Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

1984年の今日、a spacewalk for the first time with a nozzle backpack

歴史暦:古今東西 02/07 今日の出來事


The Battle of Xiapi was fought between the forces of Lü Bu against the allied armies of Cao Cao and Liu Bei in the winter of 198, towards the end of the Han dynasty. The battle concluded with victory for Cao Cao and Liu Bei.


字奉先,東漢末年著名武將與軍閥。先後為丁原董卓的部將,也曾為袁紹效力,後乘劉備袁術交戰時而佔據徐州,自成一方勢力。 0199建安三年在下邳被曹操擊敗並處死。
Riboud, word Fengxian, the famous Eastern Han Dynasty military commanders and warlords. Successively for the original Ding, Dong Zhuo's ministries, but also for the effectiveness of Yuan Shao, Liu Bei and Yuan surgery after occupying Xuzhou, self-contained forces. 0199 Jian three years in the next Cao Cao defeated and executed.


Chen Gong, the word Gongtai, strong and strong, young and well-known people are linked. Eastern Han Dynasty turmoil in the world, as Cao Cao's command, after the rebel cast to Lu Bu account. For Lubu offer advice. After Riboud's death, he refused to surrender to Cao Cao and was beheaded and beheaded by Cao Cao.


High-Shun, the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty Lu Bu generals generals. Lv Bu defeated after being hanged.

Leo I the Thracian becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire.


0574/0207:日本の文化英雄 聖徳太子057422、誕生

Le prince Shōtoku (聖徳太子, Shoutoku Taishi) était un régent et un politicien de la Cour impériale du Japon.
Il joua un rôle majeur dans l'implantation au Japon du bouddhisme et d'éléments de la culture chinoise, notamment l'écriture et le système d'organisation gouvernementale Ritsuryō.
Le Nihon Shoki, l'une des principales sources biographiques de ce prince, le qualifie en premier de Hijiri (聖, saint).


Bardas Phokas the Younger and Bardas Skleros, Byzantine generals of the military elite, begin an wide-scale rebellion against Emperor Basil II.

1002/0207:日本 圓融天皇女御 藤原詮子096202薨去

Fujiwara no Shensi (or Akiko) is the first Japanese women's court history, hospital No. 3 East Institute. Royal Imperial Palace, a royal mother. The father of white rattan and home, mother Fuji Himeji. Fujiwara Dowon with his mother, Fujiwara Road, and his mother, Fujiwara. To interfere with politics with the authority of the mother country, for the rise of a strong aids for governor Fujiwara.

Pandulf IV of Benevento is killed battling the invading Normans at the Battle of Montesarchio.

Norman expansion by 1130

Mongols under Batu Khan invaded Russia in the Mongolian period, conquering the previously besieged capital of Vladimir in the Principality of Vladimir-Suzdal, massacring the population and burning down the city.

Edward of Caernarvon (later king Edward II of England) becomes the first English Prince of Wales.

In Prag werden Johann von Böhmen zum König, seine Frau Elisabeth zur Königin von Böhmen gekrönt.




1478/0207:Thomas More 147835、誕生

Sir Thomas More, venerated in Catholicism as Saint Thomas More, was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist.
He was also a councillor to Henry VIII, and Lord High Chancellor of England from October 1529 to 16 May 1532.
He wrote Utopia, published in 1516, about the political system of an imaginary, ideal island nation.
More opposed the Protestant Reformation, in particular the theology of Martin Luther and William Tyndale.
More also opposed the king's separation from the Catholic Church, refusing to acknowledge Henry as Supreme Head of the Church of England and the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. After refusing to take the Oath of Supremacy, he was convicted of treason and beheaded. Of his execution, he was reported to have said: "I die the King's good servant, and God's first."

Dopo un sermone infuocato di Girolamo Savonarola, a Firenze vengono bruciati innumerevoli oggetti di lusso e beni culturali. Sandro Botticelli passa alcune delle sue foto alle fiamme a mano.

The Bonfire of the Vanities occurs, during which supporters of Girolamo Savonarola burn cosmetics, art, and books in Florence, Italy.

・ドミニコ會に入信したサヴォナロウラは1482フィレンチェのサンマルコ修道院に轉任する。そして、彼は激烈な口調で、フィレンチェの腐敗ぶりやその支配者であるメディチ家の獨裁ぶりを批判、心あるフィレンチェ市民を感動させ、彼への信奉者は増えていった。メディチ家の當主、Lorenzo de' Medici 144992 ですらも、死の間際にサヴォナロウラに罪を懺悔醫したと云はれる(が捏造の話とも)。
・サヴォナロウラの批判はバチカン教皇國にも及び、それにたいし1497年、教皇アレクサンデルⅥは破門を言ひ渡す。そんななか、フィレンチェでは、贅澤奢侈として美術品や工藝品(これらのなかに書物も含まれてゐた)が廣場に集められ「虚榮の燒却」がおこなはれた。当時の売れっ子の画家であった Sandro Botticelli 144510 はこの影響を強烈に受け、その画筆は萎縮してしまった。
{Girolamo Savonarola 145298 は Leonard da Vinci 145219 と同じ年に生まれ、同じ時期、フィレンチェに住んでゐたことになる。また、Niccolò Machiavelli 146927 も二人より十數歳年少だが、彼もフィレンチェの住民であった。時は、マニフィコと讚へられた Lorenzo de' Medici 144992 の時代で、まさにイタリアルネッサンスの最盛期であった。
{「焚書」といふことについても改めて調べてみたが、掲載すれば長くなりますので、他の適当な場所で、立ち話ではなく、じっくり坐りこんで ……

François Ier donne commission à l'amiral Guillaume Gouffier de Bonnivet pour construire un port au lieu-dit de Grâce (Le Havre).

François I gives commission to the Admiral Guillaume Gouffier of Bonnivet to build a port to the locality of Grace (Le Havre).

Traité de Paris entre la France, les États de Savoie et la république de Venise contre l'Espagne.

1642/0207(寛永19/0108):日本の文藝者 安樂庵策傳155442、死去

Anrakuan Sakuden est un prêtre japonais de la secte Jōdo du bouddhisme de la Terre Pure à l'époque d'Edo, adepte de la cérémonie du thé japonaise, connaisseur de camélias et poète amateur.
Le nom Anrakuan vient du nom de la maison de thé qu'il construisit et dans laquelle il vécut après sa retraite, à l'âge de soixante-dix ans.
Il est connu comme l'auteur du Seisuishō (醒睡笑), littéralement « Rires pour vous réveiller »), un recueil d'anecdotes amusantes. Le Seisuishō est considéré comme un ancêtre majeur du populaire genre littéraire de l'époque d'Edo appelé hanashibon (咄本?), des livres d'histoires humoristiques1.
Pour cette raison, Anrakuan Sakuden est appelé le fondateur du rakugo 落語, forme populaire de monologues comiques récités par des conteurs spéciaux


en France, Nicolas Fouquet est nommé surintendant des finances.


The Edo shogunate, Yoshiwara Youkaku moved from Nihonbashi to Asakusa Senzoku.

première interdiction de l'Encyclopédie.

1783/0207:American Revolutionary War:
 French and Spanish forces lift the Great Siege of Gibraltar.

a Vienna, il compositore Domenico Cimarosa celebra un trionfo con il suo opéra-bouffe The Secret Marriage.

1799/0207(嘉慶04/0103):中國[清]06皇帝 乾隆帝(愛新覚羅弘暦)171199、崩去



1807/0207:Napoleonic Wars:
 Napoleon finds Bennigsen's Russian forces taking a stand at Eylau. After bitter fighting, the French take the town, but the Russians resume the battle the next day.

The battle of Prussian Eylau begins during the Fourth Coalition War between the French army on the one side and Prussian-Russian units on the other side. It ends the day without winners, but costs about 45,000 soldiers life.

1812/0207:イギリス小説家 Charles Dickens 181270、誕生

Charles John Huffam Dickens was an English writer and social critic.
He created some of the world's best-known fictional characters and is regarded by many as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era.

Sketch of Dickens's sister Fanny,

The strongest in a series of earthquakes strikes New Madrid, Missouri.

Adoption de la Constitution belge par le Congrès national.

1837/0207:OED編集責任者 James Murray 183715、誕生

Sir James Augustus Henry Murray was a Scottish lexicographer and philologist.
He was the primary editor of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) from 1879 until his death.


1842/0207:エチオピアで「Battle of Debre Tabor」
 Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien.

A law is approved to found the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. Lectures started October 16, 1855.

Between Russia and Japan the contract of Shimoda is closed. 

In addition to the establishment of diplomatic relations and the opening of three Japanese ports for the supply of the Russian fleet, the common border is set at the Kuril Islands. In the Kurilenkonflikt this contract still plays a role today.

Gustave Flaubert est acquitté des accusations d'outrages aux bonnes mœurs.

Gustave Flaubert is acquitted by a Paris court in a criminal case by the prosecution of having violated morality and religion with portrayals in the novel Madame Bovary.

HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.

1867/0207:大草原の小さな家 Laura Ingalls Wilder 186757、誕生

an American writer known for the Little House on the Prairie series of children's books released from 1932 to 1943 which were based on her childhood in a settler and pioneer family.

During the 1970s and early 1980s, the television series Little House on the Prairie was loosely based on the Little House books,

1870/0207:深層心理學 Alfred Adler 187037、誕生

ein österreichischer Arzt und Psychotherapeut. Er entstammte einer jüdischen Familie und konvertierte im Jahr 1904 zum Protestantismus. Adler ist der Begründer der Individualpsychologie.
He established modern personalities theory and psychotherapy with Sigmund Freud 185639, Carl Gustav Jung 187561.

彼自身は自分の心理学について『個人心理学 individual psychology』と呼んでいた。それは、個人(individual)が、in(=not) + L.dividuus(=devisible 分けられる) + al(の性質)=分割できない存在である、と彼が考えていたことによる https://is.gd/Gv2RPX

1871/0207:日本の細菌學者 志賀潔187157、誕生

Shiga Kiyoshi was a Japanese physician and bacteriologist.
Discovery of Shigella(赤痢菌の発見者)

1896/01 大学を卒業し、大日本私立衛生会伝染病研究所に入所、北里柴三郎に師事。
1897/01 赤痢菌を発見し、「細菌学雑誌」に『赤痢病原研究報告第一』を日本語で発表。
1898/01 要約論文をドイツ語で発表。これにより、赤痢菌の属名は志賀に因んで Shigella と命名された。

James Beall Morrison, an American dentist, has his pedal drill patented.
It facilitates dentists treating carious defects until the introduction of the Doriot linkage in the doctor's office.

1873/0207:ゴチック小説家 Sheridan Le Fanu 181473、死去

Joseph Thomas Sheridan Le Fanu was an Irish writer of Gothic tales and mystery novels.
He was a leading ghost story writer of the nineteenth century and was central to the development of the genre in the Victorian era

His "Carmilla", a compelling tale of a female vampire, set in central Europe. It also inspired several films, including Hammer's The Vampire Lovers (1970), Roger Vadim's Blood and Roses (1960) and Danish director Carl Theodor Dreyer's Vampyr (1932). Scholars like A. Asbjørn Jøn have also noted the important place that "Carmilla" holds in shifting the portrayal of vampires in modern fiction.


Meiji officials announced that "no revenge (prohibition of hostilities)" announced.

1877/0207:イギリス数学者 Godfrey Harold Hardy 187747、誕生

an English mathematician, known for his achievements in number theory and mathematical analysis.
In biology, Hardy is known for the Hardy–Weinberg principle, a basic principle of population genetics.

In biology, Hardy is known for the Hardy–Weinberg principle, a basic principle of population genetics.
In addition to his research, Hardy is remembered for his 1940 essay on the aesthetics of mathematics, titled A Mathematician's Apology.

The Berlin light rail begins its operation, at first only in the local traffic.

1885/0207:三菱創業者 岩崎彌太郎183585、死去

Iwasaki Yatarō was a well-known and influential Japanese businessman. He founded the company empire Mitsubishi in 1873.

1885/0207:USA小説家 Sinclair Lewis 188551、誕生

an American novelist, short-story writer, and playwright.
In 1930, he became the first writer from the United States to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature, which was awarded "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humor, new types of characters." His works are known for their insightful and critical views of American capitalism and materialism between the wars

1894/0207:USA、The Cripple Creek miner's strike,
 led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado.

1898/0207:フランス「Dreyfus affair」
 Émile Zola is brought to trial for libel for publishing J'accuse.

Émile Zola est accusé de diffamation sur la base de sa lettre du 13 janvier au président français Félix Faure, dans laquelle il accuse le pouvoir judiciaire d'erreurs dans la condamnation d'Alfred Dreyfus et déclenche l'affaire Dreyfus.

ドレフュス事件:1894、フランスで起こった冤罪事件、犠牲者は当時フランス陸軍参謀本部付の大尉であった Alfred Drefus 185935。彼はユダヤ人であった。

・1894/1015、ドレフュス大尉は反逆罪で逮捕された。翌年0105には軍籍剥奪の上、南米の佛領ギアナにある監獄島、その名も` Île du Diable`=惡魔の島での終身刑が宣告された(この惡魔の島は、SマックィンとDホフマンが共演した『パピオン』1974 の舞台にもなった)。フランス史上最悪の流刑地で、政治犯や重罪人が送りこまれ、その多くは生きてこの島を出ることはできなかったと云はれる(日本の八丈島どころではない)。
・だが、彼は生きてこの島を出ることができた。1899/0919、免罪となって釋放された。その奇跡を演じさせたのは、Émile Zola 184002 といふ小説家の筆の力であった。
ドレフュス事件」を取り扱った映画には、古く『ゾラの生涯』1937 といふのがある。アカデミ賞を作品賞・脚本賞助演男優賞をあたへられた名作。YouTube を探せば見付かるかも知れない。

1900/0207:イギリス「Second Boer War」
 British troops fail in their third attempt to lift the Siege of Ladysmith.

A fire in Baltimore, Maryland destroys over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours.

Baltimore is hit by a major fire that cremates large parts of the city. Immediate personal injury during the fire itself is not to be complained about, but results in an estimated damage to 150 million US dollars.

1905/0207:フランス作家 Paul Nizan 190540、誕生

Paul-Yves Nizan est un romancier, philosophe, et journaliste français

En 1917, il rencontre Jean-Paul Sartre au prestigieux Henri IV et se rend à l'école supérieure normale avec Sartre. J'ai aussi rencontré Raymond Aaron ici. De 1926 à 1927, il est resté professeur au Royaume-Uni Aden au Yémen

1906/0207:中國清朝最後の皇帝 愛新覚羅溥儀190667、誕生





Emperor Guangxu died, December 2, 1908, Pu Yi officially became the 12th Qing Emperor Xuan Emperor, only three years old, his father contained as the regent king. Ascended the throne ceremony held at the Hall of Supreme Harmony, Pu Yi embarked by his father holding the emperor sitting on a dragon chair, young Pu Yi saw spectacular million people celebrate the scene, hear the deafening drum beat music, screamed howling cry. In a low voice, he made a plea to Pu Yi and said, "Do not cry, it's almost finished, and it's almost finished." Later generations thought it was unlucky and unlucky to carry the remark, which led to the rapid demise of the Qing Empire (the Qing empire was almost finished).
The success of the Wuchang uprising in 1911, the Qing Empire provinces all announced their independence from the jurisdiction and control of the Qing Empire government, but the Qing empire government still controls and controls the nearby provinces in Beijing and sent Yuan Shikai to attack the revolutionaries with the Northern Army. Finally, Sun Yat-sen met with Yuan Shikai in secret and agreed that if Yuan Shikai succeeded in forcing Pu Yi to step down and end the Qing regime, he would become the ROC President and the South-North one. Yuan Shikai will be one side persuasion, one side of the temptation Pu Yi abdicated.

1906/0207:ソ連の飛行機設計家 Oleg Antonov 190684、誕生

советский авиаконструктор, доктор технических наук (1960), профессор (1978), академик АН СССР.
a prominent Soviet aircraft designer, and the first chief of Antonov - a world-famous aircraft company in Ukraine, later named in his honour.
Antonov was personally responsible for designing a number of very successful Soviet airplanes (such as the Antonov An-12) and gliders for both civilian and military use.

The Mud March is the first large procession organized by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS).

1911/0207:日本の女優 入江たか子191195、誕生

une actrice japonaise,

{私が知ってゐる彼女は晩年の、黒澤明191098の『椿三十郎』1962 に出演した彼女で、椿三十郎を窘める老女(家老の細君)の役で、この映画の(前作の『用心棒』に比べて)或種の品のよさは漂はせてゐるのは、彼女の存在(彼女の視点から眺められた事件)のおかげかも知れない。椿三十郎で彼女が演じた家老の細君と用心棒で先日紹介した山田五十鈴が演じたヤクザの女將とを比べてみると、この二本の映画の特徴が象徴的に理解できるだらう。

1913/0207:トロツキの暗殺者 Ramón Mercader 191378、誕生

Jaime Ramón Mercader del Río (Barcelona, 7 de febrero de 1913 - La Habana, 19 de octubre de 1978) fue un militante comunista español y agente del servicio de seguridad soviético NKVD, conocido por asesinar en 1940 a León Trotski. En recompensa, recibió la ciudadanía soviética y fue nombrado Héroe de la Unión Soviética.

In 1938, while he was a student at the Sorbonne, Mercader, with the help of NKVD agent Mark Zborowski, befriended Sylvia Ageloff, a young Jewish American intellectual from Brooklyn and a confidante of Trotsky in Paris, and assumed the identity "Jacques Mornard", supposedly the son of a Belgian diplomat.


the Fourth Reform Act, granting universal suffrage to men and censitaire to women over 30, adopted in the United Kingdom.

release of the short film Charlot is happy with him with Charlie Chaplin, first film where we discover the character of Charlot.

The film comedy soap box race in Venice, in which Charlie Chaplin will be seen for the first time in the role of the tramp, will be premiered.

Im Ersten Weltkrieg beginnen die deutschen Truppen eine Offensive an der Ostfront. In der Winterschlacht in Masuren entgeht die russische 10. Armee nur knapp der eigenen Vernichtung, da der deutsche Angriff stark unterschätzt wird.

German troops begin an offensive on the eastern front. In the winter battle in Masuria, the Russian 10th Army narrowly escapes its own destruction, as the German attack is greatly underestimated.

1917/0207:フランスの東洋學者 Joseph Halévy 182717、死去

「ジョゼフ アレヴィ」un orientaliste français et un grand voyageur. Professeur de langues éthiopiennes à l'École pratique des hautes études de Paris à partir de 1879, il est particulièrement célèbre pour avoir été le premier juif occidental à avoir rencontré les Falashas, ou juifs d'Éthiopie, en 1867-1868 et à avoir ramené une description détaillée de leur existence.


Admiral Alexander Vassilievich Kolchak, one of the leaders of the white armies in Siberia, is executed by the Bolsheviks.

1926/0207:日本の女優 津島恵子192612、誕生

Tsushima Keiko, une actrice japonaise,


1928/0207:日本の貴婦人 九条武子188728、死去

Kujō Takeko est une humanitaire japonaise qui fonda l'association bouddhiste pour les femmes afin de promouvoir le statut et la solidarité pour les femmes bouddhistes au Japon, puis plus tard à l'étranger.

1938/0207:タイヤ製造業者 Harvey S Firestone 186836、死去

n American businessman, and the founder of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, one of the first global makers of automobile tires

Antonin Artaud, Le Théâtre et son double.

Le Théâtre et son double est une série d'essais écrit par Antonin Artaud et publiée en 1938 dans laquelle il développe le concept de théâtre de la cruauté.

Opening of a conference in London to address the issue of Jewish immigration to Palestine

un plan britannique de partage de la Palestine en zones arabe et juive, avec administration sous tutelle, est repoussé par les Arabes et les Juifs.



Chinese KMT set up the Supreme Council of National Defense, Chiang Kai-shek as chairman.

1942/0207:ロシアの裝飾藝術家 Ivan Bilibine 187643、死去

「イヴァン ヤコブレヴィチ ビルビン」Иван Яковлевич Билибин
русский художник, книжный иллюстратор и театральный оформитель, участник объединения «Мир искусства».
Russian artist, book illustrator and theater designer, member of the association "World of Art".


1942/0207:ドイツナチの土木建築家 Fritz Todt 189142、死去

ein deutscher Bauingenieur, seit Januar 1922 Mitglied der NSDAP und während der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus Generalinspektor für das Straßenwesen, SA-Obergruppenführer und ab 1940 Reichsminister für Bewaffnung und Munition. Er leitete unter anderem den Bau der Reichsautobahnen. Nach ihm war die 1938 gegründete und militärisch organisierte Bautruppe Organisation Todt benannt.


 Imperial Japanese Navy forces complete the evacuation of Imperial Japanese Army troops from Guadalcanal during Operation Ke, ending Japanese attempts to retake the island from Allied forces in the Guadalcanal Campaign.


1944/0207:シカゴ派の社会学者 Robert Ezra Park 184644、死去

an American urban sociologist who is considered to be one of the most influential figures in early U.S. sociology.


1944/0207:日本の大衆小説家 三上於菟吉189144、死去

Mikami Wotokichi 日本の大正昭和期の大衆小説家。代表作に『雪之丞変化』など。妻は作家の長谷川時雨187941。


 In Anzio, Italy, German forces launch a counteroffensive during the Allied Operation Shingle.


{とあったが、 Wikipedia ja で調べてみると、この日付での特別の記事はないやうだ。王仁三郎は1935/1208の「第二次大本事件」とよばれることになる彈壓事件で、治安維持法違反等による逮捕と徹底した彈壓を受け、五年後に京都地方裁判所無期懲役、二年後の第二審では不敬罪による懲役五年の判決となる(治安維持法違反は無罪)。敗戰後の1945/09、不敬罪控訴審が棄却され、翌月には敗戰による大赦令により不敬罪が消滅。その二ヶ月後の1945/12、大本教を愛善院として發足させる(別の所では1946/0207とあるから)この事を云ってゐるのだらう。
{とにかく、この出口王仁三郎といふ人はもの凄い。柳田國男187562は「出口は日本人じゃない」と云ったさうだが、私なら「この男は人間じゃないんじゃない?」とでも云ひたくなり、空海077435もこんな異樣な人だったんだらうなと竝べてみたくなるほどだ。その宗教はともかくとして、その人物はまことにおもしろい。Wikipedia でいいから、彼のことを調べてみるといい。目がまはってくるから。 https://is.gd/h6ayB0

Korean War: More than 700 suspected communist sympathizers are butchered by South Korean forces.



The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China changes the system of voluntary military service into compulsory military service.

1960/0207:ソ連の水爆の父 Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov 190360、死去

советский физик, «отец» советской атомной бомбы. Трижды Герой Социалистического Труда (1949, 1951, 1954).
Soviet physicist, the "father" of the Soviet atomic bomb. Three times Hero of Socialist Labor (1949, 1951, 1954).

The United States bans all Cuban imports and exports.

The Beatles land on their first America trip to New York, where they are received on the runway by 5,000 fans and 200 journalists.



"People's Daily" published an editorial calling for the people of China to learn from Jiao.

Constitution is revised in Canada, French is also an official language besides English.

La Constitution est révisée au Canada, le français est aussi une langue officielle en plus de l'anglais.

Women get the right to vote in Switzerland.

1973/0207:USA「Watergate Scandal
constitution of the senatorial commission of inquiry on the scandal of Watergate.

Grenada gains independence from the United Kingdom.

Grenada gets its independence from Great Britain within the Commonwealth of Nations and at the same time receives a new flag. Eric M. Gairy becomes Prime Minister.

1979/0207:ドイツナチの醫師 Josef Mengele 191179、死去

ein deutscher Mediziner und Anthropologe. Er wurde 1937 Assistent des  Erbbiologen und Rassenhygienikers Otmar von Verschuer und meldete sich 1940 freiwillig zur Waffen-SS. Nach einem Fronteinsatz als Truppenarzt bei der 5. SS-Panzer-Division „Wiking“ wurde Mengele von Mai 1943 bis Januar 1945 als Lagerarzt im Konzentrations- und Vernichtungslager Auschwitz eingesetzt.



Pluto moves inside Neptune's orbit for the first time since either was discovered.

Due to its eccentric orbit, the dwarf planet Pluto enters a time period until February 11, 1999 in which it is closer to the sun than the planet Neptune.

1984/0207:USA「Space Shuttle program」
 STS-41-B Mission: Astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart make the first untethered space walk using the Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU).

For the Space Shuttle Columbia's STS-41-B, astronaut Bruce McCandless performs a spacewalk for the first time with a nozzle backpack - a Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU).

Early presidential elections take place in the Philippines.
The main counter-candidate of President Ferdinand Marcos is Corazon Aquino, the widow of Benigno Aquino jr. By massive electoral fraud Marcos wins the election.

Después de tres meses de protestas, el dictador haitiano Baby Doc Jean-Claude Duvalier huye de Haití y se exilia en Francia.

Twenty-eight years of one-family rule end in Haiti, when President Jean-Claude Duvalier flees the Caribbean nation.

Dissolution of the Soviet Union: The Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party agrees to give up its monopoly on power.

1991/0207:Otto Friedrich Bollnow 190391、死去

ein deutscher Philosoph und Pädagoge.

Martin Heidegger 188976 の「死へ向けての存在」論に教育学という立場から反論し、家や庇護された空間を人を支える根拠として提案し、教育学ではこれを基礎に「教育的雰囲気」という概念を考え出した。

Haiti's first democratically elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is sworn in.

1991/0207:アイルランド「The Troubles」
 The Provisional IRA launched a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street in London, the headquarters of the British government.

1992/0207:日本の記録映画監督 小川紳介193592、死去

Shinsuke Ogawa was a Japanese documentary film director. Ogawa and Noriaki 土本典昭192808 have been called the "two figures that tower over the landscape of Japanese documentary."

Signature du traité de Maastricht.

In Maastricht, the Treaty of Maastricht is signed by the European Council. It sets up the European Union and defines its "three pillars", the European Communities, the Common Foreign and Security Policy and police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters.

Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, is arrested in Islamabad, Pakistan.

NeXT merges with Apple Computer, starting the path to Mac OS X.

Crown Prince Abdullah becomes the King of Jordan on the death of his father, King Hussein.

Bushfires in Victoria leave 173 dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia's history.

President Mohamed Nasheed of the Republic of Maldives resigns, after 23 days of anti-governmental protests calling for the release of Chief Judge unlawfully arrested by the military.

The U.S. state of Mississippi officially certifies the Thirteenth Amendment, becoming the last state to approve the abolition of slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment was formally ratified by Mississippi in 1995.

In England, announcement of the discovery of Happisburgh's footprints, fossilized footprints of hominids.

2016/0207:北朝鮮人工衛星と稱する ICBM を打ち上げ
North Korea launches Kwangmyŏngsŏng-4 into outer space violating multiple UN treaties and prompting condemnation from around the world.

2017/0207:フランスの思想家 Tzvetan Todorov 193917、死去

un critique littéraire, sémiologue, historien des idées et essayiste français d'origine bulgare.
Initialement théoricien de la littérature, il se consacre depuis les années 1980 à l’histoire des idées, aux problèmes de la mémoire et au rapport à l’autre dans des cadres historiques aussi divers que la conquête du Mexique ou les camps de concentration totalitaires.
Todorov est d'abord remarqué pour sa traduction des formalistes russes (1965), qui a largement contribué à la diffusion de la poétique contemporaine. Son essai Littérature et signification a fait de lui un des pionniers de la renaissance de la rhétorique ; dans son Introduction à la littérature fantastique (1970), il analyse le genre littéraire de la littérature fantastique. C'est aussi en 1970 qu'il fonde avec Gérard Genette la revue Poétique.


Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

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