Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World
今日が誕生日の Maurits Cornelis Escher 189872 手を描く手


歴史暦:古今東西 06/17 今日の出來事

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The rhetoric dictum is enacted by the Roman Emperor Julian.



0811/0617(弘仁02/0523):嵯峨天皇の武將 坂上田村麻呂075811、卒去

Sakanoue no Tamuramaro est un général et un shogun du début de l'époque Heian de l'histoire du Japon. Il était le fils de Sakanoue no Karitamaro 坂上苅田麻呂072786.

0850/0617(嘉祥03/0504):嵯峨天皇の皇后 橘嘉智子078650、薨去

Tachibana no Kachiko, aussi connue sous le nom Danrin-kōgō 檀林皇后, est une impératrice japonaise, première épouse consort de l'empereur Saga 052嵯峨078642天皇 et fille de Tachibana no Kiyotomo 橘清友075889(橘奈良麻呂072157の子).



1462/0617:ドラキュラのモデルとなった VladⅢ
Vlad III the Impaler attempts to assassinate Mehmed II (The Night Attack) forcing him to retreat from Wallachia.


1497/0617:イングランド、Cornish Rebellion、Deptford Bridge: Forces under King Henry VII defeat troops led by Michael An Gof.

In the battle of Deptford Bridge, the royal troops of Henry VII defeated an army of Cornish insurgents.

Matsunaga Hisahide assassinates the 13th Ashikaga shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiteru.




Ashikaga Yoshiteru, also known as Yoshifushi or Yoshifuji, was the 13th shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1546 to 1565 during the late Muromachi period of Japan.
He was the eldest son of the 12th shōgun, Ashikaga Yoshiharu; and his mother was a daughter of Konoe Hisamichi (later called 慶寿院 Keijuin).
When he became shogun in 1546 at age 11, Yoshiteru's name was Yoshifushi (sometimes translitrated as Yoshifuji); but some years later in 1554, he changed his name to the one by which he is conventionally known today.
His childhood name was Kikubemaru (菊童丸). His younger brother Ashikaga Yoshiaki became the fifteenth shōgun.

Jesuit missionary Father Luís Fróis, in his account of the overthrow of Ashikaga Yoshiteru, wrote about the strong sexual love relationship between Yoshiteru and his squire, Odachidono. Such homosexual love relationships were very common in the world of samurais, where relationships between knights and their squires were infused with an idealism in which romance and valour in battle were closely linked. According to Father Fróis, the shōgun's squire, Odachidono, "fought so valiantly and with such intrepid spirit that all the rebels started to shout out that he should not be killed, but that he should be taken alive. Nonetheless, seeing his master die, and believing it a great dishonour to survive him, the youth threw away his sword, and pulling out his dagger, he cut open his throat and then his belly. Finally he killed himself by lying down flat with the dagger in his belly."

Sir Francis Drake claims a land he calls Nova Albion (modern California) for England.



Sir Francis Drake 154396:イギリスの海賊にして海軍提督。英國人として最初の世界一周者、スペインとアルマダ開戰では艦隊司令官としてイギリスの勝利に貢獻。

The Dutch explorer Willem Barentsz discovers the Arctic archipelago of Spitsbergen,



1631/0617:タジマハルにねむる Momtāz-i Maḥal 159531、薨去

ムムタズ マハル (Urdu: مُمتاز محَل ‬), was Empress consort of the Mughal Empire from 19 January 1628 to 17 June 1631 as the chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan
Mumtaz Mahal died in 1631 in Burhanpur, during the birth of her fourteenth child, a daughter named Gauhara Begum. Shah Jahan had the Taj Mahal built as a mausoleum for her, which is considered to be a monument of "undying love".

タジマハルはこの后妃の永遠の記憶のために夫によって發願された。十四人目の子を生み、産褥で三十六歳でなくなったといふから & その妃のための廟を作ったのだから、よほど王はこの妃を愛してゐたのであらう。





1611/0617(慶長16/0507):江戸幕府の功臣 保科正之161173、生

Hoshina Masayuki was a Japanese daimyō of the early Edo period.
He was the founder of what became the Matsudaira 松平 house of Aizu 會津.
He was an important figure in the politics and philosophy of the early Tokugawa shogunate.


French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet reach the Mississippi River and become the first Europeans to make a detailed account of its course.


cuta, Colombia, is discovered by Juana Rangel de Cuéllar.


1775/0617:USA 獨立戰爭、Battle of BunkerHill
Colonists inflict heavy casualties on British forces while losing the Battle of Bunker Hill.


1775/0617:USA獨立戰爭の英雄 Joseph Warren 174174、戰死

an American physician who played a leading role in American Patriot organizations in Boston in the early days of the American Revolution, eventually serving as President of the revolutionary Massachusetts Provincial Congress.


The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker Hill by John Trumbull



En France, le Troisième Etat se déclare l'Assemblée nationale.

Assemblée nationale:全國三部會の第三身分の議員が組織した革命議會。1789/0709に『Assemblée nationale constituante 憲法制定國民會議』と改稱した後、1791/0930に『立法議會』に取って代はられるまで、略稱として用ゐられた。

和解の交渉は決裂、0528第三身分議員はみづからを Commune と稱して三部會からの獨立を誇示した。

Louis XVI 175493 の財務長官、Jacques Necker 172304 は、國王が身分間對立の仲裁をはかることを早くから進言し、國王もこれに同意したが、實際の行動にはならなかった。ネッケルは第三身分のコミュンとの交渉策を練ってゐたが、


The burghers of Swellendam expel the Dutch East India Company magistrate and declare a republic.


1818/0617:フランス 作曲家 Charles Gounod 181893、生

un compositeur français, mieux connu pour son Ave Maria, basé sur une œuvre de Bach, ainsi que sur son opéra Faust. Un autre opéra de Gounod parfois encore joué est Roméo et Juliette.

1832/0617:イギリス 科学者 William Crookes 183219、誕生

a British chemist and physicist.
He was a pioneer of vacuum tubes, inventing the Crookes tube which was made in 1875. In 1913, Crookes invented 100% ultraviolet blocking sunglass lens. Crookes was the inventor of the Crookes radiometer.
Late in life, he became interested in spiritualism, and became the president of the Society for Psychical Research.


1834/0617:明治維新、警視庁を作った 川路利良183579、生

Kawaji Toshiyoshi was a Japanese politician during the Meiji period.
In Tokyo Kawaji planned to establish a police system similar to the gens d'armes in France. He traveled to Europe to investigate its police system to help improve the Japanese system.


The Wairau Affray (called the Wairau Massacre in many older texts), the first serious clash of arms between Māori and British settlers in the New Zealand Wars, takes place.




US Consul-General and Shimoda shogunate sign a nine-clause agreement to repair the Japan-US Parent Treaty

1861/0617:USA Civil War、Battle of Vienna, Virginia.


Edo shogunat, les exercices navals Kobe sont ouverts.


1870/0617:日本の哲學者 西田幾多郎187045、生

Nishida Kitarō est un philosophe japonais, fondateur de l'École de Kyōto, une école philosophique japonaise, qui a cherché à marier la philosophie occidentale avec la spiritualité issue des traditions extrême-orientales tel le bouddhisme. Il introduisit la phénoménologie de Husserl au Japon.
Le zen, qu'il pratiqua intensivement, eut une influence considérable sur sa pensée. Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki fut un ami de Nishida. Ils se rencontrèrent durant leur jeunesse, avant que Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki ne devienne l'un des érudits les plus respectés de son temps concernant la pensée zen, particulièrement après qu'il se fut installé aux États-Unis.

1876/0617:USA、Indian wins US Army in BlackHill's battle
A surprise attack of 1500 Lakotas & Cheyenne warriors in the Battle of Rosebud Creek on about 1000 US Army soldiers under the command of General George Crook brings the Indians, led by the chief Crazy Horse, to success.


1877/0617:USA Indian Wars、Battle of White Bird Canyon
The Nez Perce defeat the U.S. Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory.

In the Battle of White Bird Canyon, Indians from the tribe of Nez Percé win against the unity of the US Army.

1880/0617:USA 作家&写真家 Carl Van Vechten 188064、生

an American writer and artistic photographer who was a patron of the Harlem Renaissance and the literary executor of Gertrude Stein.
He gained fame as a writer, and notoriety as well, for his novel Nigger Heaven.
In his later years, he took up photography and took many portraits of notable people.
Although he was married to women for most of his adult life, Van Vechten engaged in numerous homosexual affairs over his lifetime.



1882/0617:ロシア 作曲家 Igor Stravinsky 188271、生

Игорь Фёдорович Стравинский
un compositeur, chef d'orchestre et pianiste russe (naturalisé français en 1934, puis américain en 1945) de musique moderne, considéré comme l'un des compositeurs les plus influents du XXe siècle.


1885/0617:Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor.





Die Brienz-Rothorn-Bahn (BRB) ist eine Zahnradbahn (System Abt) in der Schweiz, die nur im Sommer, jährlich von Anfang Mai bis Ende Oktober, von Brienz auf das Brienzer Rothorn fährt.


1898/0617:Maurits Cornelis Escher 189872、生

a Dutch graphic artist who made mathematically inspired woodcuts, lithographs, and mezzotints.




1900/0617:中國[清] 義和團の亂、帝國列強と日本軍が天津を攻略
Boxer Rebellion: Allied Western and Japanese forces capture the Taku Forts in Tianjin, China.


The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT.


In Tianjin, the first Chinese-language newspaper Ta Kung Pao (Large General Newspaper) was founded.


The American inventor Frank W. Wood applied for patent protection for an electric segment display.



1910/0617:日本、津輕三味線名人 高橋竹山191098、誕生

Takahashi Chikuzan est un compositeur et interprète japonais de tsugaru-jamisen.
He is the leading expert who spread the Tsugaru shamisen which was a performance art in the Tohoku region of Japan all over the country

1914/0617:USA 作家 John Hersey 191493、誕生

an American writer and journalist. He is considered one of the earliest practitioners of the so-called New Journalism, in which storytelling techniques of fiction are adapted to non-fiction reportage.
Hersey's account of the aftermath of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, was adjudged the finest piece of American journalism of the 20th century by a 36-member panel associated with New York University's journalism department.

Self portrait


1920/0617:傳説の映画女優 原節子192015、生

Hara Setsuko, née Masae Aida (会田 昌江) est une actrice japonaise.
Elle est l'une des premières à connaître une renommée internationale, jouant dans plus de 70 films de 1935 à 1963.
Elle est surtout connue pour ses performances dans les films de Yasujirō Ozu Late Spring (1949) et Tokyo Story (1953)




1925/0617:Geneva Protocol、化学&生物兵器の禁止
The Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of Chemical and Biological Weapons is signed.


U.S. President Herbert Hoover signs the Smoot–Hawley Tariff Act into law.


1932/0617:USA、Bonus Army、ワシントンへデモ行進
Around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the U.S. Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits.




日本の警察と陸軍との些細な、くだらない意地の張り合ひが …… 一讀をおすすめします。

1933/0617:USA、Union Station massacre
In Kansas City, Missouri, four FBI agents and captured fugitive Frank Nash are gunned down by gangsters attempting to free Nash.

 Kansas City massacre

1939/0617:ポウランド 映画作家 Krzysztof Zanussi 1939--、誕生

un réalisateur, scénariste et producteur polonais.

Last public guillotining in France: Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the Saint-Pierre prison.



この撤退「エアリアル」作戰で使用されてゐた客船「ランカストリア」が、ドイツ軍の Ju 88 爆撃機の攻撃を受けて沈没。約3000人が死亡。
RMS Lancastria is attacked and sunk by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France. At least 3,000 are killed in Britain's worst maritime disaster.

The British Army's 11th Hussars assault and take Fort Capuzzo in Libya, Africa from Italian forces.


The three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania fall under the occupation of the Soviet Union.


Iceland declares independence from Denmark and becomes a republic.


The People's Republic of China and Britain established diplomatic relations.


Passage en France du danseur russe Rudolf Noureev à l'aéroport du Bourget (Paris), lequel y fait une demande d'asile.


The United States Supreme Court rules 8–1 in Abington School District v. Schempp against requiring the reciting of Bible verses and the Lord's Prayer in public schools.


The People's Republic of China announces a successful test of its first thermonuclear weapon.


Japan and the United States signed the Okinawa Return Agreement. This signing ceremony will be held simultaneously in Washington and Okinawa by satellite relay.


1972/0617:USA WaterGate scandal、實行犯五人、逮捕
Five White House operatives are arrested for burgling the offices of the Democratic National Committee, in an attempt by some members of the Republican party to illegally wiretap the opposition.




A man (formerly 29 years old), a former truck driver and a sushi craftsmen's career, stabbed housewives and children with a kitchen knife on the street of a shopping street, four people including one child and one baby died, two got hurt

An Italian banker Roberto Calvi called a "papal banker" was found in London in the hanging corpses.


1982/0617:イタリアの銀行家 Roberto Calvi 192082、他殺

an Italian banker dubbed "Banchiere di Dio (God's Banker)" by the press because of his close association with the Holy See.
A native of Milan, Calvi was Chairman of Banco Ambrosiano, which collapsed in one of modern Italy's biggest political scandals.
His death in London in June 1982 is a source of enduring controversy and was ruled a murder after two coroner's inquests and an independent investigation. In Rome, in June 2007, five people were acquitted of the murder.
Claims have been made that factors in Calvi's death were the Vatican Bank, Banco Ambrosiano's main shareholder; the Mafia, which may have used Banco Ambrosiano for money laundering; and the clandestine Masonic lodge Propaganda Due.

銀行家のカルヴィはヴァチカン銀行に関係があり ……

1985/0617:日本の映画監督 加藤泰191685、死去

Katō Tai、a Japanese film director and screenwriter. He was best known for making yakuza films at the Toei Company in 1960s.
代表作に『沓掛時次郎 遊侠一匹』、『瞼の母』、『明治侠客伝 三代目襲名』、『源氏九郎颯爽記』シリーズ、『緋牡丹博徒シリーズ』、『江戸川乱歩の陰獣』

1985/0617:日本、生長の家教祖 谷口雅春189385、死去

Taniguchi Masaharu、a Japanese New Thought leader, founder of Seicho-no-ie 生長の家.

早稲田大学を中退して大本の専従活動家になっていた谷口は、出口王仁三郎187148の『霊界物語』の口述筆記を任せられたり、機関紙の編集主幹などを歴任して教団内で嘱望されていたが、1922大正11年の第一次大本事件を期に、淺野和三郎187437にしたがって大本から脱退。浅野が旗揚げした『心霊科学研究会』に參加、当時流行してゐた NewThoughtに「光明思想」と訳し、機関紙で盛んに紹介した。

1987/0617:ハマヒメドリの亜種 Dusky Seaside Sparrow、絶滅
With the death of the last individual of the species, the dusky seaside sparrow becomes extinct.



Apartheid: The South African Parliament repeals the Population Registration Act which required racial classification of all South Africans at birth.


A "joint understanding" agreement on arms reduction is signed by U.S. President George Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin (this would be later codified in START II).


1994/0617:USA、OJ Simpson を追走劇で逮捕、それを生中継報道
Following a televised low-speed highway chase, O. J. Simpson is arrested for the murders of his wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman.


1996/0617:パラダイムシフト論 Thomas Kuhn 192296、死

an American physicist, historian and philosopher of science
His whose controversial 1962 book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was influential in both academic and popular circles, introducing the term paradigm shift, which has since become an English-language idiom.

2008/0617:日本 連續幼女誘拐殺人犯の宮崎勤、死刑執行

Executed the death sentence of Miyazaki Tsutomu, a criminal who continuously kidnapped and killed a young girl in Tokyo and Saitama.

Executed the death sentence of Miyazaki Tsutomu, a criminal who continuously kidnapped and killed a young girl in Tokyo and Saitama.

Miyazaki Tsutomu, also known as The Otaku Murderer or The Little Girl Murderer, was a Japanese serial killer, cannibal, and necrophile who abducted and murdered four young girls in Saitama and Tokyo Prefectures from August 1988 to June 1989. His crimes included vampirism and preservation of body parts as trophies.

2009/0617:社会学政治学 Ralph Dahrendorf 192909、死去

a German-British sociologist, philosopher, political scientist and liberal politician.
A class conflict theorist, he was a leading expert on explaining and analyzing class divisions in modern society, and is regarded as "one of the most influential thinkers of his generation."
Dahrendorf wrote multiple articles and books, his most notable being Class Conflict in Industrial Society (1959) and Essays in the Theory of Society (1968).

Talcott Parsons 190279 の社会システム論に代表される均衡理論を批判し、Karl Marx 181883 の階級闘争論を Alfred Weber 186858 の権力概念によって再構築した独自の紛争理論を提唱。


Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World