Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

Albrecht Dürer 147128 メランコリア

歴史暦:古今東西 01/23 今日の出來事

0052/0123:Massacre des résidents romains de Genabum (Orléans)
 marquant le début de l’insurrection générale des Gaules sous le commandement de Vercingétorix, qui unit les tribus gauloises pour résister aux Romains.

Massacre of Roman residents of Genabum (Orleans) marking the beginning of the general insurrection of Gaul under the command of Vercingetorix, which unites the Gallic tribes to resist the Romans.

Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus says Trajan becomes emperor in Rome.

Ulpii Traiani est Nerva Traianus dicitur princeps Romae.

0599/0123(開皇18/1222):唐太祖 李世民059849、誕生

Li Shimin, China's second emperor of the Tang Dynasty. For the West Longxi, was born in Wugong County, Shaanxi, 626 to 649 reign. His father is Tang emperor Li Yuan, the mother is sinus Empress (Yuwen Tai granddaughter). Dou Queen has four sons, a daughter, according to the order of young children: Li Jiancheng, Princess Pingyang Zhao, Li Shimin, Li Xuan Pa, Li Yuanji.

le prophète Mahomet quitte Médine à la tête de 1000 hommes, pour rejoindre les troupes des chefs qoreichites qui avaient survécu à la bataille de Badr, décidés à venger leurs morts.



Friedrich I. von Schwarzenburg, der Erzbischof von Köln stellt die Stiftungsurkunde für das Kloster Kamp der Zisterzienser aus.

Frederick I of Schwarzenburg, the archbishop of Cologne issues the deed of foundation for the cloister Kamp of the Cistercians.

1199/0123:Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur 116099、死去

(أبو يوسف المنصور يعقوب بن يوسف), also known as Moulay Yacoub, was the third Almohad Caliph.
Succeeding his father, al-Mansur reigned from 1184 to 1199. His reign was distinguished by the flourishing of trade, architecture, philosophy and the sciences, as well as by victorious military campaigns in which he was able to temporarily stem the tide of Christian Reconquista in the Iberian Peninsula.

In the conflict between King Henry III of England and his rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort, King Louis IX of France issues the Mise of Amiens, a one-sided decision in favour of Henry that later leads to the Second Barons' War.



The emperor in the day should be established, the establishment of the Ming Dynasty. Lima is the queen, Li Zhu labeled the Crown Prince, with Li Shan long, Xu Da left and right prime minister, the establishment of the future rule of China for three centuries long Ming Dynasty.
In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.

After the defeat of the Ottomans near Giza and the capture of their sultan, Tuman Bay, the Mamelukes rule over Egypt, which becomes part of the Ottoman Empire.

Having published nothing for eleven years, François Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.


The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.

1567/0123(嘉靖45/1214):中國皇帝 12明世宗 嘉靖帝150767、崩去

Ming Dynasty Emperor Jiajingdi, the name is Zhu Houyi, the Ming emperor 12th temple, Shijiazhuang sejong, year Jiajing, No. "Qin days to teach the British Yi Sheng sacred propaganda Guangwu Hongren Daixiao Su Huang." The implementation of the reform in the early Sejong administration led to the emergence of a resurgence in the Ming Dynasty. After Emperor Jiajing's eighteen years (1539), Sejong passed the cabinet to control the Korean government and Yan Song's authorization was gradually formed.

対外的には北方のアルタン ハンの率いる右翼モンゴルによる侵攻、南方では倭寇による衝突が発生し、国事多難の時期であったにも拘らず、嘉靖帝は紫禁城にこもり、安逸な生活を享受し、壬寅宮變などを引き起こした。

1570/0123:スコットランド、James Stewart,
 regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm.

In Linlithgow the nobleman James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh committed an attack on the Scottish regent James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray.
It is the world's first assassination attempt with a firearm. The regent is injured so badly that he dies the same day.
The Scottish civil war receives new impetus from the incident.

1571/0123:ロンドンに、The Royal Exchange opens.
Queen Elizabeth I opens the London Stock Exchange, which was built with the help of the merchant Thomas Gresham.

The Union of Utrecht forms a Protestant republic in the Netherlands.

In response to the formation of the Union of Arras by the southern provinces, which have returned to Catholic Spain, the seven northern provinces of the Spanish Netherlands are establishing the Union of Utrecht. This forms the nucleus for the Republic of the Seven United Provinces.


1620/0123(元和05/1219):日本の武將 直江兼續156019、卒去

「Naho'e KaneTsugu」Warrior from the Sengoku period to the early Edo period. Chief Retainer of the Yonezawa clan (the master is Uesugi Kagekatsu 上杉景勝155623).

彼の兜は「錆地塗六十二間筋兜」 立物は「愛字に端雲の立物」↓

par le traité de Bärwalde, la France accepte de soutenir financièrement la Suède.

France and Sweden conclude the Treaty of Bärwalde during the Thirty Years' War. In it, Sweden commits itself to lead an army to Germany, while France participates in the costs to restore the status quo before the outbreak of war.

1630年に三十年戦争に介入したスヱデンにフランスは間接的にこれを支援することした。条約内容はフランスによるスヱデンへの軍事資金の援助のかたちにおこなはれた。この同盟締結には、当時のフランス宰相 Richelieu 158542 の思惑が働いてゐた。

1656/0123:フランス、パスカル=Blaise Pascal publishes
 the first of his Lettres provinciales.

Le philosophe et théologien français Blaise Pascal a écrit le premier d'un total de dix-huit sous un pseudonyme paraissant Lettres provinciales. Il critique avec humour la méthode de la casuistique et la décadence morale des jésuites.

The United Provinces, England and Sweden sign the Hague Triple Alliance to curb the expansion of France into the Spanish Netherlands.

England, the Republic of the Seven United Provinces and Sweden form a Triple Alliance to put France in the grip of the devolution war under Louis XIV, whose soldiers invaded the Spanish Netherlands.

1699/0123(元祿11/1223):日本の儒者 木下順庵162199、死去

「Kinoshita Jun'an」est un lettré japonais .
Il compte parmi les précurseurs du néoconfucianisme au Japon, et compte Arai Hakuseki 新井白石165725 comme élève.



Kaiser Karl VI erhebt die beiden Grafschaften Vaduz und Schellenberg des Grafen Anton Florian von Liechtenstein zu einem Fürstentum unter dem Namen Liechtenstein.

The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.

1721/0123(享保05/1226):日本の大名 細川重賢172185、誕生

「Hosokaha ShigeKata」Higo Kumamoto clan lord six generations. Fifth son of Hosokawa Noriori of the 4th lord. Kumamoto clan Hosokawa family 7 generations.

He was the lord who was awarded along with Shogun Tokugawa of the 9th lord of the Kishu clan and "Kirin of Kishu, Ho Phoenix of Higo 紀州麒麟、肥後の鳳凰".

A regulation introduces compulsory education in Norway.

1744/0123:イタリアの思想家 Giambattista Vico 166844、死去

Giambattista Vico è stato un filosofo, storico e giurista italiano.


彼は「数学的知識以外の知識はあり得ない」とする René Descartes 159650 の認識論に反駁し、学問に必要なのは「認識可能なものと不可能なものを区別する原理」であるとした。その原理とは「真理と事実とは置換できる」といふもので、精神が対象を理解するためには「その対象が人間精神によってすでに作られていなければならぬ」といふものだった。数学は人間が作り出した仮説であり、歴史は人間の「行為事実」が無から作り出すものだから、両方とも認識可能な事柄である。こうして歴史は明確な認識たりうる学問として数学と同等の地位にある、と。



{數學や物理學で人間が分析や理解ができますっかてんだ。1+1=2の定式では人間の心理や情理のブラックボックスは解けないんだよ、1+1が0になったり3になったり1のまゝだったりするのが人間の世界、だから多用に眞實(事實ではない)を表現する「藝術」が人間の精神活動の科學とは異なる分野として、滅びることなく今もつづいてゐるといふわけだ。なあ、Vico よ
{かうしてみると、歴史への感受性においての私は今まで思ってゐた以上に Vico に屬してゐるやうだ。

1751/0123:ドイツのロマン主義者 Jakob Reinhold Lenz 175192、誕生

ein deutsch-baltischer Schriftsteller des Sturm und Drang.


Il dramma Much Noise in Chiozza di Carlo Goldoni viene presentato per la prima volta in dialetto veneziano al Teatro San Luca di Venezia.

In einer Stube des Klosters Blaubeuren wird der Dichter und Regimekritiker Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart auf Befehl des württembergischen Herzogs Karl Eugen verhaftet. Schubart wird auf der Festung Hohenasperg zehn Jahre lang zum Objekt einer Umerziehung.

In a room of the Blaubeuren monastery the poet and dissident Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart is arrested on the orders of the Duke of Württemberg, Karl Eugen. Schubart becomes an object of reeducation at Hohenasperg for ten years.

1783/0123:フランスの作家 Stendhal 178342、誕生

un écrivain français, connu en particulier pour ses romans Le Rouge et le Noir et La Chartreuse de Parme.


1789/0123:イギリスのポルノ小説家 John Cleland 170989、死去

an English novelist best known as the author of Fanny Hill: or, the Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure.

1748年、彼は 840ポンドの負債により逮捕され、収監。その獄中で『Fanny Hill』となる小説を作り、1748年11月と翌年2月に分割して出版。

Christian Fletcher, bounty boatman, his eight companions and Tahitian wives land on the Pitcairn Islands more than 2,000 kilometers from Tahiti. They immediately burn the ship, hoping never to be found again.

la capitale connaît des troubles dus à la pénurie de sucre et de café.

the capital is experiencing troubles due to the shortage of sugar and coffee.

1793/0123:Second Partition of Poland.
Prussia and Russia sign a treaty on the second partition of Poland, with which the Kingdom of Poland will be reduced by more than half of its territory.

After an extraordinary charge across the frozen Zuiderzee, the French cavalry captured 14 Dutch ships and 850 guns, in a rare occurrence of a battle between ships and cavalry.

Une armée française sous Jean-Étienne Championnet conquiert Naples, la capitale du royaume des deux Siciles, après de durs combats dans la deuxième guerre de coalition.

La société académique française Académie des Beaux-Arts émerge comme un institut indépendant.

1806/0123:イギリス首相 William Pitt the Younger 175906、死去

William Pitt the Younger (28 May 1759 – 23 January 1806) was a prominent British Tory statesman of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. He became the youngest Prime Minister in 1783 at the age of 24. He left office in 1801, but was Prime Minister again from 1804 until his death in 1806. He was Chancellor of the Exchequer for most of his time as Prime Minister.

In 1783, when he was only 24 years old, he became the youngest prime minister in the UK and resigned in 1801, then returned in 1804 and was in prime minister position until he died in 1806, also serving as the prime minister and finance minister .

1810/0123:ドイツの科學者 Johann Wilhelm Ritter 177610、死去

ein deutscher Physiker und Philosoph der Frühromantik.
Als Physiker entdeckte er 1801 die UV-Strahlung und erfand 1802 den ersten Akkumulator, die Rittersche Ladungssäule.

"Johann Wilhelm Ritter is the most outstanding figure among the naturalists of early romanticism in the cultural circle of Jena-Weimar. Although self-taught, he was appreciated by such personalities as Goethe, Herder, Alexander von Humboldt and Brentano as a scientific partner. "
He made many discoveries in the fields of electrochemistry and electrophysics. In 1799, water electrolysis was conducted, and in 1800 research on electroplating, thermoelectric phenomenon in 1801, contraction due to muscle current in 1801 was examined. We assembled dry batteries from 1802 to 1803.
In 1800, William Herschel discovered the infrared light, and it was stimulated, and he thought that there was light not seen on the opposite side of visible light, and discovered ultraviolet light by electrochemical method in 1801.

The New Madrid earthquake of 1811 reached its second peak after December 16, 1811, with a magnitude of 7 on the Richter scale.

1828/0123(文政10/1207):日本の士人 西郷隆盛182877、誕生

Saigō Takamori is a Japanese samurai.
Coming from a modest family, he earned an important place with Shimazu Nariakira, daimyō of Satsuma.
His opposition to the shogunate, his obstinacy and his pro-Western stance earned him an exile in 1859. But he was recalled in 1864 and trained in armies.

1832/0123:フランスの画家 Édouard Manet 183283、誕生

un peintre et graveur français majeur de la fin du XIXe siècle. Précurseur de la peinture moderne qu'il affranchit de l'académisme, il est à tort considéré comme l'un des pères de l'impressionnisme: il s'en distingue en effet par une facture soucieuse du réel qui n'utilise pas (ou peu) les nouvelles techniques de la couleur et le traitement particulier de la lumière.

Alexis de Tocqueville publie De la démocratie en Amérique.

Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States' first female doctor.

The Hennepin Avenue Bridge in Minneapolis is the first bridge spanning the Mississippi River. It will be opened as a tolled structure.

Le premier moteur à gaz utilisable inventé par lui est démontré par Étienne Lenoir.

1862/0123:ドイツの数学者 David Hilbert 186243、誕生

ein deutscher Mathematiker. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Mathematiker der Neuzeit.
His achievements include a very wide range of invariant theory, abstract algebra mathematics, algebraic number theory, integral equations, research on axiomatic systems of geometry, general relativity theory and so on.
A plan on the proof of his public theory and mathematical consistency is called "Hilbert program".
In addition, "Hilbert space" "Hilbert's zero point theorem" is also given his name.

{Vico vs Hilbert か。いい組合せだな。

1865/0123(元治01/1226):日本の史論家 山路愛山186517、誕生

Yamaji A'izan était un critique et historien qui a joué un rôle actif dans la première ère de Taishoh de l'ère de Meiji du Japon.


愛山の文学観は、1893明治26 に『國民の友』誌上で北村透谷との間で論爭となった『人生に相渉るとは何の謂ぞ』で示されてゐる。愛山が「文章即ち事業なり。……もし世を益せずんば空の空なるのみ。文章は事実なるがゆえに崇むべし」と論じたのにたいし、透谷が「「史論」と名くる鉄槌を以て撃砕すべき目的を拡めて、頻りに純文学の領地を襲わんとす」と反発し、文学者が史論家のように「事業」をなすために文を作るのではないこと、「勝利」を至上目的にするわけではないことを指摘したのであった。

In Montana, U.S. cavalrymen kill 173 Native Americans, mostly women and children, in what becomes known as the Marias Massacre.


A revolutionary who supported Sun Yat-seng 蒋介石188775 in the Japanese revolution. To save Asia invaded by Europe, under the belief that the independence of China, the center of the Asian civilization, and the freedom of Chinese people are the first choice, and that it will lead to world peace , acting as a RoukyokuShi 浪曲師(桃中軒牛右衞門)did.


Der Preußische Landtag verabschiedet das Gesetz über die obligatorische Zivilehe. In Preußen ist nunmehr auch die Ehescheidung möglich.

The Prussian state legislature passes the law on compulsory civil marriage. Divorce is now possible in Prussia.

1879/0123:イギリス、Anglo-Zulu War
 the Battle of Rorke's Drift ends.

1883/0123:フランスの画家 Gustave Doré 183283、死去

un illustrateur, graveur, bédéiste, peintre et sculpteur français. Il a connu la reconnaissance internationale de son vivant.

Le Petit Poucet

Dante : L'Enfer (chant I)

1890/0123:日本の教育者 新島襄184390、死去

Niijima Jō était un instituteur japonais de l'ère Meiji, fondateur de l'Université Doshisha 同志社大學 et de l'université des arts libéraux de Doshisha pour femmes.

この時の縁で翌年、山本覚馬の妹の八重と結婚。同年秋には、熊本バンドと呼ばれることになる者たちが集團で入学してきた。 ……


Ueki Emori est un démocrate révolutionnaire japonais actif dans le mouvement pour la liberté et les droits du peuple.


With the Norwegian polar explorer Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink, the first man sets foot on the Adarctic mainland at Cape Adare.

Vor der Physikalisch-Medizinischen Gesellschaft stellt Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen die von ihm entdeckten X-Strahlen vor. Bei der Vorführung wird Albert von Koellikers Hand als Demonstrationsobjekt verwendet.

Wilhem Conrad Roentgen announces his discovery of invisible rays able to cross opaque bodies and print a sensitive film. This is the definition he gives X-rays to the Society of Medical Physics of Berlin.

1897/0123:インドの革命運動家 Subhas Chandra Bose 189745、誕生

an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India, but whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan left a troubled legacy.
The honorific Netaji (Hindustani: "Respected Leader"), first applied in early 1942 to Bose in Germany by the Indian soldiers of the Indische Legion and by the German and Indian officials in the Special Bureau for India in Berlin, was later used throughout India.

1898/0123:ソ連の映画監督 Sergueï Eisenstein 189848、誕生

(Сергей Михайлович Эйзенштейн), réalisateur russe
советский режиссёр театра и кино, художник, сценарист, теоретик искусства, педагог. Заслуженный деятель искусств РСФСР (1935). Лауреат двух Сталинских премий первой степени (1941, 1946).
Réalisateur de film et de théâtre soviétique, artiste, scénariste, théoricien de l'art, enseignant. Artiste émérite de la RSFSR (1935). Lauréat de deux prix staliniens du premier degré (1941, 1946).

Москва, 1924 г. Борис Пастернак (второй слева), Сергей Эйзенштейн (третий слева), Лиля Брик (4-я справа), Владимир Маяковский (третий справа) и другие

Acetylsalicylic acid, invented in 1897 by Bayer Laboratories, is called Aspirin.

Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.

In Malolos City, the revolutionary movement Katipunan proclaims the First Philippine Republic. The revolutionary leader Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as state president. Apolinario Mabini becomes Prime Minister.

1900/0123:Second Boer War
 The Battle of Spion Kop between the forces of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State and British forces ends in a British defeat.



1904/0123:ノルヱイ「Ålesund Fire」
 the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

A tipped kerosene lamp in a margarine factory unleashes a fire in Ålesund, which almost completely destroys the Norwegian city and makes 10,000 people homeless.


ニホンオオカミ(Canis lupus hodophilax)、日本の本州、四国、九州に生息していたオオカミの亜種。あるいは Canis 属の hodophilax 種

1907/0123:日本の物理學者 湯川秀樹190781、誕生

Physicien théorique du Japon.
He theoretically predicted the existence of mesons that mediate the strong interactions that bind protons and neutrons to each other inside the nucleus in 1935. In 1947, British physicist Cecil Powell discovered the pion meson from the cosmic rays, proving the correctness of Yukawa 's theory, which in 1949 got the Nobel Prize for the first time as a Japanese in 1949.


a first Native American takes his seat as a senator in Washington, D.C., Charles Curtis, Kansas.

The passenger ship Republic gets into a distress situation after a collision in the mist with another ship and sets off the first remote telegraphic emergency call with the Morse code CQD.

RMS Republic, a passenger ship of the White Star Line, becomes the first ship to use the CQD distress signal after colliding with another ship, the SS Florida, off the Massachusetts coastline, an event that kills six people. The Republic sinks the next day.

An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.3 in Iran requires approximately 5,500 dead.

1910/0123:ベルギイのジャズギタリスト Django Reinhardt 191053、誕生

(Jean Reinhardt, dit), guitariste de jazz belge
a Belgian-born Romani French jazz guitarist and composer, regarded as one of the greatest musicians of the twentieth century. He was the first jazz talent to emerge from Europe and remains the most significant.
With violinist Stéphane Grappelli, Reinhardt formed the Paris-based Quintette du Hot Club de France in 1934. ……


{しかし、どうしてこんな酷寒の時期に學童を載せてボウトで海に出たのかな ……


The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.

1913/0123:トルコで、A coup d'état of the Young Turks
 under the leadership of Enver Pasha takes place in the Ottoman Empire.

日本の衆議院予算委員会で島田三郎議員がドイツの軍需産業 Siemens による日本海軍へのリベイト供与を追及、疑獄事件に發展

The Netherlands refuses to surrender the exiled Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany to the Allies.

The Netherlands refuses to extradite former Kaiser Wilhelm II, whom the Allies want to try for war crimes.

1922/0123:ハンガリの指揮者 Arthur Nikisch 185522、死去

ein ungarischer Dirigent. Er galt als hervorragender Interpret der Werke Anton Bruckners und Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowskis.
a Hungarian conductor who performed internationally, holding posts in Boston, London, Leipzig and—most importantly—Berlin. He was considered an outstanding interpreter of the music of Bruckner, Tchaikovsky, Beethoven and Liszt. Johannes Brahms praised Nikisch's performance of his Fourth Symphony as "quite exemplary, it's impossible to hear it any better."

1924/0123:フランスの振付師 Roland Petit 192411、誕生

un directeur de compagnie de ballet français, chorégraphe et danseur. Il s'est formé à l'école de ballet de l'Opéra de Paris et s'est fait connaître pour ses ballets créatifs.

1931/0123:ロシア出身のバレリナ Anna Pavlova 188131、死去

(А́нна Матве́евна Па́влова), ballerine russe
русская артистка балета, прима-балерина Мариинского театра в 1906—1913 годах, одна из величайших балерин XX века Danseur de ballet russe, prima ballerina du Théâtre Mariinsky en 1906-1913, l'une des plus grandes ballerines du XXe siècle

パヴロワは1931年1月、風邪をこじらせたまま巡演に出発し肺炎となった[2]。症状はさらに悪化し、オランダのハーグ到着後に胸膜炎と診断された。外科手術を勧められたが、手術をすれば舞踏手としては再起不能になると告げられたためにこれを拒否し、闘病の末に亡くなった。50歳の生涯だった。パヴロワが出演を予定されていた公演は通常通り行われ、『瀕死の白鳥』 の曲が流れると共にパヴロワがいつも踊っていた軌跡をたどるようにスポットライトが無人の舞台を照らし、観客はパヴロワの早い死を悼んだという。パヴロワの名を汚さぬよう、またパヴロワと比較されてしまうのを恐れて、『瀕死の白鳥』 は以後同じロシアの偉大なバレエダンサー、マイヤ・プリセツカヤが違う振り付けで踊るまで20年間誰も踊ることがなかった。

1933/0123:日本の反体制主義者 堺利彦187133、死去

Sakai Toshihiko est un écrivain, historien et socialiste japonais. 
Il est également connu sous le nom d'emprunt de (堺枯川Sakai Kosen).



In Moscow, Stalin's Great Terror begins the second of the Moscow trials against Karl Radek and another 16 leading Communists accused of plotting with Leon Trotsky against the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin.

The trial of the anti-Soviet Trotskyist center sees seventeen mid-level Communists accused of sympathizing with Leon Trotsky and plotting to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime.
Seventeen communist Soviet leaders accuse Moscow of conspiring with Stalin against Trotsky.

1928/0123:フランスの女優 Jeanne Moreau 192817、誕生

Elle a joué dans plus de 130 films — dont Ascenseur pour l'échafaud, Les Amants, Moderato cantabile, Jules et Jim, Eva, Le Journal d'une femme de chambre, Viva María!, La mariée était en noir, La Vieille qui marchait dans la mer... —, sous la direction de grands réalisateurs comme Luis Buñuel, Theo Angelopoulos, Wim Wenders, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Michelangelo Antonioni, Joseph Losey, Orson Welles, François Truffaut, Louis Malle, André Téchiné, Bertrand Blier, etc.




1938/0123:日本のプロレスラ ジャイアント馬場193899、誕生

Baba Shōhei, best known by his ring name Giant Baba (ジャイアント馬場 Jaianto Baba), was a Japanese professional wrestler and co-founder of All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW) that, along with Antonio Inoki, became one of the most famous Japanese wrestlers of his era, with a popularity in Japan comparable to Hulk Hogan's in the United States.


Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.


New York's Neil Simon Theater premieres the musical Lady in the Dark by Ira Gershwin and Kurt Weill.

The Battle of Rabaul commences Japan's invasion of Australia's Territory of New Guinea.

Rabaul on the northeastern tip of New Britain is taken by the Japanese and expanded in the following years as the main fortress base of the Pacific War

Troops of Montgomery's Eighth Army capture Tripoli in Libya from the German–Italian Panzer Army.

British units occupy the Libyan city of Tripoli in World War II, which can no longer be held by the troops of the German-Italian Axis powers.

Australian and American forces defeat Japanese army and navy units in the bitterly-fought Battle of Buna–Gona.

Duke Ellington premieres his orchestral work Black, Brown and Beige at Carnegie Hall in New York.
The piece is received with mixed reviews and although it is considered by many to be a masterpiece of jazz, Ellington cuts it in the episode to about half.

1944/0123:ノルヱイの画家 Edvard Munch 186344、死去

ein norwegischer Maler und Grafiker des Symbolismus.
In the 1890s Europe, where Munch produced many of his masterpieces, is an era called the art at the end of the century, as well as painters of the same age, left the realism and headed for pursuit of the mystery of human mind. Although the anxiety which is difficult to explain is deeply rooted in the work typified by "cry", it can be said that he expresses the world of the darkness of the human heart with a keen sensitivity



1945/0123:ドイツの辯護士 Helmuth von Moltke 190745、死去

ein deutscher Jurist, Widerstandskämpfer gegen den Nationalsozialismus und Begründer der Widerstandsgruppe Kreisauer Kreis.

Er wurde von der Gestapo verhaftet und hingerichtet.


the Red Army reaches the Oder, the current border between Germany and Poland.

German admiral Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

1947/0123:フランスの画家 Pierre Bonnard 186747、死去

un peintre, graveur, illustrateur et sculpteur français.
Peintre de personnages, figures, nus, portraits, paysages animés, intérieurs, natures mortes, fleurs et fruits, Bonnard est un artiste postimpressionniste, membre du groupe des nabis.

Nu à contre-jour, 1908

Vue des toits du Cannet, 1935

The Knesset resolves that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.

Peter Kuhlen wird wegen Zweifeln an der „Botschaft“ des Stammapostels Johann Gottfried Bischoff, dass Jesus noch zu seiner Lebenszeit wiederkehren werde, mit Mitbrüdern und Tausenden von Mitgliedern aus der Neuapostolischen Kirche ausgeschlossen. Am folgenden Tag gründet er daraufhin die Apostolische Gemeinschaft.

Due to doubts about the "message" of the Chief Apostle Johann Gottfried Bischoff, that he will return again in his lifetime, Peter Kuhlen is expelled along with his brothers and thousands of members from the New Apostolic Church. The following day, he founds the Apostolic Community.

1956/0123:ハンガリ出身の映画制作者 Alexander Korda 189356、死去

a Hungarian-born British film producer and director.[3] He first worked in Hollywood during the transition to "talkies", from 1926 to 1930.
From 1930, Korda became a leading figure in the British film industry, the founder of London Films and the owner of British Lion Films, a film distributing company. Korda was the first filmmaker to have been officially knighted.

He returned to the UK after the war, restored the poor London film for bankruptcy, became the flagship of the British film world competing against rank film with the director Carol Reed 190676, David Lean 190891 and others. In "The Third Man" who became a masterpiece of Lead, on the premise of making it into a movie, ask the writer Graham Greene 190491 for a story set in Vienna. Greene wrote an original novel and a screenplay.
Corda also recommended Charlie Chaplin to produce 'Dictator'

1958/0123:日本の聖女 北原怜子192958、死去

Kitahara Satoko était une laïque et militante catholique japonaise, connue pour s'être dévouée aux plus pauvres, notamment aux chiffonniers de Tokyo. Elle est reconnue vénérable par l'Église catholique.


After a general uprising and rioting in the streets, President Marcos Pérez Jiménez leaves Venezuela.

In Venezuela, dictatorial ruling President Marcos Pérez Jiménez is overthrown by a two-day general strike.

The bathyscaphe USS Trieste breaks a depth record by descending to 10,911 metres (35,797 ft) in the Pacific Ocean.

The deep-sea researchers Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh reach with the U-boat Trieste the Challengertief and later named after the boat Triestetief of the Mariana Trench, the second deepest known sea depth of the earth. With 10,740 meters, they set a deep dive record.

The Portuguese luxury cruise ship Santa Maria is hijacked by opponents of the Estado Novo regime with the intention of waging war until dictator António de Oliveira Salazar is overthrown.

1963/0123:The Guinea-Bissau War of Independence
 officially begins when PAIGC guerrilla fighters attack the Portuguese army stationed in Tite.

The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.

The US spy ship USS Pueblo is being boarded by the North Korean Navy for allegedly being in North Korean territorial waters. The crew members are arrested.


On the Icelandic island of Heimaey, the Eldfell volcano erupts. The entire island has to be evacuated, but there is only one death to complain about.


United States President Richard Nixon announces that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam.

In New Delhi, four opposition parties gather for the Janata Party to face the Congress party led by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in the upcoming parliamentary election.

In the US, the broadcast of the Roots television series begins about a black slave and his descendants, which will be seen by 130 million viewers.

1981/0123:USAの作曲家 Samuel Barber 191081、死去

an American composer of orchestral, opera, choral, and piano music.

His Adagio for Strings (1936) has earned a permanent place in the concert repertory of orchestras.

South Korean ruler Chun Doo-hwan pardons Kim Dae-jung, who was sentenced to death in connection with the Gwangju uprising.

1986/0123:フランスのピアニスト Yvonne Lefébure 189886、死去

une pianiste française. Elle mène au cours de sa longue vie une double carrière de virtuose et de pédagogue.

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Sam Cooke, Fats Domino, The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley.

Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Sam Cooke, Fats Domino, The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis, Elvis Presley, and Little Richard become the first members of Ahmet Ertegün to initiate a solemn ceremony recorded Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

1989/0123:スペインの画家 Salvador Dalí 190489、死去

Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech,​ marqués de Dalí de Púbol, fue un pintor, escultor, grabador, escenógrafo y escritor español del siglo XX. Se le considera uno de los máximos representantes del surrealismo.

1991/0123:カナダの文學理論 Northrop Frye 191291、死去

a Canadian literary critic, considered one of the most important theoreticians of twentieth-century literature.
Frye gained international fame with his first book, Fearful Symmetry (1947), which led to the reinterpretation of the poetry of William Blake. His lasting reputation rests principally on the theory of literary criticism that he developed in Anatomy of Criticism (1957), one of the most important works of literary theory published in the twentieth century.

Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.

1998/0123:Internet、Netscape から Mozilla
Netscape announced Mozilla, with the intention to release Communicator code as open source.


Occurrence of Self-immolation of Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China (Falun Gong refers to the counterfeiting of the authorities, alleging self-immolation of the Tiananmen Square incident and many doubts after the Western media investigation.)

Five people attempt to set themselves on fire in Beijing's Tiananmen Square, an act that many people later claim is staged by the Communist Party of China to frame Falun Gong and thus escalate their persecution.

2002/0123:フランスの思想家 Pierre Bourdieu 193002、死去

sociologue français, anthropologue, philosophe et intellectuel public.
Pierre Bourdieu est considéré comme l'un des sociologues les plus importants de la seconde moitié du XXe siècle.
Par ailleurs, du fait de son engagement public, il est devenu, dans les dernières années de sa vie, l’un des acteurs principaux de la vie intellectuelle française.
Sa pensée a exercé une influence considérable dans les sciences humaines et sociales1, en particulier sur la sociologie française d’après-guerre.
Sociologie du dévoilement, elle a fait l’objet de nombreuses critiques, qui lui reprochent en particulier une vision déterministe du social dont il se défendait.

著書『ディスタンクシオン』では「文化資本」「社会関係資本」「象徴資本」などの術語、 (Habitus)、「界」「象徴的暴力」などの概念を驅使して

2002/0123:USAの思想家 Robert Nozick 193802、死去

an American philosopher.
He is best known for his books Philosophical Explanations (1981), which included his counterfactual theory of knowledge, and Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1974), a libertarian answer to John Rawls' A Theory of Justice (1971), in which Nozick also presented his own theory of utopia as one in which people can freely choose the rules of the society they enter into.
His other work involved ethics, decision theory, philosophy of mind, metaphysics and epistemology. His final work before his death, Invariances (2001), introduced his theory of evolutionary cosmology, by which he argues invariances, and hence objectivity itself, emerged through a theory of evolutionary cosmology across possible worlds.

U.S. journalist Daniel Pearl is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan and subsequently murdered.

In Pakistan's Karachi, Wall Street Journal US journalist Daniel Pearl is kidnapped and later murdered.


Discovery that Snow Brand Foods camouflaged beef display over buying system of BSE-infected beef

A very weak signal from Pioneer 10 is detected for the last time, but no usable data can be extracted.


Arrested management team including president Takafumi Horie for alleged violation of Livedoor's "securities trading law".


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