09/30:魔笛鳴る霧の都の闇深し「謎は解けない歴史は女體。by Jack the Tripper

Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

Fractal 復讐の炎は地獄なるわが心を燃やす Fractal
Mozart 魔笛 の一節です

歴史暦:古今東西 09/30 今日の出來事

0420/0930:Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus 034740 、他界

Εὐσέβιος Σωφρόνιος Ἱερώνυμος「ヒエロニムス」a priest, confessor, theologian & historian.

Saint Jérôme, Léonard de Vinci (1480).

He is best known for his translation of most of the Bible into Latin (the translation that became known as Vulgata), and his commentaries on the Gospels.

Albrecht Dürer, 1514 Saint Jérôme dans son étude


0489/0930:Italy「Battle of Verona」
 The Ostrogoths under king Theoderic the Great defeat the forces of Odoacer for the second time at Verona.

0737/0930:Umayyad vs Turc「Battle Baggage」
 Turgesh drive back an Umayyad invasion of Khuttal, follow them south of the Oxus and capture their baggage train.

fought between the forces of the Umayyad Caliphate and the Turkic Turgesh tribes in September/October 737.

1124/0930:Luxemburug「l'abbaye d'Orval
 Consécration de l'abbatiale de l'abbaye d'Orval, dans l'actuelle province belge de Luxembourg.

Henry IV is proclaimed King of England.


In Ingolstadt the last great knight tournament takes place on German soil.

Ritterturnier in München vor Albrecht IV. von Bayern im Jahr 1500

1512/0930:「Chute de Monte Crenone」
 dans le Valle di Blenio (Bleniotal, Suisse) coûte quelques centaines de vies. Ils sont enterrés sous les masses rocheuses dans la partie nord de Biasca.

A fall of Monte Crenone in the Valle di Blenio (Bleniotal, Switzerland) costs a few hundred lives. They are buried beneath the rock masses in the northern part of Biasca.

1525/0930:Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina 152594、誕生

「パレストリナ」un compositore italiano tra i più importanti del Rinascimento europeo.

1541/0930:Spanish conquistador
 Hernando de Soto & his forces enter Tula territory(western Arkansas)encountering fierce resistance.


Tainei-ji incident: A coup in Yamaguchi by the military establishment of the Ōuchi clan forces their lord Ōuchi Yoshitaka to commit suicide, and the city is burned.





1572/0930:San Francisco de Borja 151072、死去

a Grandee of Spain, a Spanish Jesuit, and third Superior General of the Society of Jesus.
「ボルハ」Borja は イタリア語の Borgia(ボルジア) のスペイン語で、彼の血統は 惡名高き教皇、アレクサンデル6につながってゐた。

1594/0930:Marc-Antoine Girard de Saint-Amant 166194、誕生

, poète français.
Il est l'auteur de poèmes burlesques, satiriques ou lyriques. Il a fait partie de la toute neuve Académie française.

1626/0930(天啓06=天命11/0811):Nurhaci 155926、死去

a Jurchen chieftain who rose to prominence in the late 16th century in Manchuria 滿洲. Nurhaci was part of the Aisin Gioro clan, and reigned from 1616 to his death in September 1626.
Nurhaci reorganised and united various Jurchen tribes (the later "Manchu"), consolidated the Eight Banners military system, and eventually launched attacks on Ming 明 China and Joseon 朝鮮 Korea. His conquest of Ming China's northeastern Liaoning province laid the groundwork for the conquest of the rest of China by his descendants, who founded the Qing dynasty in 1644. He is also generally credited with ordering the creation of a new written script for the Manchu language based on the Mongolian vertical script.

1659/0930:(fiction) According to Daniel Defoe 166031, Robinson Crusoe was drifting on a deserted island.



The city of Strasbourg is surrendered to France by King Louis XIV, in the course of his reunion policy, a 30,000-man army under François-Michel Le Tellier, marquis de Louvois. Their annexation was confirmed in the peace of Rijswijk in 1697.

1732/0930:Jacques Necker 173204、誕生

un financier et homme politique genevois, ministre des Finances de Louis XVI.
Il est le père de Madame de Staël.

1744/0930: War Austrian Succession「Battle Madonna dell'Olmo」
France & Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia.

1767/0930:Germany、Comedy「Minna von Barnhelm」
Die Uraufführung von Lessings Lustspiel Minna von Barnhelm findet in Hamburg statt.

Die Uraufführung der Oper Die Zauberflöte von Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart findet am Schikaneders Theater im Freihaus auf der Wieden in Wien statt.

The first performance of The Magic Flute, the last opera by Mozart to make its debut, took place at Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna, Austria.

1791/0930:French Revolution
The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre & Jérôme Pétion as "incorruptible patriots".

1813/0930:「Battle of Bárbula」
 Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla.

William Morton succeeds in the first painless tooth extraction under anesthesia on his patient Ebenfrost.

Britain's first tram service begins in Birkenhead, Merseyside.

1862/0930:Preußen「Eisen und Blut」
In einer Rede vor der Budgetkommission des Abgeordnetenhauses äußert Preußens Ministerpräsident Otto von Bismarck die Überzeugung, dass Eisen und Blut die großen Fragen der Zeit entscheide. Er will eine Heeresreform durchsetzen.

In a speech before the Budget Commission of the House of Representatives, Prussia's Prime Minister Otto von Bismarck expressed the conviction that iron and blood decides the great questions of the time. He wants to get an army reform.
≫ 現在の問題は演説や多数決によってなどではなく、鉄と血によってのみ解決される。

1863/0930:France ビゼのオペラ「真珠取り」
La première de l'opéra de Georges Bizet Les pêcheurs de perles a lieu avec peu de succès au Théâtre Lyrique de Paris.




1867/0930:USA、takes control of the Midway Islands.

la reine Isabelle II d'Espagne est forcée à s'exiler en France.


1870/0930:Jean Perrin、誕生

un physicien, chimiste et homme politique français. Il a reçu le prix Nobel de physique de 1926 « pour ses travaux sur la discontinuité de la matière, et particulièrement pour sa découverte de l'équilibre de sédimentation».


1880/0930:astronomy「Orion nebula」
Henry Draper succeeds in the first photography of the Orion nebula.

1882/0930:Johannes (Hans) Wilhelm Geiger 188245、誕生

ein deutscher Physiker.
Bekannt wurde er durch den nach ihm benannten und von ihm zusammen mit seinem Doktoranden Walther Müller entwickelten Geigerzähler (auch Geiger-Müller-Zählrohr genannt).

Thomas Edison's first commercial hydroelectric power plant (later known as Appleton Edison Light Company) begins operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin, United States.

1888/0930:London「Jack the Ripper」
 kills his third & fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride & Catherine Eddowes.



1891/0930:Georges Boulanger 183991、死去

un officier général français, ministre de la Guerre en 1886, connu pour avoir ébranlé la Troisième République, porté par un mouvement nommé boulangisme.

Dessin humoristique du général Boulanger « à la barbe blonde, aux yeux bleus »,
faisant référence à son habitude de parader à cheval noir


1895/0930:Lewis Milestone 198095、誕生

a Moldovan-born American motion picture director. He is known for directing Two Arabian Knights (1927) and All Quiet on the Western Front (1930), both of which received Academy Awards for Best Director.

1895/0930:Madagascar becomes a French protectorate.

1897/0930:Thérèse de Lisieux 187397、他界

, carmélite, Docteur de l'Église et sainte catholique (Sainte Thérèse de l'Enfant-Jésus et de la Sainte-Face).


1903/0930:Japan[明治36]、at Kyoto

George Morgan of the American subsidy buys the Geiko of Gion, Kyouto.

1908/0930:David Oïstrakh 190874、誕生

a renowned Soviet classical violinist and violist.

オイストラフの演奏は ブラウムスのヴァイオリン協奏曲ではなく、ヴァイオリンとチェロのためのドッペルコンチェルトをLPレコウドを買って何度となく聽いた。ブラウムスを聽きたくなるときはまづこの曲といいふか、この演奏を聽きたくなる。

Johannes Brahms, Double Concerto in A Minor, Op.102
David Oistrakh, violin Mstislav Rostropovich, violoncello Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell, 1970 (1998 EMI Records)

1910/0930:Japan & Korea「韓国併合

A Serbian Army private becomes the first soldier in history to shoot down an enemy aircraft with ground-to-air fire.




1921/0930:Deborah Kerr 192107、誕生

a Scottish film, theatre and television actress. During her career, she won a Golden Globe for her performance as Anna Leonowens in the motion picture The King and I (1956)

1924/0930:Truman Capote 192484、誕生

an American novelist, screenwriter, playwright, and actor. Many of Capote's short stories, novels, plays, and nonfiction are recognized as literary classics, including the novella Breakfast at Tiffany's (1958) and the true crime novel In Cold Blood (1966),

1927/0930:USA、MLB「Babe Ruth」
 becomes the first baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a season.

1928/0930:Elie Wiesel 192816、誕生

a Romanian-born American Jewish writer, professor, political activist, Nobel Laureate and Holocaust survivor. He was the author of 57 books, written mostly in French and English, including Night, a work based on his experiences as a prisoner in the Auschwitz and Buchenwald concentration camps.

1929/0930:German「Rocket engine aircraft」
Fritz von Opel is the first person to fly over the Frankfurt-Rebstock airport with a rocket-driven aircraft and crashes.





1935/0930:USA「Hoover Dam
 astride the border between Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated.

Britain, France, Germany and Italy sign the Munich Agreement, allowing Germany to occupy the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.

1938/0930:League of Nations
 unanimously outlaws "intentional bombings of civilian populations".

General Władysław Sikorski becomes commander-in-chief of the Polish Government in exile.

1941/0930:WWⅡ「Holocaust in Kiev, Ukraine」
 German Einsatzgruppe C complete Babi Yar massacre.

Massacre de Babi Yar (Ukraine), où près de 33000 civils, principalement juifs, sont tués par les nazis.

1942/0930:Hans-Joachim Marseille 191942、撃墜死

ein deutscher Jagdflieger und Offizier im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Als Fliegerass mit den meisten Abschüssen auf dem nordafrikanischen Kriegsschauplatz wurde er durch die nationalsozialistische Propaganda unter dem Namen Stern von Afrika bekannt.



1945/0930:UK「Rail crash」
The Bourne End rail crash, in Hertfordshire, England, kills 43


1946/0930:Germany「Nuremberg trial」
 against the main war criminals begins the verdict. It will be continued the following day.


1947/0930:USA、MLB「World Series、Televised]
The World Series, featuring the New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, is televised for the first time.


1949/0930:Cold War「Berlin Airlift」 ends.


Projection à New York du premier film en Cinérama.

In the New York Broadway Theater, the first Cinerama film "this is Cinerama” is premiered.

1953/0930:Lewis Fry Richardson 188153、死去

an English mathematician, physicist, meteorologist, psychologist and pacifist who pioneered modern mathematical techniques of weather forecasting, and the application of similar techniques to studying the causes of wars and how to prevent them.
He is also noted for his pioneering work concerning fractals and a method for solving a system of linear equations known as modified Richardson iteration.

The Swiss physicist Auguste Piccard and his son Jacques reach a record depth of 3,150 meters with the deep-bed device Trieste.

The U.S. Navy submarine USS Nautilus is commissioned as the world's first nuclear reactor powered vessel.

1955/0930:James Dean 193155、自動車事故で他界へ

He is remembered as a cultural icon of teenage disillusionment and social estrangement, as expressed in the title of his most celebrated film, Rebel Without a Cause (1955), in which he starred as troubled teenager Jim Stark. The other two roles that defined his stardom were loner Cal Trask in East of Eden (1955) and surly ranch hand Jett Rink in Giant (1956).


The European Economic Cooperation Organization was reorganized into the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

欧州経済協力機構が経済協力開発機構 (OECD) に改組。

1965/0930:Indonesia「30 September Movement」
 attempts a coup against the Indonesian government, which is crushed by the military under Suharto and leads to a mass anti-communist purge, with over 500000 people killed.

The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama takes office as the first President.


1970/0930:Jordan & PFLP
Jordan makes a deal with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) for the release of the remaining hostages from the Dawson's Field hijackings.

 is opened, one of the longest European bridges.

Emperor Showa officially visits the United States for the first time in history. Until October 14th.


Because of US budget cuts and dwindling power reserves, the Apollo program's ALSEP experiment packages left on the Moon are shut down.

1979/0930:Motor Sport「Niki Lauda
 declares his resignation from motorsport on the grounds that he no longer wants to "go round in circles".

Ethernet specifications are published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation.

1985/0930:Simone Signoret 192185、死去

une actrice et écrivaine française,

Moldehay Vanunu, a former nuclear weapons development engineer in Israel who internally accused the actual state of nuclear weapons development, was abducted by Israeli intelligence office in Rome.


South Korea & the Soviet Union established diplomatic relations.


1990/0930:Patrick White 191290、死去

an Australian writer who is widely regarded as one of the most important English-language novelists of the 20th century.
From 1935 to 1987, he published twelve novels, three short-story collections and eight plays.

1991/0930:A coup d'etat in Haiti.
 President Jean-Bertrand Aristide has failed and exiles.

The 6.2 Mw Latur earthquake shakes Maharashtra, India with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe) killing 9,748 and injuring 30,000.

1994/0930:André Michel Lwoff 190294、死去

un chercheur en biologie français.

The Tokaimura nuclear accident causes the deaths of two technicians in Japan's second-worst nuclear accident.

Accident nucléaire dans l'usine de traitement d'uranium de Tokaimura au Japon.

2005/0930:Europe「Problem of Islam」

The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.

The 7.6 Mw Sumatra earthquake shakes central Sumatra with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe).
This dip-slip (reverse) earthquake left 1,115 people dead, and was followed several days later by a 6.6 Mw strike-slip event.

Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

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