Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World


歴史暦:古今東西 11/27 今日の出來事

-008/1127:Quintus Horatius Flaccus -06508、死去

un poeta romano.
アウグストゥスと同時代に生きたラテン文学黄金期の詩人で、Publius Vergilius Maro -07019 とともにラテンロマノ文藝の黄金時代を作りだした。
≫ ut pictura poesis Make poetry like a picture
≫ Pulvis et umbra sumus We are dust and shadow
≫ Carpe diem その日を摘め
≫ Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit 征服されたギリシアは猛きロウマを征服した。


Luoyang is declared capital of the Eastern Han dynasty by Emperor Guangwu of Han.

Emperor Marcus Aurelius grants his son Commodus the rank of "Imperator" and makes him Supreme Commander of the Roman legions.

Assassinio di Rufin, prefetto del pretorio dell'imperatore romano Teodosio I e reggente dell'Impero romano d'Occidente durante la minoranza di Onorio, ucciso per ordine del suo rivale Stilicone.

Rufinus, praetorian prefect of the East, is murdered by Gothic mercenaries under Gainas.

0511/1127:Clovis Premier 046611、崩去
Clovis I dies at Lutetia and is buried in the Abbey of St Genevieve.

roi des Francs saliens, puis roi de tous les Francs de 481 à 511.


l'empereur byzantin Maurice et ses cinq fils sont décapités à Chalcédoine, en Anatolie.

The Byzantine Emperor Maurikios and his sons are executed by insurgent soldiers on the orders of Phocas, who succeeds him on the throne.


「Yoshisige no Yasutane」日本の、平安時代中期の公家。文藝百般に通じる文化人。字は茂能。唐名は定潭。法名は寂心。家学であった陰陽道を捨てて紀傳道を志し、本姓の「賀茂」を「慶滋 yoshisige」とした。


Le pape Urbain II appelle à la croisade lors de l'appel de Clermont.

Pope Urban II declares the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont.

1127/1127:南宋02皇帝 考宗112794、誕生

南宋の第二代皇帝(在位 1162/0724~1189/0218)
personal name Zhao Shen, courtesy name Yuanyong, was the 11th emperor of the Song dynasty in China and the 2nd emperor of the Southern Song dynasty.
He started his reign in 1162 when his adoptive father and predecessor, Emperor Gaozong, abdicated and passed the throne to him.

Heinrich VII. wird von den Kurfürsten zum römisch-deutschen König gewählt.

Victoire de Charles VI à Roosebeke.

The Flemish cities are subject to one of King Charles VI at the Battle of Roosebeke. sent French knight army, which supports the future legacy of Flanders, Philip II of Burgundy.

Duke Philip III. of Burgundy issues the statutes of the Order of the Golden Fleece, which he founded.

1474/1127:Guillaume Dufay 140070、死去

un compositeur de l'école bourguignonne et de l'école franco-flamande,


Appointment to marry 18-year-old William Shakespeare with Anne Hathaway.

Exécution des membres du complot de Latréaumont, qui devait établir une république en Normandie et la soulever contre le roi Louis XIV de France.

1680/1127:Athanase Kircher 160180、死去

ein deutscher Jesuit und Universalgelehrter des 17 Jahrhunderts, der die meiste Zeit seines Lebens am Collegium Romanum in Rom lehrte und forschte.
Kircher veröffentlichte eine große Zahl ausführlicher Monografien über ein weites Spektrum von Themen unter anderem der Ägyptologie, Geologie, Medizin, Mathematik und Musiktheorie. Seine Arbeit über die ägyptischen Hieroglyphen ebnete den Weg für das spätere Werk Jean-François Champollions.

1684/1127(貞享01/1021):08將軍 徳川吉宗168451、誕生



1701/1127:Anders Celsius 170144、誕生

a Swedish astronomer, physicist and mathematician. He was professor of astronomy at Uppsala University from 1730 to 1744, but traveled from 1732 to 1735 visiting notable observatories in Germany, Italy and France. He founded the Uppsala Astronomical Observatory in 1741, and in 1742 proposed the Celsius temperature scale which bears his name


the first lighthouse of Eddystone was destroyed by the great storm of 1703, taking with him his builder Henry Winstanley, which was found no trace.

1714/1127:Giovanni Battista Sidotti 166814、死去

un missionario italiano.
Durante il periodo Edo entrò illegalmente in Giappone per predicare il Cristianesimo, fu arrestato e tenuto in cella fino alla sua morte. Un importante studioso e politico dell'epoca, Arai Hakuseki, pubblicò una delle sue opere più note, il Seiyō Kibun, sulla base delle conversazioni avute con Sidotti.

The foundation stone to the Jerusalem Church in Berlin is laid.


日本の國學者、歌人。眞淵の號は出生地の敷智 huchi 郡にちなんだ雅號で、淵満とも號した。荷田春滿169936・本居宣長173001・平田篤胤177643とともの「國學の四大人」と讚へられる。


à Paris, l'Assemblée constituante de 1789 impose le serment aux ecclésiastiques.

Adoption of Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland.

Invention of friction matches by John Walker.

1826年、彼は偶然に摩擦による発火に氣付き、翌年『Friction lights』として摩擦發火マッチの販売を始めた。その評判を聞いた Michael Faraday 179167 は Patent、特許の取得を勧めたが、彼は申請をしなかった。すぐに模倣者が現れ、彼はやがてマッチの販売をやめてしまった。

1835/1127:イギリス、Sodomy の罪で公開絞首刑に
James Pratt and John Smith are hanged in London; they are the last two to be executed for sodomy in England.

Großherzog August stiftet den Oldenburgischen Haus- und Verdienstorden zur Erinnerung an die Rückkehr von Herzog Peter Friedrich Ludwig nach Oldenburg 25 Jahre zuvor.

Grand Duke August donates the Oldenburgische Haus- und Verdienstorden in memory of the return of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig to Oldenburg 25 years before.

In Boston, Massachusetts, the American Statistical Association is founded.

In the capital question of Switzerland, the federal councils agree on the abolition of the principle of rotation of the suburbs. The cities of Bern, Lucerne and Zurich will be the next day to vote for the Swiss Federal City.

The Coup of 1856 leads to Luxembourg's unilateral adoption of a new, reactionary constitution.

1863/1127:American Civil War:
Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and several of his men escape the Ohio Penitentiary and return safely to the South.

1863/1127:American Civil War「Battle of Mine Run」
Union forces under General George Meade take up positions against troops led by Confederate General Robert E. Lee.

1868/1127:American Indian Wars「Battle of Washita River」
US Army Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer leads an attack on Cheyenne living on reservation land.





un peintre, dessinateur et graveur français d’origine japonaise, également illustrateur, céramiste, photographe, cinéaste et styliste,

Judge Emil Hartwich and Baron Armand Léon of Ardenne carry on a duel with pistols after a Hartwich affair with Ardenne's wife Elisabeth. On 1 December Hartwich dies of the bullet wound suffered. The poet Theodor Fontane takes up the process later in the novel Effi Briest.





1895/1127:Alexandre Dumas fils 182495、死去

un romancier et dramaturge français. Il fut comme son père un auteur à grand succès. Il est connu principalement pour son roman La Dame aux camélias, ainsi que pour ses deux pièces de théâtre Le Fils naturel et Un père prodigue.

こんな幸運だけの人生があっていいものか ――

At the Swedish–Norwegian Club in Paris, Alfred Nobel signs his last will and testament, setting aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prize after he dies.

au club suédo-norvégien de Paris, Alfred Nobel met un point final à son testament en léguant l'intégralité de sa fortune pour la création du prix Nobel.

1896/1127:ドイツ音樂、Also sprach Zarathustra by Richard Strauss、初演
Die symphonische Dichtung Also sprach Zarathustra von Richard Strauss wird durch das Frankfurter städtische Orchester unter Leitung des Komponisten im Rahmen der Museumskonzerte an der Frankfurter Oper uraufgeführt.

1901/1127:USA「U.S.Army War College」 is established.

Convention franco-espagnole délimitant leurs zones d'influence respectives au Maroc.

1916/1127:Émile Verhaeren 185516、事故死(鐵道轢死

un poète belge flamand, d'expression française. Dans ses poèmes influencés par le symbolisme, où il pratique le vers libre, sa conscience sociale proche de l'anarchisme lui fait évoquer les grandes villes dont il parle avec lyrisme sur un ton d'une grande musicalité. Il a su traduire dans son œuvre la beauté de l'effort humain.

この悲報を夫人のマルトに傳へたのはAndré Gide 186951だった、と云はれてゐる。

Signature du traité de Neuilly la Bulgarie cède des territoires à la Grèce et à la Yougoslavie.


1920/1127:Cinema「The Mark of Zrro」公開、大ヒット
The sword hero Zorro appears for the first time in the feature film The Mark of Zorro on the big screen. It's the first movie by United Artists and makes popular actor Douglas Fairbanks senior popular.

1924/1127:USA、NYC「Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade」


Le film Entr'acte de René Clair est diffusé à l'entracte du ballet Relâche. Il représente à ce titre la première intervention du cinéma dans un spectacle de danse.

The dance mime The Miraculous Mandarin by Béla Bartók premieres in Cologne. Because of alleged immorality, the mayor of Cologne Konrad Adenauer prohibits further performances.

The Miraculous Mandarin (Hungarian: A csodálatos mandarin; German: Der wunderbare Mandarin) Op. 19, Sz. 73 (BB 82), is a one act pantomime ballet composed by Béla Bartók between 1918–1924, and based on the story by Melchior Lengyel. Premiered November 27, 1926 in Cologne, Germany, it caused a scandal and was subsequently banned on moral grounds. Although more successful at its Prague premiere, it was generally performed during the rest of Bartók's life in the form of a concert suite, which preserves about two-thirds of the original pantomime's music.



Im nationalsozialistischen Deutschen Reich wird die Freizeitorganisation "Kraft durch Freude" gegründet.

1934/1127:Baby Face Nelson 190834、射殺

In a shootout between the wanted as a member of the Dillinger gang George "Babyface" Nelson and two FBI officials at Barrington near Chicago, all three are mortally wounded.

本名「Lester Joseph Gillis」
known by the alias George Nelson, better known as Baby Face Nelson, was an American bank robber in the 1930s. Gillis was given the nickname Baby Face due to his youthful appearance and small stature, although few dared call him "Baby Face" to his face.

1940/1127:Bruce Lee 194073、誕生

Bruce Lee/李小龍(中国語: 李小龍、出生名: 李振藩
a Hong Kong and American actor, film director, martial artist, martial arts instructor, philosopher and founder of the martial art Jeet Kune Do one of the wushu or kungfu styles.

More than 60 former Romanian officials and supporters of abdicated King Carol II are being assassinated by Ion Antonescu's Iron Guard in Jilava Prison awaiting trial.

At the Battle of Cape Spartivento, the Royal Navy engages the Regia Marina in the Mediterranean Sea.


1942/1127:Jimi Hendrix 194270、誕生

an American rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter.
Although his mainstream career spanned only four years, he is widely regarded as one of the most influential electric guitarists in the history of popular music, and one of the most celebrated musicians of the 20th century.

à Toulon, la Marine française ordonne le sabordage de 90 bâtiments de guerre afin qu'ils ne tombent pas aux mains de l'occupant.

After the occupation of Vichy France, the German Reich begins Operation Lila in order to seize the French Atlantic Fleet in Toulon. This reacts with their self-absorption.

The city center of Freiburg im Breisgau is almost completely destroyed by a bombing raid in Operation Tigerfish. The Freiburg Münster remains miraculously unscathed.

1944/1127:WWⅡ「RAF Fauld explosion」
An explosion at a Royal Air Force ammunition dump in Staffordshire kills seventy people.

The RAF Fauld explosion was a military accident which occurred at 11:11am on Monday, 27 November 1944 at the RAF Fauld underground munitions storage depot. The RAF Fauld explosion was one of the largest non-nuclear explosions in history and the largest to occur on UK soil.
Bombs being stacked in one of the tunnels at RAF Fauld

As part of Operation Deadlight, the British Royal Navy and the Polish Navy begin to destroy all operational German submarines; this company lasts until February 12, 1946.

An 8.2-magnitude earthquake in Iran claims about 4,000 casualties.

CARE (then the Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe) was founded to a send CARE Packages of food relief to Europe after World War II.




1953/1127:Eugene O'Neill 188836、死去

an American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature.
His poetically titled plays were among the first to introduce into American drama techniques of realism earlier associated with Russian playwright Anton Chekhov, Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen, and Swedish playwright August Strindberg.
The drama Long Day's Journey into Night is often numbered on the short list of the finest American plays in the 20th century, alongside Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire and Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman.


Alger Hiss is released from prison after serving 44 months for perjury.

Alger Hiss 190496 was an American government official who was accused of being a Soviet spy in 1948 and convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950. Before he was tried and convicted, he was involved in the establishment of the United Nations both as a U.S. State Department official and as a U.N. official. In later life he worked as a lecturer and author.

1955/1127:Arthur Honegger 189255、死去

Compositeur suisse, membre étranger de l'Académie des beaux-arts

1934年から1935年にかけて、Paul Claudel 196855 の協力で生み出された劇的オラトリオ『火刑台上のジャンヌダルク』が完成、これも初演は熱狂的な大成功を収めた。

1957/1127:Caroline Bouvier Kennedy 1957--、誕生

an American author, attorney, and diplomat who served as the United States Ambassador to Japan from 2013 to 2017.[4] She is a prominent member of the Kennedy family and the only surviving child of President John F. Kennedy and First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy.



The crash of a Trans-Canada Douglas DC-8F in Montreal, Canada, kills all 118 inmates.

Vietnam War: The Pentagon tells U.S. President Lyndon Johnson that if planned operations are to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam has to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000.

Attempted assassination of Pope Paul VI by the painter Benjamín Mendoza y Amor Flores.

The Soviet space program's Mars 2 orbiter releases a descent module. It malfunctions and crashes, but it is the first man-made object to reach the surface of Mars.


A female nurse suffers from rape damage at a hospital in Mumbai, India, and it becomes a plant human state. After 41 years and a half, he died in 2015/0518 without restoring consciousness

The Provisional IRA assassinates Ross McWhirter, after a press conference in which McWhirter had announced a reward for the capture of those responsible for multiple bombings and shootings across England.

1978/1127:Harvey Milk 192978、暗殺(射殺)
In San Francisco, city mayor George Moscone and openly gay city supervisor Harvey Milk are assassinated by former supervisor Dan White.

an American politician and the first openly gay elected official in the history of California, where he was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors.
議員就任して一年も経ないこの日、同僚議員の Dan White に、George Massconi 市長とともに同市庁舎内で射殺された。

The Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) is founded in the city of Riha (Urfa) in Turkey.

1981/1127:Lotte Lenya 198198、死去

eine österreichisch-amerikanische Schauspielerin und Sängerin (Mezzosopran/Alt)
3本目の映画出演が1963年の『007 ロシアより愛をこめて』のローザクレッブ役{私が見た彼女はこの映画だけだが、こんな經歴の人とは思ひもしなかった。

On the Avianca flight 011, a Boeing 747 falls below the safety altitude and crashes before landing in Madrid, Spain. Of the 192 inmates, 181 are killed.

Under the Brussels Agreement signed between the governments of the United Kingdom and Spain, the former agreed to enter into discussions with Spain over Gibraltar, including sovereignty.

1985/1127:Fernand Braudel 190285、逝去

un historien français.
Fermement convaincu de l'unicité profonde des sciences humaines, il est l'un des représentants les plus populaires de « l'École des Annales » et a marqué durablement l'historiographie française par la définition de concepts « braudéliens » : l'étagement des temporalités, la longue durée, ou encore la civilisation matérielle sont des prismes à travers lesquels il observe le monde et dépasse très largement l'histoire traditionnelle en ouvrant sur des sciences telles que la géographie, l'économie, l'ethnologie, la sociologie, ou encore l'archéologie.

1929年に歴史学誌『Annales d'histoire economique et sociale(社界經濟史年報)』を創刊した歴史学者で、ブロデルの「精神的な父」であったリュシアン・フェヴルとは1937年に出会ひ、フェヴルの同僚で、ユダヤ人であったため1944年にナチスに銃殺されたマルク・ブロックとの親交が始まったのもこの頃であった。
1958年、『アナル』に論文『長期持続—歴史と社会科学』を発表、「歴史の一切は時間に始まり時間に終わる」と主張、Claude Lévi-Strauss 190809の構造主義の「無時間性」に反論、「Nouvelle histoire」の先導者となった。


South African Airways Flight 295 crashes and kills all 159 on board.

Avianca Flight 203: A Boeing 727 explodes in mid-air over Colombia, killing all 107 people on board and three people on the ground. The Medellín Cartel will claim responsibility for the attack.

For the second time in a year, military forces try to overthrow president Carlos Andrés Pérez in Venezuela.

25 people are killed in the second Souhane massacre in Algeria.

The centre-left Labour Party takes control of the New Zealand government with leader Helen Clark becoming the first elected female Prime Minister in New Zealand's history.

A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extrasolar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope, the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet.

le professeur Dubernard transplante pour la première fois au monde la face d'une personne décédée sur une femme défigurée.

Professor Dubernard transplants for the first time in the world the face of a deceased person on a disfigured woman.

Nevsky Express bombing: A bomb explodes on the Nevsky Express train between Moscow and Saint Petersburg, derailing it and causing 28 deaths and 96 injuries.

United States: An active shooter inside a Planned Parenthood facility in Colorado Springs, Colorado, shoots at least four police officers. One officer later dies. Two civilians were also killed, and six injured. The shooter later surrendered.



Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

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