Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

歴史暦:古今東西 10/04 今日の出來事



Rebels capture and sack the Chinese capital Chang'an 長安 during a peasant rebellion. They kill and decapitate the emperor, Wang Mang 王莽, two days later.

0610/1004:Byzantine Emperor「Phocas ⇨ Heraclius」
Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas and becomes Emperor.

Heraclius (Flavius Heraclius Augustus, Φλάβιος Ἡράκλειος' 057541):the Emperor of the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire from 610 to 641.

0663/1004:Japan vs China & Korea「白村江の戰」

白村江の戰:a battle between Baekje restoration forces and their ally, Yamato Japan, against the allied forces of Silla and the Tang Dynasty of ancient China. The battle took place in the lower reaches of the Geum River in Jeollabuk-do province, Korea. The Silla-Tang forces won a decisive victory, compelling Yamato Japan to withdraw completely from Korean affairs and crushing the Baekje restoration movement.

 de Maximilien Sforza qui cède le duché de Milan à François Ier.

1227/1004:Islam「Assassination」of Caliph al-Adil.

1302/1004:Byzantine & Venice「A peace treaty」
 between the Byzantine Empire & the Republic of Venice ends the Byzantine–Venetian War (1296~1302).



End of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the Chinese rebel forces of Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋 defeat that of his rival, Chen Youliang 陳友諒, in one of the largest naval battles in history.

1472/1004:Lucas Cranach der Ältere 147253、誕生

einer der bedeutendsten deutschen Maler und Grafiker der Renaissance.

1515/1004:Lucas Cranach der Jüngere 151586、誕生

als Sohn Lucas Cranachs des Älteren ein bedeutender Maler und Porträtist der Renaissance.

1512/1004:Germany「Martin Luther
 promoviert in Wittenberg zum Lizentiaten der Theologie.

The first complete English Bible (the Coverdale Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Myles Coverdale.

1582/1004:Teresa de Ávila 151582、他界

una monja, fundadora de la Orden de Carmelitas Descalzos —rama de la Orden de Nuestra Señora del Monte Carmelo—, mística y escritora española.

「oratio recollectionis 回想話法」または「oratio mentalis 心情話法」といった方法で自制心を試し、自分自身への集中や内面の熟考を促す

1582/1004:Gregorian calendar「Spread」
In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15.

Suite à l'adoption du calendrier grégorien, le 4 octobre 1582 fut suivi du 15 octobre (10 jours furent supprimés).

1597/1004:Georgia「First Guale uprising」
 begins against the Spanish missions in Georgia.

1625/1004:Jacqueline Pascal 162561、誕生

une poétesse et religieuse janséniste française. Elle est la sœur de Blaise Pascal 162362.

1636/1004:Thirty years War「Battle of Wittstock」
The Swedish Army defeats the armies of Saxony & the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle of Wittstock.

1669/1004:Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn 160669、死去

a Dutch painter, etcher and draftsman.
He is widely regarded as one of the greatest painters and etchers in European art, and as the most important Dutch master of the 17th century.
een Nederlandse kunstschilder, etser en tekenaar. Hij geldt algemeen als een van de grootste schilders en etsers in de Europese kunst, en als de belangrijkste Hollandse meester van de 17e eeuw.


Der Würzburger Gelehrte Johann Beringer kündigt eine Veröffentlichung zu neuartigen fossilen Funden, den später als Fälschungen entlarvten „Würzburger Lügensteinen“, an.

The Würzburg scholar Johann Beringer announces a publication on novel fossil finds, the "Würzburger Lügensteins", later unmasked as forgeries.

1745/1004:(guerre de Succession d'Autriche)「Couronnement
 à Francfort-sur-le-Main de l'empereur François Ier du Saint-Empire, époux de Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche.

1777/1004:American Revolutionary War「Battle of Germantown」
 Troops under George Washington are repelled by British troops under Sir William Howe.

1787/1004:François Guizot 178774、誕生

un historien et homme politique français,
plusieurs fois ministre sous la Monarchie de Juillet, en particulier des Affaires étrangères de 1840 à 1848, devenant président du Conseil en 1847, peu avant d'être renversé par la Révolution française de 1848.

1795/1004:France「Napoleon Bonaparte
 first rises to national prominence by suppressing armed counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the National Convention.

1808/1004(文化05/0815):Japan[江戸末期]「Phaeton incident」
British warships invade Nagasaki Port, demanding food and others for hostage staff of the Dutch businessman. 


1814/1004:Jean-François Millet 181475、誕生

un artiste-peintre réaliste, pastelliste, graveur et dessinateur français du XIXe siècle, l’un des fondateurs de l’école de Barbizon. Il est célèbre notamment pour ses scènes champêtres et paysannes réalistes.


Mexico adopts a new constitution and becomes a federal republic.


The Provisional Government of Belgium secedes from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Die Uraufführung des Theaterstücks Der Traum ein Leben des österreichischen Dramatikers Franz Grillparzer findet in Wien statt.

1853/1004:Ottoman vs Russia
The Ottoman Empire declares war on the Russian Empire.

1868/1004(明治01/0819):Japan「Civil war」
The former Edo shogunate fleet led by Enomoto Takeaki escapes from Edo




1883/1004:Europe「Orient Express」first run

1888/1004:Wien「Pantomim Entertainment」
 Am K. u. K. Hofoperntheater in Wien wird das Pantomimische Divertissement Die Puppenfee mit der Musik von Josef Bayer nach einem gemeinsamen Libretto von Joseph Haßreiter und Franz Gaul uraufgeführt.

1895/1004:Buster Keaton 189566、誕生

an American actor, comedian, film director, producer, screenwriter, and stunt performer
He was best known for his silent films, in which his trademark was physical comedy with a consistently stoic, deadpan expression, earning him the nickname "The Great Stone Face."

1895/1004:Richard Sorge 189544、誕生

ein sowjetischer Kommunist russisch-deutscher Abstammung.
Er war während des Zweiten Weltkriegs als Journalist und Spion für die Sowjetunion in Japan tätig.

1895/1004:USA「First U.S. Open Golf Championship」 administered by the United States Golf Association is played at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island.

on a nine-hole course at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island. It was a 36-hole competition and was played in a single day. Ten professionals and one amateur entered. The winner was Horace Rawlins, a 21-year-old Englishman,

1903/1004:Otto Weininger 188003、拳銃自殺

ein österreichischer Philosoph. Er wurde durch sein Werk Geschlecht und Charakter bekannt, das sich durch extreme Theorien auszeichnet, sowie durch seinen Suizid in Ludwig van Beethovens Sterbehaus in Wien.



Ludwig Wittgenstein 188951 は友人への手紙で「ヴァイニンガに同意することは不要であり、あるいは不可能である。彼の偉大さは、我々が同意しない事のなかにあるのだ。彼の偉大さは、彼の過ちの大きさによる」と書き送った。ヴィトゲンシュタインはヴァイニンガの言葉として「論理と倫理は根本的には同じものだ。いづれも自分自身の本質に他ならない」と繰り返し引用してゐる。あるいはヴァイニンガに僞裝した彼自身の本音だったのかも知れない。

{人間が男性的要素と女性的要素からできあがってゐるだらうことは至極当然なことだらうと思ふ。しかも、東洋的感覺から云へば、この二つの要素は(ヴァイニンガと云ったのとはまったく反對に)對立しあふ兩要素ではなく、逆に相補的な一對で一體のやうな要素なのである。それを圖式化したのが陰陽太極圖「☯」である。男のなかにも女性的要素があり(それをCarl Gustav Jung 187561はアニマと呼び)女子のなかには男性的要素(アニムス)が存在し、男性と女性は複雜に=コンプレクスに絡みあって人間性を成立させてゐるのである。キリスト教で云ふなら、イエスキリストといふ男性的要素だけでは不充分であり、聖母マリアへの信仰が求められたのである。 …… 

1904/1004:Auguste Barthold 183404、死去

un sculpteur et peintre français.
Il est notamment l'auteur de la célèbre Statue de la Liberté (dont le titre exact est La Liberté éclairant le monde), offerte par la France aux États-Unis et placée ensuite sur Bedloe's Island, à l'entrée du port de New York ;

Die zweite Fassung der Oper Ariadne auf Naxos von Richard Strauss mit dem Libretto von Hugo von Hofmannsthal wird an der Hofoper in Wien uraufgeführt.

1917/1004:WWⅠ「Battle of Broodseinde」
 is fought between the British and German armies in Flanders.

 kills more than 100 and destroys the T.A. Gillespie Company Shell Loading Plant in Sayreville, New Jersey.

1924/1004:Charlton Heston 192408、誕生

an American actor and political activist.

André Breton rencontre Nadja.

1927/1004:USA「Presidents by Gutzon Borglum
 begins sculpting Mount Rushmore.

1927/1004:Patent「Mother-milk pump」
Edward Lasker(known as a chess player)receives a patent for the mother-milk pump he invented.

1928/1004:Alvin Toffler 192816、誕生

an American writer, futurist, and businessman known for his works discussing modern technologies, including the digital revolution and the communication revolution, with emphasis on their effects on cultures worldwide.


The British Union of Fascists and various anti-fascist organizations violently clash in the Battle of Cable Street.

The Battle of Cable Street took place on Sunday 4 October 1936 in Cable Street in the East End of London. It was a clash between the Metropolitan Police, protecting a march by members of the British Union of Fascists, led by Oswald Mosley, and various anti-fascist demonstrators, including local Jewish, Irish, socialist, anarchist and communist groups. The majority of both marchers and counter-protesters travelled into the area for this purpose. Mosley planned to send thousands of marchers dressed in uniforms styled on those of Blackshirts through the East End, which then had a large Jewish population.

Leaflet produced by the London Communist Party urging people to participate in an anti-fascist demonstration on October 4, 1936, in London's Trafalgar Square. The purpose of the leaflet was to direct people away from the East End of London in order to prevent a violent confrontation with the British Union of Fascists, who were planning to march through the area.

Billie Holiday takes up the song Lover Man.

1943/1004:Erwin Clausen 191143、撃墜死

a Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves during World War II.
Clausen was credited with 132 aerial victories—that is, 132 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft—with some unconfirmed victories in 561 combat missions.


1947/1004:Max Planck 185847、死去

ein bedeutender deutscher Physiker auf dem Gebiet der theoretischen Physik. Er gilt als Begründer der Quantenphysik. Für die Entdeckung des planckschen Wirkungsquantums erhielt er 1919 den Nobelpreis für Physik des Jahres 1918.


1955/1004:France「Citroën DS 19」
 apparaît, qui se distingue par son corps simplifié et une hydropneumatique dans la suspension des voitures des concurrents.

1957/1004:USSR「Sputnik 1」
 the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth.

1958/1004:France「Fifth republic」
The current constitution of France is adopted.


1960/1004:USA「Airplane crash」
Eastern Air Lines Flight 375, a Lockheed L-188 Electra, crashes after a bird strike on takeoff from Boston's Logan International Airport, killing 62 people (out of 72 onboard).

Hurricane Flora kills 6,000 in Cuba and Haiti.

1966/1004:Basutoland「Independent」from the UK = Lesotho.

Omar Ali Saifuddien III abdicates in favour of his son, Hassanal Bolkiah.

1970/1004:Janis Joplin 194370、ヘロイン過剰摂取で死去

an American rock singer and songwriter. She was one of the biggest female rock stars of her era. After releasing three albums, she died of a heroin overdose at age 27








1978/1004:Latin America、El Salvador「Kidnap」
A joint venture company, INSINCA president, Fujio Matsumoto, was kidnapped in El Salvador is found in the dead body.




1982/1004:Glenn Gould 193282、逝去


The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is opened for signature.

1992/1004:Mozambique「Civil war」end
The Rome General Peace Accords ends a 16-year civil war in Mozambique.

1993/1004:Moscow「Russian Constitutional Crisis」
 tanks bombard the White House, a government building that housed the Russian parliament, while demonstrators against President Boris Yeltsin rally outside.






日本の Game Creator


The second largest cash robbery in U.S. history occurs at the Charlotte, North Carolina office of Loomis, Fargo and Company. A Federal Bureau of Investigation investigation eventually results in 24 convictions and the recovery of approximately 95% of the $17.3 million stolen cash.

1999/1004:Bernard Buffet 192899、死去

un peintre français expressionniste, composant aussi bien des personnages que des figures, animaux, nus, paysages, intérieurs, natures mortes, fleurs. Aquarelliste, c'est également un peintre de décors de théâtre et un illustrateur.

Siberia Airlines Flight 1812: A Sibir Airlines Tupolev Tu-154 crashes into the Black Sea after being struck by an errant Ukrainian S-200 missile. Seventy-eight people are killed.

2003/1004:Suicide Bombing
Maxim restaurant suicide bombing in Haifa, Israel: 21 Israelis, Jews and Arabs, are killed, and 51 others wounded.

Hurricane Stan lands in Veracruz State in the southern part of Mexico. More than 1000 people dead, mainly in Guatemala.

2006/1004:Wikileaks is launched by Julian Assange.

The Ajka plant accident in western Hungary releases about a million cubic metres (35 million cubic feet) of liquid alumina sludge. Nine people are killed and 122 injured, and the Marcal and Danube rivers are severely contaminated.

2013/1004:Vo Nguyen Giap 191113、死去

militaire vietnamien, ministre de la Défense de 1946 à 1980


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