06/16:歴史の屍臭「紅白の薔薇、O bloody Richard! miserable England!

Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World
大勸進 奈良を起こして、日本を起こし、


歴史暦:古今東西 06/16 今日の出來事

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The Assyrian king Asarhaddon attacked Egypt with an army and won the first battle against the fighting under Pharaoh Taharqa. Two more victories of the invaders followed a few days later.


Emperor Julian marches back up the Tigris and burns his fleet of supply ships. During the withdrawal Roman forces suffered several attacks from the Persians.

After this, Julian went north along the Tigris river, but on June 26, he was hit by a spear while under command of an enemy attack and died in the camp


Fin du sac de Rome par les Vandales.

Vandal:古代末期、ゲルマニアから北アフリカに移住した民族。民族移動の時代にロウマ領内を横切って北アフリカにまで行き、カルタゴを首都にヴァンダル王國を作った。その移動の途中、スペインのアンダルシア(元は Vandalusisa と綴った)に一時定住し、破壞行動をおこなったため Vandalism といふ語も作られた。


In Persia, Yazdgerd III is crowned the last Sasánida emperor before the Muslim conquest, and that year is the first of the zoroástrico calendar.

Yazdgerd Ⅲ ??0651:ササン朝ペルシア帝國の38代目にして最後の王となる。


1407/0616:中國「明」、ベトナムに侵入、Ming–Hồ War:
Retired King Hồ Quý Ly and his son King Hồ Hán Thương of Hồ dynasty are captured by the Ming armies.

Military campaign by the Ming Empire of China to invade Đại Ngu (present-day north Vietnam) ruled by the Hồ dynasty. The campaign began with Ming intervention in support of a rival faction to the Hồ, but ended with incorporation of Vietnam into China, marking the start of the Ming province of Jiaozhi.

明入越,越南稱之為明與大虞戰爭(越南语:Chiến tranh Minh - Đại Ngu),指的是1406年至1407年期間明成祖进攻越南胡朝(大虞國)的戰爭。這場戰爭最後以明朝勝利,胡朝滅亡告終。越南被併入明朝領土,標誌著安南屬明時期的開始。

1487/0616:イギリス薔薇戦争の最後を飾る「Battle of Stoke Field」
the final engagement of the Wars of the Roses(may be considered the last battle of the Wars of the Roses,

薔薇戰爭 1455~87、三十年も繼續されたイングランド封建諸侯による(プランタジネット系のランカスタ家とヨウク家とに分れての)内亂

薔薇戰爭はこの Henry VI 142171Margaret of Anjou の結婚から始まった。

薔薇戰爭は Henry VII 145709 の即位で終了とするのが一般的だが、まだヨウク家再興の火は熾火となって燻ってゐた。
1486、Richard III 145285 の侍從だったラヴェル伯が叛旗を翻し擧兵した。が、これは烏合の衆であった。
奇妙なことに、この叛亂軍は Lambert Simnel といふ少年を(ヨウク家の生き殘りで最も有力な王位繼承權を持つ Edward Plantagenet, Earl of Warwick の替へ玉として)擔いでゐた。その偽者をダブリンで「Edward6」として戴冠させた。

叛亂軍はランカシャに上陸し、イングランド本土に侵攻するが、0616 Stok Field の戰鬪でエドワド國王軍に撃破され、リンカン伯は戰死、ラヴェル卿は逃亡し、捕縛されたシムネル少年はなぜか赦免され、宮廷の厨房の使用人にされた。
1491には、EdwardⅤとともにロンドン塔に幽閉され、その後消息を絶った王弟のヨウク公リチャドを名乘る者が現れ、これをフランスが支持し、 ……
{薔薇戰爭については、William Shakespeare 156416 の史劇に、歴史から物語が作られていく樣を見るのも一興

Inter their bodies as becomes their births.
Proclaim a pardon to the soldiers fled,
That in submission will return to us;
And then, as we have ta'en the sacrament,We will unite the white rose and the red: —
Smile heaven upon this fair conjunction,
That long have frown'd upon their emnity!
 William Shakespeare 156416 ’RichardⅢ'        

1586/0616:スコットランドの Mary Stuart、後繼者を決定
Mary, Queen of Scots, recognizes Philip II of Spain as her heir and successor.


1671/0616:ロシアコサック Stenka Razine 163071、死去

Степан « Стенька » Тимофеевич Разин (Stepan Timofeïevitch « Stenka » Razine ), chef rebelle cosaque.

1745/0616:War of Austrian Succession、ジョウジ王戰爭
New England colonial troops under the command of William Pepperrell capture the Fortress of Louisbourg in Louisbourg, New France (Old Style date).


1746/0616:War of Austrian Succession「Battle of Piacenza」
Austria and Sardinia defeat a Franco-Spanish army at the Battle of Piacenza.


1755/0616:北米での French & Indian War:
The French surrender Fort Beauséjour to the British, leading to the expulsion of the Acadians.


Spain declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the Great Siege of Gibraltar begins.


Cornwallis's Retreat, also known as the First Battle of Groix.


Battle of Ligny & Battle of Quatre Bras, 

two days before the Battle of Waterloo.

1829/0616:アメリカ インディアン指導者 Geronimo 182909、誕生

a prominent leader and medicine man from the Bedonkohe band of the Chiricahua Apache tribe.
From 1850 to 1886 Geronimo joined with members of three other Chiricahua Apache bands—the Tchihende, the Tsokanende and the Nednhi—to carry out numerous raids as well as resistance to US and Mexican military campaigns in the northern Mexico states of Chihuahua and Sonora, and in the southwestern American territories of New Mexico and Arizona.
Geronimo's raids and related combat actions were a part of the prolonged period of the Apache–United States conflict, which started with American settlement in Apache lands following the end of the war with Mexico in 1848.


1851/0616:ドイツ 法學者 Georg Jellinek 185111、誕生

ein deutscher Staatsrechtler österreichischer Herkunft. Er gehörte gemeinsam mit Hans Kelsen und dem Ungarn Félix Somló zur Gruppe der österreichischen Rechtspositivisten und galt seinerzeit „als der Vertreter des Staatsrechts aus Österreich“.

1858/0616:USA、リンカン「House Divided」演説
Ebraham Lincoln delivers his House Divided speech in Springfield, Illinois.


1858/0616:インドで、Battle of Morar
 takes place during the Indian Mutiny.


1883/0616:イギリス Victoria theatere のパニックで子供多數死亡
The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children.


1884/0616:日本 前衛俳人 荻原井泉水188476、誕生

Ogiwara Seisensui was the pen-name of Ogiwara Tōkichi, a Japanese haiku poet active during the Taishō and Shōwa periods of Japan.

A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later.


1902/0616:USA 細胞遺伝学者 Barbara McClintock 190292、誕生

an American scientist and cytogeneticist who was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

McClintock family, Mignon, Tom, Barbara, Marjorie and Sara (at the piano)


1903/0616:USA、Ford Motor Company 創業
Henry Ford founds the Ford Motor Company in Michigan, which is responsible for the production of the Ford Model A for the automotive industry.


Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage, leaving Oslo, Norway.


1911/0616:USA、IBM 創業
founded as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company in Endicott, New York.


1918/0616:Declaration to the Seven, is published
a British government response to a memorandum issued anonymously by seven Syrian notables, is published.


1919/0616:日本の西洋画家 関根正二189919、病死

Sekine Shōji était un peintre japonais des Yōga 洋画 de la période Taishō.
En 1918, quand il avait 19 ans, "Tristesse du progrès 進攻の悲しみ" qui a été exposé dans "NikaTen 二科展" a été choisi comme un prix. Cependant, il a été débilité avec le corps physique et mental à partir de ce moment, et est mort l'année suivante à cause de la tuberculose. Il avait vingt ans.




1922/0616:General election in the Irish Free State:
The pro-Treaty Sinn Féin win a large majority.


1932/0616:Lausanne Conference on German reparation
 of the First World War began (until July 9). The de facto payment suspension is decided.


Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Chief of State of Vichy France (Chef de l'État Français).


Communist government is installed in Lithuania


1944/0616:フランス 歴史家 Marc Bloch 188644、銃殺

un historien français, fondateur avec Lucien Febvre des Annales d'histoire économique et sociale en 1929.
Marc Bloch a donné à l'école historique française une renommée qui s'étend bien au-delà de l'Europe. Ancien combattant de la Première Guerre mondiale et de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, il est décoré de la Légion d'honneur, de la croix de guerre 1914-1918 et de la croix de guerre 1939-1945.
Membre de la Résistance durant l'Occupation, il est arrêté par la Gestapo puis exécuté le 16 juin 1944.


Le monument des Roussilles érigé sur le lieu de l’exécution de Marc Bloch.

At age 14, George Junius Stinney, Jr. becomes the youngest person executed in the United States in the 20th century.


Members of the Malayan Communist Party kill three British plantation managers in Sungai Siput; in response, British Malaya declares a state of emergency.



ソ連の Иосиф Сталин 187853 死後、東ドイツの東ベルリンでこの日に發生し、翌日には終熄した東ベルリン地域での大衆暴動。最初、ストライキの參加者は三百人程度だったが、翌日の抗議行動では勞働者の數が膨れあがった。彼等は「顎髭、出っ腹、メガネは人民の意志ではない」と喚き立てた。東ドイツの指導者らへを揶揄したものだった。

In a futile effort to topple Argentine President Juan Perón, rogue aircraft pilots of the Argentine Navy drop several bombs upon an unarmed crowd demonstrating in favor of Perón in Buenos Aires, killing 364 and injuring at least 800. At the same time on the ground, some soldiers attempt to stage a coup but are suppressed by loyal forces.



Imre Nagy, Pál Maléter and other leaders of the 1956 Hungarian Uprising are executed.


In the US cinemas the film psycho by Alfred Hitchcock is shown for the first time; An advertising campaign provides snakes at the kino coaches.


Rudolf Nureyev defects from the Soviet Union.



1963/0616:ソ連、Vostok 6 Mission、女性搭乗員「私はカモメ」
Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space.




1971/0616:日本の電力王 松永安左エ門187571


Adopted "human environmental declaration" on the final day of the United Nations Human Environment Conference.


Soweto uprising: A non-violent march by 15,000 students in Soweto, South Africa turns into days of rioting when police open fire on the crowd.


1977/0616:ドイツからアメリカ ロケット王 Werner von Braun 191277、死去

a German (and, later, American) aerospace engineer and space architect.
He was the leading figure in the development of rocket technology in Germany and the father of rocket technology and space science in the United States
n his twenties and early thirties, von Braun worked in Nazi Germany's rocket development program. He helped design and develop the V-2 rocket at Peenemünde during World War II. Following the war, he was secretly moved to the United States, along with about 1,600 other German scientists, engineers, and technicians, as part of Operation Paperclip. He worked for the United States Army on an intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM) program and he developed the rockets that launched the United States' first space satellite Explorer 1. His group was assimilated into NASA,


1987/0616:日本の映画男優 鶴田浩二192487、死去

a Japanese actor and singer. He appeared in almost 260 feature films and had a unique style of singing.

Daïat Labguer (M'sila) massacre, 50 die


2000/0616:昭和天皇の皇后 香淳皇后190300、薨去

Empress Kōjun, born Princess Nagako (良子女王 Nagako Joō,), was the wife of Emperor Shōwa of Japan. She was the mother of the present emperor, Akihito.

with her first son, Prince Akihito, in 1934


Bhutan becomes the first country to institute a total ban on tobacco.


2005/0616:天皇パチンコ事件 奥崎謙三192005、死去

a Japanese soldier, writer, actor and anarchist.
He is known for being linked to two episodes of mockery at Emperor Hirohito in 1969, and having starred in the documentary film "The Emperor's Naked Army Marches On" (『ゆきゆきて、神軍』Yukiyukite, Shingun). He called himself "The Impartial Soldier of the Divine Army 神軍平等兵".



More than 20 years after their award with the Nobel Peace Prize, the Myanmar politician Aung San Suu Kyi, who has been living under house arrest for years, takes her speech at the Oslo City Hall.

2013/0616:Boko Haram、Massacre start
The 2013 Baga massacre is started when Boko Haram militants engage government soldiers in Baga.



Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World