Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

1967/1009、ボリビアで無法に射殺された Che Guevara 192867

歴史暦:古今東西 10/09 今日の出來事



Mahābhārata (Sanskrit: महाभारतम्, Mahābhāratam) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa.

La cité de Lugdunum (Lyon) est fondée par Munatius Plancus, proconsul de Gaule. 


Lucius Munatius Plancus:Lieutenant de Jules César pendant la guerre des Gaules et la guerre civile contre Pompée, il devient proconsul de la Gaule chevelue en 43 av. J.-C.

Carloman Ier et Charlemagne sont tous deux élus et couronnés rois des Francs.

Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned kings of the Franks.

Charlemagne 074214:Fils de Pépin le Bref, il est roi des Francs à partir de 768, devient par conquête roi des Lombards en 774 et est couronné empereur à Rome par le pape Léon III le 25 décembre 800 (ou le 24 décembre 800), relevant une dignité disparue depuis la chute de l'Empire romain d'Occident en 476.

Carloman Ier 075171:Fils du roi des Francs Pépin le Bref et de Bertrade de Laon, il aurait été associé avec son frère Charles au sacre de leur père en 754 à Saint-Denis

Richard Cœur de lion rembarque pour l'Angleterre mettant fin à la troisième croisade.

Richard Ier d'Angleterre dit Cœur de Lion 115799


James I of Aragon conquers Valencia and founds the Kingdom of Valencia.

The conquest of what would later become the Kingdom of Valencia started in 1232 when the king of the Crown of Aragon, James I, called Jaume I el Conqueridor (the Conqueror), took Morella, mostly with Aragonese troops. Shortly after, in 1233, Borriana and Peniscola were also taken from the بلنسية Balansiyya (Valencia in the Arabic language) taifa.
A second and more relevant wave of expansion took place in 1238, when James I defeated the Moors from the Balansiya taifa. He entered the city of Valencia on 9 October 1238, which is regarded as the dawn of the Kingdom of Valencia.


1253/1009:Robert Grosseteste 117553、死去

an English statesman, scholastic philosopher, theologian, scientist and Bishop of Lincoln.
オクスフォウドでその後の傳統となる科學的思考の基礎を築き、Roger Bacon 121494 らに大きな影響を及ぼした。

1264/1009:スペインコンキスタ「カスティユ王國、Jerz 奪回」
The Kingdom of Castile conquers the city of Jerez, which had been under Muslim occupation since 711.


The hangul alphabet is published in Korea.

1514/1009:Mariage de Louis XII de France avec Marie d'Angleterre.

52歳のフランス國王ルイ12と18歳のマリ・ダングルテル(Mary Tudor)と結婚。

Martin Luther gibt sein Dasein als Mönch der Augustinereremiten auf.

1562/1009:Gabriele Falloppio 152362、死去

un botanico, anatomista, chirurgo e naturalista italiano.

1594/1009:ポルトガル軍、スリランカで「Danture 戰で全滅」
The Portuguese Empire' army is annihilated by the Kingdom of Kandy on Sri Lanka, bringing an end to the Campaign of Danture.

The Danture campaign comprised a series of encounters between the Portuguese and the Kingdom of Kandy in 1594, part of the Sinhalese–Portuguese War.
It is considered a turning point in the indigenous resistance to Portuguese expansion. For the first time in Sri Lanka a Portuguese army was completely annihilated, when they were just a fraction away from the total conquest of the island



During the nine-year war, the English troops abandoned the attempt to conquer the Moyry Pass defended by Irish rebels under Hugh O'Neill.

Supernova 1604, the most recent supernova to be observed in the Milky Way.

Im Sternbild Schlangenträger wird die Supernova 1604 erstmals nachweislich beobachtet.

1623/1009:Ferdinand Verbiest 162388、誕生

a Flemish Jesuit missionary in China during the Qing dynasty.
He was born in Pittem near Tielt in the County of Flanders (now part of Belgium). He is known as Nan Huairen (南懷仁) in Chinese. He was an accomplished mathematician and astronomer and proved to the court of the Kangxi Emperor that European astronomy was more accurate than Chinese astronomy. He then corrected the Chinese calendar and was later asked to rebuild and re-equip the Beijing Ancient Observatory, being given the role of Head of the Mathematical Board and Director of the Observatory.

Founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams is banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident after he speaks out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land.

Roger Williams 160383:a Puritan, an English Reformed theologian, and later a Reformed Baptist who was expelled by the Puritan leaders from the colony of Massachusetts because local officials thought that he was spreading "new and dangerous ideas" to his congregants.

The English Parliament under Oliver Cromwell decides the navigation acts, according to which goods may only be imported into English on English ships. The strict implementation of the act leads to the outbreak of the First English-Dutch Sea War a few years later.

Louis XIV épouse en secret Madame de Maintenon.

The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Saybrook, Connecticut.


Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.

The Russian Tsar Peter I the Great defeated the Swedes under General Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt in the Battle of Lesnaja in the course of the Great Northern War, thereby weakening the army of Charles XII decisively.

Dutch colonists and various slave groups begin massacring ethnic Chinese in Batavia, eventually killing 10,000 and leading to a two-year-long war throughout Java.

Seven Years' War: Russian forces occupy Berlin.

Im Verlauf des Siebenjährigen Krieges besetzen und plündern russische und österreichische Truppen die preußische Hauptstadt Berlin.


An earthquake shakes northern Algeria with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme) causing severe damage and a tsunami in the Mediterranean Sea. 3000 people were killed.

Sinking of HMS Lutine with the loss of 240 men and a cargo worth £1,200,000.


traité franco-ottoman, signé à Paris, qui met fin aux hostilités entre les deux puissances dans le cadre de la guerre de la deuxième coalition.

Prussia declared war on France after the end of an ultimatum. The fourth coalition war begins.

Batailles de Saalbourg et de Schleiz. Les forces françaises de Bernadotte battent les coalisés prusso-saxons.

In Switzerland, after several years of construction, the new road across the Simplon Pass is opened in Brig. Napoleon Bonaparte, who wanted better transitions for his troops, gave the impetus.

1820/1009:Guayaquil declares independence from Spain.

1824/1009:Costa Rica「abolished slavery」

A group of mountaineers led by Friedrich Parrot succeeds the first ascent of Mount Ararat in eastern Turkey.

Ioannis Kapodistrias, the first head of state of independent Greece is assassinated.

Opening of the Dublin and Kingstown Railway, the first public railway on the island of Ireland.

1835/1009:Camille Saint-Saëns 183521、誕生

フランスの作曲家、compositeur français

Slavery is abolished in Saint Barthélemy and all remaining slaves are freed.

Crimean War: The siege of Sebastopol begins.

In the Crimean War the siege of Sevastopol begins, which will last until September 8, 1855.

1859/1009:Alfred Dreyfus 185935、誕生

フランス人のユダヤ人偏見差別の事件の犠牲者となった militaire français

American Civil War: Battle of Santa Rosa Island: Union troops repel a Confederate attempt to capture Fort Pickens.

1864/1009:American Civil War「Battle of Tom's Brook
Union cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces at Toms Brook, Virginia.

General Postal Union is created as a result of the Treaty of Bern.

Representatives of 22 states sign the Universal Postal Union Treaty in Berne.

1879/1009:Max von Laue 187960、誕生

Physicien allemand, prix Nobel de physique en 1914

The Washington Monument designed by Robert Mills is released to the public 33 years after the death of the architect.

Premier vol de l'avion Éole de l'ingénieur français Clément Ader, lequel réussit à faire s'élever son engin à 20 centimètres au-dessus du sol et à parcourir 50 mètres.

The Cook Islands become a territory of the United Kingdom.






1907/1009:Jacques Tati 190782、誕生

本名(Jacques Tatischeff)フランスの映画監督 réalisateur et acteur français

An accidental bomb explosion in Hankou, Wuhan, China leads to the ultimate fall of the Qing Empire

Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.

1924/1009:Valery Yakovlevich Bryusov 187324、死去

a Russian poet, prose writer, dramatist, translator, critic and historian. He was one of the principal members of the Russian Symbolist movement.
русский поэт, прозаик, драматург, переводчик, литературовед, литературный критик и историк. Один из основоположников русского символизма.

Première représentation publique de la pièce de théâtre Topaze de Marcel Pagnol au théâtre des Variétés.

Regicide at Marseille: The assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou, Foreign Minister of France.

Generators at Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam) begin to generate electricity from the Colorado River and transmit it 266 miles to Los Angeles.

1940/1009:WWⅡ「Battle of Britain」ロンドン空爆
During a night-time air raid by the German Luftwaffe, St. Paul's Cathedral in the City of London, England is hit by a bomb.

1940/1009:John Lennon 194080、誕生

Beatles, chanteur et musicien britannique.

A coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.

The last day of the October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces withdraw back across the Matanikau River after destroying most of the Imperial Japanese Army's 4th Infantry Regiment.

1943/1009:Pieter Zeeman 186543、死去

a Dutch physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Hendrik Lorentz for his discovery of the Zeeman effect.

Einstein visiting Pieter Zeeman in Amsterdam, with his friend Ehrenfest (circa 1920).


1947/1009:France Gall 1947--、誕生

(Isabelle Gall, dite), chanteuse française.

1950/1009:Goyang Geumjeong Cave「Massacre」begins.



Uganda becomes an independent Commonwealth realm.

In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.

1966/1009:Vietnam War: Binh Tai「Massacre」

{今日、何度目の Massacre だ。

1967/1009:Che Guevara 192867、裁判なしでの逮捕現地で射殺

本名、Ernesto Guevara (Rosario, 14 de junio de 1928nota 1​ - La Higuera, 9 de octubre de 1967)、un médico, político, militar, escritor y periodista argentino-cubano,​ y uno de los ideólogos y comandantes de la Revolución cubana.

その銃殺の時、彼は云った ――

¡Póngase sereno y apunte bien! ¡Va a matar a un hombre!.
 "Be calm, and take a good look! You are going to kill a man! "

1967/1009:André Maurois 188567、死去

, romancier et essayiste français, membre de l'Académie française




In Chicago, the United States National Guard is called in for crowd control as demonstrations continue in connection with the trial of the "Chicago Eight" that began on September 24.

1970/1009:The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia.


Pope John Paul II shakes hands with the Dalai Lama during a private audience in Vatican City.

1982/1009:Anna Freud 189582、死去

Psychanalyste, fille de Sigmund Freud

Rangoon bombing「Attempted assassination」of South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan during an official visit to Rangoon, Burma. Chun survives but the blast kills 17 of his entourage, including four cabinet ministers, and injures 17 others. Four Burmese officials also die in the blast.

Le président de Corée du Sud, Chun Doo-hwan, échappe à un attentat à Rangoon en Birmanie, qui coûte la vie aux quatre ministres qui l'accompagnent.

1986/1009:USA、Musical "Phantom of the Opera" premiere

1999/1009:Milt Jackson 192399、死去



Typhoon 22 landed on the Izu peninsula in Shizuoka prefecture. The maximum instantaneous wind speed of 67.6 m (the highest observation history) was observed in Ibaraki.

La Corée du Nord annonce son premier essai nucléaire réussi.

2006/1009:GoogleYouTube を買収。
Google takes over the company YouTube for 1.65 billion US dollar. However, the company is to carry on the business independently with the founders Chad Hurley and Steve Chen.

Nobel Peace Prize, to Barack Obama, President of the United States  .



Members of the Pakistani Taliban make a failed attempt to assassinate an outspoken schoolgirl, Malala Yousafzai.

2016/1009:Andrzej Wajda 192616、逝去



Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

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