konrad Kain leads the first ascent of Mount Robson, the highest mountain in the Canadian Rocky Mountains.




1914/0812:WWⅠ: UK declares war on Austria-Hungary;
the countries of the British Empire follow suit.


1914/0812:WWⅠ: Battle of Halen a.k.a. Battle of the Silver Helmets a clash between large Belgian and German cavalry formations at Halen, Belgium.


1918/0812:Siberian dispatch:
Japanese troops landed in Vladivostok, Russia.


1922/0812:Arthur Joseph Griffith 187122、死去

an Irish politician and writer, who founded and later led the political party Sinn Féin.


1922/0812:Germany Theater
Das Salzburger große Welttheater von Hugo von Hofmannsthal, als Nachdichtung von Calderóns Das große Welttheater, wird unter der Regie von Max Reinhardt in der Salzburger Kollegienkirche uraufgeführt.


1928/0812:チェコの作曲家 Leoš Janáček 185428、死去

ein tschechischer Komponist.


1930/0812:まだ生きてる投資家 George Soros 1930--、誕生

a Hungarian-American investor, business magnate, philanthropist, and author.
Born in Budapest, he survived Nazi Germany-occupied Hungary and emigrated to England in 1947. He attended the London School of Economics graduating with a bachelor's and eventually a master's in philosophy.




1944/0812:WWⅡ:「Falaise pocket」
Normandy landing campaign starts.


Waffen-SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema.


Nazi German troops end the week-long Wola massacre, during which time at least 40,000 people were killed indiscriminately or in mass executions.


Alençon is liberated by General Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, the first city in France to be liberated from the Nazis by French forces.






1945/0812:Jean Nouvel 1945--、誕生

un architecte français contemporain de renommée internationale.






1950/0812:Korean War:
Bloody Gulch massacre(American POWs are massacred by North Korean Army).


1952/0812:Moscow、The Night of the Murdered Poets:
Thirteen prominent Jewish intellectuals are murdered in Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union.


The first testing of real thermonuclear weapon (not test devices): The Soviet atomic bomb project continues with the detonation of "RDS-6s" (Joe 4), the first Soviet thermonuclear bomb.


1955/0812:ドイツ 最後の文豪 Thomas Mann 187555、死去

ein deutscher Schriftsteller und einer der bedeutendsten Erzähler des 20. Jahrhunderts.




Echo 1A(NASA's first successful communications satellite)is launched.


A manned spaceship "Vostok 4" launched in the USSR. "Vostok 4" tried a rendezvous with "Vostok 3" launched the day before and approached a distance of several kilometers.


Kenichi Horie successfully crossed the Pacific Ocean alone for the first time at a small yacht "Mermaid" and arrived in San Francisco.


1964/0812:007生みの親 Ian Fleming 190864、死去

an English author, journalist and naval intelligence officer who is best known for his James Bond series of spy novels.


1964/0812:South Africa
 is banned from the Olympic Games due to the country's racist policies.


1969/0812:Northern Ireland
Violence erupts after the Apprentice Boys of Derry march in Derry, Northern Ireland, resulting in a three-day communal riot known as the Battle of the Bogside.


1970/0812:日本 作詞家 西条八十189270、死去



Between 1,000~3500 Palestinians are killed in the Tel al-Zaatar massacre, one of the bloodiest events of the Lebanese Civil War




The 11th National Congress of the Communist Party of China started. An announcement of the end of the Cultural Revolution and announcement of the new party convention of four modernization.

The first free flight of the Space Shuttle Enterprise.


1977/0812:Riots in Sri Lanka,
targeting the minority Sri Lankan Tamils, begin, less than a month after the United National Party came to power. Over 300 Tamils are killed.


1978/0812:PRChina & Japan、中国和日本签订『中日和平友好条约』
The Japan-China Peace and Friendship Treaty concluded.


1979/0812:Ernst Boris Chain 190679、死去

a German-born British biochemist, and a 1945 co-recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his work on penicillin.


The IBM Personal Computer is released.

IBMが初のパソナルコンピュタ IBM Personal Computer 5150 を発売。現在のPC/AT互換機の元祖。

1982/0812:USA 男優 Henry Fonda 190582、死去

an American film and stage actor

with his daughter Jane Fonda in 1943


1982/0812:Salvador Sánchez 195982、自動車事故死

un boxeador profesional mexicano que llegó a consagrarse campeón del Mundo de los pesos pluma del Consejo Mundial de Boxeo.


日本航空の羽田発、伊丹行きの Boeing747型機が、群馬県高天原山の山腹「御巣鷹の尾根」に墜落。乗客乗員520名が死亡。4人が生存(発見は翌13日早朝)。






1989/0812:William Shockley 191089、死去

an American physicist and inventor.

Shockley was the manager of a research group at Bell Labs that included John Bardeen and Walter Brattain. The three scientists were jointly awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics for "their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect."


Sue(the largest and most complete Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton)found to date, is discovered by Sue Hendrickson in South Dakota.


1992/0812:USA 前衛音楽 John Cage 191292、死去

an American composer, music theorist, writer, philosopher, and artist.

1992/0812:日本の小説家 中上健次194692、死去


Canada, Mexico & the United States announce completion of negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).


Major League Baseball players go on strike, forcing the cancellation of the 1994 World Series.




The Oscar-class submarine Kursk of the Russian Navy explodes and sinks in the Barents Sea during a military exercise.


2001/0812:フランス 文藝家 Pierre Klossowski 190501、死去

un romancier, essayiste, philosophe, traducteur, scénariste, acteur et peintre français.

Shimanto City Nishigasa in Kochi prefecture recorded the highest 41.0 ℃ in history in Japan.



2014/0812:Lauren Bacall 192414、死去

an American actress & singer known for her distinctive voice and sultry looks.


Bacall lounges on top of the piano while Vice President Harry Truman plays for servicemen 
at the National Press Club Canteen in Washington, D.C. (February 10, 1945)


At least two massive explosions kill 145 people and injured nearly 800 in Tianjin, China.



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Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World