Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World


歴史暦:古今東西 07/29 今日の出來事


0238/0729:Roman Empire
The Praetorian Guard storm the palace and capture Pupienus & Balbinus. They are dragged through the streets of Rome and executed.
On the same day, Gordian III, age 13, is proclaimed emperor.


Pakal ascends the throne of Palenque at the age of 12.






0904/0729:Sack of Thessalonica:
Saracen raiders under Leo of Tripoli sack Thessaloniki(the Byzantine Empire's second-largest city)after a short siege, and plunder it for a week.


0923/0729:Italy:Battle of Firenzuola:
Lombard forces under King Rudolph II & Adalbert I, margrave of Ivrea, defeat the dethroned Emperor Berengar I of Italy at Firenzuola (Tuscany).


1014/0729:Byzantine–Bulgarian wars: Battle of Kleidion :
Byzantine emperor Basil II inflicts a decisive defeat on the Bulgarian army, and his subsequent treatment of 15,000 prisoners reportedly causes Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria to die of a heart attack less than three months later, on October 6.



It was the culmination of the nearly half-century struggle between the Byzantine Emperor Basil II and the Bulgarian Emperor Samuil in the late 10th and early 11th centuries. The result was a decisive Byzantine victory.

1018/0729:In the Battle of Vlaardingen、
Count Dirk III defeats an army sent by Emperor Henry II .


1030/0729:Ladejarl-Fairhair succession wars: Battle of Stiklestad:
King Olaf II fights and dies trying to regain his Norwegian throne from the Danes.


1148/0729:Second Crusade:Siege of Damascus
ends in a decisive crusader defeat and leads to the disintegration of the Second Crusade.



Taira Kiyomori and Minamoto Yoshitomo of the Emperor Shimonoseki attacked the Shirakawa Imperial Palace where Pre-Emperor Sutoku shook, the Pre-Emperor took over.

Emperor Chukyou was abdicated by the order of the Kamakura shogunate, GoHorikawa(10 years old) emperor throne.


1230/0729:Japan[鎌倉] 執權 北条時氏120330、逝去




道元 Dougen renamed Echizen's DaibutuTemple 大佛寺 to 永平寺.

Because Houjou Mototoki became a Buddhist priest, Houjou Takatoki i was appointed as the 14th president of the Kamakura shogunate.


1507/0729:ドイツ 織物業者 Martin Behaim 145907、死去

ein Tuchhändler aus Nürnberg und portugiesischer Ritter.
Bekannt geworden ist er als Anreger des ältesten erhaltenen Globus. 


Behaims Erdapfel im Germanischen Nationalmuseum, Nürnberg


The widowed Mary, Queen of Scots marries Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Duke of Albany, at Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh, Scotland.


In Edinburgh's Holyrood Palace, Maria Stuart marries her cousin Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. The hurried marriage soon creates political problems.

James VI is crowned King of Scotland at Stirling.


1588/0729:Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines:
English naval forces under the command of Lord Charles Howard & Sir Francis Drake defeat the Spanish Armada off the coast of Gravelines, France.


1644/0729:Pope Urbanus VIII 156844、物故

本名(Odo Lageriae)または(Eudes de Châtillon)。グレゴリウス7によって引き立てられ、その遺志をついで教会改革を達成した。1095、クレルモン教会会議で、01十字軍の派遣を呼びかけた教皇として知られる。



1693/0729:War of the Grand Alliance: Battle of Landen:
France wins a Pyrrhic victory over Allied forces in the Netherlands.


Петр Великий взять Азов от турок.

Tsar Peter the Great takes Azov to the Turks.

1750/0729:Fabre d'Églantine 175094、ギロチン斷首

(Philippe-François-Nazaire Fabre, dit), acteur, dramaturge, poète et homme politique français. 
guillotiné le 5 avril 1794 à Paris,


Founding of the U.S. Army Judge Advocate General's Corps: General George Washington appoints William Tudor as Judge Advocate of the Continental Army.


1805/0729:フランス 政治思想 Alexis de Tocqueville 180559、誕生

Un philosophe politique, homme politique, historien, précurseur de la sociologie et écrivain français.
Il est célèbre pour ses analyses de la Révolution française, de la démocratie américaine et de l'évolution des démocraties occidentales en général.


1817/0729:Ivan Aivazovsky 181700、誕生

a Russian Romantic painter who is considered one of the greatest masters of marine art.



Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France.


Arc de Triomphe, carte postale, env.1920


1841/0729:Gerhard Henrick Armauer Hansen 184112、誕生

a Norwegian physician, remembered for his identification of the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae in 1873 as the causative agent of leprosy.


1843/0729:Johannes Schmidt 184301、誕生

ein deutscher Sprachwissenschaftler und führender Vertreter der Berliner Schule der Indogermanistik, gilt als Begründer der "Wellentheorie" in der vergleichenden Sprachforschung.


1848/0729:Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt:
In Tipperary, Ireland, then in the United Kingdom, an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule is put down by police.


Annibale de Gasparis discovered the asteroid Eunomia in the asteroid belt of our solar system.


1856/0729:ドイツ 作曲家 Robert Schumann 181056、狂死

ein deutscher Komponist, Musikkritiker und Dirigent. Er wird heute zu den bedeutendsten Komponisten der Romantik gezählt.


おまへのなかから警句的な、機知的なものを取り除け ―― それはお前の本性にはない。単純に、自然に書け。ゲーテはつねに良いお手本だ。正確と簡潔に慣れよ、表現の連続性にも。意味をぴたりと射当てる言葉を見出すまで、探しつづけること」 — 日記 1831/1017

United States & Japan sign the Harris Treaty.


1864/0729:American Civil War:
Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C.


1883/0729:Benito Mussolini 188345、誕生

un politico, dittatore e giornalista italiano.


1887/0729:USA ソングライタ Sigmund Romberg 188751、誕生

, compositeur américain d’origine hongroise.

1890/0729:Vincent van Gogh 、拳銃自殺に失敗し二日後に死亡
un peintre et dessinateur néerlandais. Son œuvre pleine de naturalisme, inspirée par l'impressionnisme et le pointillisme, annonce le fauvisme et l'expressionnisme.



1894(明治27)/0729:Japan vs China[清]:日清戦争安城渡の戦。



1898/0729:John Alexander Reina Newlands 183798、死去

a British chemist who worked on the development of the periodic table.





1899/0729:First Hague Convention is signed.


1900/0729:Henry Spencer Ashbee 183400、死去

a book collector, writer, and bibliographer. He is notable for his massive, clandestine three-volume bibliography of erotic literature published under the pseudonym of Pisanus Fraxi.
Ashbee is suspected to be "Walter", the author of My Secret Life, a lengthy sexual memoir of a Victorian gentleman.


1900/0729:In Italy,
King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by the anarchist Gaetano Bresci.


Владимир Ильич Ульянов (Ленин позже) покидает Россию и проходит через Женеву в Мюнхен в пять-летнего изгнания.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (later called Lenin) leaves Russia and goes over Geneva to Munich in a five-year exile.


1905/0729:Japan & USA「桂・タフト協定

Katsura-Taft Agreement. The US approved the Korean leadership of Japan, Japan expressed non-interference with the Philippines as an American colony.

Construction of the Link River Dam begins as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project.


Auf einer außerordentlichen Parteiversammlung entmachtet Adolf Hitler die Parteiführung der NSDAP und übernimmt deren Führung mit diktatorischen Vollmachten.

Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party.

Bei der Zeitschrift für Physik geht Über die quantentheoretische Umdeutung kinematischer und mechanischer Begriffe, Heisenbergs bahnbrechende Arbeit zur Quantenmechanik (Matrizenmechanik), ein.

In the Zeitschrift fur Physik, the quantum theoretical reinterpretation of kinematic and mechanical concepts, Heisenberg's pioneering work on quantum mechanics (matrices mechanics), is discussed.

1932/0729:Great Depression:
In Washington, D.C., troops disperse the last of the "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans.


1937/0729:China vs Japan「通州事件
Tōngzhōu Incident: In Tōngzhōu, China, the East Hopei Army attacks Japanese troops and civilians.

During the Tongzhou incident during the Battle of Beijing-Tianjin in the Second Japanese-Chinese War, soldiers from the Chinese East-Hebei Army attacked their Japanese instructors and Japanese officers collaborating with the Japanese. The District Commissioner of Hebei is arrested. Only Japanese reinforcements can crush the insurrection and free the commissioner.

1938/0729:Japan vs SovietUnion
Из-за пограничные споры речь идет о битве Хасане между Японией и Советским Союзом.
Because of border disputes, the Battle of Lake Chasan between Japan and the Soviet Union takes place.


Kiska withdrawal strategy. 5600 Japanese troops garrison completed the withdrawal of all from Kiska Island besieged by Allied Forces.


1948/0729:Olympic Games: XIV Olympiad:
After a hiatus of 12 years caused by WWⅡ, the first Summer Olympics to be held since the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, open in London.


1950/0729:Korean War:
After four days, the No Gun Ri Massacre ends when the US Army 7th Cavalry Regiment is withdrawn.


The first part of J. R. R. Tolkien's novel The Lord of the Rings appears in London.


The 6th National Assembly of the Japanese Communist Party. Self criticism of the armed fighting line affected by the Chinese Communist Party.


The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is established.


U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower signs into law the National Aeronautics and Space Act, which creates the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).


1965/0729:Vietnam War:
The first 4,000 101st Airborne Division paratroopers arrive in Vietnam, landing at Cam Ranh Bay.


A 18-year-old rifle shooting incident occurred.


1966/0729:イギリス 論理学 Edward John Lemmon 193066、死去

a logician and philosopher born in Sheffield, England.
He is most well known for his work on modal logic, particularly his joint text with Dana Scott published posthumously (Lemmon and Scott, 1977).

1967/0729:Vietnam War:
Off the coast of North Vietnam the USS Forrestal catches on fire in the worst U.S. naval disaster since World War II, killing 134.


1967/0729:Venezuela, Earthquake

During the fourth day of celebrating its 400th anniversary, the city of Caracas, Venezuela is shaken by an earthquake, leaving approximately 500 dead.

The serial killer "Son of Sam” commits his first murder in New York City.

David Berkowitz (a.k.a. the "Son of Sam") kills one person and seriously wounds another in the first of a series of attacks.


1979/0729:社会思想家 Herbert Marcuse 189879、死去

a German-American philosopher, sociologist, and political theorist, associated with the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory.
In his written works, he criticized capitalism, modern technology, historical materialism and entertainment culture, arguing that they represent new forms of social control.

Iran adopts a new "holy" flag after the Islamic Revolution.


Charles, Prince of Wales, & Lady Diana Spencer

A worldwide television audience of over 700 million people watch the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer at St Paul's Cathedral in London.

1982/0729:ロシア 発明家 Vladimir K. Zworykin 188982

a Russian inventor, engineer, and pioneer of television technology.
He played a role in the practical development of television from the early thirties, including charge storage-type tubes, infrared image tubes and the electron microscope.


1983/0729:スペイン 映画監督 Luis Buñuel 190083、死去

un director de cine español, que tras el exilio de la Guerra Civil Española se hizo ciudadano mexicano

1928、短篇『アンダルシアの犬』を画家の Salvador Dalí190489 と共同監督する。
1961年、『ビリディアナ』がカンヌ国際映画祭Palm d’Or を受賞する。が、反宗教的との理由でスペイン政府により作品の国籍を剥奪される。

1987/0729:UK & France「Eurotunnel」
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and President of France François Mitterrand sign the agreement to build a tunnel under the English Channel.


1987/0729:India & SriLanka
P.M of India Rajiv Gandhi and President of Sri Lanka J. R. Jayewardene sign the Indo-Sri Lanka Accord on ethnic issues.


The Supreme Court of Israel acquits alleged Nazi death camp guard John Demjanjuk of all charges and he is set free.


Following the results of the general election on July 19, the representatives of the eight parties met and agreed to establish non-LDP coalition government (Hosokawa cabinet).


Kazuko Fukuda who was fleeing to be sentenced to bear the case of hostess murder in Matsuyama city was arrested in Fukui city 20 days before the prescribed prescription.







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Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World