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04/03:歴史とは「戦争、殺人、黄金傳説。and アップル日米伝説

Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World

歴史暦:古今東西 04/0 今日の出來事



According to the Fasti Triumphales, Roman consul Publius Postumius Tubertus celebrated an ovation for a military victory over the Sabines.

Segment XX of the Fasti triumphales, 
a portion recording triumphs during the First Punic War


Der römische Kaiser Augustus schließt sein Testament ab und fügt den Rechenschaftsbericht Res gestae divi Augusti für gewünschte Inschriften bei.


Maya king Yuknoom Yich'aak K'ahk' assumes the crown of Calakmul.



道昭062900 河内國丹比郡、船連出身。法相宗の日本開祖。0653白雉四年、遣唐學生として入唐、玄奘三藏に師事して法相教學を學ぶ。玄奘は同室に住まはせて指導したといふ。攝論教學も學んだと記録されるが、攝大乘論にかんする註釋は現存してゐない。その間、玄奘の紹介で隆化寺の惠滿に參禪。0660頃に歸國、持ち歸った多くの經典は重用された。飛鳥寺の一隅に禪院を建立して、日本法相教學の初傳(南寺傳)となり、行基などの弟子を育てた。0680、天武天皇の勅命で往生院を建立。晩年は全國を行脚し、各地で土木事業などをおこなった。0700、遺命により日本で最初の荼毘に付された。


Le roi Louis le Pieux capture Barcelone des Maures après un siège de plusieurs mois.
Louis le Pieux 077814:Charlemagne 074214 王子
Charlemagne et son fils Louis le Pieux.


Edward the Confessor is crowned King of England.


Abdication de l'empereur byzantin Michel VII Doukas.

L'Empire byzantin sous le règne de Michel VII Doukas


Mariage de Mathilde d'Angleterre avec Geoffroy V d'Anjou.


16 giorni dopo Chiara d'Assisi ha preso i voti, Agnese di Assisi seguendo l'esempio della sorella e vive come una suora in base alle regole del convento delle Clarisse a San Damiano.

Santa Chiara d'Assisi 119453
キアラは San Francesco d'Assisi 118226 の死を看取った。
1253/0809。教皇の教書 Solet annure がキアラ會則を承認しt。その二日後、キアラは逝去した。


The Bohemian King Ottokar II Přemysl and the Hungarian King Béla IV agreed on the division of the duchy of Austria and the duchy of Styria in the peace of Ofen.

1367/0403:Battle of Nájera

bataille de Nájera, victoire de Pierre le Cruel et du Prince Noir sur Henri de Trastamare.


apparition du tir sportif en France. En pleine guerre de Cent Ans 百年戰爭, le roi Charles V promulgue une ordonnance qui interdit à ses sujets tous les jeux « qui n'ont point d'utilité pour exercer nos dits sujets au maniement des armes », sous peine d'une amende de quarante sous. En revanche, Charles V encourage la pratique du tir à l'arc ou à l'arbalète.


The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis ends the Spanish-French War between Henry II of France and Philip II of Spain for the prelude in Europe. France must abandon all its war aims.






le Sénat vote la déchéance de Napoléon Ier.


Die Kaiserdeputation der Frankfurter Nationalversammlung bietet in Verfolgung der kleindeutschen Lösung dem preußischen König Friedrich Wilhelm IV. die deutsche Kaiserkrone an. Mit dessen Ablehnung des „Diadems aus Dreck und Letten“ scheitert die deutsche Einigung „von unten“ ebenso wie letztlich die Deutsche Revolution 1848/49.


Fin de la bataille de Jhansi (révolte des Cipayes).

1860/0403:アメリカ、Pony Express 開業

The first successful United States Pony Express run from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California, begins.
On the initiative of William Hepburn Russell, the pony express takes over to the post office in the USA. The company is a financial disaster, but develops into a national myth.


American Civil War: Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederate States of America.


American Old West: Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford.

Jesse James 184782

Robert Newton "Bob" Ford 186292 此奴もoutlaw 彼もまた十年後、射殺された。

On April 3, 1882, after eating breakfast, the Fords and James went into the living room before traveling to Platte City. By reading the daily newspaper, James had just learned of gang member Liddil's confession for participating in Hite's murder and grew increasingly suspicious of the Fords for never reporting this matter to him. According to Robert Ford, it became clear to him that James had realized they were there to betray him. However, instead of scolding the Fords, James walked across the living room to lay his revolvers on a sofa. He turned around and noticed a dusty picture above the mantle, and stood on a chair in order to clean it. Robert Ford drew his weapon and shot the unarmed James in the back of the head. James' wife Zerelda Mimms ran into the room and screamed, "You've killed him". Robert Ford's immediate response was, "I swear to God I didn't."
Robert Ford を殺した男、Edward Capehart O'Kelley 185704
On June 8, 1892, while Ford was preparing to open his saloon, O'Kelley walked into the tent with a shotgun. Ford was turned away from the front entrance. O'Kelley called out, "Hello Bob." As Ford turned around to see who spoke, O'Kelley fired his shotgun, hitting Ford in the neck and killing him instantly.


Gottlieb Daimler is granted a German patent for his engine design.


The first of eleven unsolved brutal murders of women committed in or near the impoverished Whitechapel district in the East End of London, occurs.
The Whitechapel murders were committed in or near the impoverished Whitechapel district in the East End of London between 3 April 1888 and 13 February 1891. At various points some or all of these eleven unsolved murders of women have been ascribed to the notorious unidentified serial killer known as Jack the Ripper. https://is.gd/9RBG5m



1895/0403:Oscar Wilde、同性愛、有罪二年の判決

The trial in the libel case brought by Oscar Wilde begins, eventually resulting in his imprisonment on charges of homosexuality.

https://is.gd/lzwara Oscar Wilde - Wikipedia

Wilde in the dock, 
from The Illustrated Police News, 4 May 1895

Wilde's cell in Reading Gaol as it appears today

{ワイルドにも、派手な成功の後に奈落の失墜が待ってゐた。彼もまた hybris に冒されてゐたと云ふべきだらう。


Gustav Klimt, Koloman Moser, Josef Hoffmann, Joseph Maria Olbrich, Max Kurzweil, Josef Engelhart, Ernst Stöhr, Wilhelm List und weitere Künstler gründen die Wiener Secession als Abspaltung vom Wiener Künstlerhaus. Sie wenden sich damit gegen den dort herrschenden Konservatismus und traditionellen Kunstbegriff.




Избрание Иосифа Сталина генеральным секретарём ЦК РКП(б).
Joseph Stalin becomes the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.


Das lange Zeit als unspielbar geltende Schauspiel Die Schwärmer, für das der Autor Robert Musil schon 1923 mit dem Kleist-Preis geehrt worden ist, wird in Berlin uraufgeführt. Das Stück wird dabei vom Regisseur so gekürzt, dass sich Musil selbst davon distanziert.




First flight over Mount Everest, a British expedition, led by the Marquis of Clydesdale, and funded by Lucy, Lady Houston.


Bruno Richard Hauptmann is executed for the kidnapping and death of the baby son of pilot Charles Lindbergh.

1940/0403:ポウランド、Katyn Massacre

On the orders of the Politbureau of the CPSU units of the Soviet Ministry of Interior NKVD begin after the Soviet occupation of Eastern Poland with the assassination of thousands of Polish officers and intellectuals. The massacre in Katyn and other cities lasts until May 22nd.

1942/0403:WWⅡ: 日本軍、フィリピン、バタン攻撃

Japanese forces begin an assault on the United States and Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula.


Japanese Lt. General Masaharu Homma is executed in the Philippines for leading the Bataan Death March.


The Security Council places under the auspices of the United States the Pacific Islands previously under Japanese mandate in Resolution No. 21.


United States President Harry S. Truman signs the Marshall Plan, authorizing $5 billion in aid for 16 countries.


In Jeju Province, South Korea, a civil-war-like period of violence and human rights abuses begins, known as the Jeju uprising.




The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges.


Hudsonville–Standale tornado: The western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado.


Samuel Beckett's play Endspiel is premiered in his original French version at the Royal Court Theater in London.




Martin Luther King Jr. 192968 delivers his "I've Been to the Mountaintop" speech.

King spoke on April 3, 1968, at the Mason Temple (Church of God in Christ Headquarters) in Memphis, Tennessee.
On the following day, King was assassinated.

1969/0403:Vietnam War: USA政府、"Vietnamize"をスタアト

United States Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start to "Vietnamize" the war effort.


Martin Cooper of Motorola makes the first handheld mobile phone call to Joel S. Engel of Bell Labs.

1974/0403:The 1974 Super Outbreak occurs, 

the second biggest tornado outbreak in recorded history (after the 2011 Super Outbreak). The death toll is 315, with nearly 5,500 injured.


Bobby Fischer refuses to play in a chess match against Anatoly Karpov, giving Karpov the title of World Champion by default.
Bobby Fischer 194308 https://is.gd/PwJF6E



藤原俊成111494、その子の藤原定家116241 を祖とする冷泉家の秘蔵の古文書等が初めて公開(冷泉家時雨亭文庫


The Osborne 1(the first successful portable computer)is unveiled at the West Coast Computer Faire in San Francisco.


United States v. Microsoft Corp.: Microsoft is ruled to have violated United States antitrust law by keeping "an oppressive thumb" on its competitors.


Apple Inc. released the first generation iPad, a tablet computer.


The Panama Papers, a leak of legal documents, reveals information on 214,488 offshore companies.

Art of Heart ∈ 思考 69 空想 ∋ Word of World