Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

歴史暦:古今東西 09/18 今日の出來事

0014/0918:Roman Empire
 Tiberius throne to the Roman Emperor.

The will of the Emperor Augustus is opened in the Roman Senate. Tiberius is destined to be his successor and receives two-thirds of the inheritance, the Emperor Vito Drusilla a third.

0053/0918:Trajanus 005317、生誕

Marcus Ulpius Nerva Trajanus Augustus
Roman emperor from 98 to 117 AD. Officially declared by the Senate optimus princeps ("the best ruler"), Trajan is remembered as a successful soldier-emperor who presided over the greatest military expansion in Roman history, leading the empire to attain its maximum territorial extent by the time of his death.

0096/0918:Titus Flavius Domitianus 005196、崩去

He was the younger brother of Titus and son of Vespasian, his two predecessors on the throne, and the last member of the Flavian dynasty. During his reign, his authoritarian rule put him at sharp odds with the senate, whose powers he drastically curtailed.

0096/0918:Roman Emperor「Domitianus➜Nerva」

Nerva is proclaimed Roman emperor after Domitian is assassinated.
The Roman emperor Domitian, builder of the Limes, is stabbed by a court official. His successor is Nerva, who establishes the line of adoptive emissaries.

Constantine the Great decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine's sole control over the Roman Empire.

Norwegian king Harald Hardrada lands on the beaches of Scarborough and begins his invasion of England.

1180/0918:France King「Louis VII➜Philippe II」
Après la mort de son père Louis VII, Philippe II devient roi de France.

1454/0918:Thirteen Years' War「Battle of Chojnice」
 the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic army.

In der Schlacht von Konitz des Dreizehnjährigen Krieges kann das zahlenmäßig deutlich unterlegene Aufgebot des Deutschen Ordens das polnische Heer des König Kasimir IV. Jagiello vernichtend schlagen.

1587/0918:Francesca Caccini 158740、誕生

una compositrice, clavicembalista e soprano italiana. Fu la prima donna a scrivere un'opera e probabilmente la più prolifica compositrice del suo tempo



1635/0918:Austria vs France
Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II of Austria declares war on France.

Mit der Kriegserklärung des römisch-deutschen Kaisers Ferdinand II. an Frankreich beginnt nach dem Vorrücken französischer Streitkräfte in Richtung Rhein die blutigste Phase des Dreißigjährigen Kriegs, der Schwedisch-Französische Krieg.

1636/0918:USA「Harvard University is founded」
 as a college in Cambridge (Massachusetts).

1679/0918:USA「New Hampshire
 becomes a county of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1709/0918:Samuel Johnson 170984、誕生

an English writer who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer.

1714/0918:Great Britain
George I, the first Hanoverian king, arrives in Great Britain after becoming king on August 1st.

1739/0918:「Treaty of Belgrade」 is signed,
 ceding Belgrade to the Ottoman Empire.

Der Frieden von Belgrad beendet den 7. Österreichischen Türkenkrieg. Österreich verliert die meisten Eroberungen aus dem zuletzt geführten Türkenkrieg wieder.

1752/0918:Adrien-Marie Legendre 175233、誕生

un mathématicien français.


1759/0918:Seven Years' War
 The British capture Quebec City.

1783/0918:Leonhard Euler 170783、逝去

ein Schweizer Mathematiker und Physiker. Wegen seiner Beiträge zur Analysis, zur Zahlentheorie und zu vielen weiteren Teilgebieten der Mathematik gilt er als einer der bedeutendsten Mathematiker.


The first cornerstone of the Capitol building is laid by George Washington.

 première loi de séparation des Églises et de l'État.

During the French Revolution, the National Convention decides for secularism, the separation of religion and the state.

1809/0918:London「Royal Opera House」opens.
 The 1808 destroyed Royal Opera House in Covent Garden, London is reopened with a performance of Shakespeare's Macbeth.

1810/0918:Chile「1st Government Junta」
 Though supposed to rule only in the absence of the king, it is in fact the first step towards independence from Spain, and is commemorated as such.


1812/0918:Napoleon in Russia
 The 1812 Fire of Moscow dies down after destroying more than three-quarters of the city. Napoleon returns from the Petrovsky Palace to the Moscow Kremlin, spared from the fire.

1819/0918:Léon Foucault 181968、誕生

un physicien et astronome français.
Connu principalement pour son expérience démontrant la rotation de la Terre autour de son axe (pendule de Foucault), il détermina aussi la vitesse de la lumière et inventa le gyroscope.



長崎の出島に來た Siebold 179666 が幕府により禁制された日本地圖などを持ちださうとしたことが、船の座礁事故により發覺。シボルトは出國を禁じられ、一年間にわたる取調の後、國外追放處分。

1831/0918:Siegfried Marcus 183198、誕生

ein überwiegend in Wien lebender Mechaniker und Erfinder.


{これとギロチンと組み合はせたら、と寫眞を見て即興的に想像された。どこにでも走って驅けつけるギロチン台 ―― そしたら世界はもうちょっと平穏になってゐただらうか。いや、もっと騷々しくなってゐただらう、到る所でお祭り騷ぎになって。

1837/0918:USA、NYC「Tiffany and Co.」
 (first named Tiffany & Young) is founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany & Teddy Young. The store is called a "stationery and fancy goods emporium".

1851/0918:USA、NYC「New York Times
First publication of The New-York Daily Times, which later becomes The New York Times.



1870/0918:USA「Expedition to Yellowstone」
Old Faithful Geyser is observed and named by Henry D. Washburn during the Washburn–Langford–Doane Expedition to Yellowstone.


King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden–Norway.

1873/0918:USA「Panic of 1873」
 The U.S. bank Jay Cooke & Company declares bankruptcy, triggering a series of bank failures.



Daniel David Palmer is the first chiropractor. It corrects a displaced vertebra of a patient, which gives the latter his hearing ability.

1896/0918:Hippolyte Fizeau 181996、死去

un physicien, astronome français qui travailla notamment sur la lumière.


1898/0918:Africa「England vs France」Fashoda Incident
 Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan.


1905/0918:Greta Garbo 190590、誕生

a Swedish-born American film actress during the 1920s and 1930s.

彼女の逝去した日に書くべきことだけど ――

ひとり」は彼女の Key Word だった。だが、グレタガルボは呟く
わたしは一度も“一人になりたい ('I want to be alone)” と言ったことはありません。“一人にしてほしい (I want to be let alone)” と言っただけです。この二つの意味はまったく違ひます」。

1906/0918:HongKong「Typhoon with tsunami
 kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong.

1907/0918:Edwin McMillan 190791、誕生

an American physicist and Nobel laureate credited with being the first-ever to produce a transuranium element, neptunium

 In Amsterdam, 25,000 demonstrate for general suffrage.

 Russian Premier Pyotr Stolypin is shot at the Kiev Opera House.

 The Irish Home Rule Act becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I.

 South African troops land in German South-West Africa.

1919/0918:Germany Film
Der Ufa-Filmpalast nimmt in Berlin seinen Kinobetrieb auf.
Erster Film: Madame Dubarry von Ernst Lubitsch.



この寫眞撮影の二ヶ月後に ――

Hungary is admitted to the League of Nations.



1925/0918:Europe「United States of Europe」
 As the first major party in Europe, the SPD, in its decided Heidelberg program, raised the demand for the realization of the United States of Europe.



熊本バンド、同志社英學校 キリスト教トルストイに傾倒 兄の徳富蘇峰186357 『不如歸』『自然と人生』

 Broadcasting System goes on the air.

 The Mukden Incident gives Japan a pretext to invade and occupy Manchuria.

Manchuria crisis begins. Japanese troops occupy the mandatory city of Mukden (today Schenjang) as a result of the Mukden incident. Five months later, Japan explained the Manchuria to the Republic of Mandschukuo.

The USSR is admitted to the League of Nations.

 Polish government of Ignacy Mościcki flees to Romania.

 Lord Haw-Haw begins transmitting pro-Nazi/anti-Allied propaganda.

 The British liner SS City of Benares is sunk by German submarine U-48; those killed include 77 child refugees.

 The Jews of Minsk are massacred at Sobibór.

 Adolf Hitler orders the deportation of Danish Jews.

 The British submarine HMS Tradewind torpedoes Jun'yō Maru, 5,600 killed.


General Douglas MacArthur moves his command headquarters to Tokyo.

 The United States Air Force becomes an independent branch of the United States Armed Forces.

The National Security Council(NSC) & the Central Intelligence Agency(CIA)are established in the United States under the National Security Act.

Operation Polo is terminated after the Indian Army accepts the surrender of the army of Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII, Nizam of Hyderabad.

1948/0918:UNSC「Palestinian question」
United Nations Security Council Resolution 57 relating to Palestinian question is adopted.


1952/0918:Charlie Chaplin leaves
 the United States to a Europareise and may not enter again at the instigation of Edgar Hoovers.

1954/0918:Italian Cinema、
Si svolge a Roma il premiere del film Fellini La Strada con Anthony Quinn e sua moglie Giulietta Masina.

Vanguard 3 is launched into Earth orbit.

1960/0918:U.N.「Fidel Castro
 arrives in New York City as the head of the Cuban delegation to the United Nations.

1961/0918:U.N. Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld
 dies in a plane crash while attempting to negotiate peace in the war-torn Katanga region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

 Burundi, Jamaica, Rwanda and Trinidad and Tobago are admitted to the United Nations.

 North Vietnamese Army begins infiltration of South Vietnam.

1965/0918:天文 Discover
Japanese amateur astronomers discover the comet Ikeya-Seki. The comet is later so bright that it can be seen next to the sun during the day. It is considered one of the most striking comets of the second millennium after Christ.

1970/0918:Jimi Hendrix 194270、死去

an American rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter. Although his mainstream career spanned only four years, he is widely regarded as one of the most influential electric guitarists in the history of popular music, and one of the most celebrated musicians of the 20th century.

1971/0918:Japan「Cup Noodle」


 The Bahamas, East Germany & West Germany are admitted to the United Nations.

1974/0918:Honduras「Hurricane Fif
i strikes with 110 mph winds, killing 5,000 people.


Voyager I takes first photograph of the Earth and the Moon together.

Mit einer „Klangwolke“ wird in Linz die erste Ars Electronica eröffnet.

Soyuz 38 carries two cosmonauts (including one Cuban) to Salyut 6 space station.

Christian militia begin killing six-hundred Palestinians in Lebanon.

End of pro-democracy uprisings in Myanmar after a bloody military coup by the State Law and Order Restoration Council. Thousands, mostly monks and civilians (primarily students), are killed by the Tatmadaw.

ミャンマでソウマウン国防相がクウデタ、全権を掌握し、「8888民主化運動」 を制壓。

Liechtenstein becomes a member of the United Nations.


Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention is adopted.


First mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.


Pervez Musharraf announces that he will step down as army chief and restore civilian rule to Pakistan, but only after he is re-elected president.

2007/0918:Myanmar「Saffron Revolution]
 Buddhist monks join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some call the Saffron Revolution.


The 2011 Sikkim earthquake was felt across northeastern India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and southern Tibet.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2067 relating to Somalia is adopted.

Scotland votes against independence from the United Kingdom.

Two security personnel, 17 worshippers in a mosque, and 13 militants are killed following a Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan attack on a Pakistan Air Force base on the outskirts of Peshawar.

17 Indian Army security personnel killed in the Indian Administrated Kashmir by anti-government militants.

Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

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