Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World
奈良豆比古神社 古式『三番叟』


歴史暦:古今東西 05/13 今日の出來事

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Hōnen 法然 est le fondateur du Jōdo shū 淨土宗, la première école indépendante du Bouddhisme japonais de la Terre pure 淨土. Il a d'abord étudié au temple Enryakuji 延暦寺 du Mont Hiei 比叡山, qu'il a quitté par la suite pour diffuser son message de salut à la population.

法然上人廟所 (知恩院



Avant le château du Mont Aimé 183 des personnes accusées et condamnées hérésie sont brûlés sur des bûchers. Parce que le fanatique Inquisiteur Robert tout en laissant exécuté illégalement bulgare certaines personnes, la République Dominicaine perdre son poste à la suite de pressions exercées par le clergé français du Nord avec le pape.

Rebstöcke am Südosthang des Mont Aimé

Mont Aimé1210 a été construit par Blanche de Navarre un château qui était, cependant, quitter le 15 siècle. Avant ce château le 13 mai 1239 Robert étaient les Bulgares brûlèrent 183 hérétiques à la demande de l'inquisiteur. De l'édifice aujourd'hui témoignent que des ruines.

Julian of Norwich has visions which are later transcribed in her Revelations of Divine Love.

Julian of Norwich 134213イングランドの修道女(彼女の本名は傳はってゐない。
Even her name is uncertain; the name 'Julian' is generally thought to have been derived from the Church of St Julian in Norwich, to which her anchorite's cell was joined.
Her Revelations of Divine Love, written around 1395, is the first book in the English language known to have been written by a woman. この著述により彼女は英語で書物を書いた最初の女性となった。

When she was 30 and living at home, Julian suffered from a serious illness. Since she was presumed to be near death, her curate came to administer the last rites of the Catholic Church on 8 May 1373. As part of the ritual, he held a crucifix in the air above the foot of her bed. Julian reported that she was losing her sight and felt physically numb, but as she gazed on the crucifix she saw the figure of Jesus begin to bleed. Over the next several hours, she had a series of sixteen visions of Jesus Christ, which ended by the time she recovered from her illness on 13 May 1373. 彼女が三十歳の頃、大病に罹った。死の近くまで行った。カトリック教會の儀式を受けて治癒していったが、その途中、彼女はキリストの十字架像を幻視、イエスキリストの十六の夢幻を視た。さうして、病氣より恢復した。


The ceremonial building of Kinkakuji






金閣寺銀閣寺 ―― といったやうに日本文化は二つのものの相補的「一對性」を重視する性向を持つ。伊勢神宮が内宮と外宮によって對照、構成されるやうに。一對にしないと感覺と思考とが安定しないのだ。それが日本人的なシリメントリの感覺なのかも知れない。『對のあそび』に興じる私などにもその感覺、センスが強く働いてゐるにちがひない。



1497/0513:R教皇 アレクサンデル六世、サヴォナロウラを破門


# On 12 May 1497, Pope Alexander VI excommunicated Savonarola and threatened the Florentines with an interdict if they persisted in harbouring him. On 18 March 1498, after much debate and steady pressure from a worried government, he withdrew from public preaching. Under the stress of excommunication, Savonarola composed his spiritual masterpiece, the Triumph of the Cross, a celebration of the victory of the Cross over sin and death and an exploration of what it means to be a Christian. This he summed up in the theological virtue of caritas, or love. In loving their neighbour, Christians return the love which they have received from their Creator and Savior.


Mary Tudor, Queen of France and Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk are officially married at Greenwich.


1568/0513:スコットランド「Battle of Langside」
The forces of Mary, Queen of Scots, are defeated by a confederacy of Scottish Protestants under James Stewart, Earl of Moray, her half-brother.


1573/0513:日本[戰國時代] 大名 武田信玄152173、死去

Takeda Shingen (武田 信玄), of Kai 甲斐 Province, was a pre-eminent daimyō 大名 in feudal Japan with exceptional military prestige in the late stage of the Sengoku period 戰國時代.



Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after being convicted of treason.

{昨日も同じ記事があった。どっちが正しいのか、後で確かめます。 …… 確かめませんでした。

Miyamoto Musashi defeats Sasaki Kojirō at Funajima island.



日本の名所舊蹟となった地の呼稱の例で、この事を解析するなら(敗者を判官贔屓に好む日本人の心情を加味しなければならないが)、主役は佐々木巌流のはうで、武蔵は惡役だったやうだ。このことを傍證するやうな記録は、間接的ながら年代の古い、したがって決鬪の時期に近い(と云ってもかなり離れてはゐるが)ものでなされてゐる。それに、さらに傍證的になるが、筆まめであった武蔵がこの決鬪にかんして一言も記録を殘してゐないのかといふ点が私には氣に懸かってくる。 ……


In a severe earthquake, about 12,000 people die in Santiago de Chile and about one third of its population.


1648 /0513:
Début de la fronde parlementaire.


1655/0513:ロウマ教皇 Innocentius. XIII 165524、誕生

è stato il 244º vescovo di Roma e papa della Chiesa cattolica dal 1721 alla sua morte.
Pope Innocent XIII was reform-oriented, and he imposed new standards of frugality, abolishing excessive spending. He took steps to finally end the practice of nepotism by issuing a decree which forbade his successors from granting land, offices or income to any relatives - something opposed by many cardinals who hoped that they might become pope and benefit their families.

1717/0513: マリアントワネットの生母 Maria Theresia 171780、誕生

eine Fürstin aus dem Hause Habsburg. Die von 1740 bis zu ihrem Tod regierende Erzherzogin von Österreich und Königin u. a. von Ungarn (mit Kroatien) und Böhmen zählte zu den prägenden Monarchen der Ära des aufgeklärten Absolutismus.
Nach dem Tod des Wittelsbachers Karl VII. 1745 erreichte sie die Wahl und Krönung ihres Gatten Franz I. Stephan zum römisch-deutschen Kaiser.
Ohne eigene Hausmacht und ohne nennenswerte militärische oder politische Begabung widmete sich Franz Stephan vor allem der finanziellen Absicherung der kaiserlichen Familie – womit er sehr erfolgreich war. Die Regierungsgeschäfte der Habsburgermonarchie führte seine Frau allein. Wie jede Gattin eines Kaisers wurde sie, obwohl nicht selbst gekrönt, als Kaiserin tituliert.



1753/0513:フランス 軍人&化学者 Lazare Carnot 175323、誕生

un mathématicien, physicien, général et homme politique français, Membre de la Convention nationale et du Comité de salut public, il est surnommé « L'Organisateur de la Victoire » ou « Le Grand Carnot ». Directeur, il est ensuite comte de l'Empire.


1764/0513:Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr 176430、誕生

Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, 1st Marquis of Gouvion-Saint-Cyr
un commandant français dans les guerres françaises révolutionnaires et napoléoniennes qui se sont levés au maréchal de la France et Marquis.


War of the Bavarian Succession: Russian and French mediators at the Congress of Teschen negotiate an end to the war. In the agreement Austria receives the part of its territory that was taken from it (the Innviertel).

Im Frieden von Teschen auf Initiative Russlands wird zwischen Preußen und Österreich der Bayerische Erbfolgekrieg beigelegt. Österreich erhält das Innviertel, erkennt aber im Gegenzug die Ansprüche Preußens auf die beiden hohenzollernschen Markgraftümer Brandenburg-Ansbach und Brandenburg-Bayreuth an.



Captain Arthur Phillip leaves Portsmouth, England, with eleven ships full of convicts (the "First Fleet") to establish a penal colony in Australia.


Forces sent by Yusuf Karamanli of Tripoli to retake Derna from the Americans attack the city.


Napoleon Bonaparte prend la cinquième guerre de la coalition pour la deuxième fois que le vainqueur à Vienne. Contrairement à la première occupation de c'est atteint seulement après le feu lourd et contre la résistance de la population.


Ecuador gains its independence from Gran Colombia.


1832/0513:フランス 古代生物學 Georges Cuvier 176932、死去

un anatomiste français, promoteur de l'anatomie comparée et de la paléontologie au XIXe siècle.

Cuvier est parmi les fondateurs de l'anatomie comparée moderne. Il énonce le principe de subordination des organes et de corrélation des formes. Ainsi proposera-t-il une classification du règne animal en quatre « embranchements » (articulés, vertébrés, mollusques, radiaires) et cela, en structurant l'étude de l'anatomie comparée des animaux et en remettant en cause la chaîne des êtres. Le système nerveux, respiratoire et les organes, de plus en plus subordonnés indiquent successivement l'ordre, la famille, le genre et enfin l'espèce.

Die 4. Sinfonie in A-Dur op. 90, „Italienische“, von Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy wird in der London Philharmonic Society unter der Leitung des Komponisten uraufgeführt. Sie gehört heute zu den meistaufgeführten Orchesterwerken Mendelssohns.


1840/0513:フランス文藝 Alphonse Daudet 184097、誕生

un écrivain et auteur dramatique français.

Daudet dans son cabinet de travail avec Julia Allard, son épouse (détail) - Louis Montegut (c.1880)

Lettres de Mon Moulin、1866

Mexican–American War: The United States declares war on Mexico.


1861/0513:American Civil War にイギリスが中立を宣言
Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom issues a "proclamation of neutrality" which recognizes the breakaway states as having belligerent rights.


The Great Comet of 1861 is discovered by John Tebbutt of Windsor, New South Wales, Australia.


1862/0513American Civil War、The USS Planter,
a steamer and gunship, steals through Confederate lines and is passed to the Union, by a southern slave, Robert Smalls becoming the first black man to command a United States ship.


1864/0513:American Civil War: Battle of Resaca
The battle begins with Union General Sherman fighting toward Atlanta.


1865/0513:American Civil War: Battle of Palmito Ranch
In far south Texas, the last land battle of the Civil War ends with a Confederate victory.


1878/0513:USA 科学者 Joseph Henry 179778、死去

an American scientist who served as the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.
He was highly regarded during his lifetime. While building electromagnets, Henry discovered the electromagnetic phenomenon of self-inductance.
He also discovered mutual inductance independently of Michael Faraday, though Faraday was the first to make the discovery and publish his results.
Henry developed the electromagnet into a practical device. He invented a precursor to the electric doorbell (specifically a bell that could be rung at a distance via an electric wire, 1831) and electric relay (1835).
The SI unit of inductance, the henry, is named in his honor. Henry's work on the electromagnetic relay was the basis of the practical electrical telegraph, invented by Samuel F. B. Morse and Sir Charles Wheatstone, separately


In Menlo Park, New Jersey, Thomas Edison performs the first test of his electric railway.


1882/0513:フランス 画家 Georges Braque 188263、誕生

un peintre, sculpteur et graveur français.

1910, Violin and Candlestick


Girl with a Cross


With the passage of the Lei Áurea ("Golden Law"), Empire of Brazil abolishes slavery.


1904/0513:日本の映画男優 笠智衆190493、誕生

Ryū Chishū est un acteur japonais,
De 1928 à 1992, il est apparu dans au moins cent cinquante-cinq films, dont de nombreux films de Yasujirō Ozu, dont il était l'acteur fétiche. Il a également participé à la longue série des Tora San où il jouait le rôle d'un prêtre.




1907/0513:Daphne du Maurier 190789、誕生

an English author and playwright.
Although she is classed as a romantic novelist, her stories seldom feature a conventional happy ending and have been described as "moody and resonant" with overtones of the paranormal.
These bestselling works were not at first taken seriously by critics, but have since earned an enduring reputation for storytelling craft.
Many have been successfully adapted into films, including the novels Rebecca, My Cousin Rachel, and Jamaica Inn, and the short stories "The Birds" and "Don't Look Now/Not After Midnight".




The first Giro d'Italia starts from Milan. Italian cyclist Luigi Ganna will be the winner.

1914/0513:Joe Louis 191481、誕生

Joseph Louis Barrow, best known as Joe Louis and nicknamed the "Brown Bomber", was an American professional boxer who competed from 1934 to 1951.
He reigned as the world heavyweight champion from 1937 to 1949, and is considered to be one of the greatest heavyweights of all time.
Since Jack Johnson, the second African-American world heavyweight champion in history

Three children report the first apparition of Our Lady of Fátima in Fátima, Portugal.




Autour de Notre-Dame de Fátima (fêtée ce jour anniversaire de la première apparition1) :
1917 : Première apparition de la Vierge Marie à Fátima, petit village du centre du Portugal, à trois enfants : Francisco Marto, sa sœur Jacinta, et leur cousine Lúcia de Jesus dos Santos.

1967 : Le Pape Paul VI a célébré la messe (en portugais) au Sanctuaire de Notre-Dame de Fátima (Portugal). Étaient entre autres présents, dans la tribune d'honneur, les parents des deux enfants voyants alors décédés, Francisco Marto et Jacinta Marto, ainsi que Lucie Dos Santos2.

1981 : Tentative d'assassinat de Jean-Paul II sur la place Saint-Pierre à Rome. Le jour de l'attentat étant le même que le jour de l'apparition de la Vierge de Fátima,
qui devait être mentionnée dans son discours de l'audience, Jean-Paul
II attribue sa miraculeuse survie à l’intervention de la Vierge de Fátima, et il pense que cet attentat correspond à celui évoqué dans la troisième partie du message de Fátima3. (Plusieurs années plus tard, le 26 juin 2000, une note de la congrégation pour la doctrine de la foi interprète cet acte comme le dernier des trois secrets de Fátima4.)

1989 : Francisco Marto et sa sœur Jacinta, morts très jeunes (respectivement en 1919 et 1920) sont déclarés vénérables par le Pape Jean-Paul II.

2000 : Les deux enfants sont béatifiés par Jean-Paul II à Fátima. À sa demande, à la fin de la célébration, le Cardinal Angelo Sodano lit un communiqué, qui révèle la troisième partie du message de Fátima, qui se rapporterait à la tentative d'assassinat de Jean-Paul II le 13 mai 1981 à Rome, et à l'intervention ce jour-là de la Vierge de Fátima, qui l'aurait miraculeusement sauvé de cet attentat3. (Cet acte fut officialisé quelques semaines plus tard, le 26 juin, par une note de la congrégation pour la doctrine de la foi, qui l'interprète comme le dernier des trois secrets de Fátima4.)  Wikipedia fr


・聖母の出現 - Wikipedia https://is.gd/Mjy1uC
・マリア崇敬 - Wikipedia https://is.gd/4bSXty
{しかし、ルルドの時もさう思ったが、どうして顯現するのが聖母マリアなのか。イエスキリストの信仰よりも聖母マリアへの信仰がカトリックを中心に次第に強くなったといふ史實は私も識ってゐるが、 …… どうやら、この邊りにヨウロパ人の信仰心の奥處がありさうだ。殊にラテン系のヨウロパ人に。スペインの画家たちが描く甘美な聖母像がそこに重なってくる。 


Der Verband Deutscher Blumengeschäftsinhaber initiiert eine Werbekampagne zum Muttertag, der zum ersten Mal in Deutschland gefeiert wird.


Tayama Katai est un écrivain japonais.
Ses livres les plus connus comprennent Inaka Kyōshi (田舎教師, « Instituteur rural ») et Futon (蒲団).
Il est connu pour avoir fondé le genre littéraire japonais naturaliste appelé roman «je» 私小説 qui tourne autour de l'auto-examen détaillé d'un auteur introspectif.
Il a également écrit au sujet de ses expériences de la guerre russo-japonaise 日露戰爭.



1939/0513:數理思想家 Stanisław Leśniewski 188639、死去

ein polnischer Philosoph, Mathematiker und Logiker.
Leśniewski was also a radical nominalist: he rejected axiomatic set theory at a time when that theory was in full flower. He pointed to Russell's paradox and the like in support of his rejection, and devised his three formal systems as a concrete alternative to set theory. Even though Alfred Tarski was his sole doctoral pupil,

The first commercial FM radio station in the United States is launched in Bloomfield, Connecticut. The station later becomes WDRC-FM.


1940/0513:日本のマラソン選手 円谷幸吉194068、誕生

Tsuburaya Kōkichi was a Japanese athlete who competed mainly as a marathoner.
Kokichi was also a 1st lieutenant in the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force.



父上様母上様 三日とろろ美味しうございました。干し柿 もちも美味しうございました。
敏雄兄姉上様 おすし美味しうございました。
勝美兄姉上様 ブドウ酒 リンゴ美味しうございました。
巌兄姉上様 しそめし 南ばんづけ美味しうございました。
喜久造兄姉上様 ブドウ液 養命酒美味しうございました。又いつも洗濯ありがとうございました。
幸造兄姉上様 往復車に便乗さして戴き有難とうございました。モンゴいか美味しうございました。
父上様母上様 幸吉は、もうすっかり疲れ切ってしまって走れません。
何卒 お許し下さい。


Germany's conquest of France begins as the German army crosses the Meuse. Winston Churchill makes his "blood, toil, tears, and sweat" speech to the House of Commons.

"I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat".

{「血と汗と泪」と詩語した吾輩から云はせてもらへれば、toil の語がいかにも余計であった。血と汗と泪といふ人間が流すもので統一しておくべきであった。blood, tears, sweat の語順もよくない。血と汗と泪、と並べなければ奮闘表現のダイナミズムが獲得されない。ま、所詮は素人(それでもノウベル文學賞をもらってゐるのだが)、畫龍點睛を缺いてしまった、といふか畫龍點睛を付けすぎてしまった。どっちか解らないが、いづれにしろ惜しいことであった。

Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands flees her country to Great Britain after the German invasion. Princess Juliana takes her children to Canada for their safety.


Russian-American designer and aviation pioneer Igor Iwanowitsch Sikorski starts the first free-ride in his helicopter Sikorsky VS-300 with tail rotor, the most widely used model to date.


Yugoslav royal colonel Dragoljub Mihailović starts fighting with German occupation troops, beginning the Serbian resistance.


German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces.

Mit der Kapitulation der deutschen Heeresgruppe Afrika unter Feldmarschall Rommels Nachfolger Hans-Jürgen von Arnim in Tunis endet im Zweiten Weltkrieg der Afrikafeldzug der Achsenmächte. Rund 250.000 deutsche und italienische Soldaten geraten in Kriegsgefangenschaft.


長崎市西浜町の長崎自由市場では、物価統制令違反のヤミ物資が公然と販売され、それに並行して暴力行為も頻発していた。長崎県警察部では、これら不法事案の断固取締を決断し、検挙の準備を進めていた。↓1946年5月13日午前10時30分、280人の警官隊が一斉取締を開始し、日本人150人、朝鮮人26人、中国人6人を検挙、長崎警察署に連行した。その直後、在日本朝鮮人連盟や中国人団体が長崎警察署に押しかけ、被疑者の即時釈放を要求したが、署長は取調前の釈放はできないと拒否した。午後2時30分頃、朝鮮人や中国人など総勢約200人がバッドや鉄棒を持って長崎警察署を包囲・襲撃した。これにより警察官1人が死亡、10人が重軽傷を負った。その後、余勢をかって東浜町派出所や港町派出所も襲撃し、警察官に対し暴行を加えている。 Wikipedia ja 

1948/0513:Arab–Israeli War:
Massacre de Kfar Etzion orchestré par la Légion arabe sur des colonies juives.

The Kfar Etzion massacre is committed by Arab irregulars, the day before the declaration of independence of the state of Israel on May 14.

1950/0513:USA PopSinger Stevie Wonder 1950--、誕生

an American singer-songwriter.
Blind since his childhood, he has one of the most prolific careers of American pop, his discography counting in 2013 no less than 23 studio albums, three albums of film music, four live albums and 98 singles. 49 of his songs have appeared in the United States in the top 40 and 32 singles have been number 1 in record sales.

The first round of the Formula One World Championship is held at Silverstone.


1952/0513:インド、上院 Rajya Sabha 發會
the upper house of the Parliament of India, holds its first sitting.


1954/0513:シンガポウル、anti-National Service Riots 發生
by Chinese middle school students in Singapore, take place.


1954/0513:USA、BroadwayMusical PajamaGame 初演
The original Broadway production of The Pajama Game opens and runs for another 1,063 performances.

Later received three Tony Awards for Best Musical, Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical, and Best Choreography.

During a visit to Caracas, Venezuela, Vice President Richard Nixon's car is attacked by anti-American demonstrators.


1958/0513:アルジェの戰ひ、May 1958 crisis:
Mise en place du comité de salut public à Alger.

A group of French military officers lead a coup in Algiers demanding that a government of national unity be formed with Charles de Gaulle at its head in order to defend French control of Algeria.

Ben Carlin becomes the first (and only) person to circumnavigate the world by amphibious vehicle, having travelled over 17,000 kilometres (11,000 mi) by sea and 62,000 kilometres (39,000 mi) by land during a ten-year journey.


Hundreds of University of California, Berkeley students congregate for the first day of protest against a visit by the House Committee on Un-American Activities.


1961/0513:USA 映画男優 Gary Cooper 190161、死去

an American film actor known for his natural, authentic, and understated acting style and screen performances.
His career spanned thirty-six years, from 1925 to 1961, and included leading roles in eighty-four feature films.
He was a major movie star from the end of the silent film era through to the end of the golden age of Classical Hollywood.
His screen persona appealed strongly to both men and women, and his range of performances included roles in most major film genres.
Cooper's ability to project his own personality onto the characters he played contributed to his natural and authentic appearance on screen.
Throughout his career, he sustained a screen persona that represented the ideal American hero.




Hong Kong Kowloon San Po Kong demonstrations spread to Wong Tai Sin Tung Tau Village and To Kwa Wan, the situation deteriorated, a large number of people gathered in the streets, and set fire to the burning and burning Wong Tai Sin House staff quarters, and broke into the new district office And school. The colonial authorities dispatched a large number of British and anti-riot forces to suppress, and the curfew time ahead of time to 18 o'clock.

In Malaysia, ethnic unrest between Malay and Chinese is breaking out, with at least 196 people dying.



Yukio Mishima et Zenkyoto un débat public à l'Université de Tokyo Yasuda Auditorium.



Faulty electrical wiring ignites a fire underneath the Playtown Cabaret in Osaka, Japan. Blocked exits and non-functional elevators lead to 118 fatalities, with many victims leaping to their deaths.


Cambodia, Pol Poto, Prime Minister inaugurated


Mehmet Ali Ağca attempts to assassinate Pope John Paul II in St. Peter's Square in Rome. The Pope is rushed to the Agostino Gemelli University Polyclinic to undergo emergency surgery and survives.

The Turkish right-wing extremist Mehmet Ali Ağca has committed an assassination attempt against Pope John Paul II on the Petersplatz in Rome, but the latter is seriously injured. The assassin is arrested and arrested by the papal bodyguard, Camillo Cibin.

1988/0513:Jazzrumpeter Chet Baker 192988、死去

Chesney Henry "Chet" Baker Jr. was an American jazz trumpeter and vocalist.
Baker earned much attention and critical praise through the 1950s, particularly for albums featuring his vocals (Chet Baker Sings, It Could Happen to You).
Baker was in and out of jail frequently before enjoying a career resurgence in the late 1970s and '80s.


Large groups of students occupy Tiananmen Square and begin a hunger strike.

In Beijing, the multiple-week occupation of Tian'anmen Square ("Place at the Gate of Heavenly Peace") begins when several hundred students enter the hunger movement.

1990/0513:クロアチアザグレブで「Dinamo–Red Star riot」
 took place at Maksimir Stadium in Zagreb, Croatia between the Bad Blue Boys (fans of Dinamo Zagreb) and the Delije (fans of Red Star Belgrade).


Li Hongzhi gives the first public lecture on Falun Gong in Changchun, People's Republic of China.


1993/0513:USA、アメリカが戦略防衛構想 (SDI) の中止を決定。

The US decided to cancel the strategic defense plan (SDI).

Severe thunderstorms and a tornado in Bangladesh kill 600 people.


1998/0513:インドネシアジャカルタで「Race riots」
 break out in Jakarta, Indonesia, where shops owned by Indonesians of Chinese descent are looted and women raped.


India carries out two nuclear tests at Pokhran, following the three conducted on May 11. The United States and Japan impose economic sanctions on India.


1999/0513:ダブルイーグルの Gene Sarazen 190299、死去

an American professional golfer, one of the world's top players in the 1920s and 1930s, and the winner of seven major championships.
He is one of five players (along with Ben Hogan, Gary Player, Jack Nicklaus, and Tiger Woods) to win each of the four majors at least once,

2005/0513:ウズベキスタンで「Andijan massacre」
 Troops open fire on peaceful protesters in Andijan, Uzbekistan; at least 187 protesters were killed according to official estimates.


São Paulo violence: Rebellions occurs in several prisons in Brazil.

In São Paulo, mass disorder struck by the criminal organization Primeiro Comando da Capital comes to an exception. In Brazilian penal institutions, 112 prisoners of conscience are at the same time hostage.


The fifth China, Japan and South Korea summit was held in Beijing. China, Japan, and the ROK formally signed an investment agreement and agreed to initiate negotiations on the China-Japan-Korea free trade zone within this year.


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