01/11:歴史は物語「History is HisStory

Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

歴史暦:古今東西 01/11 今日の出來事

0347/0111:ロウマ皇帝 Flavius Theodosius 034795、誕生

also known as Theodosius the Great, was Roman Emperor from AD 379 to AD 395.
Theodosius was the last emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire.
On accepting his elevation, he campaigned against Goths and other barbarians who had invaded the empire. He failed to kill, expel, or entirely subjugate them, and after the Gothic War, they established a homeland south of the Danube, in Illyricum, within the empire's borders.
He fought two destructive civil wars, in which he defeated the usurpers Magnus Maximus and Eugenius at great cost to the power of the empire.

Although it was only four months, he became the last emperor who virtually dominated the Roman Empire, which had split east and west, by one person.

The administrative divisions of the Roman Empire in 395, under Theodosius I.

0381/0111:Roman emperor Theodosius welcomes
 to Constantinople the gothic leader Athanaric come to make his submission.

Athanarich, the expelled ruler of the Terwingen, arrives in Constantinople and is received honorably by Emperor Theodosius I.

0532/0111:Nika riots in Constantinople
 A quarrel between supporters of different chariot teams—the Blues and the Greens—in the Hippodrome escalates into violence.

la sédition Nika à Constantinople fait vaciller le trône de l'empereur Justinien.


The 12 Level Cap and Rank System (冠位十二階 Kan'i Jūnikai), was the first of what would be several similar cap and rank systems established during the Asuka 飛鳥 period of Japanese history.
It was adapted from similar systems that were already in place in Sui 隋 dynasty China, Paekche and Koguryŏ. The officials wore silk caps that were decorated with gold and silver, and a feather that indicated the official's rank.
The ranks in the twelve level cap and rank system consisted of the greater and the lesser of each of the six Confucian virtues: virtue (徳 toku), benevolence (仁 jin), propriety (礼 rei), sincerity (信 shin), justice (義 gi) and knowledge (智 chi).


Emperor Tai Zong of the Khitan-led Liao Dynasty invades the Later Jin, resulting in the destruction of the Later Jin.


Theodora is crowned empress of the Byzantine Empire.
After the death of her brother-in-law, Constantine IX, seventy-year-old Theodora III becomes a second Empress of Byzantium.

Vladislav II wird zum König von Böhmen gewählt.

Frédéric Barberousse couronne le prince Vladislav roi de Bohême.



1494/0111:イタリア画家 Domenico Ghirlandaio 144994、死去

ドメニコ ギルランダイヨ(花飾りのドメニコ)
(Domenico di Tommaso Curradi di Doffo Bigordi)un pittore italiano.
Operò soprattutto nella città natale, divenendo tra i protagonisti del Rinascimento all'epoca di Lorenzo il Magnifico.

Santa Barbara, affreschi di Cercina (1472 circa)

1503/0111:イタリア画家 Parmigianino 150340、誕生

「パミジャニノ」Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, detto il Parmigianino
un pittore italiano, fondamentale esponente della corrente manierista e della pittura emiliana in generale.

Autoritratto entro uno specchio convesso, 1524

Madonna dal collo lungo (1534-1540)

1570/0111:スコットランド王族 James Stewart 153170、暗殺

a member of the House of Stewart as the illegitimate son of King James V, was Regent of Scotland for his half-nephew, the infant King James VI, from 1567 until his assassination in 1570.

On Thursday 19 January 1570 Moray was at Stirling Castle where he had invited the English diplomat Sir Henry Gate, Marshal of Berwick, and the soldier Sir William Drury for dinner in the Great Hall.


Lottery for the first lottery in England begins west of St Paul's Cathedral in London.

Austrian nobility is granted freedom of religion.

1638/0111:デンマアク科學者 Nicolaus Steno 163886、誕生

Nicolaus Steno, auch Nicolas Stenon war ein dänischer Mediziner, Anatom und Naturforscher, später katholischer Priester und Bischof.
Er wird in der römisch-katholischen Kirche als Seliger verehrt. Wilhelm von Humboldt bezeichnete ihn als „Vater der Geologie“.

1665、フィレンツェに移り、アカデミアの会員になり Ferdinad de Medici の保護をうけて自然科学の研究に携わった。自分の解剖学的知見と化石の類似とトスカナ地方を中心とするイタリアの地形や地層の観察から、地層の生成に関する研究の成果『固体の中に自然に含まれている固体についての論文への序文』を出版。それは地質學の先驅的な著作となった。
{Nikola Tesla 185643 の祖先みたいな名前に惹かれて調べてみた。無論、何の關係もなかった。で、フランクステラでは、と思ったが調べるまでもなかった。

1645/0111(寛永21/1214):日本の儒學者 林鳳岡164532、誕生

Hayashi Hōkō est un lettré néo-confucéen, enseignant et administrateur du système des hautes études du shogunat Tokugawa durant l'époque d'Edo. Il fait partie des lettrés confucéens du clan Hayashi.



A powerful earthquake destroys parts of Sicily and Malta.

il terremoto in Val di Noto ha distrutto parte della Sicilia e dell'isola di Malta.

parution du conte Le Petit Chaperon rouge de Charles Perrault.

1753/0111:イギリス金満家、収集物を國に寄贈 ⇨ 大英博物館
The late scientist Sir Hans Sloane bequeathed his collection to the English state. The British Museum thus has its foundation.

1755/0111:USA政事家 Alexander Hamilton 175704、誕生

an American statesman and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was an influential interpreter and promoter of the U.S. Constitution, as well as the founder of the nation's financial system, the Federalist Party, the United States Coast Guard, and The New York Post newspaper. As the first Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton was the main author of the economic policies of the George Washington administration.

He had a misfortune called Mary Reynolds incident in 1794.

「あらゆる人間は悪人」は、彼が David Hume 171176 の『人間本性論』から

In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the first American life insurance company is incorporated.

La peintre française Élisabeth Vigée épouse Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Lebrun.

Wilhelm Herschel discovers the two largest moons of Uranus, which are later baptized by his son John Herschel Oberon and Titania.

After the Brabant Revolution, the United Belgian States arise in the territory of the Austrian Netherlands. But already in December of the year, the country becomes invaded by troops again Austrian.

1801/0111:イタリア作曲家 Domenico Cimarosa 180149、死去

un compositore italiano, uno degli ultimi grandi rappresentanti della Scuola musicale napoletana. Fu una delle figure centrali dell'opera, in particolare di quella buffa, del tardo Settecento.
Fino a quando apparve Rossini, Cimarosa fu una figura di spicco per l'opera buffa.

1829/0111:ドイツ思想家 Friedrich Schlegel 177229、死去

ein deutscher Kulturphilosoph, Schriftsteller, Literatur- und Kunstkritiker, Historiker und Altphilologe war ein deutscher Kulturphilosoph, Schriftsteller, Literatur- und Kunstkritiker, Historiker und Altphilologe.
Friedrich Schlegel war neben seinem Bruder August Wilhelm Schlegel einer der wichtigsten Vertreter der „Jenaer Frühromantik“. Schlegels Ziel war nach eigenem Bekunden die verbindende Darstellung von Philosophie, Prosa, Poesie, Genialität und Kritik. Wichtige Motive dieses Strebens waren die Konzeptionen einer „progressiven Universalpoesie“, der romantischen Ironie und einer neuen Mythologie.

1842/0111:USA心理學者 William James 184210、誕生

an American philosopher and psychologist who was also trained as a physician. The first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States
Along with Charles Sanders Peirce and John Dewey, James is considered to be one of the major figures associated with the philosophical school known as pragmatism, and is also cited as one of the founders of functional psychology.

Jamesian theory of self
・Material self
・Social self
・Spritual self
・Pure ego:The pure ego is what James refers to as the "I" self. For James, the pure ego is what provides the thread of continuity between our past, present, and future selves.

1843/0111:USA國歌作詞者 Francis Scott Key 177943、死去

an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet who wrote the lyrics for a poem entitled at first "The Defence of Fort McHenry", which when set to an old English gentlemen's society tune, eventually became the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner".


Hong Xiuquan launched Guinantian uprising in Qing Dynasty in Guiping, Guangxi Province to establish the Taiping Rebellion.
The cult leader Hong Xiuquan proclaims the Heavenly Kingdom of Supreme Peace in China during the Taiping Uprising and proclaims himself the Heavenly King.

Alabama secedes from the United States.

Alabama is leaving the United States. Three weeks later, it is co-founder of the Confederate States of America.

1863/0111:American Civil War「Battle of Arkansas Post」
 General John McClernand and Admiral David Dixon Porter capture the Arkansas River for the Union.

1863/0111:American Civil War
 CSS Alabama encounters and sinks the USS Hatteras off Galveston Lighthouse in Texas.

The British passenger ship London gets into a storm in the Bay of Biscay and sinks, 220 of the 239 people on board are killed.

1871/0111(明治03/1121):日本の言論家 田岡嶺雲187012、誕生

Modern Japanese literary critic.


1879/0111:ズル戦争「Anglo-Zulu War」begins.
After the expiration of an ultimatum unacceptable to the Zulu, British troops under Frederic Thesiger, 2nd Baron Chelmsford, invade Zululand, opening the Zulu War without declaration of war.


Tanaka Hisashige est un ingénieur et un inventeur japonais durant de la période Edo et l'ère Meiji. Il est l'un des fondateurs de ce qui est plus tard devenu Toshiba 東芝芝浦製作所). Il était surnommé le « Thomas Edison du Japon » ou Karakuri Giemon (からくり儀右衛門?).



1882/0111:ドイツ生理学者 Theodor Schwann 181082、死去

un physiologiste, histologiste et cytologiste allemand.
Parmi ses nombreuses contributions scientifiques, il faut noter le développement de la théorie cellulaire, la découverte des cellules de Schwann dans le système nerveux périphérique, la découverte de la pepsine et de son rôle dans la digestion, la découverte du rôle de la levure dans la fermentation alcoolique ainsi que l'invention du terme "métabolisme"


in New York, first part of the first official world chess championship.

1891/0111:パリの改造 Georges Haussmann 180991、死去

「ジョルジュ オスマン」Il a été préfet de la Seine du 23 juin 1853 au 5 janvier 1870.
À ce titre, il a dirigé les transformations de Paris sous le Second Empire en approfondissant le vaste plan de rénovation établi par la commission Siméon qui vise à poursuivre les travaux engagés par ses prédécesseurs à la préfecture de la Seine Rambuteau et Berger.

Acquittement du commandant Esterhazy, accusé de faux dans l'affaire Dreyfus.

The real culprit in the Dreyfus affair, the heavily indebted Major Ferdinand Walsin-Esterházy, is acquitted in court.

1905/0111:USA推理小説 Manfred Bennington Lee 190571、誕生

と云っても玄人筋しか識るまいが、推理小説の大立者 Ellery Queen の片割れ(二人で一人、つまり共作者の一人)と云っても、Ellery Queen も識らないか。

(Diniel Nathan 190582 + Manfred Lee 190571)were American cousins from Brooklyn, New York, who wrote, edited, and anthologized detective fiction under the pseudonym of Ellery Queen.
And "Ellery Queen" is not only the name of the author but also the name of the name detective of the story.
They also used a different pen name. It would be a mystery.

The area around the Grand Canyon is declared National Monument by US President Theodore Roosevelt.

Signing of the Boundary Waters Treaty of the United States and Canada, creating the International Joint Commission.

Auf Vorschlag des Theologen Adolf von Harnack wird in Berlin die Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft, die Vorläuferin der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, als Trägerin zahlreicher Forschungsinstitute gegründet.


First use of insulin to treat diabetes in a human patient.
Frederick Banting and Charles Best succeed in the first successful treatment of a diabetic with insulin.

Début de l'occupation de la Ruhr.

Occupation of the Ruhr: Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to make its World War I reparation payments.

1928/0111:イギリス作家 Thomas Hardy 184028、死去

an English novelist and poet.
A Victorian realist in the tradition of George Eliot, he was influenced both in his novels and in his poetry by Romanticism, especially William Wordsworth.
He was highly critical of much in Victorian society, especially on the declining status of rural people in Britain, such as those from his native South West England.




une actrice japonaise


Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California.

1936/0111:日本の言論家 生田長江188236、死去

Ikuta Chōkō est un critique littéraire et traducteur japonais.
Avec ses traductions d’œuvres de Nietzsche (Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra), Gabriele D’Annunzio (Le Triomphe de la mort), Dante (la Divine Comédie), Karl Marx et Gustave Flaubert, Ikuta s'impose comme un traducteur japonais majeur du début du XXe siècle.
En tant que promoteur du mouvement féministe émergent, il dirige avec la poétesse Akiko Yosano 與謝野晶子187842 et les écrivains Kochō Baba 馬場胡蝶186940 et Sōhei Morita 盛田草平 un cercle littéraire pour femmes (Keishū Bungakkai 閨秀文學界).


1937/0111:江利チエミ 1983782、誕生

une chanteuse et actrice japonaise


год: российская премьера балета Ромео и Джульетты Сергея Прокофьева.
Première russe du ballet Roméo et Juliette de Serge Prokofiev.

The Japanese capture Kuala Lumpur.

The Japanese attack Tarakan in Borneo, Netherlands Indies 

Japan declares war on the Netherlands and begins the same day in the battle for Tarakan with the conquest of Dutch-India in the Pacific War.

The German submarine U 123 sunk as a prelude to the company Paukenschlag, an operation off the North American East Coast, a British freighter.

The Republic of China agrees to the Sino-British New Equal Treaty and the Sino-American New Equal Treaty.


Italian-American anarchist Carlo Tresca is assassinated in New York City.

1944/0111:イタリア政事家 Galeazzo Ciano 190344、絞首刑

un diplomatico e politico italiano.
Figlio dell'ammiraglio Costanzo Ciano e di Carolina Pini, nel 1930 sposò Edda Mussolini.

Enver Hoxha, Secretary General of the Communist Party of Albania, declares the People's Republic of Albania with himself as head of state.

エンヴェル ホッジャがアルバニア社会主義民共和国樹立を宣言し、最高指導者に就任。

The former German territories east of the Oder-Neisse line are placed under Polish administration.

1956/0111:USA画家 Lyonel Feininger 187156、死去

a German-American painter, and a leading exponent of Expressionism. He also worked as a caricaturist and comic strip artist.
He was born in New York in the USA, went to Germany in the late 1880s, studied music and later paintings. He travels between Berlin and Paris and announces caricatures in the newspaper. In the 1910's, he learned about Cubism through Robert Delaunay, and in 1913 he was fascinated by the "blue knight" and worked with Vassiliy Kandinsky, Paul Klee, etc. In 1919, he invited Walter Gropius.lectured at "Bauhaus".

The African Convention is founded in Dakar, Senegal.


1961/0111:USA、East River に懸かる橋、開通
Throgs Neck Bridge over the East River, linking New York City's boroughs of The Bronx and Queens, opens to road traffic.


The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China organized a working conference in Beijing called the 7,000-member General Assembly to sum up the errors of the Great Leap Forward.

An avalanche on Huascarán in Peru causes around 4,000 deaths.

Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi presents a six-point reform program at the Teheran Peasants' National Congress, which will go down in Iran's history as a White Revolution.

Surgeon General of the United States Dr. Luther Terry, M.D., publishes the landmark report Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the United States saying that smoking may be hazardous to health, sparking national and worldwide anti-smoking efforts.

Opening of Whiskey at Go Go, the first dance hall called "discotheque".


1966/0111:Alberto Giacometti 190166、死去

un sculpteur et un peintre suisse
Il fréquente l'atelier d’Antoine Bourdelle, à l’Académie de la Grande Chaumière, à Montparnasse.
Il découvre le cubisme, l’art africain et la statuaire grecque et s'en inspire dans ses premières œuvres1. Ses sculptures sont en plâtre, ensuite parfois peintes ou coulées en bronze, technique qu'il pratiquera jusqu'à la fin de sa vie.


1971/0111:日本の能樂師 喜多六平太187471、死去


East Pakistan renames itself Bangladesh.

1974/0111:日本の小説家 山本有三188774、死去

Yamamoto Yūzō est un romancier et dramaturge japonais.


若い時の彼が引き起こした破廉恥な『破船』事件 ――

Two Soviet cosmonauts moor their Soyuz spacecraft at the Salyut-6 orbital station. They join two other cosmonauts moored at the station since the end of 1977. This is an important step towards the establishment of a permanent orbital station.

1982/0111:日本の飛行機設計者 堀越二郎190382、死去

Horikoshi Jirō was the chief engineer of many Japanese fighter designs of World War II, including the Mitsubishi A6M Zero fighter. 零戦の設計者

1982/0111:日本の歌舞伎役者 八代目松本幸四郎191082、死去

Il est connu sous le nom Matsumoto Kōshirō VIII pendant l'essentiel de sa carrière.

The Gateway Bridge, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia is officially opened.

The Gateway Bridge over the Brisbane River near Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, the longest reinforced concrete jib bridge at that time, opens.


The Soviet Union's military began military intervention in Lithuania.

Algerian President Chadli Bendjedid is forced to resign by the military, which has rallied to power following the looming victory of the Islamic Salvation Front in last year's elections.

The Irish Government announces the end of a 15-year broadcasting ban on the IRA and its political arm Sinn Féin.

1996/0111:USA「Space Shuttle program」
 STS-72 launches from the Kennedy Space Center marking the start of the 74th Space Shuttle mission and the 10th flight of Endeavour.

1998/0111:アルジェリアで「Sidi-Hamed massacre」
Over 100 people are killed in the Sidi-Hamed massacre in Algeria.

The first prisoners from the war in Afghanistan, captured Taliban and suspected al-Qaeda members, arrive at US Camp X-Ray detention center in Guantanamo Bay.
Internationally controversial internment is accompanied by protests from international human rights organizations.

Researchers at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) announce that they have developed the first test for early detection of Alzheimer's disease.

Illinois Governor George Ryan commutes the death sentences of 167 prisoners on Illinois's death row based on the Jon Burge scandal.

China destroys one of its own satellites - Feng-Yun 1-C - with an ASAT missile.


2008/0111:NZの登山家 Edmund Hillary 191906、死去

a New Zealand mountaineer, explorer, and philanthropist. On 29 May 1953, Hillary and Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer Tenzing Norgay became the first climbers confirmed to have reached the summit of Mount Everest.


One French soldier and 17 militants are killed in a failed attempt to free a French hostage in Bulo Marer, Somalia.

2014/0111:日本の女優 淡路恵子193314、死去

Awaji Keiko」une actrice japonaise


2015/0111:スヱデンの女優 Anita Ekberg 193115、死去

a Swedish actress in American and European films. She is best known for her role as Sylvia in the Federico Fellini film La Dolce Vita (1960).

{私が知ってる彼女もこの Federico Fellini 192093 の『La dolce vita』1960だけ。あんまり私の印象には殘らなかったけど。


Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

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